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1821:] Account of Flitton Church, Bedfordshire. 393

Mr. URBAN, Woburn, Feb. 6. coat of arms, and underneath the fol-
LITTON is a small village in the lowing lines :

county of Bedford, about three “ Aske how he lived, and you sball know miles from the town of Ampthill. It bis end, was anciently called Flictham, and He died a saint to God, to poore a friend. Fleel, and gives its name to the Hun. These lines men know doth truly of him dred and Deanery in which it is silu. story, ated.

Whom God hath called, and sealed now The Parish Church, of which I send

in glory." a drawing, (see Plate I.) is not re- In the same part of the Church markable for its architecture or an- are interred Ibree of the Grey fatiquity; but has become celebrated mily. Of the Monumental Chapels, as the place of sepulture of the no- one is collateral with the Chancel, ble family of Grey, who possessed the and separated by an iron gate, under pow, unhappily, extinct title of Duke an arch: this was erected upwards of Kent. Ii consists of a nave, with of 200 years ago, but has been since North and South ailes, separated by modernized. Four others are of Gresix pointed arches, springing from cian architecture, with semicircular elegaot clustered columns. The tower arches and pilasters, and were erectat ibe. West end is lofty, and well. ed (as it appears from an inscription proportioned, with a large turret at in the centre one), and the chancel the South-east angle, and contains altered, by Henry Duke of Kent, four bells and a clock. The Cleres- A.D. 1701. The windows are in that tory has six wiodows, with a turret non-descript style sometimes called at the East end. Tbe Church, both Modern Gothic. internally and externally, is much out In the first Chapel are four moof repair. The Font is plain and oc- numents; the first, that of the Lady tagonal, with rude carvings of flowers Jane Hart, daughter of John Evelyn, and arınorial shields underneath: on esg. of Godtone, Surrey, wife and rethe South side of the altar is a piscina. lict of Sir Eustace Hart, and formerly There are some slight remains of of Sir Anthony Ben. This monument painted glass in the upper part of was erected by her daughter Annaiwo or three of the aisle windows; but bella Counless Dowager of Kent, She they are loo insignificant for potice. died in 1671, aged 83.- Her charac. The corbels are carved, grotesque, ter is pourtrayed in a long eologium, and grim." The arch opening into the which in the quaint style of the times, tower differs from the others, being affirms that she will rise one of the very plain, with semi-octagonal co- inost glorious pieces of the resurreclumns: over the entrance into the lion." Beneath is a female figure Chancel, the Royal Arms are painted of white marble, in an attitude of in fresco, but much faded ; above grief. are the initials. A. R. i.e. ANNA RE.. The next is that of Lady Elizabeth GINA, and underneath, "Semper ea- Talbot, Countess Dowager of Kent, dem.” On the North side of the nave second daughter and coheiress of Gilhangs a halchment, with the motto, bert Earl of Shrewsbury; she died at “nec cupias, nec metuas." - In the “hir house in Whitefriers," Dec. 7, Church are several modera tablets, 1651. The third is that of Henry and some tombs of a more antient Earl of Kent, Lord Hastings Weisdate, with brasses. On the secood ford, and Ruthin, Lord Lieutenant of pillar on the South, is a tablet, com- Bedford ; the founder of this Chapel, memorative of Bartholomew Gale, who died Jan. 31, 1614; and Mary bis gent. who died in 1684, æt. 78, aod wife, daughter of Sir Robert Coitop, had been 40 years “ Gentleman Usher” of Combermere, in the county of Chesto Anoabella Countess Dowager of ter, and relict of Robert Earl of DerKent. Witbip the altar rails is the by, who died Nov. 16, 1680, and was tomb, with the effigies in brass, of buried at Great Gaddesden in HertThomas Hill, who died April 2, 1601, fordshire. On this are two fine old aged 101, receiver-general to “three .. recumbent figures in red marble, with worthy Earls of Kent,” Reginald, robes, rulls, and coronets, their bauds Charles, and Heary :-above is his joined in the attitude of prayer. Above -Gent. Mag. May, 1821..

