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with Roman statuaries, to represents and paintings place this palace among Hemon stabbing himself and support the first in Rome. The celebrated Sleeping Antigone killed by Creon. The ing Faun is gone to Munich. A Lion, Pluto carrying off Proserpine is a good an antique basso-relievo adorning the work by Bernini. The ceiling of the principal staircase, is superb. The ceil. Aurora, by Guercino, is considered his ing of Pietro of Cortona, one of the chef-d'æuvre : Guido's fresco has pos- | largest known, a fantastical ball-pagan, sibly inore majesty, but this is superior half-christian allegory in honour of the for movement, picturesque, and colour, Barberini, sses for one of the chessthough the privicipal figure appears too d'ouvre of ihis master, little esteemed by big and too strong for an Aurora. Ano- present judges. His enormous compother ceiling by Guercino, Fame, is ad- sition evinces nevertheless a kind of lemirable. The calcareous concretion of cundity, and the double talent of the alabaster, bearing the impression of the artist, as a painter and an architect, bones of a man crushed under a rock, is common to the Italians, aod found with an interesting natural curiosity, pre- still greater brilliancy in their first massented to the learned and virtuous Popeters. The five portraits by Titian, in Gregory XV. (Ludovisi.)
the hall of Portraits, are not of his best.
The authenticity of a Piety by Michael CHAPTER XXXIJI.
Angelo is not thoroughly proved. The
Christ and Magdalen by Tintoretto, Fountain of Triton.-Barberini palace.-Library.- like all his other paintings at Rome, is Thorwaldsen's studio.-Christ and the apostles.- little remarkable. The small painting Trevi fountain.-Water of Rome.
of the Virgin and infant Jesus, by
Andrea del Sarto, has all the qualilies The Barberini palace occupies the site of bis sweet and accurate taleni. The of the Circus of Flora, noted for the abo- Apprehension of Christ, by Gherardo mination of the leasts celebrated there at delle Notti, has an illusion produced by night by lorchlight in honour of that the wonderful truth in the play of the deified courtesan, who had bequeathed light. The Sacrifice of Abraham, by the wealth acquired by her debaucheries Michelangelo di Caravaggio. prefeto the Roman people, then unworthy of rable to his Musician and Martyrdom such an heritage. The rigid Cato, un- of St. Catherine, has all his energy. willing to interrupt the public pleasures, Germanicus on the point of death thought proper to retire from these games, making his friends swear to avenge which they dare not, out of respect for him (so far was ancient heroism from bis virtue, begin in his presence; and knowing certain virtues commanded and the wags of Rome wittily asserted that he rendered familiar by christianity), is a came for the sole purpose of going away, work of Poussin's, well composed, but
The fountain of the Triton, one of the of feeble execution, far below the page best of its kind, is a poelic and clever of Tacitus ; and the drawing and adjustcomposition by Bernini, as he had but a ment of the figures give little idea of scanty supply of water to dispose of. Romans of the time of Germanicus. The This fountain forms an object equally pathetic head of La Cenci, dressed with pleasing to the eye, whether the rays of elegance and coquetry, is supposed to be ihe sun form a rainbow in its streams, the work of Guido's early youth, and lo or the frost ornaments it with its cristals. have been made from memory after be
The Barberini palace is for the most had seen the heroine mount the scaffold, part of Bernini's architecture, who fi- where sbe addressed the executioner, who nished it and crecuted the magnificent was binding ber hands, in these forcible front. The idea of its fine winding stair Roman words : Tu leghi il corpo al is not less ingenious than the ensemble supplicio, e sciogli l' anima all' immor. is majestic. Some few of its sculptures talità. La Cenci, in the opinion of
1"You bind my body to destroy it, but you loosen ing carnival, and which bas replaced the one whose my soul for immortality." The prison of La Cenci conlagration was the occasion of a pretty poem in is still showu in the ancient Tor di Nona, become Ibe Roman patois, ibe Incendio di Tor di Nona, by the theatre of Apollo, the property of S. Torlonia, the abbé Carletti, prior of the female cunvicts of and the finest theatre in Rome, lighted in the Saint Michael. French style, wbere grand operas are played dur
