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Review.-Hodgson's Northumberland.

tion of assuming the name of Hilton only. The Volume is also embellished
Within a few years afterwards the whole with several neat wood-cuts, engraved
of the estates were sold under an act of by Bewick, Nicholson, and Arm-
" Hilton Castle was a few years ago

strong, from designs by Mr. Swinburne.

Vol. I, is intended to contain the (after standing long untenanted) the resi. dence of the friendly and hospitable Simon

General and Border History of the Temple, esq. The Castle is now occupied County, with separate articles on its by Thomas Wade, esq.”

Natural History, Agriculture, Geo

logy, Mining, Revenues, &c. for the present, take our Volumes II. III.and IV. will include leave of this very interesting Volume; descriptions of the towns, villages, the above extracts (which are taken antiquities and curiosities, pedigrees, from the first opening pages of the memoirs of remarkable persons;

of Volume) having, we trust, convinced Vol. V. we have now given an acour Readers of the entertaining pa- count; and Vol. VI. will contain Apture of its contents.

pendix matter of a similar description.

We wish the Author health and 34. A History of Nortbumberland. In success to complete his plan.

Three Parts. By John Hodgson, Clerk, Perpetual Curale of Jarrow, with Heworth.-Vol. V. being the First Volume

35. A Letter to the Right Honourable Sir of Part III. containing Antient Records

Jobn Newport, Bart. M.P. on the Suband Historical Papers. 410. pp. 425.

ject of the present Commission for an In. Nichols and Son.

quiry into the Duties, Salaries, &c. of the

Officers of the several Courts of Justice in We have the pleasure of appounc- Englaud ; in which are contained short jog this portion of another County Observations on the Antiquity, Nature, History. The Volume before us, and Duties of the Office of Master in though the first published, will rank Ordinary of the High Court of Chancery, as the fifth in order when the Work

with a view to Salaries, instead of Fees. is completed ; aod coosists of Antient

By Francis Paul Stratford, Esq. one of Records and Historical Papers, rela

the Masters in Ordinary of the said Couri. tive to Northumberland and the Eog

8vo. pp. 75. Clarke. lish and Scottish Borders.

THOUGH this elegant and instrucThe following is an enumeration of tive “ Letter” is daied Feb. 6, 1820, the Articles in this portion of the work: it is but recently that we have had

the satisfaction of perusing it. There 1. “ Royal and Private Charters relating to Lands in Knaresdale and Haugh since having had its intended effect

can be no doubt, however, of its long ton, in the Parish of Simonburo. — 2. Names of the Castles and Towers in

on the Right Honourable Baronet to Northumberland, with their Proprietors, whom it is addressed. The patriotic about 1460. — 5. Articles of Accusation and benevolent Member for Newry against Lord Dacre, Warden of the could not fail of being convinced by Marches, by the inhabitants of Northum. the luminous and gentlemanly manberland. — 4. 5. 6. and 7. Inquisitiones per in which the very learned Master post Mortem temp. Hepry III. Edward I. in Chancery has asserted, and unques II. and III. ; Roluli Hundredorum ; Pla- tionably vindicated the practice of cila de quo Warranto ; and the resta de the high and exalted Court of JudiNevill, so far as each of the above relate to

cature in which he so ably fills an imNorthumberland.-8. Rates and Rentals, with Proprietors' Names in 1663. [A very peat, from charges not directly made,

portant station ;- vindicated, we recurious Article.] — 9. Pope Nicholas's Taratio Ecclesiastica Angliæ, &c. so far as

but insinuated by a side wind, which relates to Northumberland.-10. Account of it may be sufficient to notice in the the Expences of Sir Thomas Swinburne, knt. words of the iotroductory paragraph: during his Shrieffalty, in 1628 and 1629." “Sir ;-I have the honour (for such / To these Articles are added a very

think it, even under the circumstances copious Index.

which give occasion to this Leller), to be The Volume is embellished with

one of the Masters in Ordinary of the eight prints, six of which are from

High Court of Chancery; and I am, as !

believe all my brethren are, very grateful drawings by Edward Swinburne, esq. for the means from time to time provided and engraved in aquatint by F. č. by Parliament for the remuneration of Lewis. The other two are copies our labours, and the maintenance of our from Buck's Views of Alnwick and

rank and condition whilst in office, and Widdrington Castles.

