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on; but no'nest could be found, till I hapo pened to take a large bundle of long green moss as it were carelessly thrown over the

nest, in order to dodge the eye of any imper- tinent intruder."

1. A wonderful spirit of sociality in the brute creation, independent of sexual attachment, has been frequently remarked. Many horses though quiet with company, will not stay one minute in a field by themselves: the strongest fences cannot restrain them. A horse has been known to leap out at a stable window out of which dung was thrown, after company; and yet in other respects is remarkably quiet. Oxen and Cows will not fåtten by themselves; but will neglect the finest pasture that is not recommended by society. It would be needless to instance in sheep, that constantly flock together. But this propensity seems not to be confined to animals of the same species.

In the work last quoted, we are told of a doe still alive, that was brought up

from a little fawn with a dairy of cows; it accompanies them to the field, and returns again to the yard. The dogs of the house take 录 no notice of this deer, being used to her; but if strange dogs come by, a chase ensues;

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while the master smiles to see his favourite securely leading her pursuers over gates or styles, till she returns to the cows, who with fieree lowings and menacing horns drive the assailants quite out of the pasture.

Even great disparity of kind and size does not always prevent social advances and mutuak fellowship. Of this the following remarkable instance is given in this work :--A very intelligent and observant person assured me that in a former part of his life, keeping but one horse, he happened also on 'a time to have but one horse, at the same time had but one solitary hen. These two incongruous animals spent much of their time together in a lonely orchard, where no creature but themselves were to be seen. By degrees an apparent regard began to take place between these two sequestrated individuals. The fowl would approach the quadruped with notes of complaceney, rubbing herself gently against his legs; while the horse would look down with satisfaction, and move with the greatest caution and circumspection, lest he should trample on his diminitive companion. By mutual good offices each seemed to console the vacant hours of the other; so that Milton, when he puts the folo lowing sentiment in the mouth of Adani, seems to be somewhat mistaken.

Much less can bird with beast, or fish with fowl,
So well converse, nor with the ox the ape.

In the gentleman's magazine for March 1788, we have the following anecdotes of a Raven, communicated by a correspondent who does not sign his name, but who says it is at the service of the doubtful. The raven alluded to lives or did live three years since, at the Red Lion at Hungerford; his name, I think, is Rafe. You must know then, that coming into that inn, my chaise run over or bruised the leg of my Newfoundland dog; and while we were exam ning the injury dor e to the dog's foot, Rafe was evidently a con. cerned spectator; for the minute the dog was tied up

under the manger with my horse, Rafe not only visited but fetched him bones, and attended upon him with particular and repeated marks of kindness. The bird's notice of the dog was so marked, that I obseryed it to the hostler, for I had not heard a word before of the history of this benevolent creature. John then told me, that he had been bred from his pin-feathers in intimacy with a


dog; that the neighbourhood had often been witnesses of the innumerable acts of kindness they had conferred vpon each other. Rafe's poor dog, after a while, unfortunately broke his leg; and during the long time he was confined, Rafe waited upon him.constantly, car, ried him his provisions daily, and never scarce left him alone! One night by accident the hostler had shut the stable door, and Rafe was deprieved of the company of his friend the whole night; but the hostler found in the morning the bottom of the door so pecked away that, had it not been openel, Rafe would in another hour have made his entrance port. I then enquired of my landlady (a sensible woman,) and heard what I have related confirmed by her, with several other singular traits of the kindnesses this bird shows to all dogs in general, but particularly to maimed or wounded ones. I hope and believe, however, the bird is still living; and the traveller will find I have notover-rated this wonderful bird's merit.

To these instances of attachment between incongruous animals, from a spirit of sociality or the feelings of sympathy, may be added the following instance of fondness from a different motive, recounted by Mr. White, in the work already so frequently quoted. My

friend had a little helpless }everet brought to him, which the servants fed with milk in a spoon; and about the same time kittened, and the young were dispatched and buried. The hare was soon lost, and supposed to be


of most fondlings, or to be killed by some dog or cat. However, in about a fortnight, as the master was sitting in his garden in the dusk of the evening, he observed his cat, with tail erect, trotting towards him, and calling with little short inward notes of complaceney, such as they use towards their kittens, and something gamboling after, which proved to be the leveret which the cat had'supported with her milk, and continued to support with great affection. This was a granivorous animal nurtured by a carnivorous and predaceous one!

Why so cruel and sanguinary a beast as a eat, of the ferocious genus of Felis, the mur: ium leo, as Linnæus calls it, should be affected with any tenderness towards an animal which is its natural prey, is not so easy to determine. Theis strange affection probably was occasioned by that desiderium, those tender maternal feelings, which the loss of her kittens had awakened in her breast; and by the complacency and ease she derived to

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