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dro, is excellent; the Virgin, the In- | between Pius V., the king of Spain, and fant Jesus, St. Jerome, and other saints, Doge Ludovico Mocenigo, by Darius a painting unfinished, but very inuch Varotari; a great painting of Jesus Christ esteemed; the author was Lamberto between Justice and Plenty with Sts. ProsLombardo, a painter of Liége, for some docimus and Anthony, who present to time resideot at Venice, who did several bim the rectors Soranzo, by Palma; a of the landscapes in the paintings of Ti- small Flagellation of Jesus Christ, by tian, his master and model, and likewise Orbelto; a Bacchanal, by Francesco Casin those of Tintoretto; a great Cruci-sano, a vigorous artist of the seventeenth Arion, wbich, despite the injuries of century; Two cocks fighting, by his son time, from ils pathos and abridged in Agostino Cassano, who excelled in aniscription, may possibly be by Paolo Ve- mals; Lot and his daughters, by Liberi; ropese.

an Adulterous woman, very fine, by Pa.

dovanino; bis portrait by himself, the CIIAPTER VI.

altitude of wbich combined with various

objects there represented show that this Palace del Capitanio.- Palace of tbe Podestà.

charming painter was also a lover of Salona.-Lasts viluperii.- Prisoners for debt.

letters and ihe sciences; a Last Supper, Belsoni.-Ilalian travellers.-Pralo della valle.

one of Piazzelta's best works. The bronze medallions of Fracastor and An

drea Navagero are bigbly finished perThe architecture of the palace del formances of the clever and perfidious Capitanio, by Falconelto, is majestic. Cavino. Under the portalare some colossal frescos The saloon, formerly the audience by Sebastiano Florigerio, a clever painter court of the palace of Justice (paof the beginning of the sixteenth century, lazzo della Ragione), is only used when 20d pupil of Martino of Udina. So nobic ihe lottery is drawn; it is certainly the and elegant are the staircase and its cu most spacious temple that Fortune ever poles, that it has been erroneously in- bad, and it is far from being surpassed ciuded among the unpublished works or by the Bourse of Paris. Neither WestPalladio; it appears to be by Vincenzo minster

nor the ball of the old palace at Dotto, a good Paduan architect of the Florence are even so large as ihis imend of the sixteenth century, whose edi mense room, the greatest construction of lices sometimes recall the grace of that the kind in Europe; its famous roof is great master.

another proof of the daring genius of Fra Some parts of the exterior of the Po- Giovanni, the architect of the church of desta palace have been thought worthy the Hermils. of Palladio. The statue of Justice bold The frescos of the upper part, divided ing a naked sword, at the entrance, by into thirty-nine compartments offering Titian Minio, is inferior to the elegant many subjects taken from the life of the and aerial winged figures of the front, Virgin and Scripture history. with many also attribated to him. The rooms of astrological figures, were imagined by ibe Podestà palace contain some good the famous Pietro d'Abano, and executed paintings of the Venelian school, some of by Giollo, and perhaps by other painters #biche relating to the history of Padua, still

older';' they have been retouched seare particularly Nattering to municipal veral times, in ihe last instance in 1762 authority ; the Rector of the town, Ca- by Francesco Zannoni, an incomparable relli, accompanied by St. Mark,' and artist for this kind of work, and capable the four Protectors of Padua, presenl- of disarming the most inveterate enemies ing himself before the Saviour, a chef- of restorations. A very well executed degyre of Domenico Campagnola ; an monument has been erected to Tilus Lielber great painting of the Virgin' with vius; it contains his supposed coffin: on St. Mark and St. Luke, by the same; the either side are the two small bronze staHector Maximus Valieri giving up the tues of Minerva and Eteroily with the keys of the town to his brother Sigis- Tiber and Brenta under them, while the shund, by Damini; the League concluded bones of the Latin bistorian are over a

