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admirable illustrations can offer, and with the additional advantage of incul. cating definite Church principles in a simple and intelligible manner. This little Magazine is now however a recognised favourite, and well deserves to be so.

Messrs. Mowbray have also brought out some very tasteful cards containing the “Anima Christi” surrounding a gold cross, with, on a smaller scale, memorial cards for Missions, which will be very useful.

Vicar's Stories, edited by Rev. H. G. Shuttleworth. No. I. “Rhoda St. Barb.” (Hodges, London.) This series seems to be intended for parochial distribution, and under such editorship it ought to prove very useful,-but we can only hope that the succeeding numbers may be more likely to attain that end than this first specimen which we have seen. It seems to be the work of an inexperienced writer, and if there is nothing to be said against it in so far as it is very harmless, neither can we find anything to say in its favour.

We have at this time a great accumulation of good books of a more serious nature, which we should have liked to introduce to our readers—but our hand is stayed, and we can do little more than announce their titles.

First we must mention Natural Law in the Religious World, by Mr. H. Drummond (Hodder and Stoughton.) It is a work that will be of great use at the present time when Science is making such great strides, and some of its advocates seem to fancy that they are about to overthrow all the ancient landmarks. Mr. Drummond is a thorough and most enthusiastic scientist: he accepts all the data of Mr. Darwin and Mr. Herbert Spencer, and shows that their principles are precisely the same that govern and account for all the phenomena of the spiritual life. We strongly advise all persons who have been at all perplexed by the claims of modern research to procure this volume and give it a careful reading. It will open wonderful views to them, and enhance their appreciation of Holy Writ, which is found as it were by antici. pation to have adopted the very language of nineteenth century Science.

Next we take up a book of a quite different kind, but likely to be very useful to the clergy, Ecclesiastical Dilapidations (London, Simpkin, Marshall and Co.; Oxford, Vincent,) by Clapton Rolfe, architect, with a preface by Oliver A. Fry, M.A., Barrister-at-Law. It seems to us done with great care, and contains some very useful cautions.

Among the publications of the S. P. C. K. we notice two-Lichfield, in the Diocesan Histories, by Mr. Beresford. The volume is scarcely so interesting as some of the others in the series ; but the author is thoroughly up in local knowledge, and the series is of great value. The other is the Pictorial Architecture of the British Isles. This is a subject which has not been sufficiently brought out in our popular publications, and we ought certainly to try and educate our people up to the appreciation of it.

For educated people we strongly recommend the Portfolio (Seeley and Co.) It is the only periodical that duly values the great works of our mediæval ancestors. The engravings are excellent.

We have only just had time to dip into A Commentary on the Office for

the Ministration of Holy Baptism, illustrated from ancient and modern sources, (Rivingtons,) by the Rev. H. W. Pereira, M.A., M.R.I.A. It is a genuine theological treatise, and will bear careful study.

Finally, there are two works for which we have been long waiting, and which are really known to the public before publication, viz., Medd's Bampton Lectures, 1882, The One Mediator, and Palmer's Book of the Church, edited by Mr. Mac Coll. The Church seems now, having celebrated the jubilee of her revival, to be in a condition to make a new departure on the lines recently re-discovered. She is now in possession of machinery, spiritual and material, and in some degree adequate for the great work lying before her, with a spirit and knowledge capable of directing her aright; and these two books last named seem calculated to supply a summary of doctrine on which the soul may feed, as well as the true theory of her constitution. They will be of no slight service to the rising generation.

We may mention also that Mr. Hodges' series of Holy Men. of Old promises to be a very useful one. The series does not seem intended to travel beyond the Church of this country. Each volume is by a separate author, and most of them are authors of reputation.

We must not forget again to recommend The Churchman's Diary. The Notes and Introduction are better calculated than anything we know to form the ideas and practice of a young clergyman.

The Groundwork of Culture, (Churchill, London ; Parker, Oxford,) is the title of a Lecture delivered by Dr. Acland to the Medical Pupils at King's College, London, and shows how it is quite possible to combine devotion to science with a firm faith in religion. It is very nicely written.

Of the Magazines which we have seen for the New Year, The Dawn of Day, published by the S. P. C. K., price one half-penny, is much improved.

And now once more we bid our readers farewell, in the conviction that whatever may happen in the outward or political world, the Church of Eng. land has a grand future before her, not only in this country, but wherever else the English tongue is spoken.

Correspondence. [The Editor is not responsible for the opinions of the Correspondents.]

To the Editor of the Churchman's Companion.


theological terms would be a serious SIR,-I must thank you heartily for matter in such a publication, I will ask your kind and appreciative notice of my you to give me the space to show your “ Plain Catechism."

reviewer that the charge has been hastily I find however, to my surprise, that it made, and is altogether unfounded. is charged with “mistakes in technical

the faithful" does not theology,” and as an inaccurate use of mean “the believing.” The equivalent VOL. VI.


