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And in the gardens

as it is technically termed. There was then an Love is at play,

even chance that he would make a moody response Butterflies twinkle

and relapse into his usual taciturnity, or reply in a Sporting the day.

tone of bitter irony which little answered their exRoses their sweetness

pectations. Give to the bee,

What the occupations of old Mr. Wintrysides Losers are pledging

had been, no one could tell. He was not inclined Under the tree.

to be communicative, and he afforded very various

and imperfect grounds for the vague conjectures Call not the breezes

which his moods and manners almost solicited. Spiritless things,

One man conceived him to be a parson, but of what Sweet is the music

denomination it was hard to tell. He always wore Borne on tbeir wings,

his “customary suit of solemn black," and so might Gathered in countries

pass for a minister of any of the thousand and one Fairer than ours,

creeds patronized in these United States. Often Given in whispers

he was taken for a physician. His habit of putTo the young flowers.

ting his finger oracularly to the side of his nose, of

pursing up his mouth, and delaying a minute or two When the May-blossoms

before he spoke, might have given rise to such a Sweeten the air,

supposition. That he was a country lawyer many When the dew.diamonds Silver the hair,

averred, for he was learned in the doctrine of ar

rests, and of all civil and criminal process, and was When the pure starlight

accustomed to declaim at times on the insufficiency Beckons above,

of all penal enactments, to restrain or punish the When the night breezes

follies and delinquencies of mankind. Then again Murmur of love,

he would make cutting allusions to the fripperies and

fopperies of female and of male dress, with such inSommer-bright Beauty !

timate acquaintance with all the materials of fashion Fair as thou art,

and all the mysteries of the tojlet, that he was sagely Love is omnipotent, Look to thy heart !

supposed to be either a keeper of a miscellaneous Madison, Indiana.

store, or a pedler divorced from his bundle for awhile, or the owner of a general auction mart, or any thing else under the sun. He was so nice and particular in his use of the English language that he might have been a Dominie : so grave and dignified that he might pass for a judge : so well ac

quainted with various countries that he might have MR. WINTRYSIDES-A CHARACTER. been a navy purser—in fact, the words, looks, and

actions of Mr. Wintrysides offered a foundation for William Wintrysides was an old gentleman of the most dissimilar references. Certain it was that some fifty or sixty years of age. He had seen a he had travelled much, equally certain that his disgreat portion of the habitable globe and had resided position to travel still continued. He had been seen in regions the most diverse, and among people the or heard of in Europe and America, and might still most dissimilar. His whole life had been an ex- be seen sometimes at the North and sometimes at emplification of the old adage, “a rolling stone the South. Whenever two or three were gathered gathers no moss.” And whether from his disap- together to speculate upon Mr. Wintrysides, his pointments or from the want of the said moss to character, disposition, and occupation, they had al} soften and conceal the asperities of his nature, cer- different fancies to expound and different arguments tain it is that he had either retained or acquired an to prove their plausibility: but, however plausible decasional harshness of manner, which accorded they might seem to those who made them, they well enough with a vein of latent sarcasm which had were not equally so to those who listened to them. ever distinguished him, but formed no recommen- The friendly disputants never could agree, and usudation in the eyes of his casual acquaintances. He ally separated either in undisputed possession of was, however, ordinarily a silent and retiring man, their original convictions, or completely mystified so that his ill humors were not often exhibited, and as to the object of their conjectures. Now, the his fellow passengers in a stage coach might have truth was, that Mr. Wintrysides was a scribblereasily mistaken him for a modest and rather stupid a travelling, unsettled man with the cacoëthes scriman, if the workings of the muscles of his face bendi ever seducing him to commit to the irrevohad not tempted them at times to sift the workings cable custody of black and white the fancies that of his mind, and challenged them to draw him out,'' haunted his pericranium. If not an observant, he

meats.

