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REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS,
33. Surtees's History of Durham, Vol. II.; tured on Hilton Chapel are supported by continued from p. 138.
Stags; the later Barons uniformly used We cheerfully proceed to fulfil our two Lions (Azure). promise of laying before our Readers some extracts from this valuableWork.
"HILTON CASTLE stands low and sequestered according to the exact import of the original name Peltun), in the vale of Wear. The centre only of the present structure is ancient. The East front exhibits an oblong square tower rising above a portico of modern Gothic work. The West front has in the centre the great entrance, or gatehouse, perhaps nearly in the state in which it was reared in the reign of Richard II. The gateway is defended by square projecting turrets, with banging parapets, exactly resembling the coëval architecture of Lumley. Two round towers of later date connect the centre with uniform wings of completely modern architecture.
A view of the West or Armorial entrance to Hilton Castle, drawn and very delicately engraved by Mr. Blore, is given in the Volume.
After describing the Arms on this front, and those ou the right and left flanking towers, Mr. Surtees tbus details the Arms on the East frout:
« Within a plain shield the arms of Hilton only. Crest, on a close helmet, Moses's head in profile, in a rich diapered maotle, the horns not in the least radiated, but exactly resembling two poking sticks. Above all, in bold relief, a stag couchant, collared and chained.”
A view of this East front, as it appeared in 1785, is annexed (sce Plate II). A more complete delineation of the curious arms, presented in miniature on the front of the Castle, is also introduced in the adjoining columo. The Cuts are borrowed from Mr. Surtees's Work.
" However ancient and simple a coat the Hiltou bearing may appear, the Argent field and bars of Azure, yet it certainly was not the first armorial distinction adopted by the family. Alexander de Hilton, in 1172, seals his grant out of Hilton-mill, to St. Peter's of Wearmouth, with a huge demi-lion passant, so manufactured as to exhibit the leonine lash of the tail without the hind quarters of the noble brute. The commou bearing, whenever first used, appears on a seal in 1328; and in 1414 William de Hilton exhibits a splendid seal with his shield of arms sus. “I can hardly even guess at the origin pended on a tree; two conies, betwixt the of the strange crest; Moses's head glorified shield aod legend, look rather like oma. or horned. Cornutá erat ejus facies. Anments than supporters. The arms sculp- other crest (or Cognizance?) a stag in a Gent. Mag. March, 1821.
234 Review.--Surtees's History of Durham. [March, golden chain appears on Hilton Castle; of a Bear, and, which is more to the purEast front; and to this stag there belongs pose, that the Staffords of Buckingham a tradition, that it was granted to the fa. chose to descend from a uhite Stoan " mily, I forget why, by the Conqueror, in whose service a certain fabulons Lancelot Pedigrees, of the Hylton Family are
A very copious account, and ample Hilton is said to have died at Peversham. “ This may not be an impr«per place given, ac
accompanied by Evideoces, to say a word or two on the title of Baron, Charters, Wills, &c. so constantly bestowed on the ancient A general West view of the Castle, house of Hilton, and which has been drawo by J. M. W. Turner, esq. R. A. adopted without scruple in the text. In and eograved by Rawle, is contribute any country where the term Nobility is ed by its late noble possessor, the Earl not exclusively contined to the Peerage, of Sirathmore. the Hiltons would have ranked as Noblesse
The grounds to the North and East hare in the stric:est sense of the word, yet I
been laid out in slopes and terraces, at believe the title of Baron had no reference to any Peerage supposed to be created by
the highest point of which, to the North,
slands an elegant small Chapel,” one or more summons to Parliament in
“ Several of the turrets of Hilton are the reign of Edward I. or Ill. but was
still crowned with human figures, some in given by the general courtesy of the comtry, either from respect to ihe long and grotesque attitudes, others as combatants,
&c in the usual manner; a custom, immemorial existence of the family in a
which if it were not intended for mere or. gentle state, long before the creation of Barons either by writ or summons, or
nament, was perhaps practised to deceive else wilh reference to the rank which the
an approaching enemy, who could hardly Hiltons undoubtedly held of Barons of the tell, at some distance, whether the garrison
were on the alert or not." Bishopric, sitting with a sort of Provincial Petrage in the great Council of their Ec- The melancholy fate of this antient clesiastical Palaiine, and possessing some and honourable family will be read degree of controlling or consulting power, with interest. which can now be very ill understood or
“ In 1332 and 1335, Alexander de Hil. defined, though there is ample evidence of
ton had summons to parliament, which the actual existence of such a Chamber of
was never repeated in any of his descen. Peers, in many Episcopal Charters and dants. After a series of iweaty descents, other remaining documents." “ One proof of the high antiquity of the mily was nearly ruined, by the improvi.
