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HORTICULTURE. Art. 36. Miscellanies, on ancient and modern Gardening, and

on the Scenery of Nature. Evo. 25. 60. Walter. 178;.

A canto of scraps, in prose and verse, from writers who have, profeffedly or incidentally, expatiated on the beauties of ornamental gardening and natural scenery: as-Homer, Virgil, Taffo, Petrarch, Bacon, Shakespeare, Milton, Addison, Thomlon, Whateley, the foreign Encyclopedies, and Journals, the Descriptions of Dovedale, Keswick, &c. &c. Art. 37. A Method to preserve Peach and Nectarine Trees from

the Effects of the Mildew; and for destroying the Red Spider in Melon Frames, and other Insects, which in felt Plants in Stoves, and Trees, Shrubs, &c. in the open Garden. By Robert Browne, Gardener to Sir Harbord Harbord, Bart, at Gunton in Norfolk.

55. fewed. Printed by Subscription for the Author, and sold in London by Walter. 5786.

Mr. Browne's methods seem to be effectual, if thoroughly perfifted in; but the gardener must not grudge his labour ;-that labour which, if repaid by plenty of fine fruit, will certainly be well be. fowed. The same remark will equally apply, with respect to the high price of this very small book : for who can deem a crown too much for good instruction, in order to preserve what is so expensive to saise; and which, as the event shews, is often sailed, only to feast infects and vermin?

MATHEMATICS, &c. Art. 38. A key to Hutton's Arithmetic; containing the Solutions,

at full Length, of all the Questions proposed in that Work. By Charles Hutton, LL.D. F.R. S. &c. Robinsons. 1986.

A useful publication for those school-mafters who use the compendium, to which this is . a Key.'. We can give no other account of this work than what is contained in its title-page, except thai, in those parts which we have examined, it appears to be free from error.

RArt. 39. A Syfem of Mechanics : being the Subftance of Lec

tures upon that Branch of Natural Philofophy. By the Rev. T. Parkinson, M. A. Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge. 4to. 16s. fewed. Cadell.

This performance, says the Author in his preface, claims little more than the inferior merit of facilitating the progress of the ftudent, by a felection from the works of others, which may fupercede the neceffity of applying to a multitude of books. To be of service to the ignorant and uninformed was the chief motive for undertaking this work, and the sole object of attention in the execation of it: and Mr. P. has very commendably adduced his authorities, by mentioning at the bottom of his pages, the books from which he has selected his matter. He begins with an Introduction, containing fome of the chief phenomena of nature, the rules of philofophizing, and the doctrine of ratios, which is very clear and juit.

The subjects of the different chapters into which the work is divided, are, 1. Of Matter, in generál. 2. Of Extension.

Solidity ;

12 mo.

35. Boards.

3. Of

Solidity; but comprehending also the general doctrine of absolute and relative. Morion. 4. Inertia of Marter. In this chapter are found some very just observations on the vis motrix, or vis viva, of a moving body, being that by which it communicates motion, or change of motion to another body. Indeed we have never met with any thing more satisfactory on the subject. Then follow the genesal laws of motion, and the doctrine of the composition and resolution of forces. 5. Attraction of Gravity, 6. Aitraction of Cohefon, with some general Remarks on Hardness, Softness, and Elalticity. 7. and 8. Mechanical Powers. Under the article Wedge, the inistakes of several authors are re&ified, and the whole placed in a clear light. 9. Centre of Gravity. 10. Communication of Motion by direct and oblique Impact. This also comprehends the doctrine of the spontaneous centre of conversion of a body. II. Centres of Percusion, Oscillation, and Gyration. 12. Rectilineal Motion of Bodies; containing the general laws of accelerating forces. 13. Pendulous, and, 17. Projectile Motion. The Author appears to have a clear idea of things himself, and also to poffels the art of communicating it to others. His work contains. 24. plates, neatly engraved,

wi Art. 40. The Rudiments of Mathematics ; designed for the Ule

of Students at the Universities: Containing an Introduction to Algebra, Remarks on the first Six Books of Euclid, and the Elements of Plain Trigonometry. By W. Lud!am, late Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge. 8vo. 35. Boards. Cadella 178,

This is a work of very great merit. Mr. L. observes, in his preface, chat no man can get any credit by making an horn-book for the babes in mathematics, though it may be an useful work.' Which is but too true, and has probably been the reason why the tas of writing elementary treatises, has so often fallen to the lot of un kilful hands : but when a master of the subject will deign to undertake it, the Public are much benefited, as in the present inttance. The book begins with the doctrine of vulgar fractions, which being well understood, a learner will find little difficulty in comprehending the elements of algebra, as, here laid down. The remarks on Euclid are, in general, very just, and will help young, students to comprehend the drift and design of that celebrated Aux thor. The trigonometry is brief, but easy to be understood'; and, in particular, here is an excellent elucidation of the several changes in the algebraic signs, of the colines, tangents, &c. fo necessary to be observed in the folutions of altronomical and physical problems.

