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THE VATICAN. In those silent halls are assembled Gods and heroes, while beauty in eternal sleep seems dreaming of herself.
Calm now, the tumult of that troubled breast,
Death's icy arms may hold thee; but Decay
With this my love doth come to you
Two things break the monolony
of an Atlantic trip,
Sometimes we see a ship.—Mrs. Osgood.
If you fix him at court he will never bend; if you send
him to the bar and his clients are rognes, he will throw up SCRAPS FROM A PORT-FOLIO. his brief; if you enlist him under government and he think
you wrong he will oppose. - De Vere. No. III.
The most gifted men that I have known have been the FRANKLIN'S EPITAPH. COMPOSED BY HIM. least addicted to depreciate either friends or foes. --Sharp.
CHATEAUBRIAND AT SPARTA.
Profound silence reigned around; determined to make
echo speak where the human voice is no longer heard, I (Like the cover of an old book,
shouted with all my might, Leonidas ! Leonidas! No voice Its Contents torn out
repeated the great name, and Sparla herself seemed to have And stripped of its lettering and guilding,) forgotten her hero.
Lies bere food for worms
The best governments are always subject to be like the
fairest crystal, wherein every icicle or grain is seen, which And beautiful edition
in a fouler stone is never perceived.-- Lord Bacon.
When the world is dark with tempests, when thunder
rolls and lightning flies, thou lookest in thy beauty from the clouds, and laughest at the storm. But to Ussian thou
lookest in vain, for be beholds thy beams no more-whether FAVORITE VERSES OF Sir WALTER Scott.
thy yellow hair flows on the Eastern clouds, or thou trem" The dews of Summer night did fall,
blest at the gates of the West.--Ossian.
There is no saying shocks me so much, as that wbich !
time.-Cowley. In Rome that vast caravansary all is foreign, even the Romans seem to live there not like its possessors but I hope it is no infringement on better things, that my laste like pilgrims who repose among its ruins.
for humor and a sort of sensible nonsense, is no whit diMadame de Staël. minished.--Hannah More.
We never live-we only hope to live.- Pascal.
The stag roused from his lair, shakes his dappled sides, tosses bis heamy head, and conscious of superior agility seems to defy the gathering storm.--Hervey.
Man never is-but always to be blessed.-Pope.
The time will come, when three words uttered with charThe cold descends from the upper regions of the at-ity and meekness, shall receive a far more blessed reward, Man may plough the earth and cut his way through moun. I have seen and lamented this propensity, lhe tendertains or contract rivers into canals, for the transport of his merchandise, but if his fleets for a moment furrow the cy has been exactly opposite, and, we suspect, das
COLD IN CANADA.
than three thousand volumes written with disdainful sharpmosphere with a feeling as if it were poured down upon
ness of wit.-- Hooker. the head and shoulders from a jug.-Sir Francis Bond Head.
The little charmer to my view
Was sculpture brought to life anew;
Her eyes had a poetic glow-
Her neck and shoulders symmetry.- Cwmpbell.
been carried to excess. Their objections to heroes Ocean, its waves as instantly efface this slight mark of servitude, and it again appears such as it was on the first day are partly intellectual and partly moral. As Taei. of its creation.-Corinne.
tus says : Credunt militaribus ingeniis subtilitatem C. C.
deesse, quia castrensis jurisdictio secura et obtu. sior ac plura manu agens, callidilatem fori non ererceat. The philosophic Burke, on the other hand, has remarked that an habitual exercise of this very
calliditas fori disqualities for liberal and compre. CONNECTION BETWEEN THE QUALITIES OF A GREAT hensive statesmanship. However that may be es.
