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all seem to be actuated by a high sense of duty. (bottom of the two seas, and that the depth of the The preserved meats have proved almost worth Dead Sea should be also an exact multiple of the less, few being able to eat them, and sometimes our height of Jerusalem above it. only food is rice. Oranges and lemons, loxuries Another not less singular fact, in the opinion of in our happy country, are here, from the want of Lieur. Lynch, “is that the bottom of the Dead vegetables, absolute necessaries. Still, as there Sea forms two submerged plains, an elevated and are cavillers at home, I have once sent to Jerusa- a depressed one. The first, its southern part, of lem and purchased them for the men at my own slimy mud covered by a shallow bay; the last, its expense.
northern and largest portion, of mud and incrusta" The expense of guards to our baggage while tions and rectangular chrystals of salt—at a great we are absent, I am obliged to incur, as also for depth with a narrow ravine running through it, their transportation from place to place, for the corresponding with the bed of the river Jordan at boats can carry no more than the officers and men: one extremity and the Wady •el Jeib,' or wady the arms, instruments, food and water. The whole within a wady at the other.” cost from Beirout to this place, including purcha- The slimy ooze upon that plain at the bottom of ses, transportation of boats, camels, horses, guards the Dead Sea will not fail to remind the sacred hisand guides amounted to about $700. I strive to be torian of the “slime pits” in the vale, where were economical.
joined in battle “ four kings with five." “ With the Arabs we are on the most friendly June the 9th, the whole party after an absence terms. In accordance with the tenor of my or- of a little over two months, had returned to St. ders, I have agreed to pay them fairly for all the Jean d'Acre on the Mediterranean. They brought services they may render and provisions they may back their boats in as complete order as they rebring—but for nothing more. Thus far, iwo false ceived them on board at New York. The party alarmns excepted, we have been undisturbed in our were in fine health. Save a flesh wound to one progress and operations. I scarce know what we man from the accidental discharge of his piece, not shonld have done without the Arahs. They bring an accident or mishap had occurred to any one. us food when nearly famished, and water when The Arabs would point to them and say, “God is parched with thirst. They act as guides and mes with them." sengers, and in our absence faithfully guard our Lieut. Lynch has endeared himself to his counteots, bedding and clothes. A decided course, tem- trymen ; his Christian brethren look upon him with pered with courtesy, wins at once their respect and pride, and the whole Christian world with eager good will. Although they are an impetuous race, interest await his return and the forthcoming of his not an angry word has thus far passed between us. final Report. With the blessing of God, I hope to preserve the By this expedition problems, great and important existence of harmony to the last.
in the eyes of Christendom, have been solved by “The Jordan, although rapid and impetuous, is the American government, and that too at a cost graceful in its windings and fringed with luxuri- 100 trifling to be named in such connexion. ance, while its waters are sweet, clear, cool and Seven hundred dollars for a scientific explorarefreshing.
tion of the Dead Sea! There is not a village “ Even if my letter were more brief, this is not church in the land, where if the matter had been a proper place to dwell upon the wonders of this proposed, such a sim could not have been raised at sea, fur wondrous it is, in every sense of the word, once for the work. Still, there be “cavillers at home," 80 sudden are the changes of the weather and so and as of old, so now, there be those who can "strain different the aspects it presents, as at times to seem at a goat and swallow a camel.” But the enlightas if we were in a world of enchantments. We are ened and patriotic minds which planned, set on alternately beside and upon the brink and the sur- foot, and consummated this undertaking, have also face of a huge and sometimes seething cauldron." their reward : the mens conscia, the sense of having
The greatest depth obtained was 218 fathoms, so used their high privileges of place as to advance (1308 feet.) Having completed the survey of the the honor of their country and the glory of God; the sea, the party proceeded to determine the height of approving “well-done” of a Christian people, and mountains on its shores, and to run a level thence the grateful acknowledgment of wise and good men via. Jerusalem to the Mediterranean. They found every where, are only a part of the great rewards the summit of the precipitous ridge which forms which they deserve, and which we hope they may the west bank of the Dead Sea, to be more than a long live to enjoy. thousand feet above its surface, and very nearly on a level with the Mediterranean.
It is a curious fact, that the distance from the top to the bottom of the Dead Sea, should measure
Alluding to the devotion of an ancient sculptor to his la. the height of its banks, the elevation of the Medi-bors, Madame de Staël bas finely said, “The history of his terranean, and the difference of level between the 'life was the history of his statue.”
The nurse she slambered in her chair
Went sailing down to Ennerslie.
Back upon the sighing gale
As down she went to Ennerslie.
