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statges are by Campagna.
for the elogium or Aretino; le is pretend: brated Italian writer, philosopher, poet
, that Titian and Sonsovino contributed and critic, Count Gaspardo Gozzi
, eldest bollits perfection by favouring the artist brother of the eccentric and merry Carlo
lected by the declining government of
of so many elegant particulars are injuis inferior; the richness and multiplicity nous to the real beauty of the work. The four stalues of the protectors of Padua, the Virgin and the infant Jesus, and the great bronze crucifix, are admirable works of Donatello, and the stone
n Santo contains some illustrious mausoleums of patricians, generals, dis- lace. The translation of Ossian, Cesatinguished foreigners, and professors. The monument consecrated by the pa-| Iliad; as a critic, Cesarolli has been justly trician Querini to Bembo is associated praised; but it is surprising that a lover of with the first names in letters and the truth, like Sismondi, could proclaim him with their counsels; the architecture of Gozzi, is interred at Saint Anthony : negthe monument, by San Micheli, has a Doble simplicity; the inscriplion is by / Venice, he died indigent, and has not even Paolo Giovio. The marble mausoleum of Alessandro Contarini, procurator of such literary indifference in a lown like Saint Mark, executed under the direction | Padua, and beside the sumpluousness of of San Micheli, is full of grandeur; the figures of the chained slaves, by Vittoria, placed as cariatides and excellently dis- immense beap of relics, was despoiled of ed figure on the top of the monument, by French invasion in 1797. There are exposed, are vigorous ; and the little wing- a portion of its riches at the time of the the same great artist, extremely grace-hibited the saint's tongue still unchanged the professor of elocution Oclavio Fer- | has moved more men than that of the fal. Another splendid tomb is that of in colour, which, though less eloquent,
hose digressions were said to be more esteemed than the subject of his lectures ; and such was the amenity of his manners and speech as to procure him the fine believed that Anthony does thirty mirauitle of peace-maker. We are informed cles a day : the number of his inasses by the inscription that this professor of need not cause any surprise; it is so great Padua bad a pension from Louis XIV., that there are neither sufficient altars nor and was a knight of the equestrian order priests to celebrate them, and there is a of Christina; the more illustrious Cesa-papal bull authorising the chapter to by Napoleon, has for his monument only | masses (messone in Venetian) wbich TOLÍ, who was pensioned and knighted say, towards the close of the year, certain 1 small red stone with the half-ellaced inscription :- Ossa Melchioris Cesarotti to sweep off the arrear. The price of the poetical talent of Cesarolti, his trans- value of money. A lady, la Speronella, Patarini anno 1808. Notwithstanding these masses shows the variations in the lation of the Iliad is inserior to Monti's the richest and most capricious woman, pardo Gorri ibrough tbe exertions of Professor Il last a monument was erected in 1835 to GasPetrescutet the genius of literature overw belmed Hembelli; the sculplar, S. Giuseppe Petrelil, has with wrow.sealed before tbe bust ol Gozzi, with
Gaspari. Gozzil. Viri. Litteratissimi
and impregnated with the false taste and
The treasury of Saint Anthony, an sermons corrected by himself, wrillen in a legible and even elegant band.
Casanova relates that at Padua it is count for a thousand, as the only means
this lascription beneath:
Gozzi died in the house of Count Leopoldo Ferro, In the faubourg of the Vignali; S. Meneghelli ob tained permission from the present proprietor to place on the outside wall another loscription, alluding to the residence and end of Gozzi.
it is said, in the whole district of Trevisa, Saint Anthony's singular compassion for in the twelfth century, who had been six their wives : one represents a woman times a widow, left by will, in 1192, fifty poniarded by her husband and brought livres, to have a thousand masses said for to life again by the saint; in the other, a the repose of her soul. These halspenny wife very much suspected by her husband masses in 1292, 'exactly a century later, has her honour vindicated by the child had already risen to a penny.
