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tains many articles from his pen, (both in prose and sand ornamental arts, to describe the rise of religious sects poetry,) that might well deserve a place among the and the changes of literary taste, to portray the manners of best selections of American literature.

successive generations, and not to pass by with neglect,

even the resolutions which have taken place in dress, furThe name of the other person, whose death we niture, repasts and public entertainments. I shall cheerlament, our readers have doubtless anticipated. fully bear the reproach of having descended below ibe dig. DR. J. L. Martin, late Chargé d'Affaires to the nity of history, if I can succeed in placing before the Eng. Papal States, died a few weeks since at Rome. Or lish of the oineteenth century a true picture of the life of Dr. Martin's political life, at home and abroad, it their ancestors.” becomes us not to speak. But it will not be denied to us to say that he was a most accomplished Thoughts on Slavery. Lowell : Daniel Bisby & Co. scholar and a writer of great vigor and refinement. 1848. The pages of the Messenger bear abundant testi

We have received, from a highly esteemed friend in this mony to his educated taste in letters, and the high state, a copy of the pamphlet, whose title is given abure: estimation in which he was held at Paris, while and we propose now to devote some time to a consideradischarging the duties of the Secretaryship of Le- rion of the subject of which it treats. gation at the French Court, furnishes the best evi

Considering the latitude, in which this treatise was pub. dence of the kindness of his nature and the cour-be (as we presume) a resident of Massachusetts, we must

lishell, and the iufluences which surround the author, if he tesy of his manners. He has been cut off in the infer that he is at least a sincere and fearless advocate of midst of his usefulness and we are called upon at the opinions which he advances. He maintains without once to imitate the virtues of his character and to Alinching, upon scriptural precedent, the lawfulness, and deplore his untimely end.

the Christian morality of the institution of slavery, past

and present. Commencing with the sentence of servitude, pronounced by Noah upon Ham and his descendants, be considers the existence of slavery, thus begun and contin. wed to our own times, as warranted by the Divine Authority in its origin, and do where probibited by subsequent

revelations, Jewish or Christian. He quotes from the arNotices of New Utorks. guments of Dr. Channing and others, against the institu

tion of slavery, derived from the sacred writings, and re.

plies to them: with what success, we must leave to the New Books. Mr. G. P. Putnam has issued two hand. decision of others, beller qualified than we to judge of bibsome editions of the “Sketch Book," which we have look lical and theological questinns. To our minds, however, ed over (not overlooked) with great pleasure ; One a duode. we confess that this is not a satisfactory merbod of discusscimo, uniform with Knickerbocker's History of New York, ing the subject. Without designing to detract in the slightand forming Vol. Il of the New Series of Irving's Complete est degree from the reverence, with which the Christian Works, the other an elegant octavo, with the best illustra. world regards the Old and New Testaments, it is obvious, tions on wood, by Darley, printed on paper of the finest that all the institutions of the Hebrews were not intended quality. Messrs Appleton of Co., among other novelties, to be equally sacred and permanent, nor were all their acts have published " Ellen Middleton,” a highly-wrought and meant to be set up as models of imitation, On the contrary, entertaining fiction, by the author of "Grantley Manor." they are sometimes expressly denounced and punished, for This work was one of the first, we believe, of Lady Geor. having departed from the paths of righteousness. In oiber giana Fullerton's romances, and did much to establish her places, events are narrated, without any intimation, either reputation. The Harpers, unremitting in their efforts to of approbation or censure. And, consequently, wherever please and instruct, have sent forth a good novel, with three it does not manifestly appear, that their laws and castoros beroines (!) entitled the “Three Sisters and Three For- were stamped with the authority of God, as commands to tunes; or Rose, Blanche, and Violet, By G. H. Lewes, be observed through all ages, we are at liberty to examine Esq," and a capital edition of " Xenophor's Memorabilia them, in their application to ourselves and our circumstanı of Socrates." They have also issued a work of great arces, by the aid of such other lights as have been vouchsafed tistic excellence, in Lane's Mustrated Arabian Nights. to us by his bounty. This principle has been recognized But a recent announcement of this house heralds the ap- and acted upon, hy the purest and best, as well as the most pearance of the book, par excellence, of the age, Macaulay's faithful and orthodox, of Christian divines. Not to menHistory of England. We hazard nothing in the prediction tion the thousand requirements of the Mosaic law, sacerthat the first edition of this work will be exhausted in a dotal and municipal, which are now a dead letter in Chrisweek, indeed we do not doubt that it will find ten readers tian countries, we need only point to the Christian Sabbath, in America for one in Great Britain. The admirers of and the law of Marriage. In the first instance, the simple Macaulay (and who does not admire him ?) are familiar usage of the disciples of Christ is regarded as sufficirat, with his beau ideal of history, as set forth in several of his to justify the non-observance of the seventh day, although hest articles in the Edinburgh Review. From the follow- expressly enjoined in the decalogue. Though the sevealk ing extract from the preface of the work, it will be seen day is there sanctified by a law, of which all the other prothat he has endeavored to exemplify this in his forthcoming visions are clearly of perpetual force, yet few Christians volume. He says,

