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jealous dislike of Max, from a sense of his superiority to himself, and the general regard in which he is held by his schoolfellows. He is, himself, mean, unprincipled, and a bully. Here are the three boys on a fishing expedition:
It was a lovely afternoon, and as the young fisher, men walked onward together, the cloud that had for a moment overcast Max's good humour vanished, and they all became as merry and frolicsome as boys should when ont of school, and began to expend their overlowing spirits in all aorta of gambols and feats of agility.
"I'll bet you sixpence that you don't clear that brook, Max," said John.
"I won't bet about it; but I'll try the leap if you'll follow me," replied Max.
""Weil, then, I'm your man," answered John. "WD have a run of twenty yards."
"Very well," replied Max. And, having paced their distance, Max set out on his run, and with an aefiVe bound cleared the brook, and stood waving his kana" in triumph on the opposite side.
John then took his run, and leapt the brook, but fell as he touched the ground, and, slipping back, both legs went into the water, and he rose, not a little disconcerted at his failure, and disposed to be very angry with his cousins for the merry laugh with which they witnessed the catastrophe.
"Just try again, and see if I do not do it as well as yon I" exclaimed be, angrily.
"With all my heart," said Max: "I daresay you will; but, even if yon do not, you must bear in mind that I am half-a-year older, and a little taller and stronger than you; so that I have an advantage: bnt let us try it again. Shall we take it from this side to get back to our path, or cross over down there and leap again from the same place?"
John chose the latter proposition, and, crossing at a narrow port of the brook, they again took their station and made the leap. This time both boys reached the ground safely, but Max stood at least two feet further from the water's edge than John, as well as alighted with more firmness and elasticity;
"Max did it best," said Hugh, pleased at his brother's success, and unmindful of John's look of annoyance. "Few can beat the Emperor I" he added, u he hitched himself fondly on to his brother's arm, both boys having now recrossed the stream, and resumed their walk.
But the cheerfulness of the little party was gone t John became sullen, and Max, feeling that his cousin was unjust in being put out of temper by bis having neelled him in a leap tp which he had himself chalfeged him, was silent, and indisposed to try to confute. In this mood they reached Fordham Bend, wi, choosing their ground, the two Frcrcs had soon unpacked their rods and begun to fish, but Max, as Wore, without success, though the fish were rising all "mi him; whilst Hugh, a little lower down the itream, was delightedly capturing one little fish after another as fast as he could desire. John meanwhile was listlessly on the bank watching Max, but not speaking to either cousin.
At last Max, who was a very kind-hearted lad, and was always uncomfortable when at variance with any of his companions, exclaimed,—
"Come, old fellow, don't be so glum. Come over here, and try a cast with my rod. There's no saying whether you may not hook one of those fine speckled fellows that aeem disposed to bite at every fly but mine."
John, who was only waiting for Max to make the first advance, now rose from the ground; but with a manner as if he were doing Max a great favour, and tame to where he stood.
"Very well," he said, " I'll try; but I should like to put on another fly:" and selecting a small red hackle from his cousin's book, he affiled it to the line, and moving a little farther up the stream, began dapping with certainly more skill than Max had displayed; and presently an undoubted nibble was vouchsafed him. Both boys were in an agony of expectation and delight as the fish, which had now taken firm hold of the hook, began to dart abont, making it very difficult to the inexperienced young fisherman to keep his rod and line from being twitched out of his hand. However, in spite of his lack of skill and habit, John, with Max's help, succeeded in landing his fish—a fine tront of about half a pound weight, and as beautiful a fish as a boy could desire to see.
The first trout caught with the new tackle, and poor Max not the catcher 1 He was half disposed to be cross about it; but the inclination lasted only for a moment, and was manfully put down : so that all three boys rejoiced and exulted together over John's wonderful success, and in admiration of the brilliant gold and silver and scarlet that spangled the side of the beautiful trout.
''And Maggie will have her trout at last," said Hugh. "How pleased she will be!"
"Indeed Maggie will not have this one," said John: "I caught it, and I shall have it,"
"Oh no, John," exclaimed Max; "that is not fair. I told you from the first that I had promised little Mag that the first fish caught with the new rod should be hers, and you surely would not disappoint the sick child? I do not care a straw abont the fish except for her sake; and if we cither of us catch another, you shall be welcome to it; but Maggie must have this."
But Maggie did not have the first fish caught with her brother's new rod, though we have not space to quota what followed.