to which she has just given birth recognisThe ceiling of the sacristy, representing its true father, who is greatly moved ing St. Anthony's entry into heaven, thereby, a miracle for which he returns is a fine fresco by Liberi, unfortunately thanks to Saint Anthony. Two frescos too distant; the wood work of the cup by an uoknown author also exhibit bim, hoards is by the brothers Cristoforo and the first, fearlessly remonstrating with Lorenzo Canozzi; the latter both painter the tyrant Eccelino, who falls at his feet, and sculptor, a fellow disciple and rival swears that he will retire, and immeof Mantegoa, famous for ihis kind of dialely quits Padua, wbich he did not work ; a Crucifix, and other ornaments venture to revisit till after the saint's in steel wrought with singular ingenuity death : in the second he appears to the by an artisan of Padua, were superin-blessed Lucas Belludi, to whom he antended by the painter Antonio Pellegrini. nounces the delivery of his country from
Among the numerous tombs of the the same Eccelino: as the protector ol cloister of Saint Anthony, I remarked women and the redoubted enemy of a that of a great nephew of Ariosto, a boy tyrant, Saint Anthony is set off to the of thirteen years, illustrious, says the in. best advantage in this Scuola. scription, by the name of his ancestor Some other paintings, many of wbich (Adolescentulo nomine avito claro); represent the saint's odd miracles, are to ihat of a Frenchman, Arminius d'Orbe be remarked : the Saint setting the foot san, baron of La Bastide, a young war. of a young
man, by Tilian; Saint Anrior deceased in 1595, at the age of thony dead and recognised a saint by twenty : after a touching Lalin inscrip- the joyful shouts of children ; the Milion, comes this quatrain, which is des racle of the glass thrown on the pavetitute of neither harmony nor poctry : ment from a window without breaking, Narrose de tes pleurs ma sépulerale cendre,
which converted the beretic Aleard; the Puisque un jour éternel d'un plus beau ray me luil,
Child thrown into a copper of boiling Mais bénis le cercueil, où tu as à descendre;
water and resuscitated by the saint; Car il n'est si be jour qui ne meine sa nuit. the Bashful child not daring to ask for
cakes, or Titian's school; the Opening ol In the cloister of the Presidence is a the saint's tomb, which offers near the great sarcophagus surmounted by the body the portraits of Jacopo Carrara and recumbent statue of a warrior, with a his wife Costanza, a good painting by fine Latin inscription composed by Pe- Contarini; St. Francis and St. Anthony trarcb.2 The Scuola del Santo (the confrater- altar; the Child brought to life by the
in clare-obscure, one on each side the nity of Saint Anthony), near the church, saint, very fine, by Domenico Campapresents, on the first floor, some fine and gnola. A painter of the last century curious frescos by Titian, or of his
school; named Antonio Buttafogo, has not feared the subjects are taken from the bistory to represent the Death of the saint beof the saint, and these are ,esteemed side such works; the painting is of 1777; the best preserved works of that great but the temerarious artist might base painter. Two, especially, are admirable; spared himself the trouble of dating it
. ihey equally remind us of the jealous In the small under-ground chapel. ile violence of husbands at that period, and Virgin, the Infant Jesus, St. Benedict,
· Gallus eram, Patavi morior, spes una parentum,
Flectere ludus, equos, armaque cura fuit;
Flic tumulus, sors hæc, pax sit utrique : vale.
Defuerat formæ, dubiique peritla Martis;
and St. Jerome, a work in Titian's style,
CHAPTER IV. by Padovanino, bas been clumsily retou bed and is lost through neglect. The Annunziata. - Hermits. - Servl. - Rurzanie.