doubt the propriety of observing at present the first day of “I should very imperfectly execute the task which I have the week, in lieu of that, which was originally set apart for undertaken, if I were merely to treat of baules and sieges, rest and worship. By the Mosaic law it was the impera. of the rise and fall of administrations, of intrignes in the tive duty of a man, to marry his brother's widow, and propalace, and of debates in the parliament. It will be my vide a succession for his inheritance. The neglect of this endeavor to relate the history of the people, as well as the duty was, in one case at least, signally punished. Yet, be history of the government, to trace the progress of useful' many Christian secls, such an union is now-a-days, pointedly disapproved a3 “contra bonos mores ;” and by the laws tution does not necessarily follow from these premises. of many Christian governments it is positively forbidden. It is intimately associated and interwoven with our laws, Nay, our author himself acknowledges the law of divorce, our political relations, and our social interests. It has Jeas having been allowed to the Jews, only on account of the scended to us, through so many generations, that it is closehardness of their hearts : and in the same category he is dis ly, if not vitally, connected, with every fibre of our social posed to include polygamy, while he admits that the Scrip- system. The condition of the slave population, of itself tures are silent as to its being in harmony, or in conflict, furnishes a strong argument against precipitate change. with the Divine will. But all Christians (even the Catho. For they are not fitted, either by education, by habit, by lics, by way of dispensation) allow of divorces, either by natural intelligence, or by acquired knowledge, for the raecclesiastical or municipal laws, whether out of tenderness tional and wholesome enjoyinent of freedom. They are, to the hard hearts of the people, does not appear: and no taking them in the mass, equally incapable of providing for sect of Christians would for a moment entertain a question their individual wants, and of exercising the rights of citias to the lawsulness of polygamy.

zens. Dependent from their birth upon the care and kindFor these reasons, therefore, we differ with the author of ness of a master, to abandon them to their own resources, this pamphlet, in his position, that slavery is to be justified would be to consign them directly to want, misery, and or condemned, according to the result of the controversy crime. Ignorant of almost every thing necessary for the between himself, and those whose arguments he is combat- discharge of social and civil duties, they would carry deting. Our own opinions have been formed upon what we struction into all the concerns of the body politic, as the conceive to be broader and saser grounds : not upon labor. foxes of Samson bore the firebrands among the standing ed and doubtful interpretations, which the theologian alone corn:

It is hard to say, whether the consequences of imcan appreciate, but upon the great fundamental truths of mediate emancipation would be more pernicious, to the the Christian system, which he who runs may read.

master, or to the slave. We do not propose to argue this matter, however, in any

So far we are discussing this question, as slaveholders adshape. We know, that in the ferment of the unhappy dis- dressing ourselves to slaveholders. We treat these topics as putes, which have for many years agitated the peace of the they were treated in our local legislatures and our domestic Union, every shade of sentiment has risen to ihe surface, councils, before the fanaticism of the North awakened a and glittered before the public eye. We know that con spirit of resistance in the South, to what we have always victions, once so well settled, that no tongue challenged deemed an unjust and unwise interference in affairs pecu.

