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M. G. Ad. Suckow. 8vo. 545 pages. Leipzig. 1785.This work is designed to enable artists and tradesmen to conduct their operations upon scientific and solid principles, and to preserve them from the errors that so frequently arise from unenlightened practice. All attempts to render the sciences applicable to the uses and wants of life are truly commendable, and a work of this nature, so well executed as the present, ought to be translated into all languages.
M ON T H L Y CATALOGUE,
For FEBRU A RY, 1787.
MATHEMATICS. Art. 12. The compendious Measurer; being a brief, yet compre.
hensive Treatise on Mensuration and practical Geometry. With an Introduction to Decimal and Duodecimal Arithmetic; adapted to the Use of Schools and Practice. By Charles Hutton, LL. D. F. R. S. &c. 8vo. 35. bound. Robinsons. 1786.
OST of our mathematical readers are, we presume, acquainted
Hutton. The present performance is unlike that comprehensive work, both in manner and matter. We have here a compendium of practical mensuration, accommodated to the use of the artist, or the student, who wishes to acquire a knowledge of the practice, without the theory, of mensuration : our Author has in a small compass brought together the most useful rules and precepts; arranged them in a convenient order, and delivered them in plain and familiar language; on these accounts they are well suited for the purpose intended, and the better to illustrate the rules, examples, with the work at full length, are subjoined to each, exclusive of others that are left with the answers only, in order to exercise the learner, and render numerical calculations familiar to him.
To the work itself are prefixed two introductory treatises, one ex. plaining the operations in decimal and duodecimal arithmetic, the other containing a number of geometrical definitions and construc. tions, especially such as are more immediately necessary for the pracrical measurer. These are neat and concise ; and the same may be said of the arithmetical rules; yet the answers to some of the arithmetical questions, owing, probably, to typographical errors, are faulty, of which an instance occurs in page 39, where the fourth foot of 2 is said to be 1.259921, which ought to be 1.189207 ; the number 1.259921 is the third root of 2; this mistake is evidently owing to inadvertency, for 1.189207 occurs as the fourth root of 2 at p. 48.
The definitions of the conic sections are inserted at the beginning of the chapter which is allotted to the consideration of these figures and the folids generated by them. These, like the geometrical definitions in the introduction, are in general neat and concise ; we think nevertheless that the words equal to the lower one in the definition of an hyperbola, might have been omitted. The solids gene
Tated by the conic sections require each a separate rule for finding their contents ; such multiplicity of rules is a vast burden to the learner's memory: in order, however, to remedy this inconvenience, Dr. H. has given a few rules that are applicable to every conic section ; for instance, the ad rule for finding the solidity of an elliptical spindle, will serve for any folid generated by the revolution of any conic Jestion ; the same may be laid of the rule for finding the solidity of a fruftum, or fegment of an elliptical spindle,-circumItances which render the mensuration of these bodies extremely fimple, and which, independent of other excellencies to be met with in this compendium, are a sufficient recommendation of it to the practical measurer. Art. 13. An Introduction and Notes on Mr. Bird's Method of di
viding astronomical Instruments. To which is added, a Vocabulary of English and French technical Terms. By W. Ludlam, late Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge. 4to. 2s. Sewel. 1786.
When Mr. Bird wrote his treatise on dividing aftronomical instruments *, he only laid down such practical rules as might be useful to workmen ; for he was, by the order of the Commissioners of longitude, profefledly writing, not to mathematicians, but to instrumentmakers. Mr. Ludlam, whose mathematical knowledge intitles him to a distinguished place among the professors of that science, was, with others, employed by the commissioners to inspect Mr. Bird's method of dividing. Mr. L. at that time, took notes of every particular that seemed wanting to render Mr. Bird's treatise complete, and to explain the principles on which the method is founded. These ootes are the fubftance of the present performance.
The reason why they make their public appearance so long after they were first written, is, to preserve a clear knowledge of the old way, in which the best instruments in every observatory in Europe were divided, until the new method, lately published by the Royal Society, which is different both in principle and practice from any other hitherto proposed, shall be generally used, and its superior excellence proved by experience.
The Public is in some measure indebted for this useful work to Alex. Aubert, Esq. at whose desire, and at whose expence (as the ingenious Author informs us in the Preface), it is published.