The fine bronze equestrian stalue, by Salot Francis.- Squarcione. - Saint Benedict.Diaatello, representing the Condottiere Tbe countess of Rosemberg. - Carmelites, Gallamelala, in the square before the church of Saint Anthony, is the first founded in Italy and by the moderns. The church of Saint Gaelan, of noble However able this general may have and simple architecture, by Scamozzi, shows himself, the chief of a mercenary injured by the affectation of certain orband of soldiers does not seem to deserve naments of the last century, has three the boncur of such a monument. With paintings by Palma, the Annunciation, combataols of his description war loses a ihe Purification, the Resurrection of poruon of its heroism, and is only another Christ, and an admirable figure of the sprries of speculation and trallic. These Virgin addolorata, altributed lo Tilian, Condottieri, in the pay of different states, and worthily. are well known to have taken care of The church of Saint Andrew contains themselves and prolonged the hostilities; the lomb of a learned scholar of the last their mancavres on the field of ballle century, Domenico Lazzarini da Murro; were sery often only simple evolutions, the Greek inscription is affecting :and their campaigos grand parades. The “Here reposes Domenico da Murro. Lact related by Machiavel, respecting the Alas! how far is he from Ancona, his battle of Angbieri, which was won by country!" Alibe high-altar, the Virgin, the bands in the Florentine service over The Infant Jesus, St. Andrew, St. Thothose in the pay of Milan,' alihough mas de Villeneuve, and other figures, is denied by Scipio Ammirato and other by Possenti, a clever Bolognese painter writers, does not destroy the reasoning of the middle of the seventeenth century. of the Florentine publicist on the infe- a pupil of Ludovico Carracci, who died riority of such troops and their inability at Padua of a muskei shot fired by a to delead ibeir country. The French rival lover. In the sacristy, are three soldiers, who knew nothing of this kind remarkable paintings: the Holy Trinity, of exercise and arrangement, could easily St. James, and si. Jerome, by Sania outdo soch enemies and conquer Italy Croce; the Virgin, the Infant Jesus, and coi gesso.. Perhaps the origin of the the Apostles, by Giuseppe Salviati, and phrase furia francese ought to be as- a very good Resurrection of Christ, by entry to the terrible surprise that they an unknown author. erited among such prudent men? Is it The architecture of the church of Saint Dot unzalar that these stormy republics, Lucy is simple and well-conceived, alto$0 jpaljoat of their liberlies, Albens, Car:gether free from the bad taste of the last thage, Venire, and Florence, ended by century. A little painting of the Virgin, retrosticz lureigners and barbarians to half-length, is a precious work by an delend ibetu: lo such an extent is that unknown author; it is placed over a sort of som sal egotistn, produced by false wooden crucilix, by Bouazza, a Paduan civilisation and the craving aller plea-artist of the last century, clever in ibat sure, fatal to true patriotism! So much kind of work; in the sacristy, the St. are wealthy, commercial, reasoning na- Joseph holding the infant Jesus in his twas less capable of greal sacrilices than arms, who is turned with an affectionale ibuse bich are poor and insulated, reli- air towards St. Anthony of Padua and Buus, and of primitive manners. St. Francis d'Assise, is by Nicholas Re
nieri, a Flemish painter, of the earlier half of the sixteenth century, who settled at Venice; his style is at once soft and vigorous, and unites the manner of his
country with that of Italy. ilot Sarent. lib. v. After four hours of close o Wien chalk: the words used by Alexander FI. to estat 'ere was only one map killed, aod be lost express the rapidity of the invasion of Charles VIII., Min fibrough falling froin his horse and belig who seemed to have only to mark bis lodgings like try anden for by the borses of the preteoded an- a quartermaster, ng ora baus.
