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THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,
For JUNE, 1821.
CEREMONIAL OF THE APPROACHING CORONATION.
S the day fixed for the Coronation approaches, the iotenseness of the
public curiosity is proportionably increased. Understanding from authority, that the forms to be observed are the same as were pursued at the Coronation of King James II. we shall devote a few pages of our Miscellany to an outline of the Ceremonies that will probably take place s omitting, for obvious reasons, those parts of the usual forms that appertain to a Queen Consort. This may, we trust, in some degree, supply our Readers with a useful Vade Mecum. At the distance of sixty years, we proudly refer to our Vol. XXXI. p. 419, for an exact description of the last Solemnization, accompanied by an illustrative Plate. Assembling in Westminster Hall,
waiting-Gentlemen of King's Bedchamand bringing in the Regalia.
ber-Two Grooms of the Bedchamber." Early in the moroing of the day of When his Majesty enters, he asCoronation, the Lord Great Cham- cends the steps, attended by the great berlain, in pursuance of his claim, Officers of State, and the two Ärchrepairs to the King with a shirt for bishops, with Garter and the Usber his Majesty, opened for the anoiot- of the Black Rod, and places himself ing, and with an upder-dress of crim- in his Chair of State, under a Canopy. son satin. His Majesty is afterwards
The Master of the Jewel House habited with a surtout of crimson then presents the four swords; viz. velvet, and with a Royal robe or the Sword of State, the pointless maotle also of crimson velvet, furred Sword Curtana, and the two pointed with ermine, called the Parliament Swords, to the Lord High Constable, robes, and the cap of estate of crim. and he to the Lord Great Chambers son velvet, turned up with ermine. lain, who draws them out of their
The Judges, and others of the long scabbards, and lays them on a table robe, the Gentlemen of the Privý before the King. In the same way Council, Esquires of the body, Ser. are delivered the Great Golden Spurs. jeants at law, Masters in Chancery,
Then the Dean and Prebendaries Aldermen of London, Chaplains bav. of Westminster enter the Hall in pro. ing digoities, and six Clerks in Chan- cession with the other insigoia of cery, form a procession into the Hall, Royalty (which were antiently kept and are ranged on each side.
in the Abbey); the Dean carrying The Peers having assembled in the St. Edward's Crown, on a cushion of House of Lords, they are called over, cloth of gold. The Orb with the and conducted into the Hall in the Cross, the Sceptre with the Doves, following order :
the Sceptre with the Cross, and St. “ Two Pursuivants at Arms-Barons, Edward's Staff, are borne by four four abreast-Bishops-Two Pursuivants Prebendaries. -Viscounts-Two Heralds-Earls Two The Dean then presents the Crown Heralds – Marquises – Two Heralds — and the other Regalia to the Lord Dukes-Norroy and Clarencieux Kings High Constable, who delivers them to at Arms-Lord Privy Seal-Lord Presi
the Lord Great Chamberlain, by whom dent of the Council.-- Lord High Trea: they are laid on the table before the surer-Archbishop of York-Lord High Chancellor-Archbishop of Canterbury
King. Serjeants at Arms-Gentlemen Ushers
Garler pow calls up the noblemen Garter King at Arms—Lord High Steward
who are appointed to carry the Rewith his whole Staff-THE KING-Train- galia ; the first of whom standing be bearers, six eldest sons of Peers--Master fore the table, the Great Cbamber. of the Robes-Captain of the Horse in lain delivers to him St. Edward's Staff,
484 Ceremonial of the Coronation-Procession. (June, and in like manger the rest of the then formed into an exact and ofRegalia to other Lords ; St. Edward's derly Procession. The Peers, in their Crowo, with which the King is crown- robes of State, bear their Coroed, being borne by the Lord High nets in their bands, and wear their Steward. The Bible, Chalice, and collars of knighthood, and such as Paten, are borne by Bishops. are of the King's household, their
The Bishops of Durham and Bath wands of office. Indeed, every one and Wells are summoned to support in the Procession is babited in bis the King, pursuant to their claim. full dress of ceremony.
Procession to the Abbey. - The The usual form of Procession is whole of the august company are
The Dean's Beadle with his staff.
The Drum Major.
The Six Clerks in Chancery.
Sheriffs of London.
Recorder of London.
Masters in Chancery.
Serjeants at Law.
The Altorney General.
Esquires of the Body.
Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber.
Chief Justice of Common Pleas.
Chief Justice of the King's Bench.
Serjeant Porter of the Palace.
Choir of Westminster, with their music books.
Groom of the Vestry.
Sub-Dean of the Chapel Royal
Master of the Jewel House.
Bath King at Arms.
carrying their caps in their hands.
Two Pursuivants at Arms.
Privy Counsellors who are not peers.
carrying their caps in their hands.
Two Pursuivants at Arms.
Barons, four a-breast.
Two Pursuivaots at Arms.
1821.] Ceremonial of the Coronation Processiona 485 Norroy King at Arms.