for our comfort when worn out and jo re


1821.] Review.-Stratford's Letter to Sir J. Newport. 237 tirement. Witb sach a feeling, you can- Chancellor ever existed, more honest, not suppose that I am inclined to attribute more learned, more upright, or more la. any but good motives to a Member of borious in executing the duties of his own Parliament of your high character, for office; or more circumspect, more disin. first stirring, and afterwards promoting, terested, or more happy in his choice of the issuing a Commission for an Inquiry persons to fill and execute the duties of into the Duties, Salaries, and Emoluments all the other bigber judicial offices (of of the Officers, Clerks, aod Ministers of whom he has lived to recommend to our the several Courts of Justice in England, late venerable and now much lamented Wales, and Berwick upon Tweed." Sovereign, not fewer than fifteen Judges, After stating the result of a some

and to appoint of his own authority, not what similar enquiry in 1740; the fewer than twelve Masters in Chancery);

with this exception, that perhaps he erred learned Master thus proceeds :

in the appointment he made of the indi "When I feel quite conscious that no just vidual who bas the honour, Sir, to subground of complaint agaiost the Masters, scribe himself, your most obedient, and or their officers, exists, I cannot divine very respectful humble servant, what prospect of benefit to the public

F. P. STRATFORD." could have operated upon your mind in promoting the present Commission, at 36. An Illustration of the Liturgy of the least so far as regards them; and in other

Church of England, as to its daily Service ; respects, I am 'not personally interested,

including a particular Exposition of the though I hope and trust, and indeed am

Lord's Prayer, the Apostles and Alhanafully persuaded, that the officers and mi

sian Creeds, shewing the Scriptural founnisters of all the other Courts will prove, dation of the Established Service, its Con. upon examination, to be as pure in their

formity to the Practice of the Primitive conduct, as I believe those of the Court

Church, and the Deviations from both in of Chancery to be. I have, indeed, heard

the Varieties of modern Worship, with an two motives assigned, but both, I am con

Appendix historical, critical, and pracliriaced, invented in malice towards you, cal. By the Rev. Thomas Pruen, Curate for they are calculated to derogate from

of Dursley, Gloucestershire. 2 vols. your character as a man endowed with

sup. royal 8vo. Rivingtons, 1820. that high sense of honour, and honesty, 37. 'Divine Revelation, Scripture Analogy, and generosity of heart, so peculiar to the

Primitive Practice, and continued Custom Irish nation, and therefore I neither do,

the Warrant for the Economy and Discinor will believe them to be founded in

pline of the Church of England, as to truth, wben assigned to you."

Diocesan Episcopacy, and an immutable These motives we forbear to tran- threefold Ministry. Sheun in a Series of scribe ; more especially as the worthy Propositions, founded on the Sacred His. Letter Writer repeats, that “ he does tory, and the Practice of the primitive not believe either of them to be found. Church. Sup, royal 8vo. pp. 51. By the ed in truth.”

same Author, One fact, however, is worthy no- THE Liturgy of the Church of tice —" the expence" of the late England has been justly admired, beCommission; which (says Mr. S.) as I cause it is in language, matter, and view it, capoot have been less tban style, exactly what such a thing ought eight, but most probably ten thou- tó be. It is, in form and substance, sand pounds, in each year since the holy, a term which, applied to books, Commission issued.

can scarcely be said of any other, exEnough, we trust, bas been said of cept the Bible. By Holiness, we mean this very important Letter ; but it has exclusively such a form of words, and merits far beyond a mere answer to such maller, as inspired writers alone the Right Honourable Member for may be presumed to use. Theology Newry-we mean,

the distinct and en- is too scientific ; Methodist Preachtertaining history which it details of ing mere rhapsody; and Orthodox the origio and office of the High discourses, either dry logical discusCourt of Chancery and its principal sion, or fine specimens of eloquence Officers.

