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Art. 44•

POETRY. Art. 43. Lines, addressed to Mrs. Jordan. 4to. Is. Becket. 1787.

The poet passes high compliments on this favourite Actress; ac. companied with candid and just acknowledgements of the tranfcendent merit of Mrs. Siddons, in tragedy.

A Probationary Ode for the Laureatifhip, by George Keate, Esq; written in 1785, with Notes critical and explanatory, by the Editor. 4to. 25. Kearlley.

1:87. A gross misapplication of wit and humour.—Mr. K. holds a respectable rank in the republic of letters. This fatire on him, and on his writings, seems to have been dictated by private spleen.We never can approve these personal attacks. They are an intolerable abuse of the liberty of the press.-If they have any literary merit, so much the worse. Art. 45: The Progress of Music: an Ode, occafioned by the Grand Celebration at the Abbey. 4to.

IS. 6d. Kearsley. Unluckily, this poem came into our hands just after we had, by mere accident, been taking a comparative view of Dryden's and Pope's two celebrated odes on the same subject--the Praise of Music. Under the impression made on our minds, by the beauties of those • Mighty Mafiers,' it might be somewhat unfair to speak of the merit of the present performance:-which, therefore, we will lay on the Melf, till that impression is become a little fainter. Art. 46. The Satires of Juvenal, translated into English Verse;

with a correct Copy of the original Latin on the opposite Page ; cleared of all the most exceptionable Passages, and illustrated with marginal Notes from the best Commentators. Also, Dr. Brewfter's Perfius, with the Original on the opposite Page, and Notes from Causabon, to illustrate the Design and Method, as well as Scope of the several Satires. By E. Owen, M. A. Rector of Warrington, and Master of the Free School in that Town. 8vo. 2 Vols. 75, bound. Lowndes. 1785.

Though, as much friends to decorum as Mr. Owen, we cannot say that we wholly approve of mutilating ancient Authors, and presenting them to the public by piece-meal; and though we think Dryden's translation not sufficiently accurate in some passages, yet the force and spirit of it have not been equalled in any later essay; and we suspect that the public will not be sufficiently grateful for Mr. Owen's attempt while Dryden's is in their hands.

We say not this to depreciate the meric of the present work. It is, on the whole, a laudable performance, The translator is evidently a man of learning, genius, and taste : and though we might find errors, if we diligently fought for them, yet it is as free of inaccuracies as could have been expected in a work of this nature -- where the difficulties originally were not a few, and where our Author's plan, instead of leflening, tends rather to increase them.

• If he sometimes' (as he elegantly expresses it) dilates or embellishes a thought, it must be remembered that he had an English ear to please: and that, if he sometimes wants the ease and grace of an original, he had his author's thoughts and images to preserve, Hh 2

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The first is like that civil versatility of manners which every man owes to the varying customs of the age in which he lives; but the other is like that integrity and strictness of principle which never bends to fashion or convenience at the expence of one single virtue.'

The notes, at the bottom of the page, and those at the close of the second volume, will be of great use to the young

learner.
On the whole, we must bear our tribute of applause to Mr. Owen
for his well-meant and ingenious performance ; and we sincerely
wish that he may meet with such indulgence from the public, as
may be some reward for his merit and industry.

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MEDICAL.
Art. 47. A Synopsis of a Course of Lectures on Anatomy and Physio-

logy. By Bufick Harwood, M. B. F.R.S. Professor of Ana.
tomy in the University of Cambridge. 8vo. 2s.6d. Cambridge,
Merrill; London, Cadell. 1787.

A performance useful only to the anatomical class at Cambridge. The arrangement seems to be judiciously formed, and we doubt not that the course of lectures, of which this is the outline, will be profitable to the students in physiology and anatomy. R-.. Art. 48. Nofologia Methodica Oculorum, or a Treatise on the Dir

eases of the Eyes; selected and translated from the Latin of Francis Bollier de Sauvages. By George Wallis, M. D. 8vo. 45. 6d. Boards. Robinsons.

Dr. Wallis hath here given us a methodical arrangement of the diseases of the eyes, compiled from the admirable Nolology of Sauvages, a work, the merit of which is universally acknowledged.

He has not pursued the system of Sauvages, but adopted one of his own, classing the diseases according to their seat. Thus, I. Diseases of the eye-lashes, and eye-lids. II. Diseases of the angles of the eye. III. Diseases of the conjunctive membrane. IV. Diseases of the corneal tunic. V. Diseases of the chambers of

VI. Diseases of the uvea, and its membranes. vu. Dir. eases of the chrystalline lens, and its capsula. VIII. Diseases of the vitreous humor. IX. Diseases of the retina. X. Diseases of the choroideal meinbrane. XI. Diseases of the bulb of the eye. XII. Diseases of the optic nerves. XIII. Diseases of the muscles of the eyes. XIV. Diseases of the fat, and cellular membrane in the inferior part of the eye, and the orbit itself.

