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Dead and Buried.


1 Cor. xv.3. For I delivered unto you first of all, that which I also re

ceived, how that Christ died for our sins, according to

the scriptures. St. Paul, meaning in this chapter to maintain a SERM.

XXVII. very fundamental point of our religion (the resurrection of the dead) against some infidels or heretics, who among the Corinthians, his scholars in the faith, did oppose it; doth, in order to the proof of his assertion, and refutation of that pernicious error, premise those doctrines, which he having received both from relation of the other apostles, and by immediate revelation from God himself, had delivered unto them, év apótons, in the first place, or among the prime things ; that is, as most eminent and important points of Christian doctrine; the truth whereof consequently (standing upon the same foundations with Christianity itself, upon Divine revelation and apostolical testimony) could nowise be disputed of, or doubted, by any good Christian. Of which doctrines (the collection of which he styleth the Gospel; that Gospel, by embracing and retaining which they were, he saith, to be saved) the first is that in our text, concerning the death of our Lord, undergone by him for our salvation : which point, as of all others in our religion it is of peculiar

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SERM, consequence, so it much concerneth us both firmly XXVII.

to believe it and well to understand it; for it is by Rom. iii. faith in his blood that we are justified, and by i Cor. ii. 2. knowing Christ crucified we shall be chiefly edified; Rom. i. 16. the word imparting this knowledge being the power Philip. iii.

of God to salvation. It therefore I mean now, by
God's assistance, to explain and apply; the which
I shall do generally and absolutely; without any
particular accommodation of my Discourse to the
words of this text; yet so as to comprehend all the
particulars observable in them.

The death of our
Lord then is my subject, and about it I shall con-
sider, 1. Its nature, or wherein it did consist. 2.
Some peculiar adjuncts and respects thereof, which
commend it to our regard, and render it considerable
to us. 3. The principles and impressive and meri-
torious) causes thereof. 4. The ends which it aimed
at; together with the fruits and effects of it. 5. Some
practical influences, which the consideration thereof
may and should have upon us.

1. As for the nature of it we must affirm, and believe assuredly, that it was a true and proper death; in kind not different from that death, to the which all we mortal creatures are by'the law and

condition of our nature subject, and which we must Ps. Ixxxix. all sometime undergo; for, What man is he that

liveth and shall not see death; that shall deliver
his soul from the hand of the grave ? that death,
which is signified by cessation from vital operations;
(of all motions natural or voluntary, of all sense and
knowledge, appetite and passion ;) that death, which
is caused by violent disunion, or dislocation, by dis-
tempering, or however indisposing the parts, hu-
mours, spirits of the body, so that the soul can no


Eccles. xii.

Ps. civ. 29.

longer in them and by them continue to exercise SERM.
those functions, for which its conjunction thereto XXVII.
was intended, and cannot therefore fitly reside there-
ina; that death, which is supposed to consist in the
dissolution of that vital band, whatever it be, where-
by the soul is linked and united to the body; or in
that which is thereupon consequent, the separation,
department, and absence of the soul from the body;
each of that couple, upon their divorce, returning
home to their original principles, as it were; the
body to the earth from whence it was taken, and Gen. iii. 19.
the spirit unto God who gave it. Such causes an-7.
tecedent are specified in the story ; such signs fol-
lowing are plainly implied, such a state is expressed
in the very terms, whereby our death is commonly
signified: the same extremity of anguish, the same
dilaceration of parts, the same effusion of blood,
which would destroy our vital temper, quench our
natural heat, stop our animal motions, exhaust our
spirits, and force out our breath, did work upon
him ; necessarily producing the like effects on him,
as who had assumed the common imperfections and
infirmities of our nature; in regard to which vio-
lences inflicted upon him he is said, angKTELVEO bou, to Acts iii. 15.
be killed or slain ; diaxespíšeobas, to be despatched ; Dan. ix. 26.
avaspeības, to be made away; áronéodas, to perish,
be destroyed; é bodo@pebeoban, to be cut off, as it is in 4. xi. 50.
Daniel; σφάττεσθαι, to be slaughtered; θύεσθαι, to be
sacrificed; which words do all of them fully import
a real and proper death to have ensued upon those
violent usages toward him.
And by the ordinary signs of death, apparent to

-Επεί κε πρώτα λίπη λεύκ' οστέα θυμός
Ψυχή δ', ούτ' όνειρος, αποπταμένη πεπότηται. Ηom. Οd. Λ. 210.

