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For FEBRUARY, 1821.


Mr. URBAN, Inner Temple, Feb. 2. It will be seen in the following

SEND you copies of some unpub- Letters, that he was on a familiar

lished Letters of that prioce of footiog with the Duchess of SomerPrognosticators, William Lilly *, to set, and was not only consulted by his learned but credulous friend Elias her in private, but publicly admitted Ashmolet. They tally exactly with to her table. the cbaracter of seeming simplicity The origioals of these Epislles, aod and real shrewdoess which he has so of some others of less interest, are amposingly delineated in bis “Memoirs among the manuscripts in the British of his Life and Times," a work which Museum. Some few words are so has been recently introduced to the illegible from age and friction, that I public in a new and interesting form, have not been able to decipher them ; in a Number of the Retrospective but the reader will find oo difficulty Review. The promineot part wbicb in supplying the omissions, from the Lilly plays in Hudibras, under the sense of the context. dame of Sidrophel, would alone be sufficient to confer a considerable de

Hersham, 10 Nov. 1671. gree of interest on the character and history of this accomplished impostor ;

Honourable Patron, but the respectable raok in society

I tell you seriously I was content to

comply with Mr. Andrewes, for the good which he acquired and maiotained,

of the ......; he sayd he had lived an the faith wbich so many of every uncomfortable life this halfe yeare, every class of life reposed in bis predictions, one sneering at him, and nobody taking and the political inportance which notice of him. I smarıly responded, you was attached to him in the middle of must .... lesse and performe more; then the seventeenth century, render him I reprobated all.....; at last, put my worthy of being recorded as a striking finger on my ..... and sayde ..... iostance of the triumph of credulity, he went away presentlie to the Dutchesse in a comparatively recent period of Somerset, told her Mr. Lilly and be over the learned and uolearned of an

weare friends. Three days before, her

Grace sent for me to dinner. I told her eolightened nation. We can scarcely

all, before persons of qualitye; after din. induce our minds to believe that the

ner, she sent for me; we had private concoolemporaries of Milton and Butler

ference; had he not been] reconciled, were the dupes of the low cunoiog of bis worke had been done; this it is to be William Lilly-a man of uo very ex butter-merchant to a Dutchesse. You traordinary capacity, and of very must have an account of our follies, as moderate attainmeots.

well as of our love. Your gallant (Mrs.

* William Lilly was a famous Astrologer, born in Leicestershire, in 1602. His Al. toapacks were in repute upwards of 38 years. In this man we have a striking instance of ibe general superstition and ignorance that prevailed in the time of the civil war be. tween Charies I. and his Parliament; for the King consulted this Astrologer to know where he should conceal bimself, if be could escape from Hampton Court. On the other band, General Fairfas sent for him to his army to ask him if he could tell by his art whether God was with them and their cause, Lilly, who wade his fortune (like the Pythia of Delphos) by favourable predictions to both parties, assured the General that God would be with him and his army.-EDIT.

+ The celebrated English Philosopher and Antiquary, who was founder of the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford. He was born at Lichfield in 1617, and died at South Lambeth in 1692,-Edit.

100 Wm. Lilly the Astrologer.- Biblical Criticism. (Feb. Lilly) sends you some puddingse, but I measured thy diaper, and find it will make intende them onlye for my gallant (Mrs. 12 clouts, and leave enough for a tableAshmole), unto whom, yourselfe, and clothe for thy table in the dining rome. Il King Norroy, I present my harty re. I cut it all, it will make 21 clouts. Let spectes.

Your old friend, me koow thy mind in it. My rebellious

W. L. wife had leasure to write no more, being To my honoured Patron, Elias Ashi making custards, pan-cakes, and oatmole, esq. in Shier Lane, with a cakes. She down on her knees intreated Baskett, but no mercury in il.

mee to conclude it, which I do, and wishe

myselfe Honourable Patron,

Your vertuous Lady's invincible I am very glad you got safe to Blyth

gallant, Hall, but oportet me objurgam, scoldam,

Wm. LILLY. chidam tecum, and blame your rusticism, [To Elias Ashmole.] lovedonism, neglectism; in all youre Letter there was not one worde, sillable, or I may probably trouble you at a diminitive letter, purporting, mentioning, future period with some particulars or notifying, how my gallant was in health, pot generally known of this remarkhow she did, how safe she came into the able personage.