We are disposed to think that the world is more divided in opinion upon the subject of dress, than any other of the ordinary and pressing duties of life. Mankind agree with “ remarkable unanimity" on the æsthetics of the kitchen,-as least as far as this, that we may lawfully eat the best and most savory dishes that gastronomic skill can set before us. With the single exception of that misguided and melancholy class, found in the Northern cities, under the title of Grahamites, who look upon man as altogether an herbivorous animal, we believe a good dinner is considered orthodox by all sects and parties and divisions of the human family. But with regard to dress, the most dissimilar notions prevail. There are many, who view the wearing of gay apparel almost as an unpardonable offence. These persons frequently affect a most ridiculous simplicity, which demands a larger share of their time and attention than the worst foppery of the tailors. We have seen men who had a horror of buttons and who
As upward her blue eyes she cast, A shadowy form there fitted past, And settled on the quivering mast
Silently-silently; The lady gazed, yet spake no wordShe knew it was the evil bird,
thought of the last fashion as Mr. Stiggins thought
-Callida juventa of gin and water in the Fleet, with this difference,
Consule Planco, that the reverend gentleman indulged even in what he seemed rather in the condition of Colman's lodger, denounced as a " wanity," while they would as soon put on the shirt of Nessus as a good looking gar- -like two single gentlemen rolled into one." ment. There are others who seem to consider dress as one of the evils of life, about which it
But these reminiscences are carrying us off from were well to think as little as possible, and in ac
our subject, to which we now return. cordance with this conviction they take no concern of opinion, which exists with regard to the subjeet
We have set out with adverting to the variance for their bodies, as to “ what they shall put on. They slouch through life, mere "things of shreds in general. Perhaps in the wide diversity of taste and patches," with an unfinished-business sort of among men, the classification might be pursued inair, as if they were miserable and didn't know ex
definitely. And yet it seems to us all would agree actly why. They are deterred by no economical
that in dress, as in all things else, there is a cerconsiderations from a decent appearance, but dress tain right path,--a juste milieu, –a truth lying in shabbily because they can't help it. Some of them, the middle, which ought to be pursued. "Nothindeed, spend large sums in dress, but their garments ing,” says the author of the Spectator, in one of are always mal-assortis and always out of place.
those dicta which have become axiomatic, "is They would go to a funeral in all the colors of the more laudable than an enquiry after truth," and it rainbow and to a wedding in “customary suits of
is with the view of arriving at this, as far as it may solemn black.” There is still another class, on
be ascertained in the premises, that we propose to the other extreine, who, without the least modicum enter upon an exposition of the THEORY OF THE
TOILET. of taste tu restrain their extravagances, do the “ruffianly” style of dress. They are indeed “flow
There can be little doubt that originally dress ers of all hues,” faring in gaudy scarfs and illus was considered simply with reference to its utility, trated linen and rejoicing in all manner of startling
and that the only difference in its form and texture and violent contrasts. We need not pursue the
arose from the extremes of climate. Men sought description of this class farther. As “ gents," or
only protection from the winter's cold and covering "cits," they are well known everywhere. A very differed with the seasons and with latitude. The
from the summer's heat, and thus their garments different person is the true artiste. We mean not the man, who makes his wardrobe the serious bu
skins of wild beasts sufficed the “gentleman from siness of his life, nor yet the recognized model of Norway,” who dwelt always sub Jove frigido, the fashionable world; he is but a pretender, and while the population of the tropics walked about
, patent-leather can never raise him above his proper
like the statues of the heathen gods or the fighsphere. But there are some gifted individuals, who rantes of the opera, in as little drapery as circumcome into the world with a nice sense of the har- stances would permit. Now in process of time, as the mony of colors and the proprieties of the toilet. arts progressed, that besetting sin, which from the who first evince a just perception of the true and days of Mother Eve down to the publication of the becoming in dress by the jackets of their boyhood,
last number of Les Modes de Paris has never and who ever afterwards remain faultless in ap
ceased to inspire her children,-the inordinate depearance. One such there was who cast a lustre sire of admiration-began to be shown in the fashon our college days. Very fair in the eye of mem
ion and shape of clothing, and gradually colors ory, oh! worthy Dr. is thy pleasant face,
were studied and arranged with an eye to the picwith its delicate fringe of whisker and its benig-uresque in appearance. Without recurring to the nant smile! We well recollect the mingled feel. Reports of the Fashions B. C., it may be said that ings of envy and admiration with which we were
all nations soon learned to consult the graceful in wont to regard his exceeding propriety in every
costume, and even the roder barbarians of the movement and under all circumstances, whether
North sought to decorate their persons with gay attired in white cravat and lemon-colored kids for apparel. We are told opon dramatic authority,
that an evening, or diffused upon the grass, in gown and slippers, with a fragrant Havana, or preparing
“A painted vest Prince Vortigern had on, the first of the veroal julaps, or making the lawn vocal with his midnight guitar! Once have we (although the subsequent slalement, we must colseen him since that halcyon period, but good living fess, perplexes us,) and a quiet conscience, while they had sweetened