WINTER EXHIBITION OF 8KETCHES AND STUDIES BY PAINTERS IN WATER-COLOURS,
At Tiieih Galleby, 5, Pall Mall East.
One of the most remarkable of the landscapes (which predominate in this winter exhibition of "studies and sketches," as in our summer shows of finished pictures, to a comparative dearth of genre and figure subjects) is Mr. A. D. Fripp's study of a "Ruined Tower on the Compagnaof Rome" (170); remarkable for its breadth of handling and effective treatment. The rugged building rising in the midst of the desolate scene is boldly rendered, and its wild aspect enhanced by the dark and stormy clouds that appear to roll up from the horizon and gather in a rugged pall above it; while the solitary shepherd lad, who, attended by his half-starved dog, is evidently hurrying homeward, is admirably in keeping with the weird scene—his skin garments, his cloak extended from hand to hand over the crook he carries across his shoulders, till it looks like the impish wings of a bat, show a true feeling for the poetry of painting, that lures us back again and again.
In charming contrast with this powerfullyrendered scene is Mr. G. A. Fripp's studies in frame 174, and Mr. Collingwood Smith's study of " Sunset" (169), with the softened light breaking through the smooth-barked beeches.
Mr. Jas. J. Jenkins has appropriated some sweet bits and bends of the Thames, which, in spite of its flat scenery, is full of pictorial capabilities—witness his "Wargrave (21), and "At Shiplake" (175).
Mr. Alfred P. Newton's "Loch Eil, Inverness-shire (99), with its lovely loneliness, the water curdling under the crisp, cool evening air, and the shadows of the land darkening over the belated boats rowing along in-shore.
"A Summer Twilight" (100), S. P. Jackson, a river scene, with the glowing sun reddening the distance, exhibits exquisite softness and lovely colouring.
Mr. J. Gilbert flushes three sides of the walls with the florid tints with which he has identified himself. A Standard Bearer (36)—one of the legion of those he has painted—is remarkable for the effective treatment of the steel breastplate. He has not lost an atom of the bold swagger of his predecessors.
Mr. Holland's "Rotterdam" (24), though rather crowded and sketchy (less perhaps than ordinary), is a pleasant and truthful picture.
Mr. H. Brittan Willis's " Sketches of Cows, Calves, and Oxen" (frame 46) are admirable in their truth of form, colouring, and composition; see also, on the fourth screen, a delicious "Scene at Port Madoc, North Wales" (411), by this artist.
Birket Foster's "Trees" (408) like his " Skies" (417) are painted with his usual delicacy and truth to nature—notably the summer-evening sky, flecked with rosy colour, deserves and will repay attention. Not less graphic and full of feeling for his subject are his studies of "Cottagers" (frame 375), girls such as we may see posed at cottage doors, or gathering flowers in many a rustic village of England.
"The Street Cookham" (360), Mr.F. Walker, deserves notice, not less for its originality of conception than for the painstaking carefulness with which it is coloured. It is only a straight village street, with a flock of white geese shuffling through it, and a few gossips at their doors, having their say upou their condition; but regard the light and shadow in the picture, and the drawing of the birds and the texture of their feathers!
Mr. G. P. Boyce's study of a "Cornfield at Goring, Showery Weather" (384) commends itself to our attention: a full-eared, gloriouslyripe cornfield, relieved by green tree tops and the roofs of the adjacent village houses that peep up beyond it; one may almost Bee the grey shadows of the watery clouds as they pass over the golden field. The whole is suffused with a true and loving feeling of nature.
Mr. S. Palmer's study of "Tintagel, Cornwall" (353), is finely conceived. The subject is a magnificent one, and the artist's treatment of it masterly. Nor is there any reason, while upon the spot, that we should not draw attention to Mr. T. P. Jackson's picture, *' Heavy Weather, Tintagel, Cornwall" (23). Another view of the same storm-beat coast, painted with exquisite softness, but powerful rendering of the stern rocks, and turgid sky and sea. It is a great skip from the graphic presentments of such scenes to the studies of floral nature by Valentine Bartholomew: "Fuchsias" and "Iris" (140 and 148), both in their way transcripts as true to the still life they represent; the first graceful and fresh and pure in colouring as when the hand of the artist was in its full vigour: the " Iris," with every line and tint of its pencilled petals as truly rendered. Close at hand, a study of " Cactuses" (146), by Marie Harrisson, deserves notice as a faithful delineation of a thorny subject.