The little church of the Annunziata | vigni militis de Harena. Scrovigne nell' Arena,' of the beginning of the was a wealthy citizen of Padua who hac fourteenth century, is singularly
charac- been admitted into the Venetian nobiteristic. Beside it stood the old palace Jity in 1301, iwo years previous to hi of the Foscari, which was demolished rounding the Annunziata. Vanity woul between my visit of the year 1827 and be beneficial and almost worthy of rethat of 1828, and a mean looking house spect, if it always produced sucb monuwas being built on its site. This so ments. litary spot consequently combined, on The church of the Hermits is one of th my first visit, the ruins of antiquity, the most curious in Padua. The plan was b middle ages, and the revival. The walls a monk of that order, Fra Giovanni, of the Annunziata are covered with great architect of the thirteenth century vast frescos, consisting of the strange public engineer of Padua. It present figures of the Virtues and Vices by iwo elegant antique tombs of princes o Giotto, and particularly the celebrated the Carrara family, the ancient sove: Last Judgment, which is said to have reigns of Padua, with an inscription b: been executed from the inspirations of Petrarch ; 4 another lomb near them i Dante, his friend.3 Though oppressed by that of the learned professor of law Be five centuries, this grand composition is navides, inferior in neither grandeur noi perhaps the best preserved of his works, magnificence, which, in his passion for and the upper part has some details full monuments, this Paduan Mecænas hac The paintings of the choir represenling sculptor Ammanalo; 5 some great fresco: oftaste, gracefulness, elegance, and truth. erected during his life, by the Florentine the Life of the Virgin, by Taddeo Bar by Mantegna or of bis school, hall
des tolo, one of Giotto's pupils
, much praised troyed; a well preserved fresco, one or by Vasari, prove, notwithstanding their his masterpieces; his Martyrdom of St. inferiority, that he was not unworthy Christopher, full of life and expression, his illustrious master. The magnificent marble tomb of Enrico master Francesco Squarcione, under the
in which he has painted himself and his Scrovigno, founder of the Annunziata, guise of two soldiers standing near the with his statue recumbent, is behind
the saint; other singular frescos by Guasacristy; beneath is this inscription : teenth century, clumsily retouched, which Propria figura domini Henrici Scro
cover the choir, and are said to repre'Notwithstanding the jealous pretence of Malfel tbat Padua bad not an amphitheatre, it seems cer
nov. 5), in which be isthus magnificently eulogised talo that it possessed one (and even two, if we may
"Ebbe uno ingegno di (anta eccellenzia, che ninea believe Count Stratico, tbe editor of Vitruvius, who
cosa dalla natura, madre di tutte le cose, e opera discovered another in the Prato della valle) and sille, e con la penna, o col pennello non dipignesse that its rulos are still visible in front of the Annunziala. D'llancarville bad composed a Disser
si simile a quella, che pon simile, anzi più tosic tation on this subject, which remained unpublisbed,
dessa paresse, in tanto, che molte volte delle cose
da lui fatte si truova, che il visivo senso degl as also a considerable number of his researcbes uomini vi prese errore." lle moreover says ita now in the hands of an Englishman, Mr. Wolstenholme Parr, who purposed publishing ibem in
Giotto was a fine talker (bellisimo favellatore
The novels of Sachelli justify this last qualibcation Englaud, but who was still at Padua in 1830.
they contain several avecdotes and repartees o D'llancarville had commenced a Dissertation
Giollo, which show bis satirical, independen on these figures wbich was left a mero sketch at temper, and even the singular licence of his opihis death; bis ingenious explanation of the Pru plons. See Nov. LXII. and LXIV. dence was unpublished until given by Cicogoara,
4 It is inserted in Scardeone's work, De antiquibook ill., chap. vil. of his History of Sculpture. lale urbis Palavii, Basil.,
1560, fullo, p. 282 ; but 3 Benvenuto di Imola, an early commentator of Dante, relates a witty reply made by Giotto to Dante,
instead of cum forel horrendus hoslibus ille sur
there is tbe egregious blunder of cum Roret. who was his guest at Padua, very much like that of
5 Such was Benavides' love for the arts an tbe Roman painter Malllus, told by Macrobius : Dante, wben examining the frescos of tbe Annun
sciences and their professors, that on the reverse zlata, asked Giotto wby bis children, who closely
of a medal to bis honour, which be bad orderea
the noted Cavino to engrave, he put the portrait Title like bis paintings, the latter being beautiful, brated antiquarian, his accomplice in the fabrica