Which from a naked Pict his grandsire won." his temper, had spoiled his shape, and though the tailor, (nut our college snip, Lucas, whom we used the progress which taste has made, however, has to call “lucus a non lucendo,") still displayed his been always subject to the modifications of climate, genius as of old, Adonis had grown into an alder- and we shall find that the garments of the present man, and being no longer what he was
day are loose and flowing, or tightly drawn, just as
the wearer lives in a warm or cold region. With bitter weather, no matter whether it was sleeting or regard to our own country, it is spread over so large snowing, he was never seen in the street in any 211 extent of surface, that all possible styles of dress thing of the kind. One keen winter afternoon, an prevail. The hyperborean differs not more widely Englishman, who was making his way to his dinEn outward semblance from the native of the burn- ner at the hotel as rapidly as he could, to his infiEng desert than the good daughters of New Eng. nite amazement, met Monsieur de Z— with his Hand from those fair Senoritas, whom the Mexican surtout open, and looking the very emblem of the War has recently brought within the pale of citi- season. Boldly erect, however, with his hat on zenship. On the Lakes, and in the Far West, one side, he appeared to defy the elements, and there is constant demand for furs and fire wood, stalked towards him as magnanimously insouciant while in Georgia, a summer " uniform” is said to as if he had been clad in sables. The Englishbe worn of the lightest possible description. Mr. man, with his cloak thrown up to his very eyes, Wordsworth may not be considered gond authority like a true Hidalgo, struck with the transparent on the subject, but he informs us of a “ Georgia appearance of the garde-du-corps, asked him, in a Major," who won the affections of his beauteous really compassionate tone, if he did not feel the Rath, who was very lightly clad indeed :
cold? •Froid, Monsieur,' said the haughty Car
list, 'un homme comme-il-faut n'a jamais froid ! "There came a youth from Georgia's shore
A propos of this, it is certain that of all nations, A military casque he wore, With splendid feathers drest;
the French exert the most unlimited sway in the He brought them from the Cherokees;
world of fashion. From the French Capital as a The feathers nodded in the breeze,
centre, fashion radiates her light, and all the rest of And made a gallant crest."
mankind look to it for the divine ray. How impoBat Mr. Wordsworth goes on to compliment him Lord John Russell and his compeers may regulate
tent, indeed, is any other nation in comparison ! as a fine fellow, and a real Ben Brace for fun :
tariffs and adjust treaties—may even prevent her "He was a lovely youth! I guess
Majesty from visiting a portion of her own dominThe panther in the wilderness
ions*—but can they change the cut of a coat ? Can Was half so fair as he ;
they subject Christendom to a prescribed mode with And when he chose to sport and play, No dolphin ever was so gay
the authority of an army regulation ? No. This Upon the tropic sea."
belongs alone to the Gauls. It is their province to
order, it is ours to obey. French taste has extended Notwithstanding the remarkable contrasts in dress, its supremacy everywhere. “ Following the sun and which we have pointed out among ourselves, the keeping company with the hours,” it has filled the hierarchy of fashion in its potent ministrations still earth with French cooks and French tailors. The preserves a sufficient uniformity in the large cities genius of fashion, as she sits enthroned with all 10 set os apart as one people. Though the ele- the immunities of sovereignty, in the Palais Royal, gante of Boston derives bis mode from Regent may indeed look around her and inquire “ Where Street and he of New Orleans from the Boulevards, is not my influence fell ? still there is a marked similarity in their garments,
Quis jam locus, and but little change is made on account of the
Quæ regio in terris nostri non plena laboris?" difference of latitude. Snow rarely falls on the dome of the St. Charles, while Washington Street
No geographical divisions can stop the progress is blockaded with it four months in the year, and of her tenets, “there are no longer Pyrenees" to yet fashion prescribes nearly the same dress for the oppose the extension of her empire, but it reaches Iwo places. It seems to raise its votaries above to the farther end of every continent : to Rio, to the fluctuations of the thermometer and to give Hong Kong, to the Southern Archipelago, to the them an equable temperament every where. We hundred gates of Thebes! It has been well said that recollect having read a good story, (it is told by French fashion has done more to preserve the peace Captain Jesse in his Life of Brummell.) of an old of Europe, during the last twenty-five years, than all garde-du-corps of Charles X., which illustrates other causes put together. What power would wage very forcibly this feeling, although the nil admirari war against the people, who can alone supply us with in his case proceeded from altogether a different new garments! Consider for a moment the effects
" He had only his half-pay, seven hundred of an act of non-intercourse with France! Where and fifty francs a year, and his wardrobe, as might should we look for ribbons or gloves or comfits ? naturally be expected, was rather deficient on such an The recent sanguinary conflicts in Paris, growincome. Fortunately his affluent friends of the same ing out of the establishment of the Provisional Gopolitical opinions sometimes assisted him with a coat, vernment, while as friends of humanity they have and occasionally with a pair of inexpressibles, or
* The English papers, by the last steamer, inform us a dinner ; but never did their friendly donations ex- that the ministry had at last determined not to permit the lend to a cloak or a great-coat, and in the most 'Queen to visit Ireland, as she had intended.