Clarenceux King at Arms. »
Lord President of the Council, ipo!
, Archbishop of York in his cochetawag, Lord Chancellor, with the Seal.
Abp. of Canterbury in his rochela
The second swt989.
Usher of the White Rod." Lord Mayor of London, Lion King at Garter King at Gentleman Usher of the with his Mace.
Serjeants at Arms.
Serjeants at Arms.
St. Edward's Crown,
Orb with the the High borne by the
the High Dove.
Bishop of Bath
under a canopy.
Master of the Robes.
Standard Bearer Captain Capt. of the Capt. of the
Lieut. of the of the Gent.
Horse io Gentlemen Gentlemen Pensioners. the Guard. waiting. Pensioners. Pensioners.
Gentlemen of the King's Bedchamber.
Two Grooms of the Bedchamber.
Lieutenant of the Guard,
Exempts. Clerk of the Cheque lo ihe Yeomen of the Guard. The Procession will move from Choir, who preceded bis Majesty, Weslminster Hall through New Pa- singing an anthem, commonly from lace Yard and Little Bridge Street, Psalın cxxii. 1: “I was glad when to the West door of the Abbey, on a they said unto me,” &c. Then the raised platform covered with cloth, Prebendaries entering the choir, agthe passage being railed in, and pro- cend the theatre, and pass over it to tected by Guards. During its pro- their station on the South side of the gress the drums will beat a march, Altar, beyond the King's chair. After the trumpets sound, and an anthem which the Dean of Westminster, the will be sung by the choirs.
great officers, and two Archbishops, As the Procession enters the with the Dukes of Aquitain and NorChurch, the Law Officers and Judges maudy, ascend the theatre, and stand ascend the theatre, and dividing right near the S. E. pillar. The King then aod left, go to seals appointed for seats bimself in his Chair of State: them in galleries. The King having the Lord Chancellor, the Lord Great entered the Church, is received by Chamberlaio, the Lord High Constaibe Dean and Prebendaries, with the ble, aud Earl Marshal, with the two
486 Ceremonial of the approaching Coronation. (June, Bishops who support his Majesty, the the King arising makes an obeisance Dean of Westmioster, and ihe Lords towards the altar, and retires to his who carry the Regalia, with Garter chair on the South side of the area and the Gentleman Usber, all standing or sacrarium. After which, his May about him.
jesty kneeling at the faldstool placed The Coronation. — The important before bis chair, the Archbishop sayı business of the day commences with the following prayer : the RECOGNITION, which is thus per. "O God, which dost visit those that are formed: The Archbishop of Canter- humble, and dost comfort us by thy Holy bury standing near the King on the Spirit, send down thy grace upon this thy East side of the theatre, his Majesty
servant George, that by him we may feel rises from his chair and stands before thy presence among us, through Jesus it, whilst the Archbishop, having his
Christ. Amen." face to the East, says as follows:
The Lords who bore his Majesty's “SIRS,-1 bere present unto you Regalia, draw near to the altar, and King George, the rightful inheritor present the Crown, the Orb, the Rod, of the Crown of this realm; where- the Spurs, the Sceptre, and St. Ed. fore all ye that are come this day toward's Staff, to the Archbishop, who do your homage, service, and boun- Jays them upon the altar, the Lords den duty, are ye willing to do the retiring, to their respective seats;
wbich done, the Dukes of Aquitain From thence the Archbishop, ac- and Normandy, with the great officompanied by the Lord Chancellor, cers of State, repair to their seats on the Great Chamberlain, the Consta- the South side of the area. The Archble, and the Earl Marshal (Garter bishop then gives notice to two of King at Arms going before them), the Bishops to begin the Litany, the proceeds to the south side. of the choirs making the responses. theatre and repeats the same words ;
The Communion Service is Don and from thence to the West, and read by the Archbishop, and the lastly to the North side: the King Epistle and Gospel by iwo of the standing all the while, and turning Bishops ; after which the prelate apbis face to the several sides of the pointed to preach the Sermon ascendo theatre as the Archbishop is speak the pulpit, and the King seats him. ing at each of them. At every repe.
self again in his chair on the South tition the people express their wil. side of the area, tbe Archbishop sitJingness by acclamation ; and at the ting in his chair at the altar. His last, the trumpets sound and drums Majesly now puts on bis cap of er beat. This being done, an anthem is tate. During sernion, the iwo Bisung by the choirs, the King re- shops who support the King, sladd sumiog his seat.