**?! Jo pat are 2

IRIS II. $ers 956:!

394 Monuments of the Grey Family at Flitton. [May, are the family arms, with the motto, a pyramid, crowned with ao urn, and “ Foy est tout.”

encircled with a wreath of flowers. The last has also two recumbent The third is dedicated to the mefigures, in white marble, with full mory of Henry de Grey, son of the robes and coronets, and four smaller Duke of Kent, who died Dec. 4, ones at the corners of the tablet 1717, in the 21st year of his age. above. The first represents Justice His effigy is in a loose dress. Above with her balance; the second, with is a pyramid, similar to the last, with a serpent in her hand, and her eyes a wreath of flowers most minutely uplifted, is Immortal Wisdom; the and beautifully sculptured. In the third, leaning on a broken Corioihian same Chapel is a neat uro of white column, is Patience, or Fortitude; marble, on a pedestal of Purbec the fourth, with a broken vessel, and stone, to the memory of the Lady in a distressed attitude, is Charity. Gregory, daughter to the same Duke -This monument commemorates of Kent. Henry Earl of Kent, &c. &c. who The South Chapel has only one died in 1651, and Annabella his wife, monument, that of Philip Earl of by whom it was erected.

Hardwicke, who died May 16, 1790, On the floor of this Chapel are the erected by his wife Jemima, Martombs of Heory Grey Earl of Kent, chioness of Grey and Baroness Lucas, who died 1729, and Charles his bro- who died Jan. 11, 1797. On this is ther, also Earl of Kent, who died a beautiful figure in white marble, 1723; and an antient tomb, with the leading agaiost an urn. la her coun. effigies in brass of a man in armour, tenance deep grief is inimitably dehaving a sheathed sword in his left picted, oor can the exquisite flow. hand, but the inscription is oblite.ings of her drapery fail to command rated. Behind one of the pillars of the delighted aiteotion of every beLady Elizabeth Talbot's monument holder. is an old two-edged sword, and a In the last Cbapel, to the East, is rusty iron gauntlet.

one large monument of white and lo the central Chapel are the mo- veined marble. In the centre is a sarnuments of the Lady Annabell de cophagus of dark marble, nearly simiGrey, eldest daughter of Henry Duke lar to the former. On this is the of Kent, who married Jobö Lord recumbent effigies of Henry de Grey Glenorchy, eldest son of the Earl of Duke of Kent, in his full robes, with Breadalbane, and died July 20, 1718, bis peer's cap in bis band. By Queen leaving one son, and one daughter, Anne he was created Marquis and afterwards Marchionens de Grey: and Duke of Kent, Lord Chamberlaio, also that of Aune de Grey, her sister, Koigbt of the Garter, and Lord Lieuwho married Lord Charles Cavendish, tenant of Bedford and Hereford. He and died Sept. 20, 1733. Both are was one of the regents named by executed in black, white, and grey George I.; afterwards appointed Lord marble, and ornamented nearly in a Privy Seal, and to a variety of other similar manoer.

offices. By George II. be was created In the North Chapel are three mo- Marquis Grey. He erected a magoinuments. The first has a noble sar- ficent town house, and laid out the cophagus of black marble, resting on gardens of Wrest. His characler is claws; ou which reclines the effigies, recorded in terms of high eulogium. in a Roman dress, of Anthony de On the right is the effigy of bis Grey, commonly called Earl of Har. first wife, Jemima, daughter and corold, created Baron Lucas of Crud. heiress of Lord Crewe, who died Jaly well, who married Lady Mary Tuf. 27, 1728. ton, daughter of the Earl of Thaget, On the left is a lablet commemoand died 1723. The next is that of ratiog bis second wife, Sophia, daughHenrietta de Grey, third daughter of ter of William Lord Portland, who Henry Duke of Kent, who died Jan. died June 14, 1748; and underneath 4, 1716-17, aged 14. On this is sculp. that of ber daughter, Anna-Sophia, tured a youthful form, with a pleas- who married the Rev. Jobo Egerton, ing and innocent countenance, look- successively Bishop of Bangor, Liching up to Heaven; in her hand is a field and Coventry, and Durham, and book, resting on a cusbion : above is died Nov. 21, 1748.