Glagoene has erroneously stated (article on burving of the saloon in 1120, were repainted by etro Abano, in the Biographie universelle) that Giotto; be dled nearly a century before, in 1336. The Beares of Pleiro d'Abano, destro; ed by the

door not far distant. There may be i standing the oddity of this proceeding, blended with love of country such a spirit it was not so very unreasonable, as it of exaggeration and superstition that we supplied a means of escaping those are no longer touched thereby, because eternal prisoners for debt, one of the it closely approaches charlatanism and is embarrassment of our civilisation and at variance with both good sense and jurisprudence; and such an exposure to truth. The monument of Sperone Spe- ridicule and shame was perhaps more roni, with his bust, is of 1594. There is beneficial than some of our decrees for another monument, which differs from declaring people insolvent. these lwo literary ones; it is sacred 10 Over two fine Egyptian statues in grathe memory of the marchioness Lucrezia nite, with lions' heads, given by Belzoni Dondi dall' Orologio, a lady worthy of to bis native town, is the medallion in her baptismal name, who because she Carrara marble of this courageous but would not yield to the passion of a lover, unfortunate traveller, by Rinaldo Riwas assassinated in her chamber in the naldi. If the Italians, owing to the ponight of November 16, 1654.

litical weakness produced by the division in the saloon is now kept the stone of their country, can no longer conquer (lapis vituperii) seen by Addison at the the world, they discover it; the first navi. lown hall, by which any debtor was de- gators were Italians, Marco Polo, Columlivered from the pursuits of his creditors, bus, Vespucio, Giovanni and Sebastiano on swearing, after having been seated on Gabotto, Verazani, Pietro della Valle. it bare-breeched three times by the officers, Gemello Carreri; in our day, Belzoni asbefore the assembled crowd, that he had cended the Niger, and Beltrami, going not the value of five francs. It is a kind toward Hudson's Bay, discovered the of stool of black granile, not in the least sources of the Mississipi and the communiworn; this usage had not been followed cation between the Frozen Sea and the for twenty-four years when Addison Gulf of Mexico. Italian genius, ever was there in 1700. From the intre- adventurous and intrepid, has only pidity with which certain debtors of our changed its element and direction. times show their faces, one might very So vast are the dimensions of the saloon well believe, that they would hardly that a charming séle was given in it in blush to show the rest, and the stone December 1815, to the emperor Francis would be much more in request. Such and bis daughter. Maria-Loulsa, under slones existed in the middle ages in se- the skilful superintendence of Japelli, veral Italian towns, such as Verona, Flo- architect, of Padua : the saloon was merence, - Siena; the only difference was tamorphosed into a garden, with a ball in the ceremonial.: The debtors' stone room and a receiving room for their maof Lyons was also often ciled. This jesties : the trees were planted in the practice gave the French tongue a fami- ground and formed thick illuminated liar expression, which continued in use masses; a small opera was performed, even after the reign of Louis XIV., as and there were cven undulations of surmay be seen by this phrase of Saint Simon face in this within-doors garden. on the decree of the council of state, The Prato della valle, a celebrated which definitively diminished one half squarc and promenade, is a kind of Panper annum the shares and bills of the theon in the open air, where are exposed Mississipi company:"Cela fit, ce qu’on the statues of the Paduan great, from that appelle en matière de finance et de ban of Antenor the Trojan, reckoned its queroute, montrer le cul." Nolwith-founder by Virgil, down to Canova.

1 In the burlesque bell of his Malmanlile Lippi has introduced the Florentive ladies who, by Ibeir extravagance in dress, bad brought their busbands to the debtors' stone :

Donne, che feron glà per ambizione
D'apparir gioiellate e luccicanti,
Dere il cul al marito io sol lastrone.

Cant. vi, 73.

square for three mornings wbile the palace bell
was ringing; they were allended by sbirri, and
very nearly naked; the last day, Ibey struck the
stone like the debtors of Padua, and pronounced
the following formula required by law : "I bare
consumed and dissipated all my goods ; ond now
I pay my creditors in the way you bebold."

