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Organ ization of National Government.-- Constitutional powers. — Universal

equality.-Sovereignty of the people.-Elective franchise.....


Colonial condition.— Early settlement. The first Constitution.-Signers of

the first Constitution. --Landing of the Pilgrims....



The Revolutionary War. - Throwing the tea into Boston Harbor.- Battle of

Lexington. — Battle of Bunker Hill. Declaration of Independence.

Articles of Confederation....



Period immediately preceding the adoption of the Constitution.-Cession of

Territory to he United States.-Ordinance of 1784.--Vote on the slave

question.-One vote only wanted to prohibit Slavery.



Convention to amend the Articles of Confederation. They frame a Constitu-

tion. - Debates and proceedings of the Convention. — The negro in the

basis of representation.--Sermon of the Rev. Jonathan Edwards.-Letter

of Washington to Lafayette.-Ordinance of 1787.- Harrison advocates




Meeting of first Congress under the Constitution.-George Washington elected

President.-John Adams, Vice-President.–Vote at the election. — First

business of Congress.-Powers of the President to remove from office.

Debates upon the powers of the President. — Tenure of civil office.-

Amendments to the Constitution...



Slavery.-Its origin.-Laws concerning.-Abolition of.-Slavery amongst the

Ancients. - Address of the Anti-Slavery Association.-Divinity of Slav-



Territory of the United States. --- Government of the Territory. - Slavery in

the Territory.-Admission of Missouri.–Opposition to her admission.-

Missouri Compromise.-Position of the friends of Freedom and Slavery.-

Speeches upon both sides.....


Admission of Missouri. -- Annexation of Texas. - War between Mexico and

Texas.- Santa Anna in the field.-- Houston makes him prisoner.- War

between the United States and Mexico.-- Result of the war...


Conquest and settlement of California. -Occupation of by Americans.- Rais-

ho 3xr Etsy.- Establishment of Government.-Debates in Con-

u. -kiusen ot. - Protest against.-Speeches of Clay, Webster,
in mo lang and others. — Calhoun will make California the “test

.. page 110

es do people to take Slaves into the Territories.- Interest and com-

l'united States and State Court decisions on. — Status of col-
PERU PORUS Saves real estate.- Runaway negroes may be tracked with
Las i Jone with circumspection ...

We Proviso.-Slavery in Mexico.-In the Territories.- Laws of Spain and

v reitiag to.- Dred Scott decision.-Fugitive slave laws of Califor-
Picha - State Court decisions in case of Perkins and Archey.

Xpean party.-Its first organization.-Democratic party, 1840 to 1861.--

detouists. -- James G. Birney, Abolition candidate, Success of the
party.- Presidential elections of 1840, 1844, 1848, 1852 and 1856.-Nom-
ination of Harrison, Scott and Polk.- Whigs nominate Clay.-Birney re-
Ih unted. -- Settlement of the Oregon claims.- Treaty respecting Ore-
812 - Thomas H. Benton's views on the Oregon boundary.-Gen. Taylor
electxi President. — “Hunkers" and "Barnburuers.”—Lewis Cass nom-
inated. -- Franklin Pierce nominated.--Election of Pierce.-Nomination of
Buchanan and Fremont. — Buchanan's Cabinet. – Floyd moves arms
South. His resignation. - Speeches of Southern leaders. — Southern
journals.-Slavery is Divine.- Would "extend it even to Yankees."..161

Presidential campaign of 1860.-Nomination of Abraham Lincoln.—Stephen

A. Douglas, — John C. Breckinridge. – John Bell. -- Lincoln elected. --
Soession of Slave States.-Last days of Buchanan's Administration. -
The Loudon “Times" on Buchanan's official conduct.-Platforms of the
parties. - Officers of the Southern Confederacy..

Meeting of Thirty-sixth Congress. Second session, December 30, 1860. —

Closing scenes of Buchanan's Administration.-Southern Senators and
Representatives.--Organization of the “Southern Confederacy.”— Officers
of Alexander H. Stephens.-His politics.—"Corner-stone and other
speeches. Jefferson Davis.--He desires more arms sent South....... 232

President Lincoln leaves Springfield for Washington.--James Buchanan leaves

the Executive Chair. - Republican party enter upon the administration of
ntirirs. - Attack on Sumter.-War begun.- Democrats join the rebels.
Jeterson Davis issues a Proclamation.—War spirit of the Free States.
Massachusetts sends the first soldiers. They are attacked at Bal imore.
The President calls for troops. – Terms of compromise. — Horatio Sey-

His complicity with the rebels.-Letter from George N. Sanders.
Seeming success of the rebels.-Southern speeches, resolutions and the
pross agninst compromise.-Fernando Wood, Mayor of New York City,
recommends its secession.- He predicts a Pacific Confederacy.- of
the Federal Government during the first two years of the war.-Announce-
ment of Emancipation Proclamation.- Effect of.-Extracts from Lins
message of 1861.- Harmony of the Government.-Democrats plot to fire
Northern cities. —- Confession of Kennedy. Contagious disease spread
among Union soldiers....

Grant takes command of the Armies of the Republic. — His address to his

soldiers. - His letter to Hon. E. B. Washburne. - Jefferson Davis still
hopeful of success.-A. H. Stephens' views of peace.--Gen. Sherman's


Field Order No. 68. His letter to Gen. Burbridge. - Makes President

Lincoln a Christmas gift of Savannah. - His letter to Maj. R. M. Saw-

yer.- Massacre at Fort Pillow.-Sheridan's victory at Winchester.--Havoc

of the war in 1864.–England supplies the rebels with ships.--Effects of

the Presidential election of 1864. -- Treasonable organizations of the

Democrats of the Free States.--" Knights of the Golden Circle."--Their



Presidential election of 1864.–Platforms of the parties.- Removal of Gen.