Corona, the witty physiologist of Rome, Peter Comestor, the Scholastica Hiswas the true type of an Italian maiden, toria, by Gujart Desmoulins, priest, and the head attributed to Guido has canon, and dean of Saint Peter's of wonderfully expressed this ardent, sim- Airc, in 1297, a curious and but little ple, and tender character. We may known monument of our old language, further distinguish: Dedalus and Icarus, bearing the arms of the dukes of Ferby Guercino; the celebrated Andrea rara, to whom it belonged. The BarbeCorsini, by Guido; a Fornarina, a copy rini library is especially rich in autoascribed to Giulio Romano from the manuscripts of the most illustrious blackness of the shade, a head, at first literali, such as Bembo, della Casa, Gasight little attractive, and requiring some lileo, Bencdello Castelli, Peiresc, - Carattention to seize all its beauty, and dinals Pallavicini and Bellarmin. The which, notwithstanding the difference Passion of Jesus Christ is the subject of costume and head-dress, must have of forty original discourses by Chiabrera. been taken from the same model as the A multitude of papers, documents, and Fornarina of the Tribuna of Florence, far reports addressed to Urban VIII., whose superior 'in colouring. A portrait in pontificate of twenty-one ycars was the earthenware of Pope Urban VIII. by a longest previous to Pius Vii., and who blind man, Giovanni di Gambisi, seems first, in 1030, conferred the title of emnia prodigy. In the antechamber, a coarse nence on the cardinals for a Christmasoval basso-relievo of the middle ages box ; these papers, chiedy written in passes for a Portrait of Rienzi; he is French, present new details on the hiscrowned with olive, cuirassed, and has tory of the two first Stuarts, and the aialtogether the theatrical and pedantic air lempts to restore catholicism in England. of that hero.
A great number of prinsed books have The Barberini library possesses about almost the interest of autographs, from sixty thousand volumes and some pre- the marginal notes with which they are cious manuscripts. The Greek manu covered by eminent writers, such as scripts, a thousand in number, are consi- Aldus and Paulus Manulius, Scaliger, dered the most important. The minia Leo Allatius, the first librarian of the Lures and characters of an Exultet, a Barberiana, Luca Holstenius, David Lalin manuscript of the eleventh cen Heschel, Barbadori, and, above all, tury, by their variety and caprice dis- | Tasso, whose remarks are spread over concert the conjectures of paleographic more than fifty volumes, a precious science. The celebrated manuscript on discovery made some years ago by parchment, of 1321, full of drawings of S. Rezzi, the present active and intelliancient monuments, and on wbich Giu- gent librarian. A Plato, the Lalin verJiano San Gallo had begun to work with sion of Marsilio Ficino, is not only anhis own hand as early as 1465, proves noted in Tasso's hand, but also by his incontestably that the Italians were ibe rather Bernardo, and it shows to what first to engage in the study of antiquity. an extent the beautiful language and The manuscripts of Dante are more than poetic dreams of the Greek pbilosopher twenty : the manuscript of the four were studied and meditated in this fateenth century, on vellum, a large solio, mily. The remarks on the Divina Commust be considered as one of the most media, which, though Serassi thinks magnificent that can be cited, for ils fi otherwise, appear to be authentic, bear gures and pretty arabesques. A fine witness to the profound study that, from manuscript of the fifteenth century, with his youth, Tasso bad made of the great miniatures in the Flemish style, is a poci, and his high admiration.3 The French translation of the strange book of volume of the cantos of the Gerusa
" The original letters of Pelrese are four hundred tras, the old library of the President Mazaugues, la number. They show the prodigious ardour of whose father bad married a greal-niece of Peiresc's, tbe Freach scholar, ibe friend of Cardinal Barbe by Prospero Balbo, were publisbed at Turla in 1828 riol, afterwards Orban VIII., aod more than tweoly 10 a 12mo collection of inedited Leiters. Fears the correspondent of Malherbe. (See the volume "See the letter of S. L.M. Rezzi to S. Rosiol, of Letterı addressed to bim by the poet, published placed before the Postilte, t. III, 1, of the comat Paris 1o 1822, 10 8vo.) The Biographie univer plete edition of Tasso. selle mentions the published letters of Peiresc. See Variétés Ilaliennes. Other letters, procured from the library of Carpeo