1821.] Silsoe, and Wrest Park.–Gardiner Family. 395

In the Parish of Flitton, about one three quarters of a mile in length. mile from the Church, is the antient This is at present the residence of hamlet of Silsoe, formerly Silversho, Appabell Home, Baroness Lucas, and a town of some size and conse lately created, by letters patent, quence, having a market on Tues- Countess de Gres. days, granted to Ralph Fitz Richard, Allow me, as the Author of the A.D. 1319. This has long been dis- “ History of Woburn,” reviewed in used, and it has now dwiodled to a your Magazine for September, 1820, small but neat village. It has still to say, that application was made for two fairs annually, May 12 and Sept. the records mentioned in “Tanner's 21. A national school has been es- Notitia," and that none such were tablished, and a good school-house known to exist. It may perhaps serve erected by the Countess de Grey, and as some apology for this anxiety, on received into the connection of the behalf of that work, to say, that it Bedfordshire National Society. Here was written at the early age of eighis a Chapel of Ease, dedicated to St. teen years.

J. D. PARRY. James. A double tier of three plain pointed arches, resting on low octa


April 6. gopal columns, divides it into a nave VOUR intelligent Correspondent and two side ailes, with clerestory « X." in his account of the windows, and the chancel at the East Church &c. at Cuddesdon, Oxon, end. The interior is very neat; a (given in your Magazine for March, handsome gallery has been erecled p. 201), states, lhat “Sir Thomas Garparallel with the whole West end, diner, Solicitor General to King Charles and the pews have been painted, &c. .. destroyed a house belonging to The altar-piece is well wainscoted, himself, on the South side of the and has a painting representing the Church, in order that it might not " Adoration of the Shepberds," the afford accommodation to the Parlia. production of Mrs. Mary Lloyd, and mentary forces.” I shall be much presented by her to the Chapel. Who obliged to your said Correspondent ihis Lady was, I am not able exactly (and to any other of your Literary to ascertaio. Over the West end is friends) for information as to the bioa small and ugly steeple and spire, graphy of this gentleman; particucontaining two prayer-bells and a clock. larly also, as to the place of his inter

The present Rector of Flitton ment; his family connections, and arcum Silsoe, is the Rev. T. T. James, morial bearings. whose name is kuown to the pub- The first Baronet of the name was lic by two volumes of interesting created in 1660, as appears by De"Travels io Russia, Poland,” &c. brett, and his predecessors Kimber The Parish Church is dedicated to and Collins; who mention, that the St. Joha the Baptist, and the living family of Gardiner formerly resided is in the gift of Christchurch, Oxford. pear Wigan, co. Lancaster; of whom

Adjoining the village is Wrest Park, Robert Gardiner, Esq. married Mary the antient seat of the Grey family. sister of Sir William Palmer, co. BedA perfect and complete account of ford, and was father of Sir William this Mansion will far exceed the pre- Gardiner, who was created a Baronet, sent limits, it inust therefore be left and K. B. at the Coronation of to a future letter, or Correspondent. Charles II. and who married Anne, The front is neatly built of white daughter and heiress of Robert Brocas stone, with a plain pediment in the of Beaurepaire, co. Hants, Esq.; the centre, and a covered portal beneath. said Sir William being possessed of The interior has a fine and valuable Roch Court, co. Hapts; which con. collection of family portraits. The tinues to be the family seat. gardeos bave loog been esteemed as The estate at Cuddesdon possessed the favourite resort of the surround by the present Baronet, Sir James ing country. They were principally Whalley Smythe Gardiner (the third laid out by the celebrated Browo, io succession under a new creation in and are oroameoted with imitatious 1782), was, I believe, entirely derived of antique temples, hermitages, Chi- from the marriage of bis great grandpese bowers, &c. and a very noble father, Doctor Bernard Gardiner of banqueting-house. They are sur. Oxford (second son of Sir William rvuoded hy a fine serpentiue river, Gardiner above mentioned) with an


