« ZurückWeiter »
luntary exile after the loss of his coun. 1 giving the keys to Peter in presence of try's liberty, and died at Padua in 1562, the angels, by Damini, suggests the imiis in excellent taste, and the sarcophagus tation of Padovanino. recalls the boldness of Michael Angelo. The grand church of Saint Benedice The mausoleum of Pictro Roccabonella, the Elder has some fine paintings : St a celebrated Venetian professor and phy- | Benedict and some monks, by Damini = sician, surmounted by a bronze statue the Christ in the air, St Peter dic of bim writing, is by Vellano, completed | tating the gospel to St. Mark, St. Jeby Andrea Riccio. Over the elegant | rome, St. Dominick and St. Theclesaltar of the chapel della Crociera, is the by Domenico Tintoretto; the grand paintAscension, by Paolo Veronese; the ing of Moses striking the rock; the apostles are by Damini, and were painted Blessed Giordano Forzate tracing the in 1625, those by Paolo Veronese having plan of the neighbouring monastery been cut out and stolen, as we are in- with his stick, by Padovanino; Nostra formed by an inscriplion commemorat- Signora di Loretto, the Empress Heler ing that strange robbery. An admirable and Ludovico Gonzaga, by Luca of RegSt. Francis receiving the stigmata, is gio. Saint Benedict contains the tomb by Luca of Reggio. In the chapel of of a literary English woman of some celeSaint Gregory, the Saint interceding brily in the last century, Justine Wynne, for some souls in purgatory, a fine countess of Ursins and of Rosenberg, a painting by Palma, is unfortunately con inonumental tribute of affection from her cealed by an image of the Virgin, an brother Richard Wynne, who consecrated object of popular veperation. The basso it to her on the ych of September 1791relievos of the altar, erected at the ex The year of her death. The countess of pense of the archpriest Bartolommeo Rosenberg has written a description in Sanvito, with his statue kneeling, are French of the senator Angelo Quirini's good works of the sixteenth century. villa of Altichiero, then rich in stalues The Virgin on a throne, with St. Peter and antiquities, and the very scarce book and St. Francis beside her, a valuable entitled 'les Morlaques, à picture in basso-relievo in bronze, is a work of Vel. poelical prose of the almost unknown lano, finished by Riccio. The portico of inapners of those inhabitants of Dalmatia. Saint Francis was formerly famous for its / The frivolous count Benincasa bas been paintings in clare-obscure representing often mentioned as the teinturier of this the Life ofthe Saint, by Francesco Squar. crudite lady, an impossible partnership cione; being faded, ihey were white which M. Nodier has very well refuted. washed over in the last century, and Alga The vast church of ihe Carmelites rotti bas even humorously pretended in possesses a charming painting by Padoone of his letters that this was subsequent vanino, the Mother of Sts. James and to a chapter beld on the subject by the John praying to the Saviour; some good monks. A lay-brother of the convent, paintings by his father Darius Varotari, of good education and a lover of the arts, near the organ and high-altar; St. discovered the continuation of these Prosdocimus, st. Daniel and St. Anpaintings in a small cloister adjoining, thony of Padua , a Virgin in fresco by ihen used as a woodhouse. They are Stefano dall' Arzere; a little elegant now nearly lost; but the compartment picture by Bissoni, a Paduan painter on least injured, representing St. Francis ihe seventeenth century; the Virgin kneeling before the pope on his throne, the infant Jesus, and the blessed Si. surrounded by a crowd of cardinals, meon Stoch, and another great and good still bears witness to the skill of the old painting, by the same, the Virgin pre: Venetian master, chief of a celebrated senting the Carmelite habit to the school at Padua, which numbered as founder of the order. The Scuola del many as one hundred and thirty-seven Carmine, near the church, bas some pupils, among whom it had the honour frescos by Domenico Campagnola, the of forming Mantegna; a strict master as Adoration of the Shepherds, of tbe to the principles, and who already treated Magi, the Circumcision, which are o the school of Giovanni Bellini as corrupt. this artist's best; an admirable St. Joseph Saint Clement has one of Luca of visiting St.
