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is not too much to mark the conceded gain of The Frenchman also pointed out that the Gertwenty-five years.
man republic's constitution provides for the
education of the youth of Germany in the spirit Fun For a Fascinating Fad
of peace and international reconciliation, and he
said that legislation would soon be passed in Listen to the vibrations of the radiating France to the same end. rays of the Baltimore Sun, transformed from Here, it would seem, is a real step in the right warmth to sound:
direction, and if preceded by a really impartial
security pact, it may bring about a sweeping Music has been called to the aid of would-be change in public opinion in the two countries. stenographers in the Baltimore public schools.
The real preserver of peace would not be a league The operatic gems, the marches and the Southern
of nations or a league court, but a United States melodies which come from the school-room of Europe, which would abolish economic and phonograph are undoubtedly entertaining. But political barriers which have constantly resulted does the habit grow on one? It will be unfortun
The United States of Europe may be a ate if a graduate cannot take a letter to a South- Utopian dream for the present century, but a er merchant without humming “Marching real reconciliation between France and Germany Through Georgia,” or write about hardware would be the next best thing. And it is not so except to the accompaniment of the "Anvil difficult as it looks. Chorus." And it will not soothe a gentleman in the wholesale leather trade to suspect that his
Be Proud of Your Schools secretary is informing a correspondent that "All God's Chillun Got Shoes.”
So speaks the News of Detroit:
Give youth a motive it understands and it will Peace by Education
respond energetically, in educational as well as
other affairs. Educators of today know this, The Call of Paterson, New Jersey, gives and devote much effort to finding ways to stimuthis cheerful word:
late the interest of school children, instead of rely
ing on arbitrary authority to compel children to An indication that France and Germany may learn. be gradually becoming less antagonistic is seen in the report that the educators of the two coun
Speak to Your Local Editor tries are seeking to reform their national educational systems so as to end the teaching of hate of When Payson Smith was President of the rance in Germany and detestation of Germany Department of American Public School Suin France.
perintendents, National Education AssociaM. Banzie, the French minister of education, tion, he scheduled one speaker for “Encourvisited Berlin and had lunch with Professor
agements." The next day his selected Brunot, a prominent German educator, and Dr. Becker, the minister of education for Prussia,
talker was given the subject, “More EnThe
You are psychologist
couragements." news accounts that the visit of the three
say professors was highly satisfactory, and one of the enough to understand why the results of the Berlin newspapers declared that M. Bonzie was
work of the Review's committee on coaxing the first Frenchman to visit Germany since the editors to encourage school service were not war who was not looking for concealed weapons. all printed in one number. Sustenance is
The distinguished Frenchman declared that he the purpose. You would hardly expect us to believed that peace can be borne of the non eat our year's supply of food in one meal. partisan search for truth, and he declared that the
Here is how the Evening Express of Portland, French system of education will be reformed so that hatred of Germany will no longer be taught Oregon, announced the opening of schools that hatred of Germany will no longer be taught after the long vacation. Notice, again, how to French children, and he stated that “it is of the greatest importance that the countries which
the layman stresses civic and social training are the greater culture bearers of Europe-- rather than scholarship. We have saved Germany and France-should approach each this for the last month of the school
year in other."
the hopes that it may incline you to speak to
your local editor next fall and persuade him almost beyond self-containment by the inspiring away from the old fallacy of children's dis- spectacle thus afforded. But the march of the liking to return to school.
children to school is a spectacle to equally thrill
and inspire when the full significance of it is comThe Fall march of the millions of American prehended. Human freedom is the greatest boys and girls is one of the most solemn and signi- boon that has been bestowed upon the race. It ficant spectacles that this country is afforded. has been won at fearful cost of blood and treasure.
When the fathers established this Republic This priceless blessing can only be preserved so they wisely perceived that the only secure and long as those who enjoy it possess the wisdom and stable foundation for a government of the people intelligence properly to administer its responsibiliand by the people was the general dissemination ties. When the children go to school they are of knowledge. An unenlightened people can fitting themselves for this duty in the only mannever wisely rule themselves and the higher the ner that they can thus equip themselves. The standards of wisdom and intelligence that prevail, march of the youngsters that Portland will bethe better will any republic be governed. hold next Tuesday, and other communities will
Realizing this, the founders of this nation witness on that or succeeding days, is less specinstituted the American public school system tacular than the march of soldiers to war, but the which was designed primarily to fit the future mission of both is the same. That is the maintencitizens of the Republic wisely and intelligently ance and preservation of the form of government to meet the grave and solemn duties that eventu that has been established here. They may not ally were to devolve upon them as the rulers of a appreciate their responsibilities as fully as do country dedicated, as this one is, to the cause of the more mature when they are called upon to human liberty.
bear arms, for that cannot be expected of those In times of war when we behold the youth of whose minds are not fully developed. But the the nation proceeding forth from their homes to responsibilities exist and are not safely to be refight the battles of their Country, we are thrilled garded lightly.
