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the tree, that must ripen the juices to
their just maturity.



This then, namely, the exciting men to inquire for themselves into subjects worthy of their contemplation, this the Author declares to have been his first and principal motive for appearing in print. Next to that, as he has always been a lover of Letters, he would willingly approve his studies to the liberal and inge

He has particularly named these, in diftin&tion to others; because, as bis studies were never prosecuted with the least regard to lucre, so they are no way calculated for any lucrative End. The liberal therefore and ingenuous, (whom he has mentioned clready,) are those, to whose perusal be offers what he has written. Should they judge favourably of his attempt, be may not perhaps hesitate to confess, Hoc juvat et melli eft.


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For thohe hopes, he cannot be charged with the foolish love of vain Praise, he has no desire to be thought indifferent, or insensible to honest Fame.

From the influence of these sentiments, he has endeavoured to treat his subject with as much order, correctness, and perfpicuity as in bis power; and if be bas failed, he can safely fay, (according to the vulgar phrase,) that the failure has been his misfortune, and not his fault. He fcorns those trite and contemptible methods of anticipating pardon for a bad performance, that it was the basty fruits of a few idle hours; written merely for private amusement ; never revised; published against

consent, at the importunity of friends, copies (God knows how)

baving by stealth gotten abroad; with other stale jargon of equal falfhood and inanity. May we not ask


A 4

such Prefacers, If what they allege be true, what has the world to do with them and their crudities?

As to the Book itself, it can say this in its tehalf, that it does not merely confine itself to what its title promises, but expatiates freely into whatever is collateral; aiming on every occafion to rise in its inquiries, and to pass

, as far as possible, from small matters to the greatest. Nor is it formed merely upon sentiments that are now in fashion, or supported only by such authorities as are modern. Many Authors are quoted, that now a-days are but little studied; and Some perhaps, whose very names are hardly known.

The Fate indeed of antient Authors (as we have happened to mention them) is not unworthy of our notice. A few of them survive in the Libraries



of the learned, where some venerable Folio, that Aill goes by their name, just suffices to give them a kind of nominal existence. The rest have long fallen into a dceper obscurity, their very names, when mentioned, affecting us as little, as the names, when we read ihem, of those subordinate Heroes, Alcandrumque, Haliumque, No

emonaque, Prytanimque.

Now if an Author, not content with the more eminent of antient Writers, pould venture to bring his reader into such company as these last, among people (in the fashionable phrase) that no body knows; what usage, what quarter can be have reason to expe£t? --Should the Author of theje speculations have done this, (and 'tis to be feared be bas) what method had he best take in a circumstance fo critical ? Let us


fuppose him to apologize in the best manner he can, and in consequence of this, to suggest as follows

He hopes there will be found a pleasure in the contemplation of antient sentiments, as the view of antient Architecture, tho' in ruins, has something venerable. Add to this, what from its antiquity is but little known, has from that very circuinstance the recommendation of novelty; so that here, as in other instances, Extremes may be said to meet. Farther fill, as the Authors, whom he has quoted, lived in varicus ages, and in distant countries ; some in the full maturity of Grecian and Roman Literature ; some in its declension ; and others in periods still more barbarous, and depraved; it may afford perhaps no unpleasing speculation, to fee how the same Reason has at all times prevailed; how there is one


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