Anne, by Tilian, and a small Reggio's best works : the pope of that painting of the Virgin with the infant name surrounded by angels. The Christ Jesus, by him or the elder Palma.
than the works of art or poesy.
is a fine painting in Liberi's first style.
St. John Baptist and St. Prosdocimus, the Miracle of the holy Innocents, very Set leide-San Giovanni di Verdara.-Buona
Eicrofessors of the sixteenth century.- and truth of the flesh. The statue of
Saint Justine, with its eight open-work Comino, is held in considerable estimamounted by the saint's statue, is a sucapolas, the highest of which is sur-Lion; the figures, larger than life, of the centuries have passed since its erection, cleverness and pathos, announce the perb monument; though more than three by Filippo Parodi, notwithstanding their anthileet was a Benedictine, Geronimo bols taken from the New Testament of Bratis. In the principal chapel is an which adorn the stalls of the choir are the Martyrdom of St. Justine; but Jesus Rouen, Richard Taurigny, who also did excellent painting by Paolo Veronese, the excellent work of a Frenchman of Christ, the Virgin, St. John and the the fine stalls of the choir in the Duomo angels above bave much less the appear- of Milan, an extraordinary character, ance of descending from heaven than whose life at Padua was a continued falling down beavily: a fault of this kind, so opposed to the serial manner of that Eutbichius Cordes of Antwerp, one of the buted to him ; il must be thrown on the gian and friend of the arts, who directed great painter, cannot certainly be altri- | fathers of the council of Trent, a theoloTeronese and teach him perspective.' umfkion to correct the drawing or Paolo and of Andrea Campagnola, a good sculp
convent, who had the pre- the labours of our fiery countryman; Canal of Placentia: Algarolli, in bis Lellers, gives bis death are signed the heirs of Paolo Veronese ; wie ben since ascertained that the change of worked together at the same painting. Darbon the subject of this correction. It has detto and Gabriele. The w bole family occasionaily
Santa Croce has some esteemed paint-, fine paintings : the Conversion of st. ings and two pretty good figures of Paul, the Martyrdom of James the Less, angels, by Antonio Bonazza, a tolerable superb compositions by the heirs of Paolo sculptor of the last century; this derives Veronese; - an agreeable and touching anespecial interest from being the burial- Ecstasy of St. Gertrude, by Liberi; å place of P. Jacopo Stellini, a monk of im- vigorous Martyrdom of St. Gherardo mense information and capacity; poet, Lagredo, by Loth; the Death of St. Orator, geometrician, theologian, phy- Scholastica, perhaps 100 graceful; the sician, chemist, scholar, and especially Martyrdom of st. Placidus, noble and philosopher, who, lo use Algarolli's ex elegant, by Luca Giordano ; St. Benepression, could have undertaken to give dict receiving St. Placidus and St. instruction during the same day in all Maur at the gate of his monastery,
one of Palma's best works; the same Sacrates
, but his opinions are now nearly saint showing his rules to several prinforgotten in Italy, a fact which proves that ces and princesses, by Claudio Ridoli, the creations of thought and reason will highly spoken of, and with justice as erans have a more limited cristence regards its invention, grace. "richness,
and careful execution; St. Cosmo and The little cburch of the Dimesse, of St. Damian withdrawn from the sea ; elegant and harmonious
architecture, is their Martyrdom, good works by Barepealed to be from the plans of Alga- lestra : a grand and pathetic painting of satu, The Magdalen. Psi. Anthony, the Mission of the Apostles, by Bissoni;
elegant, by Damini; the Martyrdom of St. Daniel, by Antonio Zanchi, a contemporary of the two last painters; it is one of his best performances, and remarkable for the composition, drawing. Rachel with one son in her arms and another dead at her feet, by Giuseppe Dead Christthe and St. John,
.' The scene of strife and madness; of the abbé
tor, but little known, who has executed chapels have also some burnt clay models of these fine wood re
prior of the
The prior of Salat Justine was P. Giuliano de worms Imaginary dialogue between bim and
? Many paintings executed by his relations after wbo were bis son Carletto and bis brothers Bene
deeper sbade has mucb Increased
jievos. At Saint Justine is the tomb of bruary 1836; his epitaph, composed by the learned Piscopia Cornaro, who has himself, happily paints bis active and a statue at the University.' a bust at agitated life.* Saint Anthony, and appears likelhe muse The Ognissanti church, of a naked arof Padua.