Whatever it may be proper and necessary their soundness, from any quarter, have been, in many liarly our own. minds, overthrown and demolished by the fury of debate;

for us to do: whether we are bound by the law of morals and a large proportion of our people, South and North, to apply any remedy at all--and if so, what that remedy have receded, in opposite directions, from tbe ground they shall be—are problems, the solution of which rests excluwere wont to occupy in common, and taken op positions, sively with ourselves. Nor have the confederate States, equally distant from the field, on which they had formerly or the people thereof, any more righi, either by physical or stricken hands, in concord and amily.

moral means, to compel us to this task, than they would

have lo assume a similar control over the domestic policy For our own part, we abide by the deserted treaty of any nation in Europe. ground-by the ashes of the council-fire. We are content

The colonies, without regard to such differences in their to stand, where once stood Washington, Jefferson, Mar. respective institutions, united in the struggle for their comshall, and the other great statesmen of Virginia, of their

mou independence of British rule. A slaveholder was day; and where they were met by the illustrious patriots chosen to lead their armies, and fight their battles. When, of the Middle and Northern States, who had borne with by the favor of heaven, he had been enabled to conduct the them the toils and burdens of the Revolution.

war to a glorious and happy issue, and when experience satisfied to think as they thought—10 follow the example had proved the necessity of a closer union between the which they set-to adhere to the compromises which they states, our Federal Constitution was formed upon the same approved; and we trust that we shall yet see our country. basis of the inviolability of local institutions. Nay, the men, the present excitement allayed and silenced, united apportionment of representation was made with a particuonce moje upon a “platform,” better founded in wisdom lar regard to this difference, and slaves, considered as per. and justice, than the structures since erected by misguided sons, were entitled to a representation, in the proportion of Zeal or exasperated feeling.

three to five. Provision was made by law for their resto. We concede, tben, in the outset, that slavery, in its in- ration, whenever they might escape from their masters, to ception, is a wrong inflicted by one portion of mankind seek a resuge in the non-slaveholding States. The same upon ar.other. We hold, that if the question were present- slaveholder, who had achieved their independence ly arms, ed, whether a people now free, either white or black, should was selected by the unanimous voice of the nation to guide be reduced into servitude by another people, it would be their destinies in peace. The offices of the government prohibited alike by the precepts of Christianity, and the were filled by men from every section of the Republic, irdictales of sound morals. We believe further, that it is respective of distinctions derived from the existence of detrimental to the interests of the community where it ex slavery : and, for more than forty years, no voice was raisists, and retards our development and growth. And what. ed to question the wisdom, the justice, the morality, or the ever advantages it may be supposed to confer, in other res- binding obligation, of the great national compact. pects, we do not think them an equivalent for the evils

We insist upon the principles of this all-important comwhich it occasions. We applaud the action of the Gener. promise. We believe its preservation of vital consequence al Government in prohibiting the African slave trade, and io the stability and integrity of the Union-as we bepunishing as pirate3, those who engage in its prosecution. lieve the continuance of that Union indispensable to the We honor the Colonization Society for their laudable, and peace, the prosperity, the strength, and the true glory, of not unsuccessful; efforts, to provide an abode for civilized the States which compose it. We will not abandon the blacks, which bids fair, under the providence of God, to hope that our fellow-citizens, South and North, will yet become a blessing to benighted Africa, as well as to our dismiss from their hearts the bitter jealousy which has own favored and beloved land.

alienated large portions of them from one another, and re. But we maintain, that the duty of abolishing this insti.' new once more those relations of friendship and forbear

We are

ance, to which we owe all that we have hitherto enjoyed | first contribution to American Annals, from the Virginia of safety and happiness.