Miss Gillies has, amongst other pretty sketches, " Fisher boys at play, Isle of Wight" (347); boys on a raft sailing a boat in a tidepool. The earnest interest of the children in the craft is well expressed in their action and faces.
Mr. Goodall has two noticeable pictures of women, the " Emigrant" (13). and the "Nun" (104), painted with great tenderness and expression; but of all the studies of women in the collection, commend us to those of Mr. Smallfield, which, in form and drawing, exhibits surpassing skill. Especially note the mystically named "A. M. M. C" (144). The face, not truly handsome, has a power of expression in the heavy lidded violet eyes; the sad mouth, with a phrase of grief or regret upon it, and the grand rounded forceful chin. Look at the thin nostril; it is real: and though we may object to the rigid outline of the throat, that is real also, but too anatomically so to be graceful.
Mr. Burton too has a study (395), of a sweet and earnest girlish face.
Mr. F.Tayler's Study, "A Lady WoodlandHunting" 221, is full of grace and vitality. The same qualities may be observed in the frame 293, "Hunting Sketches," which, by the way, approach so near to finished pictures as to be difficult to conceive of as " Sketches.'' In any case, they are too good to find fault with.
Many other pictures in this delightful exhi" bition demand notice, which only want of space prevents our giving them. Lovely bits of woodland scenery by Mr. G. Dodgson, who still lays "Knowle Park " under contribution, and D. Cox, junior, who is as happy in his transcript from "Holwood" (117). "Larpool Beck" (119), by the former artist, shows exquisite feeling for, and love of, nature. We regret to pass over a number of other sketches and studies which we had marked for notice.
C. A. W,
THE LADIES' PAGE
NETTED TASSEL COVER.
Matjcktais.—Boar's-head netting cotton, of a medium size, of Messrs. Walter Evans and Co., Derby; a shuttle, and three meshes of different sizes: the first mesh is a common knitting needle, the second a quarter of an inch round, and the third double the size of the second.
Cast on 20 stitches upon the largest mesh, then work 16 rounds over the knitting needle. The first round is plain; in the 2nd round work 2 stitches in each stitch; the next 14 rounds ire plain.
Work 22 rounds over the second mesh, and then the edging, as follows:—
1st round. Take the largest mesh, work 4 stitches in one, and repeat.
2nd. Take the knitting needle for this and the next round. Plain netting.
3rd. Work 3 stitches in succeeding loops; miss 1, and repeat.
4th. The same as the 3rd, but with the largest mesh.
5th. The same as the 3rd, with the knitting needle, round [which the cotton must be passed twice for the long stitches.
Now work pattern of leaves, dots, diamonds, or crosses over the nettin in darning stitch with soft knitting cotton.
SQUARE ANTI-MACASSAR FOR DARNING.
Materials.—Boar's-head knitting cotton, No. 12; of Messrs. Walter Evans, Derby, steel mesh, No. 12.
Begin with one stitch, and increase every row till you have forty-six stitches. Net one row without any increase, and then reverse it, and decrease it by taking two together at the end of the row. Before darning the pattern, let the square be washed and stiffened.
For the Border.—With a flat mesh the folUywing size:
net three into every one; then, with a smaller round mesh, net two rows all round. They should be darned with knitting cotton, No. 20, and care taken to fill the holes well in, as they wash much better.
Any Berlin-wool pattern may be traced in darning stitch in the centre and corners.
MirreiALS.—One ounce and a half of shaded single Berlin wool, a round mesh, No. 14, two flat meshes (the largest three-fourths of an inch, and the small one-third of an inch in width).
Make a foundation of 72 stitches on the largest mesh.
1st row.—(same mesh), net three together, then net 2 more stitches in the space formed by former stitch, repeat to end of row.
2nd.—One in each on mesh 14.
3rd.—One in each on largest mesh.
4th.—Like first row.
Net C rows, one in each, on mesh 14.
Commence again from 3r4 row, and repeat
the last 6 rows 6 more times, after which net on in each on largest mesh; next row like 2nd row; next row, one in each on smallest mesh; next row, one in each on largest; next row like 2nd row.