chitecture, has an Assumption by Palma; The celebrated old library of Saint the ancon in three compartments at the Justine is no longer in existence; in 1810 entrance of tbe sacristy, representing the it was sold and fritlered away by the Virgin, the Infant Jesus, and beside administration, and is now dispersed; him St. Sebastian and another saint, the chief part of the more precious arti is a precious wreck of painting in cles has passed from the library of S. Squarcione's style.3 A painting full of Melzi into England; its shining 'shelves life and expression, the most remarkable of wood from Norway and India are at in the church, is the Virgin in a glory. the University library, and the cloister with St. Maur and St. Agnes below: is converted into a fine large hospital for Morelli altributes it to Bassano, but it invalids. Our writers of literary bistory seems rather by his pupil Bonifazio. must in consequence henceforth re- | The following epitapb, a sort of political nounce their continual references to the epigram on a lomb, probably by one of manuscripts in the library of Saint Jus- our refugee compatriols, is not void of oritine.
ginality: Cajetanus Molinus N. V.olim The church delle Grazie has a fine aristocraticus, nunc realista, unquam expressive painting by Darini, St. Do- democraticus, civis semper oplimus, minick bringing to life a drowned girl ; obiit terlio Id. Dec. MDCCXCVII. the Dominican convent, to which this Saint Thomas, or the Pbilippines, is rechurch formerly belonged, is now an markable for its paintings; the Virgin in asylum for orphans and mendicants. the midst of the Magi, in which the child
The church of Saint Sophia, which bas leans gracefully towards St. Joseph, St. been supposed the ancient cathedral, Anthony of Padua and the little St. John; encloses various remains of antiquity : St. Philip of Neri and St. Charles Boro such as the fantastical figures painted on romeo, in a demilune near the organ; the great door, and especially the apsis, the Visit of St. Elizabeth, the Birth of anterior lo 1000, constructed of materials | Jesus Christ, the Presentation at the proceeding from Roman edifices. The Temple, the Crowning with thorns, the Christ put in the tomb is one of the best Ascension, the Descent of the Holy paintings of Stefano dall' Arzere; a Ma- Ghost, and the Assumption of the Virdonna, in fresco, of the fourteenth cen- gin, are fine works by Luca of Reggio, tury, is a curious work; the old seats rather dislicult to discover on the ceiling which were formerly used by the priests A Piety, by the priest Stroifi, bears a during the service merit the allention of happy resemblance to the manner of the learned. Saint Sophia contains the Cappuccino, his master. Saint Theresa, tomb of one distinguished man, the Cav. St. Justine, are by Francesco Minorello, Mabil, a native of Paris, professor for the ablest pupil of Luca of Reggio, and nearly tbirty years at the university almost his rival; St. Prosdocimus, St. of Padua, translator of Titus Livius, all Daniel, St. Agnes, a Nun; the Virgin Cicero's Lellers. Scipio's Dream, the Life appearing to Št. Philip; the same saint of Agricola, Horace, Phædrus, and of carried to heaven by angels, in the reQuillet's strange poem of the Callipédie, sectory, by Liberi. In the adjoining in blank verse, with learned notes. In oratory, the Virgin on a throne with conversation Mabil was excellent and the infant Jesus, is a good painting by full of wit; he was the friend of Foscolo an author unknown. and Cardinal Maury; he held office under San Giovanni di Verdara contains the French administration, and died somc tombs of artists and celebrated more than octogenarian on the 25th Fe-writers, with some fine paintings. The
See above, chap. II.
hente Tandem Sub Extremo Vilæ Limine Non Per Igoaviam Transactæ Couditorium Bocce Miti Morituro Parandum Curari Anno MDCCCXXXVI. Ætatis Meæ LXXXIV.