the latter and that of Alessandro Bassano, a celeibe former ugly : Quia pingo de die, sed fingo de nocle, replied Giotto. The bad looks of Giotto are
tion of antique medals, of such exact imitation, tha the subject of one of Boccaccio's novels (Giorn. VI.,
they were long the despair of other antiquarians and procured Cavioo the title of Prince of forgers
sent the planets, among which Mercury | angels, and at her feet St. Jerome, St. is seen dressed as a monk, and holding Christopher and other saints, is a natural a book in his hand, as the god of elo and sublime composition of the fifteenth quence ; St. Peter, St. Paul, Moses, and century, author unknown. It is uncerJoshua, in fresco, larger tban life, reck- tain on what grounds the miraculous obed the best works of the vigorous statue of the Virgin has been attributed pencil of Stefano dell' Arzere; on the to Donatello. In the sacristy, the paintatlar or the chapel painted by Mantegna, ing of the Virgin holding the dead seven figures of burnt clay, full of grace, Christ, is by Andrea Mantova, a noble Datore, and simplicity, surmounted by and clever amateur, pupil of Luca of an elegant frieze, by Giovanni of Pisa, Reggio. The Virgin. St. Paul, St. Auor perhaps his master and companion gustine, St. Mary Magdalen, St. CaDonatello; the Virgin on an elevated therine, is a good work by Stefano tbrone, with the infant Jesus in her dall' Azzere; the Virgin appearing to arms, and at her feet St. James, St. Au the founder of the Servi" order; the gustine, St. Philip, and the doge Gritti Ardingo Bishop of Florence investholding the city of Padua in his hand, a ing him with the black gown, are grand composition, excellent in design by Luca of Reggio. The bronze bassoand colouring. by Fiumicelli; the St. relievos of the mausoleum of Paolo of John Baptist in the desert, by Guido, Castro and his son Angelo, jurisconsults fall of the poble espression peculiar to and professors, are perhaps by Vellano, him: Jesus Christ showing his wound a pupil little worthy of Donatello apd to St Thomas, one of Padovanino's much too highly spoken of by Vasari. chefs-d'auvre. In the sacristy, is one To one place an angel is seen taking a of Capova's funerary cippi, so much dis- book to these doctors, lo whom the inlinguished for elegance and variety, that scription gives the ridiculously losty tille of Prince William George Frederick or of monarchis sapientiæ. The tomb of Orange, remarkable for the pathos of the Heraclius Campolongo, a celebrated figure and the merit of the drapery. physician in his day, who died in 1606,
There is a small cemetery belonging to is at once grand and elegant. the church of the Hermiis; it contains The small church of Saint Daniel is of the marble tombs of a German lady, the the eleventh century, but it has been baroness Louisa Deedle, by Canova, and modernised. It is a matter of regret of another person of the reformed faith; that no traces remain of the tomb and these protestant tombs are perhaps nearer honorary inscription decreed to Angelo a cburch than any other, and the latter, Ruzzante surnamed Beolco, from his through a laudable toleration, is built in taste for agriculture and the rearing of the very wall of the Hermits, and I be- cattle. Beolco, celebrated for his comelueve has a front in the church.
dies in the rustic dialect of Padua, played At Saint Canziano, ihe Miracle of the them with such talent as to be compared muser by St. Anthony, a work of Da- 10 Roscius by Sperone Speroni. Notmini, contains the portrails of the famous withstanding his success, Beolco was anatomisi Geronimo Fabricius d'Acqua- poor when he died, in 1512, at the age pendente and thal of the author. 1 be of forty, and was honoured with a magDeath of the Redeemer and the Marys vifceni funeral al Saint Daniel at which keeping, ricellent figures in clay, by his admirer, the canon Scardeone, the Andrea Riccio, have most unluckily been historian of the illustrious Paduans, seenis co vured: one seels, on seeing them, to to have assisted. If the monument of shat an extent reality is inferior to the the Paduan poet and actor still existed, true.
it would do credit to Italy, for having The charch of the Servi of Santa Maria granted honours to Beolco and a burial, is as old as the fourteenth century; it which were refused to Moliere's ashes in was founded by Fina Buzzacarina, wise France more than two centuries aller. of Francesco Carrara the Elder, on the The spacious church of Saint Francis site of the demolished house of the con is not destitute of interest with respect spurator Nicolao Carrara, who wanted to lo art and literary associations. The briray Padua to Can della Scala. Many tomb of the illustrious Florentine scholar, or its paintings and mausoleuins are re. orator, politician, and warrior, Bartomarkable; the Virgin in the midst of lommeo Cavalcanti, who went into vo.