lemme liberata, printed in quarto at was one of many acquirements, assisted Venice (1580), to the poet's great dis- in repairing this ancient aqueduct under pleasure, seems one of the copies that Nicholas V. The architectural richness he addressed to his friends to ask their of the new fountain ordered by Cleadvice, as we learn from some of his ment XII. of Nicolao Salvi is in bad letters; he seems to have spared them taste, but not without effect, produced as little as Ariosto, who was perpe-| by the art with wbich the waters are tually consulting allthat came near him.' made to play. The waters of Rome, Among the rarities, are distinguished : so wholesome, light, and abundant, a copy of the edition of the Divina Com are one of its wonders, and yet bow far media, Venicc (1477), with autograph modern Rome is inferior even in that to notes by Bembo; and one of the twelve ancient Rome : Dov'è oggi ľ Aniene known copies of the first complete edi- vecchio? Dov'è l'acqua Appia? Dov' lion, on paper, of the Hebrew Bible è la Claudia ? Dove la Tiepola, la Giu(Soncino, 1488).
lia, l' Augusta e le altre?: - Near the Barberini palace, I visited the studio of Tborwaldsch, who, at Rome,
CHAPTER XXXIV. seems to have succeeded Canova in ihe opinion of Europe, and whose pure,
Plazza di Spagna.– Forcigners.- House of Poussia. severe, and poetic talent is in some res Medici yilla. - Academy of France. – Moust pects superior to him, particularly in Pioclo. basso-relievos. His thirteen colossal statues of Christ and the Apostles are The piazza di Spagna, without the a noble composition. The Christ, es grand and noble structure of the stairs pecially, an original figure stamped of the Trinity de' Monti, would really with the simple and sublime genius of appear, with its numerous hotels, clean, the Gospel, has the majesty without the new, and characterless, the square of a terror of Jupiter Olympus. These sta- provincial town. Whatever is great and tues, intended for the cathedral of Co-distinguished visits Rome. Madame de penhagen, show the embarrassment ac Stael willily surnamed this admirable cruing to protestantism from the nudity city the drawing-room of Europe; and of its worship and the new pomp it now if its monuments are associated with all aims at. Thorwaldsen, despite his ages, the foreigners who meet there twenty years' residence at Rome, conti- comprise every country. The simple nued a man of the North in every res- contemplation of Rome and a prolonged pect, and his rough appearance, which residence, may supply the place of long by no means lessens bis politeness or at- studies and much travelling. It must be tentions, forms a true contrast with his added that these strangers come to see, works, imitated, inspired from Grecian to know, or lo repose themselves, and art, and the Italian physiognomies that that they are taken and observed at the people his studio.
best moment. Therefore Rome with its The palace inhabited by Bernjai is ruins, reminiscences, and the important interesting from its connection with that persons it receives, is the spot of the superior artist, 'despite his errors. It earth where the gaze of wonder is least presents his statue of Truth, larger than seen; it would be useless and stupid to life, a sketch of the fountain in the aim at effect there, and many a wit not piazza Navona, and the portrait of King apprised of this has thrown of his disJames by Vandyck.
sertations, thoughts, and witticisms, with The Acqua Vergine, the best water only his trouble for his pains. of Rome, which a young girl pointed The fountain called Barcaccia, by out to Agrippa's soldiers, still flows in Bernini, if lille honourable lo his laste, torrents from the Trevi fountain, and still proves the fecundity and resources retains its pleasing name. The water is of his talent, as the water, though tolebrought from the distance of eight miles, rably abundant, could not be thrown in on the Tivoli road. The great Leone the air nor rise above this level. Ballista Alberti, whose skill in bydraulics The lillle house of Poussin, on Mount " See ante, book yii. cb. sil.
on the 26th of July, 1543, to Giambattista Grimaldi,
on the waters and fountains of Rome. · Letter of Claudlo Tolomei written from Rome 3 See anie, ch, svin.