See the preceding chapter.
mausoleum of Andrea Riccio, who made of that epoch. Saint Maximus has one the famous chandelier of the Santo, was illustrious tomb, that of Morgagni, a surmounted by his portrait in bronze, pious and learned man, who, in an said to have been lifelike, but it was ecstasy of admiration for the author of barbarously torn away : bronze, a metal nature, one day, while dissecting, threw which that artist had so cleverly wrought, down his knife and cried out : " Oh! was a fitting and sacred ornament on that I could but love God as I know his tomb. Another great artist, Luca him!" of Reggio, one of Guido's best pupils, a The small church of Saint Matthew is noble, graceful, and expressive painter, justly proud of two chefs-d'œuvre of wbo passed the greater part of his life at Padovanino : the Saint stabbed by a Padua, is interred in this church.: An Gentile and an Annunciation. elegant monument, thongh only an in Saint Joseph has preserved some cuferior imitation of Bembo's mausoleum rious frescos, executed in 1397, as we at the Santo, has been consecrated to are informed by an inscription in Latin Lazzaro Buonamico, one of those great verse, by Jacopo of Verona, a great professors of the sixteenth century, one artist of the fourteenth century: the Adoof those renowned and insluential men ration of the Magi presents the portraits that were eagerly sought after and court- of several princes of Carrara ; some men ed by princes and cities, whose life, of greater fame in the present day are widely differing from the peaceful exis- represented arnong the spectators of the tence of their successors in France and Funeral of the Virgin, known by the Germany. was full of adventures and names of Dante, Petrarch, and Boccaccio; calastrophes, and who by their lessons there too is seen the celebrated physician, more than their works contributed so philosopher, and heretic, Pietro d'Abano, much to the glory of modern lellers. called in his time the Great Lombard, The monument erected in 1544 10 the and perhaps the figure holding a cap in professor of law Antonio Rossi is of ca his hand may be the painter himself. pricious laste; but the bust, by an un lo Saint Fermo is the great and superb known author, is a precious work. The Crucifix of wood, by an unknown artist, Paintings are: a very graceful Nativity, highly spoken of by Padre della Valle, by Rotari; the Virgin, the Infant Jesus, Vasari's commentator, as one of the finest St. Anthony and St. Bernardin; a great things in Padua, but the violent agony and noble Crucifixion, by Stefano dell' of Christ as there represented seems Arzere; the two former with St. John rather the suffering of a man than a God. Baptist and St. Augustine in an agree- | The picture of the Virgin with John able landscape;in the sacristy a Madonna, the Evangelist, St. Francis d'Assise very fine, in a smiling rural scene, with and Giovanni Bagnara, called the St. Josta Baptist and St. Anne, by Don Long, who built the elegant altar where Pietro Bagnara, a canon of Saint John the painting is placed, is by Minorello, de Latran, a feeble bul graceful imitator and worthy of his master Luca of Reggio. orhis master Raphael. On the last paini- A small painting of St. Peter and st. ng ibe pious artist bas joscribed these John Baptist is curious from its antiwords, wbich are also found on several of quity. his works : Orate Deum pro anima The college of Padua, called the Sehujus pictoris. Saint Augustine giv- minary, is justly celebrated for its printing the book of his Constitutions to ing-office, ils Latin, and its library. The the monks of his order, is by Luca of presses are eight in number and seem to Reggio.
have work enough. The library has In the small church of Saint Maximus about fifty-five thousand volumes, cight there are only three paintings, by Tiepolo, hundred manuscripts, and the valuable which are excellent; the recumbent collection of prints, a legacy to the enge of Giuseppe Pino, who died in the Seminary in 1829 from general marirwer of his age, in 1560, is a work worthy quis Federico Manfredini, a man of er* The Inseription, which says that he died in 1652 Buonamico was at Rome when the troops of
the age of forty-plne years, is erroneous; bis The constable of Bourbon sacked that city; be nar* 1ged in the archives of Padua, was made at rowly escaped with bis life, and lost all his books roachiarino in tbe presence of Francesco Mi and manuscripts. to, bis popli, and is dated February 5, 1654.