perience proves that there are few if any instances COMMANDER AND A GREAT STATESMAN. in which military genius of the highest order is
combined with political incapacity. A great genIt has often been made a question how far splen- eral may sometimes have lived so exclusively in did military success indicates qualification for civil camps as to be ignorant of the forms of political administration. To no people under the sun can business. But while he may not understand, and this be a more interesting question than to ours. may be inclined to despise technical minutiæ, the At all times, and in all countries, the populace has same intuitive practical sagacity which has made been more dazzled by a military reputation than any him a great commander, will soon render him masother, and even persons of the most cultivated in- ter of every thing essential to a successful admislellect, of:he coolest judgment, and most refined sen- istration. sibility, have not been proof against its fascination. He never refines, nor speculates, nor hesitates, But in these United States, whose true policy is but is always decided, energetic, and practical. peace, there is an absolute and an increasing mania His character must contain all the elements of adabout military heroes. The war of the Revolu- ministrative talent. He may be neither a Milton, tion furnished one military President, (if he who a Bacon, nor a Demosthenes; but he must possess was greater in peace than in war, can properly be that wisdom of action far more important to a statescalled military,) two distinguished in the war of man than imagination, or philosophy or eloquence. 1812 have filled the presidential chair, and how His acquirements and qualifications are not limmany Mexican heroes will rise to that eminence, it iled to the narrow sphere which some imagine. is now hard to foresee, but we may safely predict Tactics, fortification, gunnery and engineering may that there will be several.
be acquired, and thoroughly acquired by men of The military tendency, therefore, “has increased" limited intellect, alterly incapable of enlarged views and “is increasing:" we propose to inquire whether either in war or peace. But these bear about the it “ought to be diminished.”
same proportion to all the accomplishments of a It is easy to account for the popularity of the great leader which orthography and geography de hero, especially with the unthinking multitude. to a complete education. It is not enough that he His achievements are not only more brilliant, but should know how" to set a squadron in the field" to more palpable, and apparently more substantial plant or point a cannon, or throw up a fortificaljon ihan those of the orator, legislator, judge, or di- secundum artem. All these things he must do, but he plomatist. If he has distinguished himself in de must not leave others of far greater moment andone. fensive warfare, his countrymen feel all the grati- He must not be a military pedant, who, like Gentode dae to one who has preserved their rights, eral Braddock, imagines that Indian savages must their property, and perhaps their lives. No rea- be encountered, as Marlborough met the French at soning nor persuasion can make them sensible of Blenheim, or like the old Hungarian, who accused equal obligation to those who have done them equal Bonaparte of gross ignorance, because he attacked in or perhaps greater service, by calm legislative, di- front, flank or rear, as circumstances and his owo plomalic or executive wisdom, industry, and saga- genius prompted. He must not only be perfectly city.
acquainted with the resources and character of the If his military genius has shone forth in a war of nation to which he belongs as well as of the cocaaggression, he will excite the admiration even of try in or against which he is warring, but capable those who consider the war itself as unauthori- of making that knowledge available in every emer: zed by any principle of justice or expediency. gency. He must study the finances, the agriculThis has been strikingly exemplified in the war ture, the commerce and manufactures of his enewhich has just closed; many have forgotten what mies, their history, their relations with other nathey themselves regarded as its anjost commence- tions, their peculiar genius, and the means by which ment in its brilliant successes, and all hare united as the case may be, they can be inspired with terin pæans to our victorious commanders.
ror, or soothed into submission or accommodatios. But with writers of the modern peace school, who'lle must not only possess ever ready informatiu
on all these subjects, but, above all things, mast (only to a general of the first order; it is by no thoroughly and instinctively understand individual ineans contended that a good general of division men. It was Montecuculi, I believe, who discov- like Ney, or a dashing cavalry officer like Murat ered the death of his opponent Turenne, by the must necessarily be an able politician or negotiamorements of his army after his fall, so complete. tor. ly had observation made him acquainted with that The moral objection to military men is far hero's style of manoeuvring. While a consum- stronger and better grounded than the intellectual. mate general may sometimes be able to do this, ii Their faulls stand side by side with their excellenis essential that he should know how to choose his cies. Military experience, while it gives decision, own subordinates and agents with the unerring sa is almost certain to impart an arbitrary tone to the gacity of a Washington or Bonaparte. He must character. Military statesmen will not only reknow what chord to touch in the bosom of his sol. fused to be shackled by forms in cases of real diers, whether it be his object to excite or sustain emergency, but will often unnecessarily violate enthusiasm, or lo rebuke insubordination or miscon- principles essential to true liberty. Delays are doct. No army can be made thoroughly efficient sometimes dangerous; but they are often, as has without addressing to it other motives beside fear of been truly said, the necessary price of freedom. punishment. These motives may be very different, One accustomed to the secura jurisdictio of a or greatly modified in the Russian serf, the Prus- camp will strike a great blow for natural safety or sian automaton, the impulsive Frenchman or the reform more prompily and effectually, than a mere free American.