Historical Society, under its new organization. While We take this occasion to notice a charge, which has ap- New York, Massachusetts and New Jersey, have been peared against the Messenger, during the present year, in sending forth their excellent octaros, and our sister States Blackwood's Magazine. “The Southern Literary Mes of the South, Georgia and Louisiana, hare been active cosenger," says Maga, (see No. for Jan. 1848,) “was estab- laborers in the field of bistoric investigation, Virginia has lished to write up the peculiar institution,' and therefore hitherto added no sheaf to the gleanings - Virginia, whose only suited to and intended for the Southern market." Per fertility of events has been so remarkable and from whom haps to many of our readers at the South, the avowal of the rest of the Union might reasonably expect such valu. such a design might recommend our labors. But it is due to able exertions. The present volume is indeed a wortby candor as well as to the real aims of our predecessors, to beginning of the labors of the Historical Society, and fur. deny this statement. We do so emphatically. We declare, nishes a gratifying earnest of what it will hereafter accomwhat is well known to all familiar with its history, that this plish. magazine was intended to be, what it professes to be, a lit- But this work has far higher claims upon public atten. erary periodical. And so far from its being “only intend- tion, than simply as the offshoot of the Virginia branch of ed for the Southern market," it has always had, and has at research. It is national in its character and will take rank, this day, a considerable circulation in the Northern States. we think, with the stately narratives of our most esteemed It is true that the Messenger bas presented articles in de historians. The author, Mr. Robinson, bas long enjoyed a fence of the institution of slavery, both from the editor and high reputation at the bar, and as a writer of law books and its corps of contributors. And it is equally certain that, Reporter to the Court of Appeals, has been most deser. whenever Southern rights may be assailed, from whatever vedly commended. In his new character, as the coropiler quarter, it will be prompt to ward off the blows of the as. of history, he is likely to win even bigher encomiums. His sailants. We should be recreant indeed lo the trust confi- style is singularly pure and vigorous, free from mannerisms ded to us and to our own duty, could we hesitate a moment and affectation. It is a fact that speaks largely for the inas to our course in such an emergency. Ten years ago, dustry of Mr. Robinson, that this work was prepared, sbile in an address to the friends and subscribers of the Messen- he was associated with Mr. Patton in the important and reger, the editor said

sponsible duly of revising the Criminal Code. Utterly indisposed as we are, and entirely impolitic as it or the contents of the volume, we cannot attempt, in this would be, to mingle in political strise, there are some ques. place, to give even a synopsis. In the limits assigned us, tions louching our national existence and union which oc. we could not do justice to the subject, and we must there. casionally force themselves upon our pages, in spite of our fore defer its consideration to a more extended review. selves. On these questions there is no division of party, Perhaps the most remarkable portion of it, however, is foued no difference of opinion, in a large portion of this great in the letter of Mr. Robert Greenbow, touching the discos. confederacy-and we may, with truth add, that the most ery of Chesapeake Bay by Europeans, long before Captaine virtuous and enlightened of the whole nation concur in the lohn Smith was “ strucke into the wrist of his arme neare propriety of arresting that fanatical spirit which threatens an inch and a halse” by the stingray fish, near the mouth of io involve us in the horrors of servile war, and the miseries the “riuer of Rapahanock." of disunion.”

We cannot too highly commend the typography of this Such were the sentiments of the founder of the work volume, which, like all the publications of our townsmen, and such are our own. They clearly establish that while Shepherd and Colin, is exceedingly clear and beautiful. ready to defend Southern institutions at all times, the Messenger has never recognized as its leading object the task of “writing up" the " peculiar institution.”

A PRACTICAL INTRODUCTION TO Greek Prose CoxWere we ambitious enough, (as we are not,) to try conelusions with the veteran editors and contributors of Blackwood, we might find topics for recriınination. We might A Practical INTRODUCTION TO Latin PROSE Coxarraign that magazine, as the uncompromising enemy of free. dom, in an integral part of the British dominions. lts vio- By Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M. A., Rector of Lyndon

, lent opposition to Catholic emancipation-its unsparing use

and late Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. Careof every weapon, from dignified argument down to the

fully Revised and Corrected, by Rev. J. A. Spencer, A. coarsest ribaldry, by which the cause of equal rights in lie. land might be ridiculed and crushed-these, and many other features of its character and conduct, that must readily Greek READING Book. By Thomas Kercherer Arnold, occur to its readers, offer vulnerable and inviting points of M. A. With Notes and Additions, by Rev. J. A. Speaattack, in the position of these officious advocates of lib. cer, A. M. New York: D. Appleton & Co. Philadel. erly, every where, except in monarchical governments. But phia: Geo. S. Appleton. we have no inclination for warfare of this sort. We leave to the journalists of Blackwood, whose superiority in

We are rejoiced to see American republications of these such contests we acknowledge, without envy and without its fifth edition in this country. They were originally pre

excellent works, the second of which has already reached regret.