tensive knowledge, formerly the go- at the Seminary (1744, in four volumes vernor of Leopold's sons, and a great quarto). friend of Morghen. This collection, im I could not contemplate without a properly classed by nations instead of feeling of respect the manuscript in len epocbs, is difficult of access, or rather | folio volumes of Forcellini's great Latin almost buricd, on account of some en- Dictionary, a monument of the learniog, gravings of a licentious character. The perseverance, and modesty of that holy library of the seminary contains some and erudite priest. It is true that we rare first editions of the Florence Homer, can scarcely expect to find the sentiand the Venice Pliny; a copy of the third mental and pathetic prefatory to a folio edition of the same, on vellum paper(Ve Latin lexicon ; nevertheless I know 10nice, 1472); another Pliny with marginalibing more affecting than the words of noles by an unknown person (Venice, Forcellini, addressed to be pupils of the Bernardino Benalio, 1497); Cicero's Seminary at Padua, in wbich be reminds Letters, the first book printed at Venice; them, with great simplicity, of the time, some fine manuscripts of Petrarch and application, and efforts that he devoted Dante. An autograph Leller from Pe. 10 bis work for nearly forty years; Adotrarch to bis physician and friend Gio- lescens manum admovi; senex, dum vanni Dondi, De quibusdam consiliis perficerem, factus sum, ut videtis. I medicine, is curious; . it is daled from asked to see ihe authors be had used in Arquà, and inay be regarded as a very his researches; they were worn almost sensible little treatise on hygiene; Pe- to destruction, so many times had be trarch was seventy years old when he turned their leaves over and over again. wrote it. Aller the common places on The church of the Seminary, a good the necessity of yielding to time, as every building of the early part of the sixteenth thing in nalurc' does, Petrarcb consents century, has some fine paintings: the 10 abandon the use of fish and salt meat; celebrated painting by Bassano reprebut he defends his regime of fruits and senting Christ dead, and carried to the vegetables, the habit contracted in his conib by torchlight by Josepb and Nicoboyhood of drinking nothing but pure demus; the expression of grief in the water, and that only once a day, and of Virgin and the other women is admistrictly fasting one day a week on bread rable; the painter has made this masterand water. Dondi, on the contrary, piece almost a family picture: the old Jowanted him to take wine, and spirits; io seph is himself, the Virgin his wise, one eat partridge and pheasant, and opposed of the Marys his daughter; the Virgin his fasts, notwithsianding the example of on a throne with the infant Jesus, and the hermits of the Thebaid cited by Pe- below the Sts. Peter, Paul, John the Irarch. There is also in the library a Baplist, Catherine, and two angels, one copy of the Dialogues of Galileo, with or Bartolommeo Montagna's best works; notes by himself: the alterations were the Adoration of the shepherds, by given in an edition of his works printed Francesco Bassano, or bis brother Lean
* Son of Jacopo, a physician and astronomer, celebraled physician. An inbabitant of thot town and maker of the famous clock placed in the palace offered to raise a statue lo Petrarcb al bis owo es lower at Padua, io 1344. Giovanni was also at the pense in the Pralo della Valle (See the next chapsame time an astronomer and physician. He in ter), but on the condition or inscribing thereon vented and executed with his own bands anotber these words : clock put up in the library of Giovanni Galeas Vis
Francisco Petrarcbæ conti al Pavia. Hence did tbe Dondi family derive
Medicorum hosti iufensissimo. the name of degli Orologi. * It wes publisbed in 1808 by the professors of
This strange proposal was not accepted. the Seminary at Padua, but a bundred copies only 4 Tbe third edition of Forcellini's Dictionary, were printed. This letter, the first of book iji. of begun in 1827 and anished in 1834, was superiothe Seniles, as prioted in the different edi:ions of tended by the abbé Gluseppe Furlanello, of ibe se Petrarch, is full of egregious errors, which are minary of Padua, whom I bare bod the honour of poioted out and corrected at tbe end of the volume visiting, a gentleman every way woribs, from his in the Seminary edition.
learning and diligence, of completing that impor3 Petrarch was not less prejudiced against me
tant work. The new edition, in four large slo vodecine and its professors tban Montaigne, Molière, lumes, presents more than ten thousand correcand Rousseau. See in the Senil. lib. III. the
tions und about ive thousand new words. Epistles 1 and 2, addressed to Giovanni of Padua, a Tulius latinitalis Le.cicon, f. I. ILVI.