Pincio, piazza della Trinità No 9 (such a since his able lelter, dictated by the name excuses these delails), which com- disgust that a pupil so impatient and municates with the church by a long ler- full of ardour experienced at the Acarace, is near the house of Salvator Rosa demy, where however he has executed and opposite that of Claude Lorrain, an his best work, the regime of the establisholber great and poetical master of the ment has undergone considerable ametrue. This house, wbich the mould of liorations, there is yet room for more; the the Farnese_Hercules ball-filled, was pupils, for instance, though animated preferred by Poussin to the house in the with so keen a craving after celebrity, garden of ihe Tuileries given him by live too much apart and among themLouis XIII., though that also had its selves, continue too Parisian, and do views. He died in this retreat after pot sludy Italy sufficiently. But if there forty-two years' residence in Roine, ex- be a possibility of revising the rules of cept a lwo years' visit in France. His the Academy, giving it more indepentaste for simplicity has been erroneously dence; and pulling it more in unison taken for poverty, as he was in the re with the march of events, according to the ceipt of a handsome and honourable in- | wish of its last and brilliant director, come from works painted by request. it would be a lasting subject of regret to The old age of Poussin was gloomy and suppress so powerful a means of emufull of suffering.
“ Some time ago," he lation for the pupils, which allaches them writes, “I forsook my pencils, thinking for several years to ihe study of the beauodly of preparing for death, which my tiful, instead of compelling them to body touches on.
He was a foreigner, make the art a matter of lucre, and desand without a friend, “for," said he, troying one of the most munificent en"lhere are none in this town;”a bilter couragements ever accorded to the arts. remark, wbich I heard authenticated by Instead of overthrowing the monument persons who have resided at Rome and of the grand siècle, I would rather see were ils most ardent admirers. The it extended in a proper and novel man. house of the great French painter has ner. A visit to lialy is singularly useful belonged for many years to an English to the developemeni of literary lalenis; painter, Mr. Dei, living in London and why should not the government send more than a hundred years of age; his into this classic land the Kureals of son-in-law, Mr. B** ****, occupies it at poetry and eloquence crowned by the present, but it appears tbat a lawsuit be Academy? The sojourn at the Villa tween the brothers Massani, creditors of with its vast gardens and admirable Mr. Dei, and Mr. B., which he has al- view, presenting. on one side, the comready twice lost, will transfer to the plete prospect of Rome, Saint Peter's, iwo Roman litigants the historical house, ihe Vatican ; on the other, the solitude the monument of Mount Pincio. and pines of the Borghese villa,-this
The Medici villa was built about 1550 melancholy abode would inspire our by Cardinal Giovanni Ricci di Monte- poets. The artists in their lurn would pulciano, on the designs of Annibalo profit by such an association, and we Lippi
, excepting the elegant interior should see a renewal of those intimacies, front, ascribed without proof 10 Michael those friendships between them and the Angelo. This one villa, which once writers, frequent in the fifteenth and possessed the Venus and other antique sixteenth centuries, wbich reciprocally masterpieces of the Florence Gallery, contributed to the taste and perfection and was Galileo's prison during his trial of their respective works. The men of s now the Academy of France. This letters, scholars, painters, sculptors, arinstitution, founded by Louis XIV. in chitects, musicians, all the travellers 1666, has been assailed by specious ar from our country distinguished by their gumenis: Girodet was one while of opi- intellectual labours might also, as they nion that the young men should be left passed, be received at the Academy, lo travel where they pleased. Allhough which would thus become, as it were,
See tbe Letters XLV. and XLVII. of his Corres of the Orst canto of his poem of be Peintre) os un boodence, t. II. of his OEuvres posthumes, published bel et utile dlablissement. and arranged by M. P. A. Couplo. Paris, 1829. At a See Horace Verpet's letter written from Rome, subsequent period Girodet duly appreciated ibe September 3, 1830. herit ul the Academy which be designates (oute 7 3 See ante, book vi.cb. 14. and book vil. eb xli.