Isa. Jiji. 8.
John xviü.

Rev. v. 9.

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Matt. xxvii.

SERM. sense, the soldiers judged him dead ; and therefore,

ως είδον αυτόν ήδη τεθνηκότα, seeing him already dead, John xix. they forbear to break his legs : by the same all the

world was satisfied thereof; both his spiteful enemies, that stood with delight, waiting for this ut

most success of their malicious endeavours to deMark xiv. stroy him ; and his loving friends, who with comLuke xxiii. passionate respect attended upon him through the Jólin xix. course of his suffering ; and those who were ready

to perform their last offices of kindness, in procuring a decent interment of his body.

His transition also, and abiding in this state, are expressed by terms declaring the propriety of his

death, and its agreement with our death. St. Mark Mark xv. telleth us, that éénveUTE, animam efflavit, he expired,

breathed out his soul, or his last breath ; St. Mat

thew, aoñke aveïna, animam egit, he let go his John xix. spirit, or gave up the ghost ; St. John, tapéòwke

Tveūpa, he delivered up his spirit into God's hand;

the which St. Luke expresseth done with a formal Luke xxiii. resignation ; Father, said he, into thy hands I com46.

mend (or I depose) my spirit; he doth also himself Παρατίθε

frequently express his dying by laying down his x.!5, 18." life, and bestowing it as a ransom, which sheweth 1 John'i.6. him really to have parted with it.

His death also (as ours is wont to be denoted by like phrases) is termed Fodos, excessus e vivis, a

going out of life, or from the society of men; (for Luke ix.31.

Moses and Elias are said to tell, την έξοδος αυτού, his 2. Pet. i. 15. decease, which he should accomplish at Jerusalem ;) Acts xx.29. and metáßaois, a passing over, or translation from John xiii. 1. this into another world; (When, saith St. John,

Jesus knew that his time was come, iva
he should depart from this world.) His death also


даг. .
John xv.13

". .

μεταβή, that

Matt. xxvi.

2 Cor. V. I.

was enigmatically described by the destruction or SERM. demolishment of his bodily temple, answerable to XXVII. those circumlocutions concerning our ordinary death; John ii. 19. the dissolution of our earthly house of' tabernacle, 61. or transitory abode, in St. Paul; the azéberis TOŨ CKV-2 Pet. 1. 14: vópatos, laying down, or putting off our tabernacle, in St. Peter.

It were also not hard to shew, how all other phrases and circumlocutions, by which human death is expressed, either in holy scripture or in usual language, or among philosophers and more accurate speakers, are either expressly applied, or by consequence are plainly applicable to the death of our Saviour; such, for instance, as these in scripture ; avá-- Tim. iv. Àvous, being resolved into our principles, or the re-Phil

. i. 23. turning of them thither whence they came; ánóvous a being freed, licensed, or dismissed hence ; éconuía ÈK TCŨ cápatos, a going, or abode abroad; a peregrina- 2 Cor. v. 8. tion, or absentment from the body; aněkdvors, putting off, or being divested of the body; and ápavo- Acts xiii. orós, disappearance, or cessation in appearance to Gen. xxv.8. be ; a going hence, and not being seen; a falling Psal. xxxix. on sleep, resting from our labours, sleeping with 13. li. 5. our fathers, being added, and gathered to our fa-cxliii. 7. thers ; being taken, or cut off out of the land of Jer. xi. 19 the living ; going down into the pit; lying down, 18. xxvi.19. resting, sleeping in the dust; making our bed in Ezek. xxvi. darkness : these and the like phrases occurring in scripture (which might be paralleled out of vulgar xvii. 16. speech, and out of learned discourses) describing 26. xvii. 13. either the entrance into, or the abiding in the state of that death, to which all men are obnoxious, might easily be shewed applicable to the death of our Saviour. His resurrection doth imply the reality of

Luke ii. 29.


Dan.xii.12. Job vii. 21.

XX. 11. xxi.

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