396 Gardiner Family.-- Account of Agrigentum. [May, heiress of the Smythe family: sister, the City. The first is called the I presume, to the lady whose monu- Temple of Venus, by many called of mental ioscription “X.” has recorded. Juno Lucina ; almost one half of

It appears to me probable, there, which still remaios. The second is fore, in the first place, that Sir Wil- the Temple of Concord ; this may liam Gardiner the first baronet, did be considered entire, not one columa not, at the time of his creation in having as yet fallen ; the inscription 1660, possess any estate in lhat neigh- on tbe entablature of white marble : bourhood. And it occurs to me se

“ Ferdinandi IIII. Regis condly, as no mention is made by the

Augustissimi Providentiæ above authors of Sir Thomas Gardi. Restituit Anno MDCCLXII.” ner, who most likely would have been

It is precisely the same dimensions noticed, not only from the said offi- and architecture as that of the Temcial situation which he must have ple of Venus, which probably served held, not more, perhaps, than fifteen as the model for it. It appears to years before, but also on account of bave been built at the expence of the ibe zeal manifested by him in the Lilibitanè, after having been defealed Royal cause, as stated by “X.” that by the people of Agrigentum; from he probably was not connected with the following inscription in Roman the above family. And it has further capitals on a lare piece of marble occurred to me also, whether, partak- found there : ing of the effects of his Royal master's “ Concordiæ Agrigentinorum Sacrum misfortunes, he and his connexions

Respublica Lilibitanorum "might not pass into comparative ob- Dedicantibus M. Alterio Caadido scurity; exemplified, possibly, in the Procos. et L. Cornelio Marrace of the same name, who were oc

cello Q. P. R. P. R." cupied in the more humble, yet repu- These Temples are supported by table sphere of tradesmen; and whose

13 large fluted Doric columns on tombs are observable in the Church- each side, aod six at each end. All yard at Cuddesdon.

their bases, capitals, and entablaThey were certainly inhabitants of tures, &c. still remain entire. The this parish during, or shortly after, third Temple is that of Hercules, those troublesome times; and possessed now io ruins, but which was of a (by purchase in 1664) a small freehold much greater magnitude than those property; which (or other property of Veous and Concord. It was on purchased within a few years after this spot the famous Statue of Herwards) regularly descended from fa- cules, so much celebrated by Cicero, ther to son, until 1807 ; at which pe- stood, and which the people of Agririod the owner sold it. Por, residing gentum defended wilb so much braat a distance, and the estate beiog in very against Verres, who attempted small parcels, it seemed likely to be to seize it. The famous picture of to hini (as from the same causes it had Zeuxis was placed in this Temple. been to his predecessor), a source of Hercules was represented in his cravery considerable trouble, with no dle, killing the two serpents : Alccompetent advantage.

mena and Amphitryon baviog just A CONSTANT READER. entered the apartment, were painted

with every mark of terror and as. Mr. URBAN, Queen-Sq. Bloomsbury. tonishment. I

BEG leave to offer a few remarks Pliny says, the painter considered

on the aptient City of Agrigen- this picture invaluable, and could tum, in addition to the account given never put a price upon it, but gave in a preceding Number *

it to the City of Agrigentum, to be The ruins of the antient City of placed in the Temple of HerculesAgrigentum, like those of Syracuse, they are oow lost. are mostly converted into corn fields, Near the above spot lie the ruins vineyards, and orchards; but the re- of the Temple of Jupiter Olympus, mains of the Temples are much more supposed by the Sicilian authors to conspicuous than those of Syracuse. have been the largest in the heathea Four of the Temples stood nearly in world. It is now called il Templo di a right line, near the South wall of Giganli, or the Giants Temple, from

the astonishing size of the stones, * See before, p. 114.

which the people conceived could

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