civilian; but on the other hand a wrong and danThese considerations show the great mistake of gerous blow is more to be dreaded from him. those who suppose that a commander has none but
The man who has been accustomed to justify physical obstacles to overcome, none but physical summary measures on the plea of salus exercitus, force to resist. Moral influence must often be ap- will too often allege that of salus populi, when his plied, and applied with a master hand to sway the minds of his own soldiers and citizens, as well as stake. He will also be prone to exaction, unrea
own passions are excited, or his interests are at of his enemies. He may not be able to theorize sonably expecting civil subordination to be as strict about human nature ; but what is far more impor- and complete, as military. tant for all practical purposes, he will know how to gway and bend it to his will.
Familiarity with war has certainly a tendency to He will be a tyrant, but a tyrant like Queen
harden the heart; yet soldiers are not only brave Elizabeth, who knows how and when to yield, and and generous, but often distinguished for kindness when to be inflexible. In his character must be and humanity: and even if it were otherwise, un. combined dignity, suavity, familiarity, and energy,
relenting harshness and severity are not the qualisecuring at once the respect and affection of his ties to be dreaded in a statesman of this age and soldiers. He will usually possess that plain and
country. manly eloquence, which disdaining rounded periods
Paradoxical as it may appear, it is nevertheless and rhetorical ornaments, carries away the judg certain, that a military President will be less apt to ment and feelings by its soul-stirring power.
involve us in war, than one who has been always With all these qualities and attainments, he can- devoted to civil affairs. A great change must take not fail to be an able negotiator. In modern times place in our customs, before the President can be the diplomatic talents of Marlborongh were no less expected to lead our armies in person. He must celebrated than his military; and there can be lit- now consider an election to that office an end of tle doubt that the blunt energy and far-reaching active military service, and must in case of war, sagacity of Napoleon, had his mind been never in be contented with directing its operations. This toxicated by success, would have been an overmatch will scarcely be an object of ambition to one who for the finesse and insinuation of Talleyrand.
has shone on the battle-field, unless we can conceive But high military genius may often be combined Bonaparte satisfied with the station of Carnot, or with all the patience and art of Talleyrand, as in General Jackson with the War Department. the case of Philip of Macedon, who might well Our national experience seems to coincide with have afforded to despise the philippics of Demos- this reasoning. Our only two wars, since our in. thenes, while ondermining the Athenian power not dependence, have been commenced under the aumore by arms, than negotiation. Who can suppose spices of Presidents by no means distinguished for that Cicero, with his high genius, and great know- military prowess. Civilians, who have never wil. ledge and experience, was a match in negotiation for nessed the havoc and sufferings of war, will be far the unhesitatiog energy of the usurper Cæsar ? In. more apt to vapor above national honor and invindeed the empire of Rome could never reached 80 cibility, and swallowing whole continents without vast an extent, had not its conquering generals indigestion, than the tried warrior who is reposing been also skillful diplomatists.
on his laurels. Such expedients are not unfre. It will be perceived that these remarks apply 'quently resorted to for the purpose of flattering
national vanity, and sustaining a sinking popu
What simple youth enjoys thy charms larity.
And clasps thee willing in his armsBut there is another aspect in which the election
Who, ignorant of the changeful wind of a military President is exceedingly objectiona- That lashes the inconstant sea, ble. It encourages the belief that military distinc- With fond reliance hopes to find tion is the surest passport to popular favor, and
A heart forever true in thee? thereby stimulates the aspiring to promote war, as
Unhappy he whose eyes behold a means of winning those verdant laurels which so.