STATEMENT OF THE OWNERSHIP, MANAGEMENT, CIRCULATION, ETC., required by the Act of Congress of August 24, 1912, of the EDUCATIONAL Review published monthly, except July and August, at Garden City, New York for April 1, 1926, State of New York, County of Nassau.
Before me, a Notary Public in and for the State and County aforesaid, personally appeared John J. Hessian, who, having been duly sworn according to law, deposes and says that he is the Assistant Treasurer of Doubleday, Page & Company, owners of the EduCATIONAL Review and that the following is, to the best of his knowledge and belief, a true statement of the ownership, management (and if a daily paper, the circulation), etc., of the aforesaid publication for the date shown in the above caption, required by the Act of August 24, 1912, embodied in section 443, Postal Laws and Regulations, printed on the reverse of this form, to wit:
1. That the names and addresses of the publisher, editor, managing editor, and business managers are: Publisher, Doubleday, Page & Co., Garden City, N. Y.; Editor, William McAndrew, Garden City, N. Y.; Business Manager, Edgar D. Hellweg, Garden City, N. Y.
2. That the owner is: (If the publication is owned by an individual his name and address, or if owned by more than one individual the name and address of each, should be given below; if the publication is owned by a corporation, the name of the corporation and the names and addresses of the stockholders owning or holding one per cent. or more of the total amount of stock should be given.) F. N. Doubleday, Garden City, N. Y.; Arthur W. Page, Garden City, N. Y.; S. A. Everitt, Garden City, N. Y.; Russell Doubleday, Garden City, N. Y.; Nelson Doubleday, Garden City, N. Y.; John J: Hessian, Garden City, N. Y.; Dorothy D. Babcock, Oyster Bay, N. Y.; Alice de Graff, Oyster Bay, N. Y.; Florence Van Wyck Doubleday, Oyster Bay, N. Y.; F. N. Doubleday, or Russel Doubleday, Trustee for Florence Van Wyck Doubleday, Garden City, N. Y.; Janet Doubleday, Glen Cove, N. Y.; W. Herbert Eaton, Garden City, N. Y.; S. A. Everitt or John J. Hessian, Trustee for
Josephine Everitt, Garden City, N. Y.; W. F. Etherington, 50 E.
3: That the known bondholders, morgagees, and other security
4. That the two paragraphs next above, giving the names of the owners, stockholders, and security holders, if any, contain not only the list of stock holders and security holders as they appear upon che books of the company but also, in cases where the stockholder or security holder appears upon the books of the company as trustee or in any other fiduciary relation, the name of the person or corporation for whom such trustee is acting, is given; also that the said two paragraphs contain statements embracing affiant's full knowledge and belief as to the circumstances and conditions under which stockholders and security holders who do not appear upon the books of the company as trustees, hold stock and securities in a capacity
other than that of a bona fide owner; and this affiant has no reason to believe that any other person, association, or corporation has any interest direct or indirect in the said stock, bonds, or other securities than as so stated by him.
5. That the average number of copies of each issue of this pub-
(This information is required from daily publications
By John J. Hessian, Asst. Treas.
(Signed) William W. Thornton
ng he till
BROWSING AMONG THE BOOKS
BY THE SCRIBE OF THE BIBLIOLOGOI
(These are the annals of a group of progressives gathered by the husband of Alice Rose who monthly meet and listen to the talk of those who love the best books. Herein you may learn of the notable advance of superintendency, of the claims of arithmetic to be a real delight, and of the persistent propaganda in school books inciting to war.]