on each side of him; the Lords who The Archbishop, io the inean time, carry the swords bear them erected, going to the altar, revests himself in on his right hand; and the Lord a rich cope (as do also the Bishops Great Chamberlain stands on the left. wbo bear any part in the office), and Oath *, -The Sermon being ended, places himself at the North side of the King uncovers his head, and the the altar. Then the King rises from Archbishop repairs to bis Majesty, his chair, being supported by the two and asks bim, « Sir, are you willing Bishops, and attended, as always, by to take the Oath usually taken by the Dean of Westminster (the great your predecessors ?" The King anofficers and the noblemen who carry swers, “ I am willing." the Regalia going before him); puts Then the Archbishop ministers off his cap of estate, goes to the steps these questions: of the altar, and there kneels down
Abp.-Will you solemnly promise and upon
the cushions. He now presents swear to govern the people of this king. his First OBLATION, consisting of a dom of Great Britain, and the dominious pall of cloth of gold, and an ingot or thereunto belonging, according to the wedge of gold of a pound weight, Statutes in Parliament agreed on, and the which are delivered to him by the respective laws and customs of the same? Great Chamberlain. The Archbishop,
King.--solemnly promise so to do. assisted by the Dean, receives them
Abp.-Will you, to your power, cause from bis Majesty, and lays them re. * The oath, which Is here inserted, is verently on the altar; which done, tbat administered to bis late Majesty.
1821.] Ceremonial of the approaching Coronation. 487 law and justice, in mercy, to be executed Kings and Prophets were, and as soin all your judgments? King. I will. lomon was anointed King," &c.
Abp. Will you to the utmost of your While the anointing is performed, power maintain the laws of God, the true a pall of cloth of gold is held over profession of ihe Gospel, and the Protest- the King's head by four Knights of ant Reformed Religion established by the Garier. When it is concluded, law? And will you maintain and pre. the Deao-lays the ampul and spoon serve 'inviolably the settlement of the Church of England, and the doctrine, wor
again upon the altar; and the Archsbip, discipline, and government thereof, bishop, placing himself on the North as by law established, within the kingdoms side thereof, pronounces an in vocaof England and Ireland, the dominion of tion or prayer, the King koeeling. Wales, aud town of Berwick upon Tweed, The King oow rises, apd sits down and the territories thereunto belonging, in the chair; and the Dean of Westbefore the Union of the two kingdoms? minster, having first dried all the And will you preserve unto the Bishops places anointed, except the head and and Clergy of England, and to the Churches the hands, with cotton wool, closes there committed to their charge, all such again the places that were opened in rights and privileges as by law do or shall
his garments. Then a coif of lawn is appertain upto them or any of them ?
delivered by the Lord Great ChamKing.--All this I promise to do.
berlain to the Archbishop, and by The King then goes to the altar, bim placed upon the King's head, and laying his hand upon the Gospels, and lineo gloves are also put on his takes the Oath following:“The things hands; in the mean time a short auwhich I have here before promisedthem is sung by the choirs. I will perform and keep, so help me The Investing.-The Dean of WestGod." He then signs the Oath. mioster now brings from the altar the
The Anointing.- The King now Colobium sindonis *, then the Supergoes to bis faldstool, which is placed tunica *, or close Pall, with the Girlowards the altar, and kneels thereat, dle*, and the Buskins and Sandals *, whilst the choirs sing the hymn Veni of cloth of gold, with all which the Creator Spiritus; after which the King is successively invested. After Archbishop says a prayer or collect. this he brings the Spurs, and delivers
The anthem of “Zadock the Priest,” them to the Lord Great Chamberlain, &c. is then usually sung by the choir, who, kneeling down, puts them on
In the mean time the King arises the King's heels. Then the Arcband goes to the allar, attended by the bishop takes the Sword of State, in Lord Great Chamberlain, who dis- its scabbard of purple velvet, and robes bis Majesty of the mantle aod laying it on the altar, says a prayer. surcoat of crimson velvet : and King This being ended, the Archbishop, Edward's chair, with a footstool, be- assisted by other Bishops, delivers the ing placed in the midst of the area Sword into the King's hand, and the before the altar, the King seats him. Lord Great Chamberlaia then girds self ia it. The ampulla containing his Majesty with it, the Archbishop the consecrated oil, is vow brought saying, “ Receive this kingly sword, from the altar by the Dean of West- which is hallowed for the defence of mioster, who pours the oil into the the Holy Church,” &c. spoon; and the several parts of the The King then arising, the Dean of King's dress, which are closed with Westminster takes the Armil from ribbands, beiog first opened by the the Master of the Great Wardrobe, Archbishop, be proceeds to anoint puts it about his Majesty's neck, and the Kiog, in form of a cross: First, lies it to the bowings of his arms, on the palms of his bands, saying, the Archbishop saying, “ Receive the ** Be these hands anoipled with holy Armil of sincerity and wisdom,” &c. oil.” Second, on the breast, saying, Lastly, the Manlle or open Pall is “ Be this breast anointed,” &c. Third, delivered to the Dean, who puts it on both shoulders, and between the upon the King standing : his Majesty shoulders, saying, “ Be these shouls then sils down, and the Dean brings ders anoioted,” &c. Fourth, on the the Orb from the altar, which is debosings of both his armis, saying, livered into the King's right hand by * Be these arms anointed,” &c. Lastly, the Archbishop. op the crown of the head, saying, "Be The King sits down again in King 2his head anointed with boly oil, as Engraved in rol, XXXI. p. 316.