BY A VIRGINIAN.

was assuredly an observing man, and made his re- with the valleys, every where coursed over by stone marks by the way-side, which to some would ap- fences, enclosing pastures, corn, rye, oats, and pear shrewd, to some paradoxical, and to many hay,-potatoes, &c. From one hill 3 or miles foolish. He was fond withal of indulging in dreamy after passing Windham, was a prospect hardly yet reveries, and while others were speculating about surpassed ; extensive, varied, and striking. I could him, he speculated about them, perhaps with equal see where Windham stood; a glimpse of Willifallacy, but certainly with infinitely greater satis- mantic; Mansfield six miles off; and a horizon faction to himself. of some of these visions by of woods and hills in several directions, hardly less the way-side we have been made confidants, and we than 20 miles distant. may at some future time give them to others with- Having walked nine miles, entered a farmhouse out informing the public whether we have possess on the road side to ask rest, and breakfast. The ed ourselves of the note-book of Mr. Wintrysides, dame rather shortly said, there was a tavern only or by some process of clairvoyance have been en- a mile further, and she was going out and could abled to follow and record the fitting fancies that not stay to wait on me. She, however, gare me hovered around the brain of our particular acquain- a draught of good water, out of a well, suok within tance.

the house, close beside her kitchen fire-place. A

few seconds' pressure on the bucket carried it down ; and as much raised it, full. The well 10 or 12 feet deep. Saw two others to day, similarly contrived. I breakfasted at the tavern she recon

mended. The meal had the usual variety-tea, ONE DAY OF A FOOT TOUR IN CONNECTICUT.

milk, toast, butter, cheese, crackers, pie, and sweet

It lacked two items of yesterday's breakfast-cake, and white strawberries.

Landlady and her married son—a fine, frank, Cotton-factories-Windham-Wells within doors-Silk- sensible young man-gave me much insight into worms, and silk-making—a Common School-A cousin of the ways of silk-worms, some thousands of which Major Jack Downing-Putnam's wolf-den.

they showed me, eating white mulberry leares, in

a very open loft of an out house. There were co183* July 11. Willimantic, or the Factory Vil- coons, raw silk, and spun silk. Little girls (landlage.

lady's children) at work-one of them only for Rose at four-wakened by the factory-bells, rung cheerful industry and good order, I do not remem

years old winding yarn. So beautiful a pictare of to wake the operatives. They rang a second time, some twenty minutes after ; summoning the hands

where. Cleanliness, all over the house, to work-just as I set forth. I saw them trooping yard, and garden, which they showed me thorooghto their prisons. One, a man, tells me there are

ly, seemed a positive, tangible thing, and not the 14000 spindles, and four or five hundred hands. mere negation of dirt, as elsewhere. But the farThey work twelve hours or more, daily. No niture was all plain, of pine or oak. After stay. schooling except when withdrawn from work. No ing an hour and a half, which I would gladly hare lyceum, or library, or association for their improve lengthened to a day, I left my kind hostess and her ment, even if they had time. Last evening, I saw

family, with hearty farewells on both sides. Their several samples of a most degraded population eagerness to show me every thing had visibly triabout the tavern.

pled, when they heard that I was from Virginia, Stopped at the bridge over the beautiful She- and travelling through curiosity. tucket,* to read an advertisement : when an elder

Called at several other houses to see silk-worms, ly countryman addressed to me some remark abont and their habits. For this has been the region for the weather. Made up to him, and we begun a

them, these many years. Mulberry orchards, of confab, in which it appeared that he had several large trees, now and then present themselves. At children in the factories, mostly weaving. Each one house, the worms were shown me with mech weaves 30 yards a day, at 11 or 2 cents a yard. pains, by a homely but most civil woman,—in raHalf a mile further on-the sun now up-saw a

rious stages of their career. She gave me three man milking a cow, as it is common for men to do cocoons ; one white, one bright yellow, and one here. He sat on a small stool. Says, the cow

pale yellow. The last two also become white, if gives 12 quarts daily.

boiled; and must be dyed anew if wanted 50.Passed through Windham village. Population The worms were at work, spinning and winding perhaps 1500. Some of the country is beautifully

their nests on whortleberry twigs, set up with the rolling--some of the hills almost mountains; and,

leaves on. Their "life's poor play" contains these

acts: they are hatched; eat leaves for five or sir * Willimantic is on the Shetucket, a branch of the weeks ; manifest their desire to spin, by a transpaThames.

rent neck and by ceasing to eat; twigs are far

ber any

nished on which the nest, or cocoon, is spun ; and direction by stone walls, and interspersed with vathe worm, as worm, dies. A butterfly, however, riously verdant woods. would emerge from the cocoon in len or twelve A barley field, three or four miles beyond Hampdays, by eating its way out and thus spoiling the son. The owner says that Putnam's famous wolfsilk, if it were not plunged in scalding water to den, (for which I have been steering these two kill the fly. Then the tow, or outer part, is pulled days,) is but a mile or two off. The road he pointaff, and spun into a coarser silk; the rest is woond, ed out, led me to two very rongh men, sitting in the or reeled off, to make the proper silk--worth $4 a wayside ; one of whom, after some parley, engapound. Four, five, ten, fifiy, and even a hundred ged to gnide me for 25 cents. I never saw more pounds a year, are made in some families. In one the air and manners of a ruffian ; yet a cow. honse, where 12lbs. were made, a girl of 15 was ardly and good-humored one. Barefooted, in closely employed. Mansfield, some miles to the his shirt sleeves-hat and waistcoat, mere a pololeft of my road, is the township most famous for gies for the gear so called. He said he owned a silk.