J. P. C. countrye, how her healthe is at present : these are errors, sins, contumelys (et quid

Mr. URBAN, non), not to be pardoned : et hoc est ve•

Babergh, Feb. 5. rum) : amend this erroneous and unpar

IN your Number for Jaouary, (p: donable crime in your nexte. We are,

20,) INVESTIGATOR har slated God be thanked, all in healthe (as also some difficulties that occurred to him youre gallant). Learn of me how to respecting a passage in the Second write nexte time. The weather is here Book of Kings, chap. ix. 13. I beuncertaine; harvest comes slowly in ; last lieve it will be very easy to satisfy night much rain and thunder. Sister bim how the different and appareutly Mottos and Betty Sanders, now at my discordant translations of the passage house, are all affectionately sic dico) re- iu question have ariseo ; although it membered to yourself and my gallant. My love is presented to your father and

may not be equally so to comply with mother (not one word of Queene Cudd.)

the latter part of his request, and to Ten thousand thankes to my Gallant for

give an exact aod literal Translation the cloke. I put it first on 220 July, St. On the original.

of the Original. Maudlin's Day; and alsoe last Saturdaye

The words in the Hebrew are, (cum .....) an aged weoman sente me nisya Ona Sx. Now the poun 4d. to ..... her to rest. I am persuaded obyn, of which nibyn is the pluI shall cozen her, but I tooke her groate, al is derived from the verb 077), fearing I shoulde gette no more that day, but 2d. came afterward. You see how I

which signifies to go up, or ascend; thrive therein, its a blessed cloke. I

and hence it is used to desigoale doubt, under that guardianship, I shall various things into which the idea committe many knaverys, but its the re

of ascending or of elevation eoters. ligion of phisicians. May yourselle and lo the singular, a going up, or 48• my Gallant have good health where you ceni, Josh. x. 10. ; a hill, 1 Sam. IX. are, and when you return, enjoy the same 11; in the plural, steps, or stairs for in London. Your old loviog friend, ascending, i Kings x. 19; degrees,


or marks one above another on a For my much honoured friend, Elias

dial or horologie ; and hence perAshmole, esq. at Mr. Duigdale's, at Blyth Hall in Warwickshire.

haps the horologie itself, 2 Kings XI. Leave ibis at his house in Sbier

9, 10, 11; stories, or upper chamLane, to be conveyed to him.

bers, Amos ix. 6.

Froin bence we may easily see The following Letter is the joint the origin of the different translacomposition of the Astrologer and

tious, which INVESTIGATOR has given Mrs. Lilly, his third wife:

in bis letter ; horologie, Great Bible; Dear Friend,

stairs, translation of 1611; steppes, This is to lett Ibee know that we came

Bishop's Bible ; graduum, Latin transwell and seasonably home (wee found my

lation of 1624. I am not aware inhusbande looking at the gate in expecta

deed of the word being used in the tion of us), and also to ackpowledge the sense of a tribunal, or elevaled scal; seal sepse I have of thine and thy hus. but still the derivation of the word bande's great kindnesse unto mee, unto may sufficiently account for the whom my true love is presented. I have bunalis of the translation of 1042


1821.) 2 Kings ix. 13, erplained.—Temple Church. 101 These few observations may, I think, It may be difficult perhaps for one be sufficient to account for the ap- unacquainted with Hebrew, as INVES parent discrepancies which INVESTI. TIGATOR states himself to be, to unGATOR bas noticed.

derstand clearly the preceding explaThe difficulty of giving an exact nation; the force of it is this. and literal translation of the whole The word in question seems in its passage arises from the word 072, primary sense to denote a bone, and of which the meaning is by no means is undoubtedly used in that sense : evident. The word indeed seems to now another Hebrew word, which bas hare been so little understood, that the same primary meaning, is also the Sevenly have not (according to used to denote the substance of a the common reading) attempted to thing, or the thing itself, and hence translate it, but merely put it into it is argued, that the former may be Greek letters: I TO yapal twy dva applied in the same manner : and as

an additional proof, it is slated, that Balmes. Some assistance, however, towards explaining the passage may

the corresponding word in the cog. perhaps be obtained by considering

Date language, the Chaldee, is actu. ihe whole account.

ally used in that way. If this rea

soning be correct, the whole passage The young man was directed by

should be rendered, upon the very Elisba to go to Ramoth Gilead, look out Jehu, and take him into an ioner

stairs, or upon the stairs themselves. chamber; accordingly be went, and

A very full account of the manner

in which the houses were built in the found bim sitting with the rest of the caplains. The place where they were

East may be found in one of tbe preis not specified, but from the expres

limioary essays to Macknight's Har

mony, to which I refer INVESTIGATOR sions which follow, I should suppose that they were sitting in the open

for the better uuderstanding of what court or area in the centre of the

I have said respecting the court and house ; and that when the young

the stairs leading from thence to the propbet arrived he took Jehu into ;

roof: and from that it will appear,

that this court was commonly used as the house (verse 6), and when he had performed his commission, be opened a place of assembly, and to receive

