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Dead and Buried.
SER MON XXVII.
1 Cor. xv.3. For I delivered unto you first of all, that which I also re
ceived, how that Christ died for our sins, according to
the scriptures. St. Paul, meaning in this chapter to maintain a SERM.
XXVII. very fundamental point of our religion (the resurrection of the dead) against some infidels or heretics, who among the Corinthians, his scholars in the faith, did oppose it; doth, in order to the proof of his assertion, and refutation of that pernicious error, premise those doctrines, which he having received both from relation of the other apostles, and by immediate revelation from God himself, had delivered unto them, év apótons, in the first place, or among the prime things ; that is, as most eminent and important points of Christian doctrine; the truth whereof consequently (standing upon the same foundations with Christianity itself, upon Divine revelation and apostolical testimony) could nowise be disputed of, or doubted, by any good Christian. Of which doctrines (the collection of which he styleth the Gospel; that Gospel, by embracing and retaining which they were, he saith, to be saved) the first is that in our text, concerning the death of our Lord, undergone by him for our salvation : which point, as of all others in our religion it is of peculiar
SERM, consequence, so it much concerneth us both firmly XXVII.
to believe it and well to understand it; for it is by Rom. iii. faith in his blood that we are justified, and by i Cor. ii. 2. knowing Christ crucified we shall be chiefly edified; Rom. i. 16. the word imparting this knowledge being the power Philip. iii.
of God to salvation. It therefore I mean now, by
The death of our
1. As for the nature of it we must affirm, and believe assuredly, that it was a true and proper death; in kind not different from that death, to the which all we mortal creatures are by'the law and
condition of our nature subject, and which we must Ps. Ixxxix. all sometime undergo; for, What man is he that
liveth and shall not see death; that shall deliver
Ps. civ. 29.
longer in them and by them continue to exercise SERM.
-Επεί κε πρώτα λίπη λεύκ' οστέα θυμός
Isa. Jiji. 8.
Rev. v. 9.
SERM. sense, the soldiers judged him dead ; and therefore,
ως είδον αυτόν ήδη τεθνηκότα, seeing him already dead, John xix. they forbear to break his legs : by the same all the
world was satisfied thereof; both his spiteful enemies, that stood with delight, waiting for this ut
most success of their malicious endeavours to deMark xiv. stroy him ; and his loving friends, who with comLuke xxiii. passionate respect attended upon him through the Jólin xix. course of his suffering ; and those who were ready
to perform their last offices of kindness, in procuring a decent interment of his body.
His transition also, and abiding in this state, are expressed by terms declaring the propriety of his
death, and its agreement with our death. St. Mark Mark xv. telleth us, that éénveUTE, animam efflavit, he expired,
breathed out his soul, or his last breath ; St. Mat
thew, aoñke tò aveïna, animam egit, he let go his John xix. spirit, or gave up the ghost ; St. John, tapéòwke tò
Tveūpa, he delivered up his spirit into God's hand;
the which St. Luke expresseth done with a formal Luke xxiii. resignation ; Father, said he, into thy hands I com46.
mend (or I depose) my spirit; he doth also himself Παρατίθε
frequently express his dying by laying down his x.!5, 18." life, and bestowing it as a ransom, which sheweth 1 John'i.6. him really to have parted with it.
His death also (as ours is wont to be denoted by like phrases) is termed Fodos, excessus e vivis, a
going out of life, or from the society of men; (for Luke ix.31.
Moses and Elias are said to tell, την έξοδος αυτού, his 2. Pet. i. 15. decease, which he should accomplish at Jerusalem ;) Acts xx.29. and metáßaois, a passing over, or translation from John xiii. 1. this into another world; (When, saith St. John,
Jesus knew that his time was come, เ iva
2 Cor. V. I.
was enigmatically described by the destruction or SERM. demolishment of his bodily temple, answerable to XXVII. those circumlocutions concerning our ordinary death; John ii. 19. the dissolution of our earthly house of' tabernacle, 61. or transitory abode, in St. Paul; the azéberis TOŨ CKV-2 Pet. 1. 14: vópatos, laying down, or putting off our tabernacle, in St. Peter.
It were also not hard to shew, how all other phrases and circumlocutions, by which human death is expressed, either in holy scripture or in usual language, or among philosophers and more accurate speakers, are either expressly applied, or by consequence are plainly applicable to the death of our Saviour; such, for instance, as these in scripture ; avá-- Tim. iv. Àvous, being resolved into our principles, or the re-Phil
. i. 23. turning of them thither whence they came; ánóvous a being freed, licensed, or dismissed hence ; éconuía ÈK TCŨ cápatos, a going, or abode abroad; a peregrina- 2 Cor. v. 8. tion, or absentment from the body; aněkdvors, putting off, or being divested of the body; and ápavo- Acts xiii. orós, disappearance, or cessation in appearance to Gen. xxv.8. be ; a going hence, and not being seen; a falling Psal. xxxix. on sleep, resting from our labours, sleeping with 13. li. 5. our fathers, being added, and gathered to our fa-cxliii. 7. thers ; being taken, or cut off out of the land of Jer. xi. 19 the living ; going down into the pit; lying down, 18. xxvi.19. resting, sleeping in the dust; making our bed in Ezek. xxvi. darkness : these and the like phrases occurring in scripture (which might be paralleled out of vulgar xvii. 16. speech, and out of learned discourses) describing 26. xvii. 13. either the entrance into, or the abiding in the state of that death, to which all men are obnoxious, might easily be shewed applicable to the death of our Saviour. His resurrection doth imply the reality of
Luke ii. 29.
Dan.xii.12. Job vii. 21.
XX. 11. xxi.