fine farm close by-pointing to it—and offered to Hampton village-Entered the school house, go by it and get his horse and carryall for me. But

I chose to walk, and we jogged on, sociably. After where is kept one of the famed “Common-schools”

going a quar of a mile, he invited me into the of New England. The honse is planned like many house of a Mr. Fay, to whom he introduced me as that I have passed. Framed-one story—24 feet

a friend of his, who was going to see the wolf's long by about 18 wide, with a stove and four win

den. Having taken several hearty draughts of dows in the school-soom. A partition cuts off one end, to make an entry six feet wide, in which pots, fect on him, must have been no thin potation.) my

cider, for which he called, (and which, from its efbønnels, baskets, &c., are left ; and out of which

guide, Mr. Andrew Downing, resumed the line of you go into the school room. Thus the latter has

march. Not 500 yards further, he proposed stopno poter door-to the promotion of its warmth and cleanliness. When I knocked, the teacher, (a pret

ping at 'Squire Sharpe's, to get another drink of ly young woman of 19 or 20,) came to receive me Mr. Sharpe's as a place where good directions

“ cool cider.” I acquiesced : having been told of and, on my asking permission to rest awhile and

might be gotten ; and desiring to see the inside of see her mode of teaching, she said, “ if you please,

as many houses as possible. The squire was not sir"_and surrendered me her chair ; she standing, and walking round to her several classes and pupils. and sensible woman she seemed. She promptly

at home; but his wife was—and a ladylike, kind, Two or three classes said spelling lessons. On

complied with Mr. Downing's call for some cidertheir coming up to recite, she would stamp with her foot, and say, “ Altend !" when each one drop- she pressed on me some switchell.

offering me a glass, 100; and when I declined it, ped a curtesy, or made a bow, and forth with the recilation began. The spelling was odd enough- and in the outer room, my guide, spying the cider

We took our leave, after sitting twenty minules ; letters and syllables mumbled over, yet with tem- pitcher on a sideboard, took a long, and earnest pestuous loudness, so that I could only guess what farewell draught. He now almost staggered; his ihe varlets were saying. A reading class actually tongue perceptihly tripped. On we strode over got through five or six sentences, before I could fences and through fields, “ in various talk th' inwith my best endeavors distinguish one word, or

structive“ moments passing. Andrew particularly conjectare what the subject was. All the half hour that I staid, the teacher, (or school-marm, as he was sure he and I would be pleased with each

regretted Squire Sharpe's absence from home, as they call her,) was on her feet; walking to and fro, o her. Andrew had been a prodigious traveller and rebuking one, patting another to make him take his bands out of his breeches, --soothing and en-Ohio—“10 Europe and France," and Cape Horn.

sailor: had been to New York, Pennsylvania and couraging. Her countenance betokened much de

· Are you not related," said I, "to the famous cision of character and intelligence.

Major Jack Downing, who has written so many Hampton Hill commands a fine prospect. But a funny letters in the newspapers ?” finer, though less extensive, presently occurred. “ He is a cousin of mine,” said Andrew, with Descending into the valley, then mounting the op. perfect gravity and nonchalance. With a linle en. posite bill, and the top of a large rock, there lay couragement no doubt he would have essayed a before and around me the village of Hampton ; a description of Downingville from personal ubserromantic brook, (one of the Thames' head waters,) vation. running due South, along the valley ; a singular He pointed out a second farm of his, let to a hill, round as the dome of a rotonda, and not much tenant. larger, crowned with tombstones, and sorrounded This "lown" (township) is Pomfrel-General at its base by a stone fence which sets it apart as Putnam's native one-in Windham county. The the village burying-ground ;-many a neai farm, whole region is semi-mountainous, with a great deal and many a boldly swelling hill, crossed in every of woodland for Connecticut-half, I should think.