3 Capova's statue was erected to him during his Ille, in 1796, by the procurator of Saint Mark, Antonio Capello To avoid an infringement of the establisbed rule, wbich did not allow the statues

* Al Siena, these debtors paraded round the

There are two statues by this great ar-old fresco by Stefano dall' Arzere, is list; one of Giovanni Poleni, the work remarkable for the beauty of some heads of his youth: he began it when twenty- and their closeness to nature. The new two, and returned expressly from Rome frescos of mythologicalssubjects which to finish it somewhat too hastily, so cover the walls of a room in the countess great was bis longing to revisit that ca Alessandra's apartment, together with pital of the arts which he had only caught an Aspasia, are pleasing performances a glimpse of, but enough for its master- by Signor Demin, one of the best living pieces to show bim what true sculpture painters of Italy, especially in fresco, was; the other statue is that of Antonio who for a long time remained unknown Capello. It was originally intended to at Padua, and was called to Rome by his put statues of Paduans only in the Prato | fellow-countryman of Bellona, Pope della Valle; but it was found necessary Gregory XVI. In the garden is the to bave recourse to other illustrious Ita- remnant of an antique column, proceedlians, and even foreigners. as Padua, ing from the ruins of a basilic discovered with all its merits, could not supply when the foundations of the Pedrocchi enough great men to furnish this vast coffeehouse were laid. enclosure; the trees therein are low and The Capodilista house possesses the loo few in number, and the canal round huge fragments of a wooden horse by it seemed to me almost dry in summer. Donatello, the most stupendous in exis

Two of the gates of Padua, those of tence, and which might be taken for Saint John and Savonarola, are by the the remains of that of Troy, brought great old architect Falconello. The thither perhaps by the Trojan Antenor, former, which proves the popularity ibat whom we mentioned above as the founder the celebrated Dominican or Florence en of Padua. There were many of Donajoyed even at Padua, from which he ori-tello's works in this town; and he was ginally sprung, has been justly praised so much beloved that the inhabitants by Vasari

, Maffei, Temanza; and the wished him to settle there and become erudite commentator of Vitruvius, the their fellow-citizen ; but the artist, with marquis Poleni, who has given the plan rather more than ordinary prudence, of it, esteems it one of the most perfect feared the effect that such excessive para models of city gates. The more orna- tiality might have on his talent. mented gate dei Portello, attributed to The house of Giustiniani al Santo is Guglielmo Bergamasco, is almost a tri a celebrated edifice constructed in 1524, wapbal arch.

as the inscription informs us, by the Ve

ronese architect Giovanni Maria FalcoCHAPTER VII.

nelto, a great artist, formed by the study

of Vitruvius and ancient monuments ; he Pappalava bense. - Fall of angels. - Capodilista,

was the first that introduced into this Glostinias), and Falconetto bouses.-L. Cornaro. country a good architectural laste, pre-Lapin sod Venene houses.-Colossus of Am

vious to the school of Sapsovino and Pallameoste-statues.-Pedrocchi colfeehouse. dio. Falconello died ten years after in

this very house, the guest of his patron The palaces of Padua, after Venice, Count Ludovico Cornaro, a distinguished appear but little curious or magni- writer, and author of the famous Discorsi beent. The house of the honourable della vita sobria, for whom he built it. counts Trento Papafava, the finest in The discourses of Cornaro, begun when Padua, presents a horrible group of sixty more than eigbly, and finished in his demons interlaced together in the form ninety-fifth year, were practised by him ola pyramid. This fall of the angels, a from the age of forty-six; lill then be work of the last century, by Agostino had always

been sickly, and his adbering Pasolato, whimsically imagined and com to this system prolonged his existence to besed, is admirable for its mechanism ninety-nine years. The severe ascelic and workmanship. A Last Supper, an regime he prescribes, is now nothing but

thing men to be placed in tbe Prato, Canova *s represented in tbe act of making the statue of elber Antonio Capello, an able negociator and feletal of the sixteeoth century, likewise procu

rotor of Saint Mark, and ancestor of the one who erected the statue; the Inscription praises and adroitly desigoales Canova witbout naming bim.