R. K. the door which led into the court. guests and strangers in. and led, passing the other captains


Feb. 6. who remained in the court in his flight, and so made his escape into

M HE doubt which your Correlbe street. When the captain's heard

1 spondent “ E. I. C.” entertains the nature of bis errand, Ibey im.

respecting the origioal positions of mediately conducted Jebu up the

the venerable and aptient Monustairs which led from the court to

mental Effigies in the Temple Church, the top or Aat roof of the house,

is so strongly felt by myself, that, Spreading their garments for him to

although I fear I shall not be able walk on, as a token of submission on

to explain it away, I am induced to their part (as the Disciples did to

send you a few remarks upon the our Saviour on his triumpbant eplry

subject, the result of a visit to that into Jerusalem), and from that con.

curious building in the autumn of spicuous place proclaimed him King.

last year. With this view of the attendant

The vicissitudes which the sepulcircumstances, I should be inclined

chral remains of antiquity have ge. to adopt the interpretation of Lu

Derally experienced; the dilapidations dovicus de Dieu, as given in Pole's

they have suffered ihrough misguidSynopsis, wbich is as follows.

ed zeal; and the transpositions which "ond, significat os, ossis : Rembi

frequently took place among them in libro Radicum vertit ad ipsosmet

(10- an age when Ibese interestiog gradus. Id mihi maxime arridet: 1. were viewed rather as the relics of

memorials of the illustrious dead Quia ona et DBV sunt synonyma: vanity and superstition, than the last ambo sigoificant 08 : jnde dyp de tribute of respect to the amiable Dotat substantia m rei, ideoque ipsam Divine, the pious Beaefactor, or the rem: cur non ergo idem valeat et distinguished Warrior,) have occa071? 2. Apud Chaldæos 1972 su- sivned much of the perplexity and milur pro ipsâ re."

uncertainty which now attend our

inquiries. 108 On the Temple Church and Monuments. (Feb. enquiries. I am inclined to believe mains of the original building of that almost as much difficulty would 1185, but the clustered columns with accompany the atlempt to appro- in, with the incumbeot arches, and priate several of the Mouuments in the whole of the square Church, seem ibe Temple Churcb, as in fixing the nearly to correspood with those expositions which they aotieotly oc- amples of Ecclesiastical buildings cupied. It is very improbable, even which we know to be of Heory the admitting the limited extent of tbe Third's reign*. If Mr. B. really Church, that so great a number of supposes tbat the whole of the Cir. poble personages were buried side cular building is not the work of by side, and their monuments crowd. one age, and the result of one deed together as we now see them ; sign (and if I interpret his words dissimilar in their forms, irregular rightly he does think so), I am of in their sizes, and clumsily fixed in different opinion. The foregoing obthe pavement. We cannot assert servations which I have offered on that any of these monuments were our antient architecture, render any removed from the Choir to their remarks on this passage unnecessary. present situations; though a removal I will only further state, that if we may with propriety be conjectured disallow that the whole of the Cir. to have taken place at a distant cular building of the Temple Churcb time, which is rendered very proba. is the work of one period, and the ble by the supposed date of some of result of one design, then no such the memorials, and the known pe style of architecture, as that com. riod in wbich the beautiful choir monly and perhaps properly called the was erected.

compound style, ever existed, and the A minute examination of the Tem- transition from the Norman to the ple Church would, I think, lead to Pointed style was not gradual, but the conclusion, that the circular part, immediate. which pow serves the purposes of a The three Monuments supposed tower or porch, was the whole of the to belong to Earls of Pembroke, original building, and therefore con- and which are cross-legged, are as taiped the altar, and that the present old as the 13th century, but the Church was appended to it in the Tomb, which is said to represent reigu of Henry 111. in the style of Geoffrey de Magnaville, A.D. 1148, architecture then dewly adopted, the is of more remote antiquity than the proportioos and splendour of which Church in which it is deposited. were so superior to those of the Nor. This may be the fact, because the man style.