VOL. XIV-49

My guide says, the poor of Abinglon society, in a traveller to hurry on, though he has no business this town, 15 or 20 in all, are kept by him, as the ahead, and no body is expecting him. lowest bidder, at so much a head. The paupers Reached Pomfret Landing (on the Quinebaug) who can, work; and he has the proceeds. in 2} miles; and in 34 more Field's lavero, in a Presently reached the wood's edge, on a steep

small village, formed by a factory and the buildings hill-side, where the den was. Here D. professed connected with it. My landlord, like most in Coogreat perplexity as to the spot; though he had necticut, does what is essential to a guest's combeen to il "fifty times in the last twelve months.” fort, but is grodging of bland words, and even of He actually rambled about for half an hour before courieons answers to questions. Says there are he found it. Whether this affectation was to raise more abolitionists in the neighborhood. Indeed a my estimate of his service, or for some other pur- fire-eating one is at my elbow while I jot down pose of knavery or waggery I could not discover: these noles : a working-man he calls bimself. His but after following hini in a few of his turns I sat reasonings on the subject are above my compredown upon a log, bidding him search away, and hension. My host is with me. The fire-eater call me when he had found the place. He now

gives me a shocking account of the factory morals, resorted to conjoration. Cutting a whorileberry

a many-headed depravity among the operatives. twig he put it, leaves downward, against a sapling;

To bed at half past nine. Feet and ancles sore then splitting the butt end, and looking very wise, and aching-having walked 22 miles to-day. My with several strange gestures—"The den is south!" yesterday's walk was 30. said he. But it proved to be north. For, after going south a little way, he turned and went much farther north: and at last hailed me to the den. I went; and saw what, with the exploit of which it was the scene, has filled a larger space in my wondering fancy from childhood than Tom Thumb, Jack the Giant Killer, and Red Ridinghood all put together.

MORNING IN SUMMER. The den runs as it were into the hill, beneath a slightly projecting rock. The mouth is 2 or 3 feet wide from right to left; and about as high. For 7 or 8 feet from the entrance it slopes gently downwards; thence, narrowing, it slightly ascends. The rising sun with gol len fingers parts I did not enter; as, from the first, I must have The sable locks from off fair Morning's brow, crawled on hands and knees, and then more ab- And warmly kisses from her dew.wet cheek jectly still; which would have soiled my clothes

The marks of grief which night had scattered there, besides risk of foul air, and raille-snakes—the lat

Then leads her blushing forth, in radiance dressed,

meet and yield her virgin charms and reign ter being frequent. Neither did I think my hat and

To noon's embrace and fervid rule. coat would be safe in the custody of my worthy

Anon, cicerone, while their owner should be buried in the The murky vapors, which have heary lain wolf's lair.

Upon the mountain's top, thence spreading wide

Their ghostly folds the sleeping landscape o'er, D. insisted that I should add my name to hun.

More slowly up the rugged mountain's side, dreds of others, carved on the surrounding trees ; And froro its lopmost peak reluctant lake and smoothed me a place on a maple. Nexi, he Their leave of earth, and wildly launch upon led me to an overhanging rock, lower down the A long ærial, uncertain voyage, hill; where he said, the neighbors, a hundred at

The idle spurt of every changing wind,

Which soon each misty wreath will rend, and lay least, met, after the wolf affair, and celebrated it

Their pride npon some distant shore, 10 kiss with divers bottles of wine. This must have been

The vulgar soil, or quickly in the storm, 1750, on the frontier of an infant culony—of puri- Blend with the ocean's waves their last remains. lans too! Guiding ine out of the wood he showed The prowling beasts and croaking hirds of night, me the road to a point on Quinebaug river (a branch

On foul and murderous aims intent, now seek of the Thames.) where the turnpike from Hart

The dismal cave, to hide in deepest gloom

Afraid, as men of guilty souls would shun ford to Providence crosses. D. repeatedly urged The searching light of day, which would expose me to go home with him, where he promised fid

Their thievish plots, or deeils of darker dye; dling and dancing, plenty of cider, and an assem. But spotless innocence walks fearless forth, blage of pretty girls. I was so foolish as lo refuse Nor shuns the brightest glare of heaven's light, this capital opportunity of seeing rustic manners,

Which brings no dread, but gilds with brighter bues

Its native truthfulness ! in one of the most primitive districts of New Eng.

All grades of life, land. Partly, the mean character of my new friend

Which through the night has been but passive held, prevented me—and partly that vague proneness of As from a general resurrection, now

BY SIDNEY DYER.