pared by one, who, in talent, learning, and piety, deserved.

ly occupied the very front rank, in England, and sbose An Account of DiscoverIES IN THE West, until 1519. object in their publication, as may well be inferred from

and of Voyages ig and along the Atlantic Coast of North his standing, was neither a mere display of his own learaAmerica, froin 1520 to 1573. Prepareil for the " Virgifar higher aim in the advancement of that classical deara;

ing, nor the filling of his own purse. He doubtless had a nia Historical and Philosophical Society.” By Conway ing, which he so much loved. He brought a powerful and Robinson, Chairman of its Executive Committee, and Published by the Society. Richmond : Printed by Shep-perience to a task apparently so simple, yet uninviting to

discriminating intellect, ardent enthusiasm, and great es. herd of Colin. 1848.

most men of genius, and seems to have executed it in a We are a little proud of this handsome volume, as the manner worthy of his reputation.




The use of his books among us, will, we trust, form a new Dr. Arnold's books seem to be free from these objections. era in the study of the ancient languages. Within a few His remarks, unencumbered by useless lumber, really enyears, various editions of classical authors, and of Greek Tighten and aid the student, while his plan necessitates and Latin Exercises, have been put forth in the United constant effort, and makes each successive portion depend, States; but we have not examined any thing of the same as in mathematical demonstration, on the preceding. All kind equal to that on “ Latin Prose Composition." labor-saving machires would be pernicious, if they encour

In plan, indeed, it comes up to our beau ideal, and the aged inen in idleness ; they are valuable, because they give execution appears to be admirable.

time for doing more. It contains what we have not observed in any small work So Dr. Arnold's books are not meant to supersede labor in of the sort, a brief yet lucid distinction of synonymes, an either teachers or those taught, but to direct their efforts, and addition not only highly valuable to the student of Lalin, make them efficient. They cannot be substitutes for teachbut, what is perhaps more important, conducive to the for- ers, but only, if we may so express it, their supplements. mation of a general habit of nice verbal discrimination. We have not seen the English editions, but believe that

It also carefully points out the differences between the Mr. Spencer deserves the thanks and encouragement of Latin and English idiom, thereby encouraging another most American instructors, few of whom we opine, can see these valuable habit in the student of language, and impressing books, especially that on Latin Prose Composition, without on the memory the results of such a comparison between a conscious improvement in their own scholarship. We these two languages. The author besides directs attention, are pleased to observe that Dr. Arnold's work on Latin parby what he styles cautions, io nice points of Latin con- ticles, will soon be published by Mr. Spencer. It will be struction wbich might otherwise escape observation, and what has been long felt, as a desideratum in the study of instils them thoroughly into the mind by reiterated exam- the language. ples.

He has, as he himself states in the introduction to his Greek Prose Composition, imitated Ollendorf's German exercises, in which Imitation and Repetition are relied on

TAE AMERICAN Female Poets: With Biographical and as the cardinal principles of successful instruction.

Critical Notices. By CAROLINE May. Philadelphia : The Latin words are not put together in their proper or

Lindsay & Blakision. 1848. der, as in most books of exercises, but separately in a vo. cabulary, accompanied by such rules of concord, govern- pleasant presage of the holidays! As such, and for its in

This elegant volume comes to us in costly raiment, a ment, and arrangement, as will enable the student to com-lirinsic merits, we hail it with delight, and bespeak for it a bine them for himself. This we greatly preser to the old mode of confining the exertions of the pupil with the words gracious reception, not only by that select society of lady arranged before him, to simple inflexion and observation of poets (or poetesses,) whose verses it enshrines, but in the the rules of syntax. The improved method compels him boudoir of every beauty, who has caught occasional glimpto study, in sentences of gradually increasing length and ses of the radiant summit of Parnassus and held sweet difficulty, that Latin arrangement, which, apparently left to

communion with Calliope. If one copy is purchased by mere caprice, is really governed by a profound rhetoric, in each of the class, the volume will find as large a circulaadapting language to the passions, the imagination, the ear,

tion as the enterprising publishers, in their most sanguine and the intellect. We may remark in passing, that Ar

moments, could desire. Indeed, it well deserves a large nold's rules on this subject are peculiarly brief, clear, and

sale, for the beautiful style of the work, with its sweet por. satisfactory.