and argument. The Messiah of KlopOnce more addressing the Right slock, and the Death of Abel of GessHonourable Baronet, the learned ner, are poems. The Pilgrim's ProMaster pathetically adds,


is romance ; and Watts's “Permit me, Sir, before I finally con. Hymns a children's book. All are clude, to pay my humble tribute of re- founded upon human arts. But Hospect to Lord Eidon, by saying (and in lioess is the spirit, which may be supibis 1 defy all contradiction) that no posed to dictate the language that



238 Review.-Pruen on the Liturgy, &c. (March, Religion itself, were it personified, high novelty or curiosity. We sball might be presumed to use. Its voice select two passages referring to the expresses the pure soul of the thing ; Antediluvian æra: a part of the work and ils language may be considered where Mr. Pruen, beiog original, disas an exact portrait of its character. plays his ability. Postils and commenis, without the

" li is said, that there were giants in the aid of ratiocination, history, and lu- earth in those days Grm. vi. 4. But the minous philosophical elucidation, are word iranslated giants, means rather men unsavoury and insipid. They may of violence or apostates, who becoming inform, instruct, and please, if aided mighty, and men of renown, held out the jo the manner mentioned; but they most profligate examples to their inferiors." can never convey the impression of See vol. ij. p. vi. Divine purity and sublimity, attaching Though we know, thal large fossil to the language and character of Ho. bones, and an allegorical personificaliness, properly understood. Accord. tion of mountains, rocks, meteors, ing to our meaning, we know no hu- hurricanes, &c. gave birth to the terin man composition, equal in holiness, giants, among the heathens, yet we to the Liturgy, nor do we object to a think from the above passage, that the single syllable of it, only to the selec. Heathen Mythologies were the absotion of ihe Lessons, Epistles, and Gus. lute Antediluvian systems of Religion. pels. These, we think, should oot Mr. Pruen says, in quotation, that have consisted of copies of other Li- owing to the longevity of the Anlediturgies ; but of paris of Scripture, luvians, it is calculated, “ that the inha. especially adapted to the illustration bitaols alive, at the time of the flood, of the Thirty-nine Articles; and had amounted to near 14,000,000,000,000; this been done at the Reformation, it i. e. fourteep billions, or millions of would have acted, as a universal and millions, whereas the number supposed perpetual Catechism and Expositor. to be now living is not 1,000,000,000, At present, the instruction derived or one fourteenth part, a disproporfrom the Scriptural extracts alluded lion hardly conceivable (P. vii.") to, is miscellaneous and desultory, True, not if they were flies. good, but not the best. Prudence, Now Moses was learved in all the at the period, on account of the ha. wisdom of the Egyplians, and we have bits and prejudices of the people, the express authority of Diodorus Si. might have dictated thus copying the culus (L. i.) Plutarch in Numa, and Portiforium secunduin usum Sarum ; Pliny (L. vii. c. 48) for saying, that but it is inanifest, that identity or the most ancient Exyprian year was a imitation implies the very opposite of mere Lunar moothi and as we have reform and improvement. The Les- do information that the Anlediluvians sons in the Old Testament do not understood Astronomy, a science ao. uniformly consist of the Propheric tecedeut to the invention of a Solar parls, referring to Christ; and, except year, we consider the opinion of louat certain seasons, the Epistles aid gevily as a mistake ; and the popu. Gospels are moral or historical, ra- Tousness described, as a number 100 ther than doctrinal.

large for this planet to support, and Such are our opinions of the Li- manifestly disproved by the provideoturgy, and such is ihe vols alteration tial checks, so ably exhibited by Mr. which we should like to see in it. Maltbus.

As to the Work before us, it is an We proceed pow to Ms. Pruen's immense collection of matter of all second Work. To us there appears sorts, relating to the subject. If the no difficulty concerning the ancient Lilurgy could be coosidered as a coun- existence of Bishops noi being simple try, it is a History of it: aod, with Presbyters. As the Work of Mr. regret that Mr. Pruen did not give Pruep is only introductory lo a contius more of himself, we readily ac- nuation, we beg to refer him lu Cy: knowledge tbal the labour and perse- prian, Epist. 66, and Jerom, Epist. ad verance of Mr. Pruen are immense; Evagriuin, for the attestation of the and that he has shelved, pigeoo-holed, Fathers, that Bishops were the suc: and ticketed an enormous mass of cessors of the Apostles. But we rely multifarious information.

much upon the meaning of the word Our limits do not allow us to make “ Episcopus," io the Heatben times. long extracts, unless on subjects of The Athenians thus denominated cer

tais must,

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Review. - Polwhele's Sermons.