ANTIQUITI E S. Art. 41. Nenia Britannica , or an Account of some hundred

Sepulchres of the ancient Inhabitants of Britain. In Nümbers. By the Rev. James Douglas, F. S. A. Nos. I. II. and III, Foi. 55. each. Nicol. 1786.

As this is a fingular work, peculiarly adapted to illustrate the early part of the history of England, and of great importance to the an. tiquary, we have deviated a liccle from our plan, for the purpose of announcing to our readers (especially those who admire the study of antiquity) a publication which will afford both pleature and profit.

The

The Author has opened several ancient tumuli or fepulchres, in whickt are found, deposited with the dead, according to the custom of the times, a variety of inftruments of war, culinary or domestic utensils, rings, gems, coins, &c. These and every circumstance relative to the tombs, are particularly described, and the tombs themselves, with all their contents, are represented in aquatinta plates, which are admirably adapted for conveying an accurate idea of antique relics. Mr. Douglas proposes to complete this curious performance in twelve numbers, each of which will contain three plates, the Author's own etching, and the written description of what they represent. NATURAL HISTORY.

m Art. 42. Apart Essay on the Propagation and Difperfion of Animals

and Vegetables, being chiefly intended as an Answer to a Letter Jately published in favour of Equivocal Generation. izmo. Is. 60. Wilkic. *786.

Omne vivum ex ovo is an axiom so universally received by naturalifts, that every attempt to contradiet it will be treated with ridicule * The idea of equivocal generation will be easily refuted by repeating the arguments of Ray, Harvey, Linnaus, Derbam, and others, whose opinions are sufficiently known.

20 NEGRO-SLAVERY. Art. 43. An Apology for Negro-Slavery : or the West India

Planters vindicated from the Charge of Inhumanity. By the Author of Letters to a young Planter. The second Edition with Additions. 8vo. is. 60. Strachan. 1786.

We noticed the first edition of this work in our Review for June last, and explained the design of our Author ; who now, in addition to what he formerly advanced, makes some sensible remarks on a late pamphlet, entitled, An Esay on the Slavery and Commerce of the kuman Species t. He charges the Author of that work with having misrepresented the treatment of negro-laves in the West India islands, most of the affertions of that gentleman being, in his opinion, found ed on the reports of people who had never been eye-witnesses to the circumstances they have related.

We give the more credit to the facts related in the present public cation, since the Author has been candid enough to subscribe it with his name, Gordon Turnbull. Anonymous information is always for. picious; but when a man supports his affertions with the credit of his name and character, no respectable court of criticism' can quertion the truth of them-unless the strongest grounds of suspicion appear.

2.0 VOYAGES, &C. Art. 44. A Journal of Captain Cook's laf Voyage to the Pacific

Ocean, on Discovery, performed in the Years 1776-10 1780. Illustrated with Cuts and a Chart, shewing the Tracks of the Ships in this Expedition. A new Edition, compared with, and cor

* See our strictures on Mr. Jackson of Exeter's letter in support of equivocal generation, Rev. vol. Ixviii. p. 394 and 395, and again vol. Ixxi. p. 346. + See Review for Nov. last, page 364. 3

rected

recled from the Voyage published by Authority. 8vo. 6s. Newberry. 1785.

This is a new edition of a work of which we gave an account in our Review, vol. Ixv. P. 236. What we have said of that publicarion has been confirmed by the authentic voyage published by the Board of Admiralty. The present edition, however, is in many places corrected; but it is even now an imperfect account of the dis-, coveries of the great navigator, and of events which happened in the voyage.

D. EDUCATION, Art. 45. An Introduction to Reading and Spelling, written on a

dew Plan, and deligned for the Use of Schools. By the Rev. J. Hewlett. 8vo. 15. Johnson. 1986.