trait of Mrs. Osgood and its fair printing, is highly credita.

ble to the American press. The necessity of finding each word with its meaning,

With regard to its contents, we need say little, and that before combining it with others, to which this plan subjects little in no spirit of critical reflection. The proverbial the learner, also gives him a much more accurate and ready deference paid to the sex by the American public, especicommand of the Latin vocabulary.

ally in the Southern States, will quite disarm the reviewFrom a slighter examination of the Greek Prose Compo-ers of all weapons of attack, if salient points should be sition, we discover that it is in the main on the same plan. discovered, and Miss May, we are sure, will meet with But it wants the synonymes, and rules of arrangement, de nothing but kind words of commendation for her grateful ficiencies common indeed to our Greek exercises, but which labors. The Biographical Sketches she has prepared are certainly ought to be supplied. It does not appear so com- full of interest, and we are disposed to think that her se. plete in any point.

lections have been exceedingly judicious. We cannot quite The Greek Reading Book, has a valuable introduction, account for the omission of some names, which we cer. the substance of a Treatise on the Greek particles, and tainly expected to see in her collection, those for instance copious notes which seem to be well planned. Of the of Miss H. F. Gould, Mrs. Worthington and Mrs. Conner, notes the American Editor says: “They are fullest on the (formerly Miss Barnes.) We could wish for a sew pages introductory exercises, on the forms and idioms of the lan. of their rhyming, that we might pronounce the volume quite guage, where indeed they are most neede:); and considerably comme il faut. less so on the selections from Greek authors, where it may It may be found at the bookstore of Drinker & Morris. reasonably be expected, the student will be able to master the principal difficulties by his own individual exertions."

Some injudicious annotators make “these individual ex. The GAMBLER; or the Policeman's Story. By CHARLES ertions" consist in committing to memory a sree translation BURDETT, Author of the "Convict's Child," "Lilla Hart," of nearly the whole text, and groping, amid a confased mass “Mary Grover, or the Trusting Wife," &c., &c. New of notes, lengthened rather to increase the size and price of York: Baker & Scribner, 145 Nassau street and 36 Park their volumes, than the knowledge of the studeni, for such Row, 1848. explanations, as are really needsul and satisfactory. Such editions may aid teachers who can select ; but they must This is one of the most thrilling and lise-like narratives, injure learners, on the one hand encouraging idleness by we ever remeniber to have read. As its title indicates it ready-made translations, and on the other discouraging in. gives the history of a gambler from his first false step until vestigation by tediousness.

finally he involves himself and his family inru in, desolation once useful and entertaining, and deserves a large sale. We that rare faculty of good taste, which lends as much to the and a description of Loch Leven Castle, given by the aucharm of a gazette, as to that of a reunion or a dinner.

and despair. The scene of the narrative is laid in the city and amusing. Our lady friends too will find in the charae. of New York, its principal character was once a thriving ter of Mrs. Farquhar, in addition 10 the usual amount of merchant of that city, and the author states in his preface female admiration for military glory, a bright example of an that it is “entirely and substantially true" as he derived it obedient and useful wife-carrying her usefulness so far as from a Policeman, whose representations are worthy of all to feed her husband with her own hands, although he seems credit. But whether it be founded on fact, or be pure fic. to be apprehensive that she will lose “the energies with tion, certain it is, the author has traced with the truth of which Providence has endowed her" so far, as to be " too nature all the horrors of the gaming table and the down. lazy" eren for that. The leading incident is the substituward career of its deluded victims. Commencing with be- tion, by the schoolmaster and lawyer, of one boy sor anothing led astray by a decoy duck in the guise of a gentleman, er, who had been sent from India to England by bis parents we see the hero spending the greater part of the night at to be educated, and who in a spirit of independence and in the faro-bank and losing a large sum,—then returning home avoidance of Dr. Vyse's tender appliance of the birch, had to relieve the anxiety of his almost distracted wise with a long since absconded, and was nowhere to be found, when foul lie-again revisiting the hell, time after time, to retrieve his parents returned home to reclaim him; and the author his losses, until he becomes a bankrupt, a thief, a burglar, a has traced in a true vein of satire the marvellous discovery drunkard and outcast from society and his family-then re- which the parents make, that the substituted boy is "the stored temporarily to his domestic abode and to virtue, only image of his father." If any of our readers are afflicted 10 yield again to tempation and sink deeper in infamy than with the blues or likely to become so, we recommeat 10 before-and finally as the wretched maniac in the Asylum, them as a most effectual remedy. or preventive, to go and whither he is followed by his wise, while one of his sons is purchase “The Image of his Father, or the Tale of the an inmate of the Penitentiary and the other fast becoming a Young Monkey." fit subject for it. 'Tis a sad story, but one we fear loo often For sale by Drinker & Morris. realized in real life. We commend this little volume to the attention of the young especially, nor should it be neglected altogether by those more advanced in life, for in the language of Scripture, (which the author has adopted as the A HISTORY OF FRANCE: With Conversations at the end moito of his volume.) “Let him that thinketh he standeth, of each chapter. By Mrs. Markham, prepared for the take heed lest he fall."

