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Enter a MESSENGER.
And ne'er have stol'n the breech from LanMess. Prepare you, lords, for Edward is at
Prince. Let Æsop fable in a winter's night; Ready to fight; therefore be resolute.
His currish riddles sort not with this place. 0.11. I thought no less : it is his policy,
Glo. By heaven, brat, I'll plague you for To haste thus fast, to find us unprovided.
that word. Som. But he's deceiv'd, we are in readiness.
Q. Mar. Ay, thou wast born to be a plague Q. Mar. This cheers my heart, to see your
to men. forwardness.
Glo. For God's sake, take away this captive Oif. Here pitch our battle, hence we will not
Prince. Nay, take away this scolding crook.
back rather. March. Enter at a distance, King EDWARD, K. Edw. Peace, wilful boy, or I will charm + CLARENCE, GLOSTER, and Forces.
your tongue. K. Edw. Brave followers, yonder stands the
Clar, Untutor'd lad, thou art too malapert. thorny wood,
Prince. I know my duty, you are all undu. Which, by the beavens' assistance, and your Lascivious Edward, and thou perjur’d George,
strength, Must by the roots be hewn up yet ere night. Aud thou misshapen Dick, I tell you all, I need not add inore fuel to your fire,
I am your better, traitors as ye are ;For well I wot, ye blaze to burn them out : And thou usurp'st my father's right and mine. Give sigual to the fight, and to it, lords.
K. Edw. Take that, the likeness of this railer Q. Mar. Lords, knights, and gentlemen,
(Stabs him. what I should say,
Glo. Sprawl'st thou ? take that, to end thy My tears gainsay ; + for every word I speak,
(Glo. stabs him. Ye see, I drink the water of mine eyes.
Clar. And there's for twitting me with perTherefore, no more but this :-Henry, your jury.
CLAR. stabs him. sovereigu,
Q. Mar. O kill me too ! Is prisoner to the foe; his state usurp'd,
Glo. Marry, and sball. (Ofers to kill her. His realm a slaughter house, his subjects slain,
K. Edw. Hold, Richard, hold, for we have His statutes cancell'd, and his treasure spent ;
done too much. And yonder is the wolf that makes this spoil.
Glo. Why should she live to fill the world You fight in justice : then, in God's naine,
with words? 1 lords,
K. Edw. What! doth she swoon ? use means Be valiant, and give signal to the fight.
for her recovery. (Exeunt both Armies. Glo. Clarence, excuse me to the king my
brother; SCENE V.-Another part of the same.
I'll hence to London on a serious matter :
Ere ye come there, be sure to hear some news. Alarums : Excursions : and afterwards a Re- Clar. What ? wbat? treat. Then Enter King EOWARD, CLA- Glo. The Tower, the Tower!
(Erit. RENCE, GLOSTER, and Forces : with Queen Q. Mar. 0 Ned, sweet Ned! speak to thy MARGARET, OXFORD, and SOMERSET, Pri. mother, boy!
Canst thou not speak ?--0 traitors!
murK. Edw. Lo, here a period of tumultuous
derers 1 broils.
They that stabb'd Cæsar shed no blood at all, Away with Oxford to Hammes' castle 5 straight : Did not offend, nor were not wortby blame, For Somerset, off with his guilty bead.
If this foul deed were by, to equal it. Go, bear them heuce ; I will not hear them He was a man ; this, in respect, a child ; speak.
And men ne'er spend their fury on a child. (it ? Oxf. For my part, I wili not trouble thee What's worse than murderer, that I may nžme with words.
No, no, my heart will burst, an if I speak :Som. Nor I, but stoop with patience to my And I will speak, that so my heart may burst. fortune.
Butchers and villains, bloody cannibals! (Exeunt OXFORD and SOMERSET, guarded. How sweet a plant have you untimely cropp'd ! Q. Mar. So part we sadly in this troublous You bave no children, butchers ! if you had, world,
The thought of them would have stirr'd up reTo meet with joy in sweet Jerusalem.
morse : K. Edw. is proclamation made, that, who But, if you ever chance to have a child, finds Edward,
Look in his youth to have bim so cut ol', Shall have a high reward, and he is life? As, deathsmen! you have rid this sweet young Glo. It is; and, lo, where youthful Edward
K. Edw. Away with her ; go, bear her hence
perforce. Enter Soldiers with Prince EDWARD.