UNE! JUNE! “The month of leaves Willis put a wreath of fresh oak leaves upon and roses, when pleasant sights salute his head and we Bibliologoi began our
the eyes and pleasant scents the noses," wonted talk. flowers along the roadside, flowers in the It was the turn of Luther the Literary. women's hats, nineteen friendly folk flivver. Thus he spoke: ing northward, on winding roads, under "If
you want to be a school superintendnoble trees, across pretty little dells, past ent or a better one than you are, or to make great estates, some of us wondering how so a little surer of being able to remain one, many men got so much wealth, when we, I would advise you to get this book. I called the hope of the world, never attain to presume you know that superintendency is any mansion such as these. This is envy, now a profession and that Doctors Strayer, "than which no greater punishment is found Englehardt, McGaughy, Alexander, Mort, in hell.” So we forget it when we turn into Hart, and Swift, with others of Teachers the wooded acres of the friend who was once College, give the courses which aim to equip a classmate of our Old Locality, Martin you to manage a system of schools. These Mahon, who rides ahead, thanks to Mr. men have pooled their lectures, their surHenry Ford. We come through a stately veys, their studies, the researches of their wood to where some gleams of the blue pupils, in this compendium of the one hunwater shine between the trees. Disfording, dred and sixteen separate problems which we spread cloths upon the fresh soft grass confront superintendency. You know I and sit in a circle.
have a high regard for all the members of "With learned discourse and our Papa our club. I consider you widely informed Rose as Plato, we may think ourselves in the and active minded. Yet, I dare say you groves of Nicodemus,” said John Falk, the cannot name a necessity, a desirability, a Mathematician.
perplexity, that is not treated here.” "Academus, John," corrected Anna the At this our Lady Disdain exclaimed: Argumentative.
“Laziness?" "He was thinking of Nick O’ the Woods," Whereat the ever-ready Luther turned the said Philip, the Principal.
leaves of his volume saying: “Certainly. “Here, Papa Plato," said Stevens the Six ‘problems' for the superintendent, fortyStevedore, holding up a white lap robe, nine pages on them, experiences, successes, "put on your toga.”
charts, and about forty books listed as treat“Stevie, your classics are twisted. Plato ing on various phases of this particular didn't wear togs. He was Greek. He situation are here. wore a clematis."
“The volume begins with the legal basis However that might be, Carolina and the of a school system, state control of it. Viking Maid draped the cloth about our The presentation works into the matter of factotum and pinned it so as to conceal with 1Problems in Educational Administration.--STRAYER, classic folds his new spring suit. Then Mary
ENGLEHARDT, and others. Teachers College Bureau o fPublication,
N. Y. 755 pp. $6.00.
local administration. Problem: How are surgery. State departments are requiring you going to pry a board of education loose superintendents to pass examinations in from its hold on executive functions which these difficult fields. In charge of these ought to be entrusted to the Superintendent? superintendents you put a company of unSee page 65 and following. Problem: A trained laymen incapable of understanding cheese-paring board of education has come what education now is. We are, in many into power with the diabolical idea that they systems, suffering the absurdity that the can benefit their community by reducing greatest obstacle to good education is the the educational service. What is the super- board of education. Put a school man intendent to do? See the seven solutions through every problem in that big book of in the chapter on finance. The treatment yours and find him 100 per cent. perfect in is 'case practice' throughout. It is ‘proj- the whole hundred and sixteen. How long ect method' for adults. Every situation is would he last in New York, Baltimore, real, like this: 'Publicity. Your city has a Chicago, or Cleveland? Indispensable supopulation of 32,000. It has two daily perintendent? Tommyrot, they ain't no evening papers-the Sun and the Banner.
such anymil.” Each of about 14,000 circulation. Your “Our Signpost is not pointing forward," schools are behind because of lack of funds. resumed Luther the Literary. "Everybody What to do?' Then follow facts, talk in knows of superintendents put out because the school board, the frequency and per- they were set on improving the service. centage of school news in each newspaper,
But meantime the number of school boards the trend of each paper as to school support, that cause a study to be made of a candibibliography. Then, as for every problem date's batting average before they lift him in the book: 'Assignment. Make a report to their own system is growing all the time. as superintendent, outlining procedure.'
outlining procedure.' What I am showing you is this, that the Isn't that a new idea to you in an educa- mastery of the problems of this book: tional book? Doesn't the practicability of budget making, building program, schoolit strike you as remarkable, and definite, house planning, attendance service, age grade and progressive? It seems to me the most progress, repetition of grades, platoon plans, encouraging book of the year. It puts continuation schools, text-book selection, school superintendency on a plane with city curriculum revision, religious education, planning, bridge building, telephone service, marking systems, clubs, athletics, rating a practical science."