use of Schools, &c. By Joseph Abbott. New York: Harper & Brothers.

We are disposed to regard with favor any elementary The LITERARY WORLD. A Journal of American and Foo work, to which Mr. Abbott lends the sanction of his name. reign Literature, Science and Art, New York. We bare examined the present volume with some allen

tion, and we are disposed to think it well deserves the comSince the appearance of our last number, the Literary mendations, which Mr. Abbott has given it in his Preface. World has passed into the hands of Messrs Evert A. and The entire history of France, from the earliest period to George L. Duychinck, the former of whom was its first the flight of Louis Philippe, has been condensed into a sin. editor and proprietor. In the number for the 7th October, gle volume, for the use of the “ rising generation," and the. Mr.Hoffman lakes leave of its patrons in a most graceful manner of the volume is well calculated lo please the sorbe valedictory, and the Messrs. Duychinck salute them with what fastidious taste of these young people. The book has words of kindly greeting. We have always regarded the many wood cuts judiciously interspersed, wbicb will serve " Literary World" as a work, having peculiar claims upon an useful purpose, we think, in fastening events and perthe patronage of the entire country,-an organ of just and

sonages upon the memory. independent criticism, in an age of frivolous and unsatisfying publications-a model of excellence in style, amid the multiplicity of bad brochures, which the Northern press is daily sending forth. It is no disparagement to the labors of HISTORY OF Mary Queen of Scots. By Jacob Abdall. Mr. Hoffman, (whom as a man and a poet we highly es. With Engravings. New York: Harper & Brothers. teem,) to say that in general interest the paper bas decidedly improved since the accession of the Messrs. Duychinck, sad and moving incidents, will never tire, and here we have

The story of the lovely but unfortunale Mary, so full of for this improvement is, to a great extent, attributable to Mr. it in brave red binding and gold tille, with famous embelHoffman himself, who writes equally well, and much more lishments and beautiful typography. But that is not all. agreeably, as a sketcher than as a critic. Mr. E. A. Duy. The narrative is skilfully managed, and the facts are set chinck is well known for accurate thinking and a happy forth with scrupulous accuracy. The book is therefore at manner. In the recent nunibers of the Literary World, he exhibits in the arrangement and variety of the materials, recollect an account of Mary's apartments at Holy wood,

thor in a previous volume, entitled “A Summer in Scol. land,” which account he has expanded in this work and

rendered even more interesting. The Image of his Father, or a Tale of a Young Mon.

key. New York. Harper & Brothers. When we took up this book, we anticipated, from its title, Blackwood's MAGAZINE, for October, has been recei a great deal of amusement, and verily we have not been ved; the American publishers having become exceedingly disappointed. The plot, although an intricate one, is well prompt, since their new arrangement with the Englisbjerosustained and the characters for the most part are well prietors of the work. This number is a very good one, and drawn-protesting, as we do, at the same time, that the we have read it with great interest, yet not without some representative of the legal profession is by no means an en- choleric feelings, occasioned by the exulting paper on the viable or just one. • The Young Monkey” is evidently an failure of the French Republic and the abortive efforts of original and some of his tricks are inexpressibly ludicrous Ireland at civil and religious freedom.

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