Thy charming face, thy locks of gold. much delight the verdant multitude. This is a Behold upon the sacred wall great, and we fear a pressing evil. The Anglo- My garments dripping from the wave, Saxon love of land, stimulated into intensity, in
A votive gift they speak to all,
or safety from a watery grave, the case of the officers, by the hope of fame and
Yet more than from the cruel sea office on the return of peace, may convert us from They tell of my escape from thee! a peace-loving nation, such as Washington desired us to be, into a horde of modern Romans. We may
Fon, Nov. 12, 1847. forget our wrong.doing in the idea that our sway is always beneficent and salutary ; but when put in words, it is in the form of the old Jesuitical maxim, “the end justifies the means." Every thing which encourages this disgraceful, and we fear, fatal tendency is to be resisted as in the last degree
ADVENTURE AND SCENERY pernicious.
There may indeed be exigencies in wkich the selection of a military chieftian is an alternative to
FAR SOUTHWEST. be preferred to soinething worse. We have freely conceded that military genins of the highest order
Who does not love to hear the Hunter's tale implies civil talent of no mean stamp, and that the
of marvellous adventure ? Iho' oft repeated;
Yel with wonders new, and pleasing fant sy, practical sagacity and unhesitating energy of a It strikes opon the ear, when idly seated 'roundsoldier, may often cut the Gordian knot at which The camp fire's mellow light.-Anon. the trembling fingers of a politi ian have long been in vain fumbling. But a second or third rate gen In travelling over those lonely wilds.—denomieral will have all the faults without the recommen- naled prairies, which constitute a peculiar feature dations of a great commander, while both may of the Western country, the tourist after many usually be expected to be arbitrary and overbear- hours of weariness, where nought but sky and ing; and what is far worse, the glitter of a gener- plain has greeted the vision, will find himself at al's uniform will acquire additional brilliancy in the last entering a Auwery grove, which elothes the eyes of those who see that it is often converted sommit of an elevated mound, where the jessainto the robe of civil power.
mine, the orange, and the myrile pour forth the The entire exclusion of military chieftians from incense of nature. This oasis of the prairie, rehigh political office would be a narrow and illiberal ceives the name of Island, from the vast expanse principle. Yet it cannot he denied that their fre- of water which covers the low grounds in the rainy quent or incautious elevation must prove highly season, and adjacent thereto is usually to be found, dangerous.
A CIVILIAN. some great sink or natural depression, forming a
grand reservoir during the dry months, where the finny tribe sport in antic gambols, and the water fowl glide is great numbers.
It is to one of these spots, situated in the LacaTO PYRRHA.
sine prairie of Louisiana, that we would direct the
attention of the reader. This spot, from its preHor. 1. 5.
dominant natural growth, has been termed by the
Creole population, Isle Orange, and surely if there 0. Pyrrha, say, what slender boy
is a place on earth entitled to the name, it is the Of those whose locks sweet odours lave,
verdant elevation to which we refer, covered with Embraces thee so fair and coy, Amid the roses of a cave?
an immense grove of orange trees, intermingled For whom bind'st thou thy yellow hair
with the wild grape. The sun was declining in Flowing and free from jewels rare !