1. He says

of the Latin Fidelis is "true or obedient.” But Du Cange says, Fideles ita dicti . . . . quia fidem susceperunt,i.e., have believed it. (Glossarium, s. v.)

S. Chrysostom, (Hom. xxi.) “Thou art called faithful (TTLOTOS) because thou believest GOD."

Suicer, (Thesaurus, 8. v.) defines the word thus, “Qui credit Dei promissis, seu, qui credit in Deum et CHRISTUM ac proinde Religionem amplectitur Christianam."

S. Thomas Aquinas, (Summa Theol. 3. The third charge of inadequacy is

which is the statement in the “ Plain
Catechism," and a very different thing.
No definition is there given, or attempted
to be given, of either mortal or venial
sin. The question is on another subject
altogether, and the reviewer has over-
looked the bearings of it. Mortal sin is
“that kind of sin, such as murder and
adultery, which is eternally punished
if a person dies without repentance.
(Orby Shipley, Glossary of Ecclesiastical

P. II., Quæst. viii., Art. 4,) uses the
following phrase, which shows how he
understood the word fidelis, “Nam
Ecclesia est congregatio fidelium; fides
autem non est in angelis : non enim
ambulant per fidem, sed per speciem."

Bishop Forbes, (on Art. XIX.) defines the Church as "the reunion of those who believing and confessing the faith of JESUS CHRIST, are members of the Society established by Him in earth, in view of salvation.”

Bishop Harold Browne, (on the same.) “ The Church is called “a congregation of faithful men,' coetus fidelium, because those of whom the Church is composed are the professed believers in JESUS CHRIST." (P. 460.) And on p. 463, he expressly negatives the reviewer's statement, asserting that the Church “is a visible body of those who are outward followers of CHRIST, consisting partly of faithful, partly of unfaithful, but all professed believers in the Gospel.”

I might multiply references; but no doubt the reviewer will acknowledge the ample authority already given for the statement in the “Plain Catechism."

Of course the “ fideles" must be "obedient” also. But the “fides" comes first; it is the “principium spiritualis vitæ," as S. Thomas calls it. A man may be of the “fideles” who has failed to render the full obedience which is due, just as a child may be disobedient without ceasing to be a child.

2. “Mortal sin,” says the reviewer, “is not unrepented sin.” But unrepented sin in the individual “ is mortal,"

not sufficiently definite to be met.

Again thanking you for the courtesy of your notice,-Yours, &c., THE WRITER OF THE “PLAIN CATECHISM.

[The Reviewer has no wish to carry on controversy. But his main point is unquestionable: neither the Greek word TLOTÒs, nor the Latin fidelis means one who has faith, but of course faith is included in the idea of being faithful to God, just as are baptism and obedience. The most usual meaning of the term faithful perhaps is the baptized.]

WHAT IS RITUALISM? SIR,—This is a question, it seems to me, that well deserves an answer, for passion and prejudice have so blinded the eyes of men that it is very difficult to attain to a right comprehension of what is involved in the term. In this way, however, I think we may arrive at a just definition. Christianity, as ministered to men by those who are called to the office of ministering it, may be regarded both as a science and an art. The proper ministering of the doctrines of Christianity is what we call the science of Theology: the right administration of its outward ordinances is the art of Ritualism. The Church is said in the 19th Article to be the aggregate of the Faithful, in which the pure Word of God is preached and the Sacraments are duly ministered according to its ordinances. Sound doctrine and Ritualism, then, are the two marks required. And this is the true definition of Ritualism : it is the correct performance of all external

There are two divisions of girls in the Home, little ones from four to twelve (who have a separate cottage), and elder ones from twelve to eighteen, who are being trained for service; for the little ones dolls, toys, picture-books, &c., are earnestly begged, for the older girls story-books, work-boxes, writing-cases, &c.

These gifts need not be expensive, nor, indeed, new; many children, if asked, would find real pleasure in washing and mending their dolls' clothing, and dressing afresh some of their discarded favourites, also in looking out some of their own toys and books for their less fortunate sisters.

Trusting that I have not trespassed upon your space, and that sufficient gifts for a well-laden Christmas-tree may be the result,-Yours, &c., AssoCIATE, S. THOMAS'S HOME.


Who, for the love of Christ's sick ones, will give a cast-off piano or barmonium to amuse the patients of a large ward ?

Full particulars can be obtained of the Sister, 9, Braemar Terrace, Varden's Road, S. John's Hill, S.W.



things in the Sacraments and public worship of the Church; and in its degree, therefore, it is of co-ordinate importance with a sound faith. In this sense every Priest should be a Ritualist: he must know how to do these things rightly and do them accordingly, otherwise he may unwittingly administer what are not real Sacraments, and conduct worship which is not according to the mind of CHRIST.