239 tain Magistrates, who went over pro- We beg, however, with the best invinces and districts committed to their tentions, to suggest an improvement. jurisdiction, in order to retain them The profusion of Tracts, agaiost lufi. in duty and fidelity. (Ducange, v. delity, &c. (p. 120) is unnecessary. Episcopus.) Now, whoever alteods Notwithstanding high names and five to the Acts and Epistles of the New writing, the only Bercules who overTestament, will see thal St. Paul, and throws Deism, in truly philosophical the other Apostles, acted precisely in conclusiveness, is Dr. Wheeler, late a similar manner, so far as concerned Regius Professor at Oxford ; and if a moral and religious magistracy. the muscular parts of his sixib LecMuratori (Thes. i. 626) adduces an ture, begioning vol. i. p. 119, and inscription for an Episcopus of Nice, ending p. 124, be simplified and rei. e. a colonial subaltero Magistrale. duced to vulgar capacity, and be anIn confirmation, however, of Mr. nexed as a preface to Watsva's Apo. Pruen's position of Bishop, Priest, logs for the Bible, all is done that and Deacon, besides Jerom, &c. take can be done. Let the Pilgrim's ProTertullian de Baptismo (p. 263. Ed. gress be also un-Calvinized. If these Rigalt.) “Dandi quidem [Baptis- books have no effect, nothing can ; num] habet jus summus sacerdus, and the fuods of the Society are, in qui est Episcopus. Dehinc Presby. respect to doctrinal tracts, in some teri et Diacogi. Non tamen sine degree thrown away. Episcopi auctoritate, propter Ecclesiz bogorem ; quo salvo, salva pax 40. The Retrospective Review ; consisting est.” We have pointed out this pas

of Criticisms upon, Analyses of, and Fx. sage to Mr. Pruen, because it is the

tracts from, curious, useful, and valuuble Iliad in a nutshell, and to us defini

Books in all Languages, which have been tire on the subject.

published from the Revival of Literature

up to the Commencement of the present Cen. 38. Tico Sermons, preached at the Opening lury. Vols. I.and II. C. and H. Baldwyn. of Kenwyn New Church, c. Oct. 8, 1820.

THE reviewing of a Reviewer is a By the Rev. R. Pol#bele, Vicar of Ma.

hazardous enterprise, and frequently baccan, &c. 8vo. pp. 54. Truro.

preliminary to a literary contest. He ELOQUENT Discourses, well doc

is not the puny Authorling who can Irined aod well priocipled. Por ma- obtain no redress for blighted prosnisest reasons in ihe present times, we pects, but a Knight armed cap-a-pié, quote Bishop Porteus's account of his

ready to answer, as well as to give Majesty, when Regeot, cited in p. 47. affrools, and amenable to no laws but

"I was charmed (said the Bishop of those of his owo creatiog. Like many London) with bis fine, open, manly coun. Builders, he raises bis own structure tevance, the peculiar miljoess and gentle on the foundation of another; and ness of his manners, and the elegance of for that purpose does not scrople to his language, and the clearness and preci

demolish every thing that can be sion with which he explained to me the

traced of what he has meddled with. subject of our meeting.”

He uses unfortunate Authors as WorkSuch an apostolical person as Bi. shop Porteus, would have reinained

men do a grindstone-merely to whet silent if he could oot have commend.

bis tools oo; finding fault if they ed with truth, por did the occasion

yield no edge, and esteeming it but a

matter of course if they do. lo short, require him to speak at all; nor did

he is the Alchemist of Literature; for be expect promotion.

he sets himself to work on some ho39. Report of the Society for promoting nest metal, promising to produce gold,

Christian Knowledge, for 1820. 8vo. pp. and brings forth nothing but dross. 248.