Q. Mär. Nay, never bear me hence, despatch K. Edw. Bring forth the gallant, let us hear
me here ;
(death : bim speak :
Here sheath thy sword, I'll pardon thee my What I can so young a thorn begin to prick?
death : Edward, what satisfaction canst thou inake, What I wilt thou not then, Clarence, do it For bearing arms, for stirring up my subjects,
thou. And all the trouble thou hast turu'd me to ? Clar. By heaven, I will not do thee so much Prince. Speak like subject, proud ambi.
ease. tious York !
Q. Mar. Good Clarence, do ; sweet Clarence, Suppose, that I am now my father's mouth ;
do thou do it. Resign iby chair, and, where I stand, kneel Clar. Didst thou not bear me swear I would thou,
not do it. Whilst I propose the self-saine words to thee, K. Mar. Ay, but thou usest to forswear thyWbich, traitor, thou wouldst have me answer 'Twas sin before, but now 'uis charity. (sell; to.
What! wilt thou wot? where is that devil's Q. Mar. Ab! that thy father had been so re
butcher, solv'd! Glo. That yon might still have worn the · The Prince calls Richard, for his crookedness, Farma petticoat,
11.2. I will compel you to be as silent as if you **** deprived of speech by euchantment.
1 Dispute; contention. • Koo
Unsay, deny. 1 A castle in Picardy.] She alludes to the desertion of Clarenc.
Hard favour'd Richard ? Richard, where art, Shall rue the hour that ever thon wast born. thou?
The owl shriek'd at thy birth, an evil sigu; Thou art not here: Murder is thy alms-deed ; The night-crow cried, aboding luckless time; Petitioners for blood chou ne'er pat'st back. Dogs howl'd, and hideous tempests shook down K. Edw. Away, I say: I charge ye, bear her
The raven rook'd • her on the chimney's top, Q. Mar. so coine to you and your's, as to And chattering pies in disinal discords sung.
this prince ! (Erit, led out forcibly. Thy inoiber felt more than a mother's paiu, K. Edw. Where's Richard gone ?
And yet brought forth less than a mother's Clar. To London, all in post; and, as I guess,
hope ; To make a bloody supper in the Tower. To wit,--an indigest deformed lump, K. Edw. He's sudden, if a thing comes in Not like the fruit of such a goodly tree. his head.
Teeth hadst thou in thy head, when thou wast Now march we hence : discharge the common
To signify, thou cam'st to bite the world : With pay and thanks, and let's away to London, And, if the rest be true which I have heard, Aud see our gentle queen how well she fares; Thou cam'st By this, I hope, she hath a sou for me.
Glo. I'll hear no more ;-Die, prophet, in thy (Exeunt. speech ;
For this, amongst the rest, was I ordain'd. SCENE VI.-London.- A Room in the K. Hen. Ay, and for much more slaughter Tower.
after this. King HENRY is discovered sitting with a
O God ! forgive my sius, and pardon thee !
(Dies. Book in his Hand, the Lieutenant attending.
Glo. What, will the aspiring blood of LanEnter GLOSTER.
caster Glo. Good day, my lord! What, at your book Sink in the ground ? I thought it would have so hard ?
mounted, K. Hen. Ay, my good lord : My lord, I should see, how my sword weeps for the poor king's say rather
death! 'Tis sin to flatter, good was little better : O may such purple tears be always ahed Good Gloster and good devil were alike, From those that wish the downfal of our And both preposterous ; therefore, not good
house ! lord,
If any spark of life be yet remaining, Glo. Sirrah, leave us to ourselves : we must Down, down to hell ; and say I sent thee thi. confer. (Exit Lieutenant.
(Stabs him again. K. Hen. So flies the reckless shepberd from !, that have neither pity, love, nor fear.the wolf :
Tudeed, 'tis true, that Henry told me of; So first the harmless sheep doth yield his feece, For I have often beard my mother say, And next his throat unto the butcher's knife.- I came into the world with my legs forward : What scene of death bath Roscius now to act ? Had I not reason, think ye, to make haste, Glo. Suspicion always haunts the guilty And seek their ruin that usurp'd our right 1 mind;
The midwife wonder'd; and ihe women cried The thief doth fear each bush an officer. 0 Jesus bless us, he is born with teeth! K. Hen. The bird that bath been limed in a And so I was; which plainly signified bush,
That I should suarl, and bite, and play the With trembling wings misdoubteth f every bush : dog. And I, the hapless male to one sweet bird, Then since the heavens have sbap'd my body Have now the fatal object in my eye,
80, Where my poor young was lim’d, was caught, Let hell make crook'd my mind to answer it. and kill'd.
