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Página 483 - FRS , President, in the chair. — The Secretary read a report on the additions that had been made to the Society's Menagerie during the month of May 1891, calling special attention to a female Water-buck Antelope (Coitus ellipsiprymnus) from British East Africa, presented by Mr.
Página 317 - The Terms of Auxology a1- justly criticised the nomenclature employed in my papers to designate the stages of growth and decline in the individual. They have also proposed in view of the correlations which have been shown to exist between the transformations that occur in the stages of development and decline in the individual and those that characterize the evolution of the group to which it may belong , to designate the study of these correlations by the new tenn »Auxology«.
Página 321 - Schmanke witsch experimente upon Artemia, and the same may be said of the explanations of all experimenters who do not take into account the reactions of the organisms themselves. I mean here not simply the passive structural organization but the active internal reactions usually called effort by the Neo-Lamarckian school.
Página 322 - ... with those of its own phylum and that both follow the same law of morphogenesis, that not only can one indicate the past history of groups from the study of the young, and obviously the present or existing progression or retrogression of the type by means of the adult characters of any one organism, but that it is also possible to...
Página 321 - ... characteristics due to changes of functions, etc., or partial or absolute obliteration of these due to the failure of genetic force to repeat characteristics in the presence of opposing influences and superimposed characteristics as in accelerated development. Ctetology should also, however, include the study of the action of physical forces when they either actually do produce direct effects upon organisms or may be assumed to act in this way. Changes in light, food, heat and moisture may cause...
Página 318 - Method of Creation of Organic Forms"f used the term Bathmism from Batt/jog, meaning a step or threshold, to designate growth force, and it is therefore questionable whether the term Bathmology should not be substituted for Auxology in order to give uniformity to the nomenclature. It is not necessary to discuss this here and the facts are merely mentioned to call attention to this question and bring out expressions of opinion.
Página 328 - ... old human subject in which these parts have been lost and the alveoli and upper parts of the bony mandible have disappeared through resorption. The forms are alike, but no one would venture to consider the infant's cartilaginous jaw and that of the old man as similar in structure. The best example of similar phenomena in the phylum known to me is the close resemblance of form between the straight Baculites of the Cretaceous or Jura and Orthoceras of the Paleozoic, which has been described above,...
Página 322 - Uaeckel's. 390 genesis, that not only can one indicate the past history of groups from the study of the young, and obviously the present or existing progression or retrogression of the type by means of the adult characters of any one organism, but that it is also possible to prophecy what is to happen in the future history of the type from the study of the corresponding paraplastic phenomena in the development of the individual. Whether these claims are well founded or not the nomenclature to be...
Página 482 - NATURAL HISTORY SPECIMENS. IT has always been recognized that scientific research is greatly furthered by the exchange of the various objects with which that research is concerned. For the transmission of objects of Natural History from one country to another, the mails have offered a cheap, speedy and reliable means. Heretofore, through the laxity with which the regulations on the subject have been enforced, it has been possible to enter such objects in the mails of the Universal Postal Union as...