For the edge, net 1 in each stitch at the ends, G in each corner stitch, 6 in each long stitch, and 1 in each short, down the sides, and finish with three rounds, one in each, on mesh No. 14,
MAURITIUS. —A SKETCH,
In the Indian Ocean, far beyond Good Hope, lies Mauritius, one of the most beautiful, and certainly one of the least often described, of our colonial possessions, of which we purpose to give a short sketch, written after a prolonged stay in the island some few years since:—
The island itself is of an oval form, and about '140 miles round, the interior abounding in beautiful mountains and mountain streams. The chief town, Port Louis, lies on the northwest side, the leeward side in reference to the trade wind, and has a fine harbour. The town is situated, as it were, in an amphitheatre of hills, and is divided into three portions. The central portion contains some fine houses; for the original town, which was of wood, was destroyed by fire soon after the surrender of the island to the English, and it has gradually been rebuilt in stone. An English church (called a cathedral since the island has become a colonial bishopric), a Roman Catholic cathedral, the banks, Government offices, and the Governor's town house, are among them—all substantial buildings, but none possessing much beauty. The suburb on the west is termed the Malabar Town, that being a generic name for all natives of India, of whom there is a large immigration.*
At the time of our arrival the town was alive with the Yamsee, or Indian Carnival, which lasts about a fortnight, during which time there is an incessant beating of tomtoms, and parading of Indian idols and ghoons (tinsel pagodas), to the sound of all kinds of rude music, the procession being followed by all the population of that caste, with their faces duly daubed with coloured clay and turmeric.
The suburbs on the south are known as Black Town, with the old French "Quartier des Esclaves." The houses are small and poor, and nearly all occupied by blacks or mulattoes. Notwithstanding the large population, the town is very quiet after the firing of the evening gun, which takes place at eight o'clock in the winter months—i.e., from the 30th of April to the 1st of October, and at nine from the 1st of October to the 30th of April—scarcely any person is to be met in the streets. The latter, at the time the writer visited the island a few years since, were lit with pliye oil; but gas, we believe, has been since adopted.
The theatre was at one time, we have been told, a very good one, but during our stay it was closed. Some of the actors and actresses were natives of the island, but the proprietors depended chiefly on companies visiting the island, en route to Calcutta, or from Calcutta to Cape Town. The theatre had been the scenes of many an entente in the days when national prejudices between the French and English ran
* In 1859 it amounted to 44,397 coolies.
The races, which are held once a year on a plain near the town, known as the "Champ de Mars," last over three days, and are wel attended. Some valuable English blood has lately been introduced. The greater number of horses, however, come from the Cape, and in some cases from India and Australia—an ordinary riding horse fetching from £60 to £100. A number of ponies are also imported from Timon and Pegu; they are sturdy little animals, generally skewbald, and when once got into condition are up to any work; they fetch about £20 to £2$ each. Horses are chiefly fed on grain—a species of chick pea, which is imported from India. Mules, many of which are brought from Poitou, are used for draughts, Females seem to be preferred as most tractable. Those imported from the Rio Plata are the finest we have seen—some equal in size to an English cart-horse, and which were said to be worth from £70 to £100. Bullocks are chiefly brought from Madagascar. The beef certainly is not good, though it is sometimes sold at Is. 6d. per lb.; however coarse and poor it may be, it is always disposed of. Fish, fowls, and fruit of all sorts are sold early in the morning, in the bazaar, a favourite resort of early risers.
There is a good public library in Port Louis, containing a fair collection of books, both French and English, and nearly all the English and French periodicals. There is also a Government college, with a staff of professors, a good library, and small museum attached to it.
The established religion is Roman Catholic, in accordance with the terms of the capitulation of 1810—the bishop, who has the title of Bishop of Ruspa, being an Englishman. Mauritius and its dependencies, the Seychelles Island (some 1,200 miles away), the oil islands, Amorantes, Rodriguez, and others, were constituted a Protestant bishopric in 1854, Dr. Ryan, the present bishop, being appointed, his previous experience in Alderney having fitted him well for the post. The Doctor's little work on Mauritius and Madagascar is, by-the-way, one of the best we have seen.
There are many public offices in the island, most of the appointments being made from home. The salaries are generally very good. The officers of the regiments in garrisons, which are generally two in number, besides some artillery and engineers, receive an extra allowance from the Colonial Treasury," generally known by the name " Colo." This was originally intended to compensate for the high rates charged for food and other necessaries; for the higher ranks it is very liberal, but the junior rank, as, in most other places, find themselves by no means over liberally remunerated. The rate of this "Colo," or island allowance, is about three-fourths of the rate of Queen's pay for each rank, staff officers receiving a higher rate of allowance.