Beside the description and cure delivered by Sauvages, Dr. Wallis has added the opinion of other celebrated writers, with several remarks of his own.

As to the iranslation, what there is of it is faithful; but we see no reason why so much of Sauyages' mathematics is rejected; the problems, for instance, to determine the concavity and convexity of glafies, suitable to given degrees of short and long sightedness, are certainly very useful; as are also several other matters passed over by Dr. Wallis.

The chief excellence of the work consists in the Author's remarks on the operations on the eye, which leave us no room to doubt of his abilities as a practical or operative oculift.

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Art. 49. Thesaurus Medicus, five Disputationum in Academia Edi

nensi ad Rem Medicam pertinentium, a Collegio instituto ad hoc usque Tempus, dilectus à Gulielmo Smellio. Tom. III. & IV. 8vo. 75. each. Boards. Edinburgh, Elliot. London, Robinsons. 1785.

These two volumes are a continuation of the collection of theses published at Edinburgh, which we noticed in our Review, vol. lix. p. 305. The differtations contained in the third volume are, De Chinchona, Pultney. De Vermibus, Palmer. De Rachitide, Nooth. De Aétione Musculari, Smith. De Febre Bergalense, Lind. De Fe. bribus arcendis, Monro-Drummond. De Muficis, Odier. De Cynanche, Crawford. De Perspiratione Insensibili, Hamilton. De Cyftirrhæa, Parnham. De Vino, Wainman. De Morbis Cæli Mutatione medendis, Lilie. De Arteriarum et Venarum Irritabilitate, Dennison. De Hominum Varietatibus, J. Hunter. De Physiologia Plantarum, Bell. De Alimentorum Concoctione, Stevens. De Rabie Canina, Heyham.

The fourth volume contains, De Fætus Nutrimento, Evans. De Attractione chemica, Kier. De Nutritione, Wade. De Igne, Cleghorn. De Hydrocephalo interno, Quin. De Consuetudine, Hen. Cullen. De Frigore, Arch. Cullen. De Cerebro, Nihell. De Systematis Nervofi Officiis, Stuart. De Vasis absorbentibus, Winterbottom. De Syncope, Hare. De Aeris Effectibus, De Butts. De Tetano, Gul. Monro. De Contagione, Owen. - De Somno, Cleghorn. 'De Evaporatione, Paterson. De Leucophlegmatia, Unthank.

De Aere fixo, Emmet. De Sanguinis Putridine, Ferris. De Submerfis, M'Donnell. EDUCATION, &c.

aArt. 50. Recreation for Youth : a useful Epitome of Geography and

Biography. By John Paterson Service. Small 410. 35. 60. - bound. Kearsley. 1787.

In this compendium, we have a general view of the several kingdoms, &c. of the globe, in alphabetical order, and the author concludes the first part of his work with what he calls' a "Treatise on Natural Geography.' He divides geography into two parts, natural and artificial; natural geography, he fays, respects the globe in its real and natural state.' Under this head Mr. S. conliders continents, islands, promontories, &c. The second part is a biographical dictionary, abridged, as the Author acknowledges, from the large work under that title, in twelve volumes *. Ms. Service's publication may be useful to those who do not possess larger works of a similar kind. That division of the geographical pages in which the productions, arts, government, &c. of each country, are described, will afford much information to many readers.

MILITARY AFFAIRS.
Art. 51. General Regulations and Orders for his Majesty's Forces.

8vo. is. 6d. Walter.
These regulations are drawn up, at his Majesty's command, by
Adjutant General Fawcett ; and are a foundation for establishing,
among the troops that uniformity and system in the performance of
all exercises and movements, which are essentially requisite for mi-
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litary operations, and which constitute the chief excellence of every
well regulated army.

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ASTROLOGY!
Art. 52. The New Afrology; or the Art of predialing and fore-

telling future Events by the Aspects, &c. of the Heavenly Bodies.

By C. Heydon, Jun. Altro-Philo. 12mo. 2s.6d. Kearlley. 1786. Art. 53. An Astrological Catechism, wherein the Principles of Aftro

logy are fully demonstrated by way of Question and Answer. 12mo. is. Kearsley. 1786.

Solomon says “ there is nothing new under the sun.” We, by long experience, have determined never to be surprized at any thing. It must however be acknowledged, that these two publications are very unfit characteristics of the country and age in which they have made their appearance.