a kind of hygeian Utopia, but it had | nino, Marconi, the younger Palma ; some many followers solate as Louis XIV., and works of the ancient masters of the VeSaint-Simon states that it was followed netian school; an Angel, a small painting by two worthy.friends of Fénelon, the by Guarien!o, with a St. Jerome and dukes of Chevreuse and Beauvilliers; it | Madonna by Squarcione. The collechad, however, killed many others, and lion of Italian copperplate engravings of among them the celebrated minister of the fifteenth century and of the beginning state Lyonne. Such is the elegance and of the sixteenth is very valuable. Four barmonious construction of Falconetto's bronzed figures of burnt clay are models work, and its beautiful loggia that, ac of busts of Giovanni Mazza, rounded by cording to Maffei, it served as model to the Albergbetli for general Schulemburg; Palladio for the Capra casino. The ex- and a loo much extolled sculptor of the cellent stucco basso-relievos of the small last century, Francesco Bertozzi, has saloon and other rooms, are probably by executed the two basso-relievos of the Falconetto, and there are some charming four elements. frescos painted from Raphael's cartoons, The Venezze house, built by the illusby Domenico Campagnola.

trious professor Benavides and now ocA distinguished Paduan lawyer, Doctor cupied by the prince of a remberg. has Piazza, has thirteen precious basso-re some remnants of frescos by Gualtieri lievos by Canova in the rich collection he and Domenico Campagnola. There are has formed, and which he patriotically two remarkable works by Ammapalo: intends leaving to the town: the offering the immense colossus of Hercules, comof the Trojan women, Socrates parting posed of eight parts skilfully joined from his family, Socrates drinking the iogether, a naked and bold performance hemlock, Socrates dying. Justice, Good of his youth; and the superb garden Works, the Good Mother, Death of gate, resembling a triumphal arch, and Priam, Briseis delivered to the heralds decorated with statues of Jupiter and by Patroclus, the Return of Telema- Apollo. chus, the Dance of the sons of Alci Although I pay more attention to the nous, Hope, and Charity; sculptures monuments of the past than of the prevery well described by the Abbé Mene sent moment, I cannot possibly pass over ghelli, who has been equally successful in silence a structure which was in active in explaining their artistic merits and progress the last time I was at Padua. rendering their respective expression and This clegant and spacious edifice, the effect.

work of Japelli, to wbom the town is inSome ingenious and original construc-debted for its new slaughter-houses, anLions by Japelli embellish the not very other excellent building differing in kind, extensive garden of the Baron Trèves, an was executed for the owner of the Peopulent and magnificent Jew; they con- drocchi coffechouse, who purposed transsist of a summer-house, a pagoda on the rering his business thither. It is also lop of a rock, a rich aviary, an alchemist's intended to serve as an assembly-room laboratory with all the emblems and im- and casino, and will certainly be one of plements of the cabalistic art, a superb the most magnificent in the world : all hot-house in the form of a tent, and a the columns, the walls, and pavement gothic hall of a chapter of knights. are marble; ibere is not even a bit of

The house of the late Count Giovanni slucco, and unless a person were apde Lazara. (at San Francesco), a man prised of the reality, such a building of distinguished taste in letters and the would appear to him much more like a arts, is almost a museum of painting, palace or temple iban a coffeehouse. The sculpture, and antiquities. It contains cost will be 6000 pounds sterling; but a Etruscan and Roman inscriptions, dis- Parisian architect would not get through cussed by the learned; a precious papyrus it with 40,0001. It is a fact that the mentioned by Gaetano Marini; the ar works are singularly managed ; there is morial bearings of Eccelino, the old neither master-mason. contractor for tyrant of Padua, with a fine inscription joiners' or smiths' work, nor other by Lanzi. The gallery presents paintings powers; there are only the architect who by Carletto Caliari, Tintoretto, Padova- gives orders in the morning, and the

master who pays at night. This beau"Died the 11th of February, 1833.