I have no brother, I am like no brother : Glo. Why, what a peevish | fool was that of And this word-love, which greybeards cail Crete,
divine, That taught his son the office of a fowl ?
Be resident in men like one another, And yet, for all his wings, the fool was And not iu me: I am myself alove.-drown'd.
Clarence beware; thou keep'st me from the K. Hen. I, Dædalus ; my poor boy, Icarus
light; Thy father, Minos, that denied our course ; But I will sort + a pitchy day for thee: The sun that sear'd the wings of iny sweet boy, For I will buz abroad such prophecies, Thy brother Edward ; and thyself, the sea, That Edward shall be fearful of his life ; Whose envious gulf did swallow up his life. And then, to purge bis fear, I'll be thy death. Ah! kill me with thy weapon, not with words! King Henry, and the prince his sou, are gone : My breast can better brook thy dagger's point, Clarence, thy turn is next, and then the rest ; Than can my ears that tragic history.-
Counting myself but bad, till I be best.-
Glo. Tbink'st thou, I am an executioner ? And triumph Henry, iu thy day of doom.
(Exit. If murdering innocents be executing, Why, then thou art an executioner.
SCENE VII.-The same.-A Room in the Glo. Thy son I kill'd for his presumption.
Palace. K. Hen. Had'st thou been kill'd, when first thou didst presume,
King EDWARD is discovered silling on his Thou badst not liv'd to kill a son of mine,
Throne ; Queen ELIZABETH with the infant And thus I prophesy,—that many a thousand,
Prince, CLARENCE, GLOSTER, HASTINGS, Which now mistrust no parcel ý of my fear;
and others, near him. And maný an old man's sigh, and inany a wi- K. Edw. Once more we sit in England's royal dow's,
throne, And many an orphan's water-standing eye ; Re-purchas'd with the blood of enemies. Men for their sous, wives for their husbands' What valiant foe-men, like to autumn's corn, fate,
Have we mow'd down, in tops of all their And orphans for their parents' timeless death ;
Three dukes of Somerset, threefold renowu'd Careless. + To misdoubt is to suspect danger, to fear. : To rook, siguified to squat down or lodge ori ai t Ch.Wish. No part of what any lears presage.thing.
For hardy and andoubted champions :
K. Edw. Thanks, noble Clarence; worthy Two Cliffords, as the father and the son,
brother, thanks. And two Northumberlands ; two braver men Glo. 'Aud, that I love the tree from whence Ne'er spurr'd their coursers at the trumpet's
thou sprang'st, sound:
Witness the loving kiss I give the fruit : With them the two brave bears, Warwick and to say the truth, so Judas kiss'd his Montague,
master: That in their chains fetter'd the kingly lion, And cried-all bail! when as he meant
A side. Aud made the forest tremble when they roar'd.
--all harm. Thus have we swept suspicion from our seat, K. Edw. Now am I seated as my soul de. And made our footstool of security.
lights, Come hither, Bess, and let me kiss my boy: Having my country's peace, and brothers' Young Ned, for tbee, thine uncles, and myself,
loves. Have in our armours watch'd the winter's night; Clar. What will your grace bave done with Went all afoot in summer's scalding heat,
Margaret That thou might'st repossess the crown in peace; Reignier, her father, to the king of France And of our labours thou shalt reap the gain. Hath pawn'd the Sicils and Jerusalem, Glo. I'll blast bis harvest, if your head were And hither have they sent it for her ransom.
K. Edw. Away with her, and wait her hence For yet I am not look'd on in the world.
to France. This shoulder was ordain'd so thick, to heave ; And now wbat rests, but that we spend the And heave it shall some weight or break my
time back :
With stately trlumpbs, o mirthful comic shows, Work thou the way,--and thou shalt execute. Such as befit the pleasures of the court ?
