The Causes and Cures of Criminality

Capa
Springer Science & Business Media, 28 de fev de 1989 - 309 páginas
The title that the authors have chosen for this book, The Causes and Cures of Criminality, suggests that it may be just another book specu lating on the sociological evils that need to be put right for "everything in the garden to be lovely." If this is the expectation, the reader could not be more mistaken. The recurrent theme, in fact, is a strong accent on psychological experiments. Both authors have tackled the theoretical and practical side of crime through an exhaustive literature review of past experi mental work. Hans J. Eysenck has concentrated on the constitutional and biological theory of criminality, whereas Gisli Gudjonsson has con cerned himself more with a review of ongoing research into therapy and possible prevention of antisocial behavior. Part I goes into considerable detail on the causes of criminality, stressing much of the strangely neglected area of individual differences in personality. Research studies point to a very heavy involvement of heredity in the causation of criminality, but the authors are careful to acknowledge that much can be done environmentally to discourage a life of crime once those persons who are at risk have been identified.
 

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Conteúdo

Introduction to Personality and Individual Differences
1
The Constitutional Theory of Criminality
17
The Kretschmersheldon System
22
Physique and Personality
26
Early Studies of Criminality and Physique
33
Criminality and the Sheldon System
34
Conclusion
41
Crime and Personality
43
Type of Sentences Given
161
Reconviction
163
Community Service Orders
167
Prison Sentences
169
The Death Penalty
177
Conclusions
178
The Prevention and Treatment of Illegal Behavior
183
Requirements for Evaluation Research
186

Intelligence and Criminality
49
Temperament and Criminality
55
Criminality Heredity and Environment
91
Twin Studies of Criminality
96
Adoption Studies of Criminality
103
Interpretation of Findings
105
Summary and Conclusions
108
A Biological Theory of Criminality
109
A General Arousal Theory of Criminality
118
Arousal Masculinity and Androgens
125
Sociobiology of Human Reproduction and Criminality
134
Summary and Conclusions
139
The Function and Effectiveness of Sentencing
143
The Function of Sentencing
144
The Court Hierarchy
145
Types of Sentencing Available
146
Remission and Parole
152
Juvenile Delinquency
153
The Measurement of Criminal Behavior
155
Police Cautioning
160
The Concept of Prevention
189
The Effectiveness of Predelinquent Measures
191
Preadjudication Intervention
194
Postadjudication Intervention
195
Overall Effectiveness of TreatmentRehabilitation
200
Social Learning Approach
207
PunishmentDoes It Work?
209
CognitiveBehavioral Techniques
213
Individual Differences in Treatment Effectiveness
216
Mental Illness and Crime
217
Conclusions
219
Sexual Deviations
221
Definitions and Conceptualizations
222
Types of Sexual Deviations
225
Intervention Techniques and Their Evaluation
234
Conclusions
243
Summary and Conclusions
247
REFERENCES
257
INDEX
303
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