tilul construction, with its capitals and

every individual part executed and fi- | vines, it would perhaps have been just to Dished os with the utmost picety, will, I mention (in the notes at least ) its excelbelieve, be finished without leaving a lent figs, which enjoy a well merited single account to settle, a prodigy whicb reputation in that country: probably has not been seen since the Petrarch's house is at The end of the time

village; that house, in which he received

the frequent and familiar visits of FranQa'sus accords d'Ampblon les pierres se mouvaient, cesco Carrara, sovereign of Padua, is now El ser les mers ibebains en ordre s'élevalent.

inhabited by peasants and much daAn antique basilic was found while maged : digging the foundations; part of ils marble was used in paving this lemonade shop,

o di peasier soavemente mesti

Solitario ricovero giocondo; so frequently may the vestiges of Italy's

Di quai lagrime amare il petto inondo, olden glory be found wbere least ex

Nel veder ch'oggi Inonurala resti." pected.'

On the walls of the chambers are some CHAPTER VIJI.

coarse paintings relating to his love, taken

from the first canzone; he is seen lying Catali. – Euganean hills.- Arquà. - Petrarcb's bouse

under a tree, and making a brook with and tomb.

his tears; the adventure of Laura, who, Arquà, four leagues from Padua, is being surprised by Petrarch when bathing celebraled as the burial-place of Petrarch. in a fountain, splashed the water about On the road is a great picturesque manor

with ber hands to conceal herself from house called Cataio, formerly noted for his view, is so oddly represented that one the paintings of Zelolti and its muscum

would think she was, without much reantiquities. The Cataio now belongs gard to modesty, throwing water in his to be duke of Modena, to whom the last face, though he continues to approach her marquis Obizzi bequeathed it with his with imperturbable gravity; he appears, Aher property, a vainglorious legacy, 100, almost metamorphosed into a stag: abich ihe marquis thought would make

it is A cleon in archdeacon's robes. The bin seern a relative of the house of Este. little white cat loved and sung by Petrarch A rare book by Giuseppe Belussi of Bas- may be seen, stuffed, in a niche; but I

una entitled : Ragionamento sopra il do not believe it the real one; it looks Calajo luogo del Sig. Gio. Enea Obizzi; quite new, and I bave learned that, as in Padova, per Lorenzo Pasquati, 1573, sentimental strangers were always eager la $10, was singularly mistaken by Len to possess some portion of this illustrious Blut-Dufresnoy, in bis Supplement to the cat, it was renewed every year, like the method of studying History, for a work

laurel at Virgil's tomb, when the season on Calbay or China, and classed accord for travellers drew near. Some entbu

siastic admirers of Petrarch maintain the The situation of Arquà amid the Eu- authenticity of the cat, and Tassoni, who Eauean hills, so often sung, but little so severely handled Petrarch in his comkaown, is delicious.. Childe llarold and mentaries, wrote the following pretty is notes contain a poetical and minute

verses on Arquà and this animal : scription of the site; but, wbile describ

E'l bel colle d' Arquà poco in disparte, ne the beauty of the orchards of Arquà,

Che quinci il monte e quindi il pian vagheggia; aod of its little groves of mulberry-trees

Dove giace coluí, pelle cui carte ad willows, interlaced with festoons of L'alma fronda del sol llela verdeggia;

* The Pedrocchi coffeehouse was finished in 1831. Ilmul made ao Artesian well ibere in 1832, a

ay which, according to the edlior or ibe cina Fitruvius (1830-32), S. Quirico Viviani, and he remarehes of M. Arago, was well known to the

en M. de Lamariine was inclined to think

te bree famous Wells of Solomon in the plata Tyre were of this description.

* Ibe Euganean hills, celebrated by all poets rasa tetrarch to Cesarotti, Foscolo, and Cesare

Arrici, abound with excellent bot springs, varying in beat from twenty-four to eigbly degrees (Réaumur). Bathing-houses bave been establisbed at Abano and at the springs of Monte Ortone, San Pietro Montagnone, Montegrotto, San Bartolommeo, Santa Elena, near, Battaglia. These bills are moreover a very luteresting gcological study. Count da Rio's mineralogical cabinet, at Padua, Is curious as far as concerns the Eaganean bills.

3 Altieri, Son. LVIII. 00 Arquà.

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