Arise, all teeming with activity.
The lark, from 'neath the clover's scented shade,

PASSAGES
Spreads her glad wing to greet the rising sun,
And from her trembling throat, in thrilling strains,

IN THE
Her morning praise floats up to heaven! The wren,
The thrush, the red-breast, (sweelest fair of all

VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE,
The feathered tenants of the wood,) and all
The songsters of the vocal groves, trills each
Ils varying note, which blending make the barp

From Twenly to Fifty Years Since, gc.
Which fills the woodland shade with harmony.
The butterfly now spreads its gaudy wings,

A Mr. Lee, member of the House of Delegates, Their downy velvet nchly jewelled o'er

wore a wig, with a long queue, in the old fashion. With infinite drops of dew, which reflect

A waggish brother member (Roberts of Culpeper) A thousand tiny rainbows round its form.

one day saw Lee wriggling in his seat, and trying The flowers, u bose closing leaves had barred their halls,

to catch the speaker's eye, that he might rise and As aight approached to spread its sable shades, And rob then of their beauty, now unfold

make a speech. R. dexterously tied the queue to Their fragrant leaves to catch a brighter hue

the high back of the bench, on which L. sac-and From the fresh palette of the morning sun.

such as all that House sat on, till within the last The busy humming bee flies forth to cull,

ten or twelve years. The next moment, a favoraWith eager haste, the sweets remaining from

ble juncture came, and Mr. Lee rose eagerly, exThe flower's last banqueting. The cauile low Upon the hills, or rise to cross the plain.

claiming, “ Mr. Speaker !”—but his wig came off ; The frisking lamb runs sportive o'er the mead,

and, turning to Roberts, he in the same breath cried Or wages mimic war, and bold defies

out, “ You're a fool!” The leader out. Proud chanticleer awakes,

The House roared, of course.
And loudly peals his warning note, and leads,
In struiting glory, all his brood to glean
Their morning fare. The plough-boy yokes the team,
Add whisthing goes to turn the yielding glebe,

A member, before the convention sat in 1829 to With lighter heart than ever beat beneath

amend the Constitution of Virginia, used to say A royal diadem; while round the door,

that he could write a better constitution than the Just from their beds, half dressed, the urchins play, old one, with a fire-coal, upon a board. With rosy cheeks, bright eyes, and flaxen curls. Their joyous happy shout rings loud and clear, As with old Ponto locked they roll supine Along the ground, or trip it lightly o'er

When the Virginia school-system (such it is) was The door yard green.

under discussion, General Breckenridge wished the

disposable funds laid out in a university, and colleNow sounds the mellow horn, ges: Mr. Doddridge, in Primary Schools, for teachWhose welcome note declares the morning meal

ing rudiments. As they sat together one day in Already laid upon the well-spread Loard, An early gut from heaven. First round the hearth

the H. of D., an old member named B.# ****, The bappy group with reverence come, to bear

making a speech, mentioned the sov-e-ran-ity of The words of truth flow froin a father's lips;

the States." Said Brackenridge aside to DodAnd then with bim to kneel with humble awe

dridge, “I think that's strong argument in favor of Around that Altar, where su oft the heart

la University." "No," replied D., “I think it is a Has poured its sorrows out in fervent prayer, And felt them pass away, as light returns,

stronger one for Primary Schools.”
When passing clouds reveal the sun's bright face.
O sacred sight! to see a father pray!
His face uplurged wherein assurance strong

Mr. Doddridge was once in the chair; and, there Is seen, and faith which no denial lakes;

being no business going on, pulled out some bank And throngh its ume-unarked lines, the soul within Seenis struggling out, as though it would leap forth,

notes, and began to count them. Gen. Blackburn Aud mingle back with its eternal source!

rose and said, “ Mr. Speaker, I move that those Their tbanks devoutly paid, ibey slowly rise,

Bills be laid upon the table." Doddridge hastily And seek the wonted place around the board

huddled his notes into his pockel, and said, “ The So truly blessed of heaven! Then euch with joy gentleman from Bath is out of order!" Returns to that employ which yields the fruit Of honest toil and heaven-reu arded care ! But now the circling earth bas onward moved To that position marked, where blushing morn

A bashful member (from Augusta, I think) rose Resigns its brief coatrol to servid noon.

to make his maiden speech, on some local question

interesting to his constituents, and began,-Lasville, Kentucky.

" Mr. Speaker!- What shall I say lo my constituents ?”—and then, unable to utter another syllable, stood with lips aparı, in the mute stupefac. tion of terror.

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