the Western horizon, as our pariy, quitting the Alas! how often will he weep
monotonous prairie route, began the ascent of that 7'hy faithless love, thy broken gage
natural mound, so gradually tapering to its summit, And trembling gaze upon the deep
as scarcely to be realized, until having altained its Where waves roll high and tempests rage ! utmost height, a boundless view orer that raster
panse presented the day-god sinking to his noctur- | isolated spot had been the resort of one, whose adial couch. At the base, on the Western side, lay venturous career upon the Ocean struck terror 10
silvery sheet of water of considerable extent, so the mariner's heart, and sealed the fate of richly alm in its mirrored tranquillity, that not a ripple freighted argosies, and whose deeds of savage darseemed to mar its surface, and in the crystal ing have formed the borden of sea romance. Here, in lepths, myriads of fish could plainly be discerned years gone by, the buld buccaneer, Lafitte, found a in calm repose, mayhap, like some stealthy reptile temporary respite from the bustling scenes of maof an every day world, quietly waiting beneath that ritime life, when throwing off the duties of compovert of inaction to dart upon their unsuspecting mand over a dissolute crew, to whom his word was prey. The gigantic magnolia, then in full bloom law, who with its large lily white flowers, the knarled live oak,
No flag acknowledged, when unfurled his own ; from which sprung pendant, the silvery moss, in
The sea his empire, and the deck his throne,termingled with the green misletoe, and the fragrant orange tree, with its yellow blossom, and he sought amidst this quiet seclusion relief from green and golden froit in continuous bearing, form- worldly cares, and resigned himself to the arbi. ed a vast canopy over head. As the evening dew trary abandon of Love. Strange phase of husettled upon the flower, the perfume was oppres- manity, where the extremes of passion reign sively sickening to the senses, compelling both predominant! At one moment, warring with his man and beast, to seek the open space on a rocky fellow man, thirsting after blood and treasure, opon headland, rising perpendicular from the lake, in the boundless deep; the next, we find him wrapt which were reflected the glittering stars of the fir- in the bond of servitode, where the kindliest feelmament. There is a simplicity and beauty in the ings of human nature are developed, and amidst development of nature's works, which the artistic this elysium, paying adoration to woman; like power of man can never imitate, and we gaze upon Byron's Corsair ; the placid lake, surrounded by a luxuriant growth of
Linked with one virtue, and a thousand crimes. vegetation, or the purling rivulet as it courses through some pleasant valley, with a feeling akin The cottage which he had erected was still to reverence. Who can wonder at the wild vaga- standing at the period of our visit, although in a ries of the superstitious Grecian, investing the very dilapidated stale, beautifully situated in a glen and the grotto, the fountain and streasulet grove of myrtle trees, around whose trunks the ivy with fancied divinities, lo whom in his simple reli. and the sweet brier had clung in rich profusion. gion of nature, adoration was paid ; that the moun- Some lofty sycumores, in leafless form, rose up 10tain nymph, the naiad, and the faun, found each an wards the sky, like grim skeletons of the past, appropriate niche, in the mystical temple of his mourning over the scene of departed pleasure. heathen mythology? The peculiar circumstances The only occupant of the Island was a Spaniard connected with our past condition as contrasted by the name of Cosito, who, with his Indian wife, with the present, the legend associated with the had resided unmolested in that quiet seclusion for spot
, the automnal season, and the grey-lit hour, iwenty years, coltivating a small patch of corn, the all cended to induce a meditative spirit, bringing produce of which, together with the chase, supplied with it a train of fanciful creation. We had but all their wants : presenting one of the most marked recently escaped from imminent danger opon the cases of life in a state of nature, that has ever falprairie, owing to an influx of the waters from the len under the writer's notice. In the life of the Gulf of Mexico,—as described in a previous num- savage, we frequently meet with a similar condiber,*-which threatened destruction by the career- dition, but their association in clans from a coming element, and now, after passing through a ste-munity of interest, frequently leads to pelly jealourile wasle devoid of vegetation, we found ourselves sies that mar domestic happiness. constitutional transferred to a paradise of sweets, where the graz- desire for warlike sports, induces foray on neighing don deer invited the sportsman's rifle, and the boring tribes, and continual feuds with each other, placid lake abounding in fish of every variety, the while ambition in the chief, to rise superior to skillful display of the angler's rod. Thus is human his fellow brave, naturally brings on disquietude of life! Ai one moment tossed upon the sea of ad- mind. versity, where the tempest of passion, or the storm From early boyhood, Cosito had led an advenof penury throws its mad waves over its victim, eurous life upon the stormy main. Forced into and anon, the genius of fortune rescues the sink servitode, he had remained under the Pirate Lafitte, ing wreteh, with hopes confirmed, of brighter pros- until the closing scene of his operations in the Gulf pects in the future.
of Mexico, when he rendered essential service with Following this train of reflection, fancy led the his leader to the American arms at the battle of mind back to a not far distant period, when this New Orleans, for which they, together with other
of their comrades, received from the President of • July, 1841,
the United States a full pardon for past offences.