Temple was removed from Holborn, We learn from various histories, wbere the first Society in Eogland that the Temple Church was founded was established, A.D. 1118. WheA.D. 1185, and the style of the ar. ther this curious effigy has been mischitecture, composing the circular named, or whether it was removed to building, agrees with this date. The the present Church, immediately after Pointed arch was certainly used about its completion, are equally doubtful. the middle of the 12th century; and To conclude, at the time when the though it was at first but spariogly choir was comfortably fitted up with made use of, oo considerable space pews, some of those valuable speciof time elapsed before its shape and ineos of sculpture, which now inproportions appear to have been pre. crease the interest, as well as the ferred to those of the Norman style, solemnity of the round Church, posout of which it probably arose. After sibly incumbered the floor, and were associating with the Norman arch in consequently removed. That no revarious ways, the Pointed style be. spect was felt for these memorials of came finally the settled order of Ec. past ages, when the benches were disclesiastical Architecture at the be. carded for inclosed seats, is sufficiently ginning of the 13th century, subse. proved in tbe curious tomb and figure quently to which period we find few, of a Bishop on the South side, having if any, of the characteristics of the been, till lately, entirely hidden from subverted style, retained. Mr. Britton, view. in his interesting work, entitled “ Ar: At a remote period perhaps, when chitectural Antiquities," says, “The an altar in the rouod Church became exterior wall of the Circular Church, unnecessary, the monumental figures with the great West door, are the re

* Vol. I. p. 14.

. 103

1821.) Advantages of Cottage Husbandry. which fron necessity had been dis perity, and happiness, of the empire. persed in various parts of the floor, it is a fact established by the strongest were collected, as the means of preserve and most irrefragable evidence, that jog them from the wanton injury to labourers are generally more ioduswhich they were exposed when Iging trious and independent of parish aid, separately.

1. C. B. and that their moral habits are much

betler, where they hold small patches Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 14. of land. How gratifying it is to the TAE difficulties of the lower and benevolent mind, to contemplate the

I of some of the middling classes, effects of this system ! la the cuuoare become so visible to all ranks ties of Lincoln aod Rutland, on an and parties, aod their source (wapt average of several years ending in of employinent) is so well known, 1815, the poor rates are said to have that the imagioation is racked in vain amounted only to eleven peace in the to discover the cause, that so infatu- pound. ates the laodholders, to torment them. The poor man, deprived of his pri. selves by starviog others. It cannot vilege of common, the gardeo deniowith any good grace be denied, that lished, of which he was once the there are ample means of relief, when happs occupant, forced into a lowo it is known, that there are more than or village, and bereaved of every twenty millions of acres of waste land means of improving his condition, in the United Kingdom capavle of becomes the victim of seditiou and giving profitable employment to the despair ; and thus sioks not alone, but people; and above thirteen millions drags his falling countrymen with of these would yield bread to the cul him. There are, it is true, a great tivators, though the proprietors re. number of individuals, who have just tain them in an uncultivated state claim to the gratitude of their coun. without any motive whatever, unless try in this respect, and merit the they lend themselves to follow blindly pame of patriots; among wbom are the doctrines of Malibus; doctrines the Duchess of Rutlaud, Marchioness from which humanily shrinks, the of Exeter, Countess of Bridgewater, imagination recoils, the eye averts, Ladies Evans and Shelly, &c. : and and turns away with disgust.

the Lord Bishop of Chester, whose So much has already been said on desires, dolphin - like, show themthe subject of collage husbandry, selves above the element they live in, and its utility in every point of view, must not be forgollen ; or Earl Sian. that since the year 1810 publications, hope, whose example is highly de. in the shape of books, pamphlets, pa. serving imitation, not only in bis ragraphs in newspapers, and other building cottages, and adding patches periodical works, have appeared to of land at small rents, (frequently for the number of above twenty-five a number of years at a pepper-corn,) thousand, all recominending the sys. but also for his general humanity, tem of cultivating the soil by means generosity, philaothropy, and, cerof collagers having small patches of tainly not least, for his conduct to land attached to their dwelling, as the the Clergy on his estales, in uniting best means of alleviating the difficul. them with their parishioners in the ties of the nation. Each of these bas bonds of frieodsbip and mutual exone or more experiments, without a change of good offices. This he ef. single instance of failure; and all fects by contracting with them for their come to the same conclusion, that tithes, and thus removing a dever-fail. this practice promotes industry, fur. ing source of strife ; whence they live Disbes employment to all ages and with their flocks loving and beloved, both sexes, prevents dependence on as becomes their high office as amparish relief, is most favourable to bassadors of the Prince of Peace. morality, prevents little offences that This method was begun by the late tend to greater crimes, and in every Earl, probably at the suggestion of district, where it has been introduced, that excellent man and eminent solibas operated in dimioishing, while io citor, Alexander Murray, esq. wbo some it has altogether extinguished, had long been bis Lordship's confipoor rates.

dential friend, as well as legal adviser. Such measures cannot fail to bene C. M. Cheere, esq., M. P. for Camfit every rank of society, and contri. bridge, deserves well of his country bate greatly to the security, pros. for the improvements on his estates

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