the artistical and literary hotel of France, ils court with porticos of two stories, and in Italy. The non-occupation of the the judicious and skilful ordinance of the buildings of the convent of the Trinità plan, though the soil is very irregular. de' Monti, ubrough the extinction of the The gallery, the richest in Rome, and French Minims who inhabited it and kept in the best order, has seventeen served the church, was perhaps favour- hundred original paintings. Among so able to this project. Notwithstanding all great a number of excellent works the the respect due to the nuns of the Sacred following may be recommended to parliHeart, who have been illegally establish- cular nolice : by Garofolo, the Descent ed in those buildings for some years, I from the cross, the primest of his paintconfess that I should have preferred this ings at Rome, which has several fine profane appropriation.'
figures of an extraordinary power of Mount Pincio, the ancient Collis hor- modelling; by Domenichino, the Chase torum, so called from the gardens of or Diana, eternally copied, of more deSallust, Lucullus, and Domitian, has again licale execution than usual with him: become worthy of its first name since some nymphs scem worthy of Correggio the creation of its public promenade, the for lightness and colour; the Cumean only one in Rome, begun and far ad-Sibyl, inferior to Guercino's Sibyl Pervanced by the French administration, sica, though perhaps more expressive and finished under Pius VII.
and more inspired; by Paolo Veronese,
St. Anthony preaching to the fish, a CIJAPTER XXXV.
mute audience, which one might suppose
not over intelligent, but it appears altenPort of Ripetta.–Borghese palace.-Gallery.-Ma- | live, agitated; the St. John in the desert: dama palace.-Raphael's house.- Piazza Navona.
the landscape is only sketched, the saint -Fountalo. – Lago.-Phllbarmonic Academy is awry, but the three Turklike figures Pambli palace.- Donga Olimpla.--Braschi palace listening to him are of the most brilliant - Matiel pelace.-Fountaia delle Tartarughe.- colouring; by Raphael, Christ deposited Coslaguti palace.
in the lomb, a masterpiece of his twenty
fourth year, full of grace, of the most The little picturesque port or Ripetta louching expression and admirable purity receives the boats loaded with wine, oil, of design; the terrible Cesare Borgia corn, wood, and charcoal, that descend with Machiavel, the action and thought from Sabina and Umbria. The traver of the fifteenth century; by Rubens, a line of an arcade of the Coliseum, thrown Visitation; by Giorgione, a David; by down by the earthquake of 1703, forms Giulio Romano, another and excellent part of its structure. Two columns near copy of the Fornarina; by Titian, tbe a fountain mark the different inundalions exquisite Return of the prodigal son; of the Tiber : the highest and most fatal | Divine and profane Love, a pure and was in the year 1598, which swept away precise composition; his Three Graces, Iwo arches of the Pons Palatinus, thence of a colour so fine and rich; by Andrea called Ponte Rotto.
del Sarto, a Holy Family; by Giovanni The fronts of the immense Borghese Bellini, the Virgin and infant Jesus; palace would, if united, surpass in extent by Correggio. a Danae; and by Joseph that of the Pitti palace at Florence. It Vernet, eight of his best and largest is in the form of a barpsichord, and is landscapes. The fine porphyry vase in known by the name of il cembalo di the second room, found in the castle of Borghese. The architecture is by the Saint Angelo, whatever they may say, can elder Martino Longhi : it is esteemed for never have contained the ashes of Adrian.
" The convent of the Trinità de' Monil, near the Neart, thirteen in number, were iosited from Paris Academy of France, bas undergone tbe barbarous by Leo XII. to undertake the education of children change to the Italian clock, from the French mode of quality; among these ladies was a young Russian of couotiog tbe bours, which was heard in the time princess, L*** G*******, who gave lessons in English of the Mioims. The priory of Malia, a building and drawing. Notwithstanding ibe pope's pronear the other side of the convent, was bought by lection and bis recommendations to tbe nobles of the king of Bavaria, and there was question for a Rome to send their cbildren to this house, it was moment of establishing an academy like ours Ibere:
fourishing condition, the Roman ladles Ibis convent of nuos devoted to female education not being willing, it appears, to let their daug biters would thus have been singularly placed between be better educated than Ibernselves. two schools of artists. The nuus of tbe Sacred 1 See ante, el. Xlll.