teachers, fights, scandals, teacher participaStrayer and Englehardt are like that,” tion, is going to be essential for every school remarked John Falk, the Professor. “They superintendent within a very few years. have pushed forward remarkably the neces Why? Because the superintendency is fast sity of measurement, analysis, comparison, following the evolution of the teachership. and proof, in place of the old hit-or-miss ‘Let's see your diploma,' says the examiner activities of the manager of the school sys to the applicant who wants to teach. tem. Before they get through they will do 'Horace Mann Normal College? That's much toward making some school superin- good.' Already, Doctor Judd will tell you, tendents indispensable.”
hundreds of school boards desire superin“Not,” said our decisive friend, The Sign- tendents who have taken thorough courses post, "until our antiquated tradition, called in school supervision. I have, if the autothe board of education, is wiped out. Look mobiles don't get me, several years yet to what is happening. Experimental schools, live. I expect to see the day when it will be university departments of education, psy as rare to find a superintendent uncertified by chological laboratories, educational clinics, a college of school superintendence as to find are establishing a practice of teaching as a doctor without a diploma of a medical technical and complex as medicine and college. Do you know how this will come
any the the nan
of in ong ore,
Cice. rds adi
the ok: bolade .ns, on, on, ing
about? New York or some other state physical education. But a half-hour task with a strong educational department will of computation is distressingly distasteful require before election such credentials as to me. When I went through the public indispensable. School-spoiling will be pre- school I had a succession of teachers from vented by law, just as untrained doctors the fourth through the eighth grade. None are forbidden to practise their uncertified of them knew how to teach arithmetic. kind of medical treatment. California, The brighter children managed to learn when the present political regression ends, something. I got nowhere. I counted on is a likely State to lead off with such a law. my fingers, bribed other boys to do my home When the future historian of the public work, achieved my promotions by being a schools reviews the steps leading to such a good boy and by giving presents to the reform he'll cite this book as one of the teachers. I had good instructors of algebra, vitally important events of the onward geometry, and college mathematics. I never march.”
taught arithmetic in my life, but I'll say "And how about school boards?” per after reading Mr. Newcomb's volume that sisted the Signpost.
he is right. It really is an attractive sub“The laws that require thorough prepara- ject. Elwood Cubberly, who edits the Rivertion for superintendency will soon protect
side Textbooks in Education (there are more the schools from the damage of unintelligent than fifty of them now), says that the teachhandling by untrained board members.” ing of arithmetic is being made over. I feel
that I was born too soon. Would that it Dr. Batwell, our authority on health, had been made over for Ma Wilkin, Miss heartiness, and happiness was next.
Paley, Clara Skinner, and that sour-faced “I begin with a paradox,” said he. “Do lady whose name I forget, the four whom you remember when last we gathered here, I endured through the grammar grades. Martin Mahon made a good deal of the fact For, Mr. Cubberly says, practical psythat most school failures are in mathe- chology has illuminated the teaching of matics? Professor Judd was quoted to that arithmetic. So Mr. Newcomb proceeds effect. It has been so in all schools I have upon the happy proposition that psychology known. The paradox comes in this state has demonstrated that, with ordinary chilment made by Ralph Newcomb, in the book? dren, success in arithmetic is always attainI am to talk about: ‘Mathematics is a le, and success is always interesting. favorite study with most.' Why should a Furthermore, although he does not say so, pursuit that is attractive to most children you get the idea, as you read along, that succome out more unsatisfactorily than any cess in arithmetic is the main aim of teaching other subject? Not because it is hard. It it and if you do not teach it so as to get every is not so hard to master as reading is. pupil to succeed in it you are not earning The consensus of authority consulted is that your pay. You are a damage. the failures in arithmetic are due to poor “What Newcomb says about teaching this teaching. The failures create distaste. A subject strikes me as applicable to almost favorite subject is thereby made detestable. every subject in the course: ‘Establish
perIsn't this a pity? I am a poor mathemati manent interests. But because a pupil does cian myself. I can read printer's proof; I not become interested is no reason for recan correct compositions; I can score pen- quiring less work of him. Grind is going to manship on the Ayers scale. I can do this be an essential of the life after school. You eight hours a day without growing par- mustn't handicap your children by cutting ticularly irritable. I have often done it the hard things out of their preparation. with satisfaction before I specialized on The big thing is to show them how to get
satisfaction out of grinding.' If a music "Modern Methods of Teaching Arithmetic.-Ralph S. NEWCOMB. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, 353 pp. $2.00.
box were geared upon a grindstone the turn