The State in Relation to Labour
Macmillan, 1882 - 166 páginas
I. Principles of industrial legislation. II. Direct interference of the state with industry. III. The factory acts and similar legislation directly affecting labourers. IV. Indirect interference with industry - trades union legislation. V. The law of industrial conspiracy. VI. Co-operation and industrial partnership. VII. Arbitration and conciliation. VIII. Concluding remarks.
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according action advantage allowed apparent apply Apprentices arbitration arise associations attempt become bodies brought called capital carried classes combination common conciliation considerable course demand difficult direct doubt economic effect employed employers employment entirely evidence evil exceptions existence experience fact Factory further give Government important impossible individual industry inspectors instance institutions interests interference judges justices kind labour least legislation Legislature less liberty limited manufacture matter means meet natural operation opinion parties passed persons possible practice present principle probably produce question reason reference regard regulations relating remarkable restriction result rule simply social societies Statute strikes success sufficient theory things tion trade societies trades unions wages whole women workmen Workshop young
Página 79 - The institution of long apprenticeships has no tendency to form young people to industry. A journeyman who works by the piece is likely to be industrious, because he derives a benefit from every exertion of his industry. An apprentice is likely to be idle, and almost always is so, because he has no immediate interest to be otherwise. In the inferior employments, the sweets of labour consist altogether in the recompense of labour.
Página 128 - An agreement or combination by two or more persons to do or procure to be done any act in contemplation or furtherance of a trade dispute shall not be indictable as a conspiracy if such act committed by one person would not be punishable as a crime".
Página 80 - ... being paid in proportion to the little work which he could execute, and paying in his turn for the materials which he might sometimes spoil through awkwardness and inexperience.
Página 134 - Where any person wilfully and maliciously breaks a contract of service or of hiring, knowing or having reasonable cause to believe that the probable consequences of his so doing, either alone or in combination with others, will be to endanger human life, or cause serious bodily injury, or to expose valuable property whether real or personal to destruction or serious injury...
Página 11 - Baboeuf. or Robert Owen could be resisted, if only their advocates could adduce scientific evidence of their practicability and good tendency. No laws, no customs, no rights of property are so sacred that they may not be made away with, if it can be clearly shown that they stand in the way of the greatest happiness.
Página 122 - That no person within the city of London, nor within seven miles of the same, take upon him to exercise and occupy as a physician or surgeon, except he be first examined, approved, and admitted by the bishop of London or by the dean of St. Paul's for the time being, calling to him or them four doctors of physic, and for surgery other expert persons in that faculty...