Many spelling-books,' says Mr. H. in his preface, have been professedly written for the ease of the master and the assistance of the scholas, but little has been done towards systematizing the language in order to exemplify the different varieties of its orthography, more than collecting from a dictionary, tables of words consisting of two, three, four, five, or fix fyllables.' Mr. Hfhews the iniuficiency of such spelling books, and recommends the methodical plan he has followed, as every way calculated to allist the memory of the fcholar. The plan is a good one, but we fear too intricate for a child, 10 whose capacity alone such books ought to be suited.

2-m We must differ from Mr. Hewlet when he says the pronunciation of the English language is the most perfect in the metropolis.

d Art. 46. A Series of Prints-of ancient History, deligned as Orna

ments for those Apartments in which Children receive the first Rue diments of theis Education. In two Paris. Part I. Small 410. iod. sewed. Marshall.

This little volume contains copper-plate engravings of remarkable occurrences in the Assyrian, Persian, Grecian, and Roman mogarchies; which last is divided into four classes, viz. the Macedo. pian, Afiatic, Syrian, and Egyptian kingdoms; and concludes with the death of Cleopatra. The design of this publication is the fame with that of A series of prints of Scripture history,' mentioned with approbation in our Review for November last, and is intended as a companion to it: the plates here given are equally good, if not beta ter, than the former, and are much superior to any we have before feen, in little compilements for the use of young readers. G.l.. Art. 47: 1 Defcription of a Set of Prints of ancient History, con

tained in a set of easy Lessons. In two Parts. Part I. Small 60. sewed. Marshali.

What we said in our Review for November concerning the description of a fimilar series of prints, may be applied to the present, as, like the former, this litile volume explains all the places in the foregoing publication, and is equally commendable for the style in which the descriptions are written.

Po E TRY. Art. 48. Poetical Effufions of an Epicurean Philosopher, contrasted

with chole of a Christian Philosopher, both far advanced in Years. The Firit being a close (though liberal) Translacion of some Stan

410.

zas

35. fewed.

zas of the late celebrated Voltaire, as published among his Works; and the other of a contrasting Parody of the law Stanzas by an anonymous Author. Both translated from the French. 4to. is. Becket. 1786.

Except poor Reviewers, who are, alas ! forced to read every thing that any body chuses to write, who will give themselves the trouble of reading a copy of verses, in which the mere whim of making each page contradi&t its fellow, supplies the place of wit, harmony, fenfe, apd grammar Art. 49. The Patriot Beard, an Heroic Comic Poem. 400 25.

Graham, No. 134, Drury Lane. 1786. Grubfreet hath nothing to fear, if we may judge by this specimen, from the rivalship of Drury Lane. In harlotry the latter may excel; but, in poetry, Grubstreet muft still remain-the Parnaffus of the city. Art. 50. Poems for young Ladies, Devotional, Moral, and Entertaining. Selected by Dr. Goldsmith.

12mo. Johnson. 1785.

Whether Dr. Goldsmith was, or was not, the selector of these poems, is, we suppose, immaterial to the Public. It is of more importance to be satisfied that the pieces are all of a moral turn, and fit to be put into the hands of young females, with a view to proper instruction, as well as to rational entertainment. They are collected from the works of Addison, Young, Moore, Collins, Thomson, Milton, Dr. Cotton, Goldsmith, Pope, Gray, &c. We have various collections of a similar kind and bulk ; fuch, for instance; as the Moral Miscellany, the Pleafing Instructor, &c. &c. . Many of the poems, and extracts of poems, are the same in all: and they are equally proper for youth of both sexes. Art. si. The Progress of War *. A Poem. By an Officer.

4to. 45. Egerton: 1785. This poem traces the progress of war from Cyrus to Frederic. It is a dull and superficial performance. It neither interests nor affects the reader : and well might the Author introduce it by complaining of a' reluctant mufe.'

DRAMATIC. Art. 52. A Translation of the Scots Pastoral Comedy the Gentle

Shepherd, from Allan Ramsay's Original. By 'W. Ward. 8vo. 28. Robinsons. 1785.

Like many other translations, this is very unequal to the original. Ramsar's is a charming poem. Art. 53. A School for Grey Beards: or the Morning Bride. A Comedy, in five Acts. By Mrs. Cowley. 810.

Robinsons. 1786.

This comedy, on the day after its first representation in Drury Lane, laboured under the charge of indecency. Such 'was the general report; and, when it was considered that it came from a female pen, criticism rofe to indignation and resentment. This prejudice, in all

Bh

Is. 6d,

By the advertisements it appears that the Author's name is Chriftian.

probability,

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