McClellan. – Democratic National Convention. Sheridan appointed a

Major-General.-Vote in the Presidential election.--Policy of the Repub-

lican party.--Victories of the Union armies.-President Lincoln's annual

message of 1864.–Jefferson Davis' message to the rebel Congress....313


Perplexities of the President of the “Confederacy.”—His message to Con-

gress. He relies upon the "unquenclable" spirit of the people. He is

grieved at the non-recognition of his Government by other nations.-His

views upon placing the negro in the Army.--Peace Commissioners from

the South.--Second inauguration of Abraham Lincoin as President.-His

inaugural address.-Hopeful prospects of the Union cause.-9.ength of

and operations of the Navy.-Attack on and fall of Fort Fisher.-Rebel

privateers. - Where built. —Capture of.–Sinking of the “Alabama" by

the “Kearsarge.' United States Navy in the war of 1812. Colored

soldiers in the Army...



Strength of the Army.-Important battles.-Fall of Richmond. Disordered

Aight of the inhabitants.-Surrender of Lee and Johnston.-Number of

troops in the field.-Number slain.-Number of colored soldiers.-Popu-

lation of North and South.-Grant's and Sherman's farewell addresses to

their soldiers.—Jefferson Davis issues a Proclamation. His flight South-

ward.-His capture..



Enthusiasm at the fall of Richmond.-Assassination of Abraham Lincoln.

Attempt to nurder W. H. Seward.—Andrew Johnson sworn in President

of the United States.-Capture of Booth, the assassin of Lincoln.-Cap-

ture of the other conspirators. – Trial and sentence of.-Rewards offered

for Jefferson Davis, Jacob Thompson, Clement C. Clay, Beverly Tucker,

George N. Sanders and W. C. Cleary.



Reconstruction.-Status of the rebel States.-The President's policy.- Atti-

tude of the Democracy.-Action of Congress.-Amendments to the Con-

stitution.-Civil Rights Bill..



Federal Union.--Constitutions of the several States.-Elective franchise in the

several States. Who are eligible to office.—Colonial royal charters.-

Adoption of State Constitutions.-Of the Federal Constitution.-Admis-

sion of States into the Union....



Constitution of the United States.—Amendments to.-Powers and duties of

officers under.-Citizenship.-Laws of South Carolina.–Attempt to sell

British subjects..



Total area and population of the United States.-Foreigners in America.-

Their numbers, influence, politics, peculiarities, conditions.--Archbishop

Hughes as a citizen.-His letter....



Naturalization laws of the United States.--Decisions of United States and

State Courts upon.-Pre-emption laws of the United States.-Rights of

... page 469

aliens to settle upon and hold lands. - United States and State Court
decisions on...

Arraignment of Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, on charges
of high crimes and misdemeanors.– Final vote....

Citizenship in the Southern Confederacy:-Confederate Constitution. No

citizens of the Confederacy.—Conscripting the sovereign people.The
South tired of feeding foreigners; they must leave the Confederacy.--All
the people must labor.--Southern Congress on Lincoln's Emancipation
Proclamation.-The “black flag" to be hoisted..

Political parties.-Washington's Administration.- Federal and Anti-Federal

parties.-First “Democratic clubs.”—Friends of Robespierre.- Washing-
ton condemns the Jacobin clubs.-First National Convention in America.
Origin of the Democratic party. - First called Republican. - National
Republicans.-Origin of the Whig party.-Republicans and Democrats.-
Their principles and practices.....

Education in America before the Revolution.-Freg schools first established

in New England. --Whisky, its cost and influence.-Colleges and profes-
sional schools. - Number of Colleges and Schools in 1860. — Number of
pupils, foreign and native.-Libraries in the Union.---Newspapers.-His-
tory of.-Number in the Union.-California issues most papers......517

Presidential election of 1868.--Ulysses S. Grant elected President.-Schuyler

Colfax, Vice-President.--Horatio Seymour and Francis P. Blair detented.--
Republican and Democratic Conventions.-Votes cast for each party.--
Jolinson's Amnesty Proclamations. - Biographical sketch of Grant.
“Unconditional surrender.”—"Fight it out on this line."-How Pres-
idents are elected..


The New Nation.— Progress of Republicanism. — Influence of political par-
ties.-Elective franchise.—“Woman's Rights.".

Beauties of Democracy.-Spirit of Republican liberty..

General of the American Armies..

Existing Republics of the world in 1869..
APPENDIX.-Presidents of the Continental Congress under the Articles of Con-

federation; Presidents of the United States under the Constitution; votes
for and by what political party elected; Electoral College and popular
vote; Senators and Representatives in Forty-first Congress; party elected
by; population of the United States from 1790 to 1860; composition of
the American population; area of all the States and Territories; vative
citizens in America; foreigners in America-Germans and Irish; paupers
and crime in the United States; soldiers in the wars of 1776 and 1861-5;
Army furnished by the several States; composition of the Army; newspa-
pers in America; finance of the United States; banks, railroads, canals,
real and personal property in the United States; speeches of W. H. Sew-
ard, Joshua R. Giddings, Charles Sumner, William Lloyd Garrison, Thad-
deus Stevens, Edward D. Baker, Andrew Jackson, Josiah Quincy, Col.
Isaac Barré, Daniel Webster, Mr. Morris, Abraham Lincoln, Henry Clay,
Patrick Henry; first American Constitution; United Colonies of New
England; Declaration of Independence; Articles of Confederation; Con-
stitution of the United States; Confederate Constitution...



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