The barracks are roomy stone buildings, those at Port Louis having, we believe, been originally storehouses of the French East India Company. The roofs are of wood, covered with wooden shingle or "hardeaux," and strengthened in all kinds of ways to resist the force of hurricanes. These roofs, like those of some of the " mouUns," or sugar-mills, in the interior of the island, which are of very considerable span, are ingenious and complicated specimens of joinery. A charge of 25s. per month is made to each officer for the quarters he occupies.
The island is divided into districts, of which Port Loins, Famplemonsees, Riviere du Rempart, flacq, Grand Port a Mahebourg, Riviere Noffor Black River, Plains Wilhelm and Moka (so called from coffee planting having been first toed by the French there) are the chief. Each district is presided over by a resident magistrate. There is a considerable force of gendarmerie in the island; the European portion consisting chiefly of discharged soldiers, who wear a blue uniform, with caps resembling those worn by the "out-pensioners" in England; they are armed with a staff and rattle, and on necessary occasions with cutlass and pistols. There are a considerable number of peons, or Indian police, attached to the force, who wear the native dress, and are distinguished by a coloured belt worn over the shoulder. The force is under a chief of police, an officer of the Royal Artillery, who receives a salary of about £1,200 a year.
The Governor receives a salary of £7,000 per annum (the allowance was, we believe, formerly greater), and has a good town as well as a pretty country residence, the last-named retreat having been the Governor's residence in the days of the French occupation. The salary is large, though perhaps not too much so, compared with the revenue* of the Island, which is more than double that of the largest West India islands.
There is a very considerable portion of the island under cultivation, though it appears difficult to ascertain the exact number of acres. The greater part of this was covered with dense forest when the island was first discovered. Large tracts of forest land still exist in the interior of the island, and which from the Injurious growth of creepers or " lianes;" many, of great beauty, are almost impassable. A great "Hoy spotted deer and wild hogs exist in the woods. These animals are said to have been first introduced by the French. Large numbers of martinst of the small green parrokeet, and a small grey monkey also exists; the two latter are said to have been introduced by the Portuguese, and are sometimes eaten by the blacks.
* The revenue was estimated in 1861 at 330,000?., and the expenditure at 230,000/.
t Indian starlings, said to destroy the borer or worm in the sugar canes.
The woods contain many curious trees, among which we may mention the ebony tree, the pandanas or screw palms,* the traveller's tree, and many others. Nearer the coast we find the singular mapon trees, with their huge swollen trunks, and plenty of cocoa-nut palms;
The growth of orchidaceous plants too in the woods is very luxurious. The knowledge of simples among some of the old blacks is said to be very great, and we believe many curious properties of the great variety of plants found here might be collected by any one who took the trouble to do so, and spoke the Creole patois of the island with sufficient facility.
Sugar being the staple of the island, the sugar plantations, or habitations as they are called, demand a short notice. These are generally laid out in rectangular forms of about 200 acres each, and divided by narrow roads, the sides of which are generally planted with trees to break the force of the wind. Tamarind trees are most commonly thus planted. Near the coast, however, the Madagascar pine or "Filhao" (Casuarina laterifolia) has been extensively planted. The stems of these trees are as remarkable for their elasticity and power of resisting the force of the wind as the trees themselves are for their rapidity of growth. The soil is a rich red loam, in some cases closely approaching in colour to black, formed by the disintegration of the Busatos, which is here everywhere present.
Much guano, chiefly from Ichaboe, is used in the older plantations, as well as "poudrette," the latter being formed out of the town sewage. The sewage matter being removed nightly, and manufactured by a company known as "La Societe des Inodores," a very profitable investment, the shares of which, a few years ago, were yielding dividends of 20 to 22 per cent. Canes from nearly every sugar-producing country may be seen under growth; the sugar-making season beginning about August and ending about Christmas.
The coolies or Malabars are located in small villages, or, as they are termed, camps on each plantation, to the cleanliness of which great attention is paid.
The mountains in the interior, as we have already stated, are very numerous. We give the heights of some of the principal ones:—
Montagne de Picterhotte 2691 English feet.
Montagnc de la Ponce 2665 „
Montagne de la Riviere Noire.2717 „ Montagne de la Decouverte ...1063 „ Montagne du Corps de Garde 2364 „ We must not conclude this hasty sketch without saying a word on the hospitality shown to strangers. The hearty welcome with which all new-comers are greeted, must leave pleasing recollections in the memories of all wanderers whose fate has led them to sojourn for a time on the bright and sunny shores of "La. Belle Maurice." Viator.
Here known as the Vacoa.