Some such observations would proWITH respect to lostitutions of bably have been uttered (had Reviews established fame, all that can be said existed) by a writer of Characters in in support of them is, that they augment in character and utility. Dur

A workelike the "Retrospective” ing the last year, the Society has is- was much wanted; the “ British Lic sued 32,598 Bibles, with other books, brarian” of Oldys was out of date ; &c.; 1,405,437 publications; and ex- while the “ Cepsura Literaria" and tended its assistance to the education « British Bibliographer” of Sir Egerof 153,123 children.

ton Brydges had ceased to continue. It

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Review.-Retrospective Review. (March, must, therefore, be gratifying to all ticily," and himself a madman or a lovers of Literature, that such a pub. fool? No, Brother Reviewer, lication as the present has been fixed

“ Mutato nomine de le upoo, by which the esseuce of whole Pabula narratur." libraries may be condensed ioto a few

We trust we have said enough on a volumes.

subject in which all but Novelists, “ While the present Reviews are con- Authors of Sentiment, aod Literary fined to the books of the day, we have the Loungers, will agree with us. Still liberty of ranging over the whole extent of we wish not to include Fuller in our modern literature. Criticism, which when charge: we have found the benefit of able and just, is always pleasing, we shall his collections, the plan of which has combine with copious and characteristic merely been inverted by the Retrospecextracts, analyses, and biographical ac

tive Reviewer. He wrote, that he counts, so as in some measure to supply the dearth of works on the history of Lite might be read by Posterity, not as a rature in our own language ; for it is to be Sentimentalist, but as a Chronologer lamented, that excepi the unfoished work and Historian; for, had he entertained of Warton, and a few detached Essays, we

any different intention, other subjects have no regular history of English Poetry had been better adapted to it. —and that of the prose writers, their lan- We particularly recommend the ar. guage, style, spirit, and character, there licles on "The Early English Drama" exists no account at all.” P. ix.

to our Readers ; as we do not mean The Reader will frequently have to to present them with a catalogue, it is complain that loo little attention has

uonecessary to mention others. The been paid to information, and that the undertaking has diffused a congenial comment is often clouded by an unli spirit throughout various Periodical censed use of metaphorical and figu. Works, for examples of which we may rative language. This the Reviewer appeal to the Bookworm in the Euroshould always avoid, if he wishes to pean Magazine, and the Censor in our be read by posterity. The following passage is extracted from an article

41. Some short Arguments and plain Facts, “Fuller's Holy and Profane

shewing that the Civilization and InstrucStates."

tion of the Natives of India furnish the “ If he (Fuller) was frequently too care. surest means of upholding the Stability of less and inaccurate in his facts, it was not our Oriental Empire; and of the Introheedlessness as to truth, which no oue re- duction and speedy Progress of Christianity, verenced more than he did, but because he without arming the superstitious Prejudices considered them but as the rind and out- of the Country against that Cause; with an ward covering of the more important and Alphabetic Cipher-table for secret Corsemore delicious stores of thinking and cons- spondence ; and a few requisite Animed. deration which they inwardly contained ; versions to Subjects becoming daily more because he thought life too short to be prominent and commanding. By Lieut.. frittered away in 6ixing dates and examin- Col. John Macdonald, F. R. S. F.A.S. ing registers : what he sought was matier 8vo. Lond. pp. 50. convertible to use, to the great work of the COL. MACDONALD very eloimprovement of the human mind, vot those quently and feelingly supports the more minute and jejune creatures of authenticity, which fools toil in seeking after, viz. Religious and Moral culture,

able plans of the Bishop of Calculta; and madmen die io elucidating."

founded upon the graod preliminary Now all this is exactly Lear's “Spit basis, instruction in our language, Fire, Spout Rain”-washg and inflain- habits and arts. The Colonel differs, matory. Facts and dates will always however, from the learned Prelate, find their value, when sentiment goes in the appointment of half-cast Schoola begging. Of what service to man- masters (p. 9). He also suggests imkind would it have been if Anthony à provements in the India AdministraWood had written characters instead tion at home, improvements of a of lives; or Juhu Bagford composed harmless kind (p. 13 scq.), and adds “ Meditations in a Flower-garden" various illustrative and useful infor. instead of collecting books ? Were mation, as a leaven of the whole. the lives of Randle Holine and his de. The subjects are too momentous, for scendants " frittered away;" or were us to discuss, unless we had official the works of Birch “ jejune authen. knowledge and documents.

42, Universal


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