(4 side. Sound, drums and trumpets 1-farewell, sour K. Edw. Clarence and Gloster, love my lovely annoy! queen,
Por here, I hope, begins our lasting joy. And kiss your princely nepbew, brothers both.
(Ereint. Clar. The duty that I owe unto your majesty, scal upon the lips of this sweet babe.
• Public shows.
LIFE AND DEATH
KING RICHARD III.
LITERARY AND HISTORICAL NOTICE. IN this very popular tragedy, there is another specimen of historical jumble, and poetical license. The second
scene commences with the funeral of Heury VI. wha is said to bave been murdered in May, 1471, whilst the imprisonment of Clarence, which did not take place till 1478, is represented in the first. Thus the real length of time comprised in this drama, (nating from the former event) is fourteen years; as it concludes with the death of Richard, at Bosworth Field, in August, 1485. With respect to Richard's character, though grertly blackened by Lancasterian historians, he was certainly one of the most odious tyrants that ever obtained possession of a throne. Yet it appears from some accounts still preserved in the Exchequer, that King Henry lived twenty-two days after the time assigned for his pretended assassination ; that his body lay in state at St. Paul's, and that it was afterwards interred at Chertsey, with much solemnity. Shakspeare has made the usurper deformed in figure, as well as in mind, though popular detestation had probably aggravated the traditionary story of his bodily defects. In this drama, the events appear admirably connected with, and consequential to, each other : the characters and incidents are natural; the sentiment and language free from bombast. But Malone and Dr. Johnson consider it as popular beyond its merits ; with some parts trifling, others shocking, and some improbable:" whilst Stevens maintains, that above all others the tragedy of Richard must command approbation, as it is indefinitely variegated, and comprehends every species of character---" the hero, the lover, the statesman, the buffoon, the hypocrite, and the hardened or repentant sinner." Its present success in representation, is, however, chiefly attributable to the admirable alterations of Colly Cibber, which evince a very extensive and settled knowledge of stage effect, and by which reformations the more valuable parts of the piece, could alone have attained iheir present effect and consequence. Shakspeare probably formed the play in 1891; though he is not supposed to have been indebted to any of the numr rous existing compositions on the same subject.
DRAMATIS PERSONA. KING EDWARD TRB FOURTH.
Sir THOMAS VAUCHAN.-SIR RICHARD Rat. EDWARD, Prince of Wales, after-) Sons to the words King Edward V.
King. RICHARD, Duke of York.
Sir William CATESBY.-SIR JAMES TYREL.
SIR JAMES BLOUNT.-SIR WALTER HERBERT. GEORGE, Duke of Clarence,
Sir ROBERT BRAKENBURY, Lieutenant of the RICHARD), Duke of Gloster, af
Tbwer. terwards King Richard Il.
CHRISTOPHER URSWICK, a Priest.-Another A young Son of Clarence.
Priest. HENRY, Earl of Richmond, afterwards King LORD MAYOR
LONDON.-SHERIFF or Henry VII.
WILTSHIRE. CARDINAL BOUCHIER, Archbishop of Canter. bury.
ELIZABETH, Qucen of King Edward IV. THOMAS ROTHERAM, Archbishop of York. MARGARET, Queen of King Henry VI. JOHN MORTON, Bishop of Ely.
DUCHESS OF YORK, Mother to King Ed. DUKE OF BUCKINGHAN.
ward IV., CLARENCE, and GLOSTER. DUKE OF NORFOLK : Earl or SURREY, his LADY ANNE, Widow of Edward, Prince of Son.
Wales, Son to King Henry VI.; afterEARL RIVERS, Brother to King Edward's wards married to the Duke of Gloster. Queen.
A young DAUGHTER of Clarence.
Lords and other Attendants ; tuo Gentlemen, EARL OY OXFORD.LORD HASTINGS.-- LORD a Pursuivant, Scrivener, Citizens, Mur. STANLEY, LORD LOVEL.
derers, Messengers, Ghosts, Suldiers, &c. SCENE, England.
SCENE 1.-London.-A Street.
And all the clouds, that lowr'd upon our
our brows, bound with victorious
wreaths ; Our bruised arms hung up for mo.lumeuts; Our stern alarums cbang'a to merry meetiage i