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THEOLOGY, &c.
Art. 54. The Pilgrim's Progress from this world to that which is to

By John Bunyan. A new Edition, divided into Chapters.
To which are added, Explanatory and Practical Notes. By G.
Burder, Minister of the Gospel at Coventry.
bound. Matthews. 1786.

As Bunyan's Pilgrim is certainly a masterpiece in its kind, we are glad to see an edition of it well printed on good paper, and adorned with neat copper-plates. The Editor hath prefixed the Life of the Author, written, like the former accounts, in a strain perfectly con. genial with honeft John's own pious fpirit, and godly mode of expression ; and the same may be said of Mr. Burder's large explanatory and practical notes :' an extract from one of which may be given as a specimen :

• li is somewhat surprising that the Pilgrim's Progress should be universally esteemed, feeing that it condemns the far greater part of those who read it. To instance in this chapter only: Does not Ignorance speak the language of most nominal Christians? Do we not hear them ay with him, “ They hope well, for their hearts are always full of good motions—they have very good hearts, and they believe in Christ for justification?" But let their condition be truly examined, and it will appear, “ that they never had one good or right thought of themselves in their lives—that their faith is false, fantastical, and deceitful; and that they do not trust in Christ, but in themselves.” How many deceive their own fouls in this matter? They say they believe in Christ

, and trust in him, though they never saw their loft condition, and consequently their need of him; are unacquainted with the nature of his righteousness, and ridicule the idea of its imputation to the believer. Their dependence is on what they do, or (which is nearly the same) on what is done in them. They defpife Chriftian experience as enthusiasm, and think that trufting to the righteousnets of Christ, leads to licentiousness. Such is the language both of the parlour and the pulpit in this day; and yet, though it is here fo juftly exposed, every body admires the Pil. grim's Progress! How fad, yet how true is the reflection of Hopeful,

Alas! there are abundance in every town in this condition, whole families, yea, whole itreets, and that of profeffed Christians too!"

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The Lord leffen their number daily, by the light of his glorious gospel.'

From the above quotation, the reader will be apt to infer that our Editor is a Methodist; nor can we think otherwise, though he writes in a better style than some of that persuasion. But whatever be the religious denomination under which he would be classed, his exposi. tions of Bunyan's allegories will itrongly recommend his edition of the Pilgrim's Progress to the Antinomians, and rigid Calvinists in general. They are given at the end of every chapter", fomewhat in the manner of Doddridge's improvement of Scripture passages, in his Family Expositor. Art. 55. An Elay on the Goodness of God, as manifested in the Million

of Jesus Christ. Published in pursuance of the Will of the late Mr. Norris, as having gained the Annual Prize instituted by him in the Univerfity of Cambridge. By Edward Pearson, A. M. Fellow of Sydney-Sussex College. 8vo. 1s. Rivington. 1786.

It is not, perhaps, to be expected, that, in an exercise of this kind, much new light should be cast upon a crite subject. It is a sufficient recommendation of the piece to say, that it is written with a degree of good fente, perspicuity, and elegance, which entitle the Author to a higher reward than the Norrisian Prize.

E. Art. 56. Gospel Experiences, and Memoirs of the late pious and reve.

rend Gabriel D'Anville, V.D.M. including several Anecdotes of some of the most celebrated Preachers in the Metropolis : with a concluding Address to the Junior Clergy, and more especially to the Scudents of Oxford and Cambridge. 12mo. fewed. Bew. 1786. Gabriel D'Anville takes his name from his father's professionwhich was nothing more nor less than that of a blacksmith; and any other name in the shop would have suited the character equally well; for it is forged out of the lowest ore, and hammered into form by the molt bungling Cyclops of the trade.

This lamelt and most insignificant of all Vulcan's offspring becomes a methodist, and of course (according to his biographer) a hy, pocrite ; for hypocrisy and methodism are, it seems, cnly two different words for the same thing. It is no part of our business to enquire whether this convertibility of terms be right or wrong. The Author's acquaintance with the subject is so superior to our own, that we must give him credit for the truth of his affertions. He appears to have been in the secret; but what prompied him to disclose it to the world, is a point which we leave to be decided by thoie whom it concerns.

Ic concerns not us whether Gabriel d'Anville's pi&ture be drawn from the life; or whether it be the caricature of imagination, where spleen held the pencil, and impiety supplied the colours. Let those determine the truth or falsehood of it, who think it worth their while to write or to talk of Gospel experiences, whether in earnest or in jeft; for

Stulti in contraria current ! Mr. Burder has divided the two parts of the Pilgrim into 35 chapters. A third part, usually printed in the common editions, does not appear in this volume. We suppose it was not written by Bunyan; and if so, Mr. Burder was right in omitsing it.

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2 Vols. 58.

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