The Vocabulary will be found of fingular use to English readers of French books on the subject of practical mechanics, since the techni. cal words and phrases occurring in them are not in the common dictionaries of the language.
R . Art. 14. The Universal Calculator ; or the Merchant's, Trades.
man's, and Family's Afiftant. Being an entire new and com. plete Set of Tables, adapted for Dealers in every Branch of Trade by Wholesale or Retail. 8vo. 48. bound. Dilly. 1786.
Works of this kind can only be useful when they are accurately computed; we discover no errors in this, which we have examined in several places; and we therefore conclude, that it may be accurate throughout the whole. The tables thew the amount or value of any
• See an ample account of this work in Review, vol. xxxviii. p. 260, and vol, xl. p. 95.
number or quantity of goods, from 1 to 10,000, at all prices, from a farthing to 30 shillings each. There are also tables which few the price of the parts of the whole, with others of several kinds relative to brokerage, commiflion, exchange, falaries
, &c. &c. Rom. ANTIQUITI E S. Art. 15. Historical, Monumental, and Genealogical Collections, re
lative to the County of Gloucester. Printed from the original Papers of the late Ralph Bigland, Esq. Garter Principal King of Arms. No. I. folio. 25. 6d. Wilkie. 1786.
Mr. Bigland, about 30 years before his death, made a collection of monumental inscriptions, with a view to obtain certain information relative to the pedigree of families. This work, which was left unfinished by the father, is now completed and published by Mr. Richard Bigland, his son. To the curious in monumental inscriptions, and church-yard records, this performance will afford enter. tainment, and may be accepted as a supplement to Mr. Rudder's • General History of Gloucelterihire,' which we noticed in our Review, vol. Ixiii. p. 10. MEDICAL.
2: Art. 16. A Treatise on the Influence of the Moon in Fevers. By
Francis Balfour, M. D. 8vo. is. 6d. Printed at Calcutta,
Experience and observation form the basis of medical practice, and unsupported by these, the most specious theory avails but little. The present performance is purely the result of observations made in the course of fourteen years extensive practice, confirming the following propofitions relative to fevers :
· I. That, in Bengal, fevers of every denomination are, in a remarkable manner, connected with, and affected by the revolutions of the moon.
• II. That, in Bengal, a constant and particular attention to the revolutions of the moon is of the greatest importance in the cure and prevention of fevers.
• III. That the influence of the moon in fevers prevails in a similar manner, in every inhabited part of the globe, and, consequently, that a similar attention to it, is a matter of general importance in the practice of medicine.
• IV. That the whole doctrine of the crisis of fevers may be readily explained from the premises establimed respecting the influence of the moon in these disorders, at the full and change.'
It is imposible, by any abstract, to lay before our readers the several facts on which the Author establishes these principles: his long practice in a country, where bilious fevers are very frequent, furnished him with several cases, which were uniformly affected by the moon's revolutions; the intermittent bilious fever, for example, whether it appeared under the form of a quotidian or tertian, or what is more rare, under that of a quartan, was invariably observed to make its first attack on one of the three days which immediately precede or follow the full or new moon. Dr. Balfour has observed also, that the full and new moon are no less remarkable for inducing the first attack than for occafioning a relapse ; and he afferts, that, in some cases, he is able to prognoficate the return of
fever, at these periods, with as much confidence as he could foretel the revolution itself. The remittents, as well as intermittenis, are observed, both with regard to their first attack and their exacerba. tions, to be subject to the same influence.
In the cure of these fevers, Dr. B. has found, that after proper evacuations, the bark always succeeds, but more especially and effectually during the interval between the full and change, and the change and full moon; but for particulars we must refer the medical reader to the book, where he will meet with much informa. tion, and many curious, as well as useful, remarks.
The subject is undoubtedly of the utmost importance, for we have no disease which is more frequent, and attended with more danger, than fevers in general; and whoever investigates their nature, or attempts to unfold a principle, on which a successful mode of practice may be established, juftly merits the thanks both of the physician and the patient.
2 Art. 17. A Reply to Dr. Berkenhout’s Dedication to each indi.
vidual Apothecary in England, prefixed to his Symptomatology. By Somebody, who is a Friend to Candour. Svo.
IS. Rivingtons. - 1786.