stretching through five centuries, the faHiltons is the number of popular tradi
dent posthumous generosity of Henry tions * which, in various ways, account for Hilton, esq. who appears to have been so their origin. There is no improbability much under the influence both of vanity (though it is not matter proven) in sup- and melancholy, as might, in these days posing that the local establishment of the
of equity, have occasioned serious doubts family extended above the Norman æra ;
as to the sanity of his disposing mind. yet it might be difficult to say which coat This gentleman bad several years before, Adam Hilion, the liege of King Albelsian,
on some disgust, deserted the seat of his caused to be sculptured above the portal ancestors, and lived in obscure retiremeot, of St. Hilde, or to be engraved on the first at the house of a remote kinsman at massy silver crucifix which he presented Billinghurst in Sussex, and afterwards at to the Abbess of the Peninsula. Roma. Mitchel-grove, where he died. By will nus, the Knight of Hilion (whose very dated 26 February, 1640.1, he devised the name is unknown to these early Roman
whole of his pateroal estate for ninety. cers), might be Saxon, Dane, or Norman, nine years, to the Lord Mayor and your or, according to a wild legend alluded to
senior Aldermen of the City of London, og in Sharpe's Hartlepool, (p. 167,) he might trust to pay, during the same term, 241. with equal ease spring from a Northern yearly, to each of thiriy-eight several Rover, who wooed and won' a fair young Parishes or Townships io Durham, Surrey, Saxon Dame with all ber lands and towers,' Sussex, Middlesex, and Newcastle on under the disguise of one of Odin's Ravens. Tyne ; 281. per adoum to the Mayor of The account of the matter given below is
Durham, a od 501. per annum to the Vicar certainly not offered as any portion of the of Monk Wearmouth; he then leaves ao Hillons' Evidence. It should, however, be annuity of 1001. to his next brother Robert recollected, to say nothing of Leda and
Hilton, and to his heirs; and 50l. per adsuch by-gone times, that the Ascanian
num to his brother Jobn Hilton, which Princes of Saxony sprong from the loins
last sum is to cease, if he succeed to the
larger annuity as heir of Robert : all the * One tradition is narrated in such residue and increase of his renis he gives pleasing lines, that we have transferred to the City of London, charging them to it to our Poetical Department,
bind out yearly five children of his own
1821.] Review.--Surtees's History of Durham. 235 kindred to some honest trade; and further test; and after the Restoration an amicable be desires them to raise 4000l. out of the decree was propounced, by which the pos. rents, to remain in the City Chamber olur. session of the estates was restored to the ing ninely nine years, and the interest to heir, on condition that he should discharge be applied in binding ont orphan children all the particulars of the trust created by boin on the manors of Ford, Biddick, and the will of Henry Hilion, should make re. Karmston. After the expiration of that gular payment of the several parochial term, he devises the whole of bis estales, charities, and sa isly the claims of ihe two with ibe increased repts, and also the same dowagers. Under these sore incumbrances 4000l. to bis heir at law, provided he be Mr. Hilton took the management of his not such an one as shall claim to be the own properly; but the repts, wasted as issue of the testator's own body. He then the estate had been for twenty years, were gives several legacies to his servants, and totally inadequate to the charges ; and it to the family of Shelley of Michell.grove ; was found necessary to reduce the whole declares that he has 30001. on good houds of the payments one third, in proportion in London ; appoints the Lady Jane Shel. to the actual state of the rent-roll, leaving ley to be his Executrix, and desires burial still a very sufficient burther to exercise in St. Paul's Cathedral, 'undes a fair the prudence and patience of the family, tumbe like in fashion to the tumbe of Dr. both which useful qualities they seem to Dunne,' for which purpose he leaves 10001. have possessed in a very exemplary degree. to his Executrix, who dever complied with “ From this period the ancient Barons the injuncung.
