Orthodontic Treatment Mechanics and the Preadjusted Appliance
The introduction of the Straight Wire or Pre-adjusted Appliance, in the 1970s, was regarded as a significant advance in orthodontic practice. Its increasing use has led to a better understanding of treatment mechanics, yielding reliable and consistent results, to the satisfaction of both practitioner and patient. Today, the pre-adjusted appliance is widely accepted as the system of choice by orthodontic practitioners world-wide.
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Space Closure Procedures Case KL
Finishing and Detailing Cases IH BS
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achieve allow anchorage control angulation archform archwire bends bendbacks bite deepening bite opening bracket placement bracket slots bracket system buccal canine bracket Class II division Class II elastics Class II molar Class III correct cuspids distal effective extraction sites extrusion facial profile finishing stages force levels forward gingival Hawley retainer headgear incisor brackets incisor torque initial lacebacks leveling and aligning ligature wires lingual arches low angle lower arch lower incisors lower molars lower second molars malocclusion mandible maxilla maxillary ment mesial movement minimal molar bands molar bracket non-extraction treatment non-orthodontic normal occlusal orthodontist overbite control overjet reduction palatal bar passive tiebacks patient placed posterior teeth PREADJUSTED APPLIANCE SYSTEMS rectangular wire reduce retraction rotation round wire second molars segments sliding mechanics space closure stages of treatment standard edgewise Straight-Wire tion tooth movements treatment mechanics upper and lower upper arch upper first molars upper incisors upper second molars uprighting vertical wire bending
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Essential Dental Handbook: Clinical and Practice Management Advice from the ...
Robert R. Edwab
Visualização parcial - 2003