A poor attempt to refute the judicious remarks which Dr. Berkenhout, in the dedication to his Symptomatology, made on the state of medical practice in England *. The Author of this reply is doubtless conscious of the justice of the Doctor's censure; he seems to feel the lash with impatience, but he wants strength suficient to repel the attack.
Do Art. 18. The fingular Case of a Lady, who had the Small Pox
during Pregnancy, and who communicated the Disease to the Fætus. By William Lynn, Surgeon. As read at the Royal Society in February 1785. 8vo. 6d. Macrea.
This we cannot think a fingular case ; it has often occurred in practice, and is consistent with the general theory of the disease. See Philosophical Transactions for the year 1749, where fix fuch cases are recorded. Art. 19. A System of Anatomy, from Monro, Winflow, Innes, and
the latest Authors, arranged, as nearly as the Naiure of the Work would admit, in the Order of the Lectures delivered by the Professor of Anatomy in the University of Edinburgh. 8vo. 2 Vols. with Copperplates. 155. bound. Edinburgh, Elliot. London, Robinsons.
Such is the title of the work before us. Turning over the advertisement of the editor, and the table of contents, we met with ano. ther: A System of Anatomy, Part I. containing the Anatomy of the Human Bones, by the late ALEXANDER MONRO, V. D. F.RS &c. Going on towards the middle of the ist vol. we found another titlepage : A System of Anatomy, Part II. containing a Defcriition of the Human Muscles, chiefly as they appear on Dilection, together with their feveral Ujés, and ibe Synonyma of the best Hurbors, by John Innes. And so on. The compiler has made choice of the moit approved writers, yet we think the authors themselves, without mutilation,
. See Rev. vol. Ixxiv. p: 315,
preferable to this mode of edition. The copperplates are in many places confused and obscure; the scale on which they are drawn is much too small, and the engraving is coarse.
20 Art. 20. The Domestic Physician; or Guardian of Health. Point
ing out, in the most familiar Manner, the Symptoms of every Dilorder incident to Mankind; together with their gradual Progress and Method of Cure: particularly adapted to the Use of privatc Families, though equally efintial to the Faculty. By B. Cornwell, M. L. 8vo. 75. 6d. bound. Murray.
Constructed upon the plan of Buchan's Family Physician, but miserably executed. The compilation is injudicious ; and every page affords false spellings, typographical errors, or inaccuracies of language.
20 POLITICAL. Art: 21. An Answer to the Woollen Draper's Letter on the French
Treaty ; addressed to the People of England, but more especially, to the Woollen Manufacturers. 8vo.
Brooks. 1787. We do not find one of the Woollen Draper's arguments invalidated by this abusive answer : and we think the principles of the Author are as contrary to the manufacturing and commercial interests of the country as his language is to decency and good manners. He would have artificers mind their own business, and trust to the superior knowledge of miniftry for procuring a market and suitable price for the productiuns of their labour and ingenuity.
The Author's attack on the political conduct of Mr. Wedgwood, is unjust and illiberal in the highelt degree.
20 Art. 22. A Reply to " A short Review of the Political State of
Great Britain,” &c. 8vo. is. 6d. Bell. A selling pamphlet (especially in the political line) always produces an answer: if it be a very selling performance, it usually excites more than one opponent: the grand question is, who shall, start first, and away the competitors dah-" The devil take the hind
Thus circumstanced, it is no wonder that we commonly find these headlong, Answers, Replies, Rejoinders, Refutations, &c. &c. to be crude and defective; and that while the halty criticiser is plentifully loading the original writer with charges of ignorance, error, or the wickedness of wilful falsehood, the accuser lays brimself open to recrimination; and his own performance is perhaps more reprehensible than that which he is so alert in attacking.
This is pretty much the case with the present political prizefighter, who was the first to take the field against the “ Short Reviewer;" and who appears to have been so much in an hurry to turn out first, that, we suppose, he did not even allow himself time to revisé his manuscript before he send it to the press; for, if he had taken that precaution, he could not surely have stumbled on the folJowing egregious Irishijm.-It is the etique.te of the British court, he says, on the dismislion of a Minister, to blacken his character.
It is done by his fucceffors, for the same reasons that the princes of Barbary cut off each other's heads.'-It must be a curious fight to be. hold one of these illustrious and dextrous Africans, without a head, wield the glittering faulchion, and, in his turn, whip of'ihat of bis