Such being the case we are bound, I think, to rescue this much abused word from the false gloss that has been put upon it, and to maintain that, in the proper sense of the term, no clergyman can be faithful and well instructed unless he can discharge his office according to the true principles of Ritualism.Yours, &c., S. T. M.


SIR,-I think your correspondent will find the lines beginning“Humility, the loveliest flower that

bloomed in Paradise,” were written by Mrs. Caroline Fry, author of “The Listener,” “The Assistant of Education,” &c.,- I believe one of the Society of Friends.-Yours, &c., J. E.

S. THOMAS'S HOME, OXFORD. SIR,—May I appeal to your readers for some Christmas gifts for the Orphanage and Industrial School at S. Thomas's Home, Oxford ? In this Home there are from forty to fifty girls, many of whom are rescued from wretched homes (some from the life of a tramp, and from singing and selling in the streets); they are here brought under loving religious influence and trained for service. The expense of their maintenance falls almost entirely upon the Sisters, and little can be spared for gifts. I feel sure that when it is thus brought before them, some of your readers will be glad to help, by their gifts, to bring joy and brightness into these young lives which have, as yet, seen more of the hard than of the bright side of life.

SIR,—This Home has now been begun a year and a half, long enough to have borne, what seem to be under the blessing of God, good fruits. Many of the children, before the age of twelve, have fallen into the deepest degradation; there is not one among them who has not an intimate knowledge of sins of the most fearful kind. In Newport there are many of these children; in Cardiff and Swansea numbers more. ulation of these towns is notoriously of the worst possible class. There is no attempt at any 'Home' for them in South Wales, except our little effort at Newport, where we can only take in twenty children in a hired house.

Our children come from all parts of

The pop


England-Newport, Gloucester, Exeter, drop in the ocean, yet drops enough Norwich, the Isle of Wight, Chelten- fill the ocean at last. Much is being ham, and Lechlade, and we have many done, and more will be done, to strike applications which we are obliged to re- at the root of the degradation of chilfuse. With two or three exceptions, dren in England which makes such our children are unpaid for. It must Homes' as this a sorrowful necessity. be remembered that the cases are volun- Cheques and Orders may be made tary, so there can be no compelling payable to the Rev. W. Conybeare power of payment brought to bear upon Bruce, S. Woolos Vicarage, Newport; parents. Degraded parents do not care F.J. Mitchell, Esq., or Mrs. F. J. Mitenough about the degradation of their chell, Llanfrechfa Grange, Caerleon; children to be willing to pay anything the Sister in Charge (Selina Congreve), towards their well-being, though we S. John Baptist's Mission House, Stow have never yet met (with a refusal to Hill, Newport.-Yours, &c., B. L. P. give up a child to be brought up in the

Home. There seems to be a latent instinct of a better nature, even in the SIR,—Two years ago you kindly inmost reprobate, which prevents their serted an appeal for help for the above actively opposing what is done for the Mission in the parish of Camlough, good of their child, provided they are Bessbrook. Two ladies then generously expected to pay for it.

responded to my entreaty for help. I now Our plan is to build a laundry and a again venture to appeal to the readers schoolroom and to make a playground of the Churchman's Companion. My on this site; then to purchase the row Rector (Rev. A. L. Ford) has done all he of small houses already existing, of can do out of his limited income. which the present Children's Home My object in appealing again to my forms one. Separate houses to contain English Catholic brothers is this: I am fifteen or twenty children are best for anxious to give my people and Sunday our purpose. It is not advisable to mass school a tea, and a Christmas tree to my these children in numbers, when there little ones if funds will permit. cannot be the necessary supervision on I feel sure many of your readers will

help me when they consider the many fort of 'home' on the other. For we blessings God has showered down upon should remember in dealing with these them in living in a land where there little sick souls that they have been “ is peace and plenty." sinned against rather than sinning.

The smallest contribution for the Will you, for the love of God and of above object, or donation, will be gratesouls, help us in this work of rescue, fully received and acknowledged if sent which must be dear to the heart of God? to The Firs, Bessbrook, co. Armagh, Money is all that is wanting. Will you Ireland, or to the Rector, Bessbrook, help us to take in more children here Ireland. Yours, &c., CHARLES L. where the work is already begun ? There STUTCHBURY, C.B.S., Lay Deacon in is no experiment about it; it is only a charge.

Notices to Correspondents. We shall be careful in making our final arrangements to return any article we have been unable to use ; but we shall not think it necessary to restore short poems to the writers, who have, no doubt, retained copies for themselves.


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