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Rain'd at their eyes, but high winds worse within
Began to rise, high passions, anger, hate,
Mistrust, suspicion, discord; and shook sore
Their inward state of mind, calm region once
And full of peace, now tost and turbulent:
For Understanding ruled not, and the Will
Heard not her lore; both in subjection now
To sensual Appetite, who from beneath
Usurping over sovran Reason claim'd
Superior sway. From thus distemper'd breast,
Adam, estranged in look and alter'd style,
Speech intermitted thus to Eve renew'd : [staid

“ Would thou hadst hearken'd to my words, and
With me, as I besought thee, when that strange
Desire of wandering, this unhappy morn,
I know not whence possess'd thee: we had then
Remain'd still happy; not, as now, despoil'd
Of all our good ; shamed, naked, miserable !
Let none henceforth seek needless cause to’approve
The faith they owe: when earnestly they seek
Such proof, conclude, they then begin to fail.”
To whom, soon moved with touch of blame,

thus Eve: “What words have pass’d thy lips, Adam, severe? Imputest thou that to my default, or will Of wandering, as thou call'st it, which who knows But might as ill have happen'd thou being by, Or to thyself perhaps? Hadst thou been there, Orhere the attempt, thou couldst not have discern'd Fraud in the serpent, speaking as he spake ; No ground of enmity between us known, Why he should mean me ill, or seek to harm. Was I to have never parted from thy side? As good have grown there still a lifeless rib. Being as I am, why didst not thou, the head,

Command me absolutely not to go,
Going into such danger, as thou saidst?
Too facile then, thou didst not much gainsay;
Nay, didst permit, approve, and fair dismiss.
Hadst thou been firm and fix'd in thy dissent,
Neither had I transgress'd, nor thou with me.”

To whom, then first incensed, Adam replied:
“ Is this the love, is this the recompense
Of mine to thee, ingrateful Eve! express'd
Immutable, when thou wert lost, not I;
Who might have lived, and 'joy'd immortal bliss,
Yet willingly chose rather death with thee?
And am I now upbraided as the cause
Of thy transgressing? not enough severe,
It seems, in thy restraint. What could I more?
I warn'd thee, I admonish'd thee, foretold
The danger, and the lurking enemy
That lay in wait: beyond this, had been force;
And force upon free will hath here no place.
But confidence then bore thee on; secure
Either to meet no danger, or to find
Matter of glorious trial : and perhaps
I also err'd, in overmuch admiring
What seem'd in thee so perfect, that I thought
No evil durst attempt thee: but I rue
The error now,

which is become my crime, And thou the accuser. Thus it shall befall Him, who, to worth in women overtrusting, Lets her will rule : restraint she will not brook ; And, left to herself, if evil thence ensue, She first bis weak indulgence will accuse."

Thus they in mutual accusation spent The fruitless hours; but neither self-condemning; And of their vain contést appear'd no end,

BOOK X.

The argument. Man's transgression known, the guardian angels forsake Para

dise, and return up to heaven to approve their vigilance, and are approved; God declaring that the entrance of Satan could not be by them prevented. He sends his Son to judge the transgressors; who descends and gives sentence accordingly; then in pity clothes them both, and reascends. Sin and Death, sitting till then at the gates of hell, by wondrous sympathy feeling the success of Satan in this new world, and the sin by man there committed, resolve to sit no longer confined in hell, but to follow Satan their sire up to the place of man. To make the way easier from hell to this world to and fro, they pave a broad high way or bridge over Chaos, according to the track that Satan first made; then, preparing for earth, they meet him, proud of his success, returning to hell; their mutual gratulation. Satan arrives at Pandemonium, in full assembly relates with boasting his success against man : instead of applause is entertained with a general hiss by all his audience, transformed, with himself also, suddenly into serpents, according to his doom given in Paradise ; then, deluded with a show of the forbidden tree springing up before them, they, greedily reaching to take of the fruit, chew dust and bitter ashes. The proceedings of Sin and Death ; God foretels the final victory of his Son over them, and the renewing of all things ; but, for the present, commands his angels to make several alterations in the heavens and elements. Adam, more and more perceiving his fallen condition, heavily bewails, rejects the condolement of Eve; she persists, and at length appeases him : then, to evade the curse likely to fall on their offspring, proposes to Adam violent ways, which he approves not; but, conceiving better bope, puts her in mind of the late promise made them, that her seed should be revenged on the serpent; and exhorts her with him to seek peace of the offended Deity, by repentance and supplication.

MEANWHILE the heinous and despiteful act
Of Satan, done in Paradise ; and how

wondelas

He, in the serpent, had perverted Eve,
Her husband she, to taste the fatal fruit,
Was known in heaven; for what can 'scape the eye
Of God all-seeing, or deceive his heart
Omniscient? who, in all things wise and just,
Hinder'd not Satan to attempt the mind
Of man, with strength entire and free will arm’d,
Complete to have discover'd and repulsed
Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend. [ber'd,
For still they knew, and ought to' have still remem-
The high injunction, not to taste that fruit,
Whoever tempted: which they not obeying,
Incurr'd (what could they less?) the penalty ;
And, manifold-hi sim, deserved to fall.
Up into leaven from Paradise in haste
The' angelic guards ascended, mute and sad,
For man for of his state by this they knew,
Entrance
From earth arrived at heaven-gate, displeased
All were who heard : dim sadness did not spare
That time celestial visages, yet, mix’d
With pity, violated not their bliss.
About the new-arrived, in multitudes
The' etherial people ran, to hear and know
How all befel. They towards the throne supreme,
Accountable, made haste, to make appear,
With righteous plea, their utmost vigilance;
And easily approved: when the Most High
Eternal Father, from his secret cloud,
Amidst in thunder utter'd thus his voice :

Assembled Angels! and ye Powers return'd From unsuccessful charge! be not dismay'd, Nor troubled at these tidings from the earth,

Which

your

sincerest care could not prevent;
Foretold so lately what would come to pass,
When first this Tempter cross'd the gulf from hell.
I told ye then he should prevail, and speed
On his bad errand; man should be seduced,
And flatter'd out of all, believing lies
Against his Maker; no decree of mine
Concurring to necessitate his fall,
Or touch with lightest moment of impulse
His free will, to her own inclining left
In even scale. But fallen he is; and now
What rests, but that the mortal sentence pass
On his transgression, death denounced that day?
Which he presumes already vain and void,
Because not yet inflicted, as he fear’d,
By some immediate stroke: but soon shall find
Forbearance no acquittance, ere day end.
Justice shall not return as bounty scorn’d.
But whom send I to judge them? whom but thee,
Vicegerent Son? To thee I have transferr'd
All judgment, whether in heaven, or earth, or hell.
Easy it may be seen that I intend
Mercy colleague with justice, sending thee,
Man's friend, his mediator, his design'd
Both ransom and redeemer voluntary,
And destined man himself to judge man fallen.”

So spake the Father; and, unfolding bright
Toward the right hand his glory, on the Son
Blazed forth unclouded Deity: He full
Resplendent all his Father manifest
Express'd, and thus divinely answer'd mild :

“ Father Eternal! thine is to decree; Mine, both in heaven and earth, to do thy will Supreme; that thou in me, thy Son beloved,

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