of Hilton, no longer distinguished by exHenry Hillon left a widow (not named tended possessions or extraordinary inin his will.) who re-marrid Sir Thomas fuence, retreated, wiihout degradation of Smith, said to have been an active and in. blood or of honour, into the quiet ranks triguing man,
of considerable influence of private gediry. Three successive chiefs during the Uçurpation. Robert Hiltun, of Hilton were not more respecíed for their the next brother to Henry, survived him ancient and undoubtrd descrot, than for only a few months, and he also left a the prudent and unostentativus simplicity widow, whose second husbaud, Sir Thomas with wbich they supporied the fallen forHallyman, obtained in compensation of tunes of their house, without meanness, ber dower a life estate in the manor of and without vain regret or misplaced pride. Ford. The Will itself produced, as was
Their names do not eveu occur in the list most likely, litigations and chancery suiis of Parliamentary Representation, and they in abundance; and under all these circum. received rather than claimed from the gestances, the estate, or rather the shadow neral courtesy of the country the acknow. of the estate, vested in John Hilton, the ledged raok of the first untiileu gentry of seventh and sole surviving brother of
the North, of Noblesse without the peerage. Henry. The civil wars burst out in the The last Baron, a man of mild and gene. same year 1641, and John Hilton periled rous disposition, though of reserved habits, the reliques of his inheritance in the royal is siill remembered with a mingled senti cause. 'Himself and his son bore the com. ment of personal respect and of that pomissions of Colonel and of Captain in the pular feeling, which even ill conduct can Marquis of Newcastle's army. The estate scarcely extinguish, towards the last repreof Hilton, placed exactly between the sentative of a long and honourable line, royal army and the Scots under Lesley, unstained by gross vice, and unsullied by Fas pluodered and wasted by both partie dishonour." and on the final rujn of the royal cause, the Hiltons, included in the list of maligo dages, År. Hilton was one of the
Amongst other Baronial appennants, were totally disabled from struggling latest gentlemen in England wbo kept al law or equity, either with the rebel City
a doinestic fool. The Baroni on one of Londou, or with the two Knights who had espoused the worse, then the belter occasion, ou his return from London, Cause. The wonder is, ihat from such a quilled his carriage at the Ferry, and state of things the family ever emerged at
amused himself with a homeward all; but the younger John Hilton (who savoler through bis own woods and succeeded to the claims of his father in meadows; at Hilton foot bridge he 1658) seems to bave possessed a share of encountered his faithful fool, who, prudence and quiet perseverance very unusual in a ruined Cavalier. The very liti staring on the gaudy laced suit of his
patron, made by some false Suthron gations of Sir Thomas Smith with the City tailor, exclaimed, “ Wba's fule now?" Chamber, though they tore the estate in pieces, whilst the heir starved, had even- “ John Hilton, esq. (great-grandson of taally a favourable effect. The Citizens John in 1658,) died 25th Sept. 1746. By of London, who derived very little direct will dated 6 Nov. 1739, he devised all his advantage from the will of their singular estates to his nephew, Sir Richard Musbenefactor, were wearied out with the con- grave, of Hayton Castle, bart, on condi