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The kingdom and

PSALM CX.

priesthood of Christ.

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C. .

4 The Lord hath sworn, and will || 6 He shall judge among the heathen, A M. 2962 .

not repent, •Thou art a priest for he shall fill the places with the dead ever after the order of Melchisedek.

bodies : he hshall wound the heads over many 5 The Lord f at thy right hand shall countries. strike through kings 8 in the day of his 7 i He shall drink of the brook in the way: wrath.

k therefore shall he lift up the head.

d Num. xxi. 19.-e Heb. v. 6; vi. 20; vii. 17, 21; Zech. xi. 18.-Psalm lxviii. 21 ; Habakkuk iii. 13. — * Or, great. vi. 13.—Psa. xvi. 8.-5 Psa. ii. 5, 12; Rom. ii. 5; Rev. 1 Judg. vii. 5, 6.-k Isa. liii. 12.

various gifts and graces of God's Spirit, which are to be their lawgiver and judge, and shall condemn beautiful in the eyes of God, and of all good men. and punish those that reject his salvation, and disFrom the womb of the morning thou hast the der obey his laws, rendering indignation and wrath, of thy youth-That is, thy offspring (the mem- tribulation and anguish unto all that refuse to obey bers of the Christian Church) shall be more nu- the truth, but obey unrighteousness, Rom. ii. 8, 9. merous than the drops of the morning dew. Or, as, He shall fill the places with the dead bodies-Of Bishop Reynolds expresses it, “Thy children shall his enemies, or of those powers whom he shall be born in as great abundance unto thee as the dew strike through in the day of his wrath; and he which falleth from the womb of the morning.” Toshall wound the headsThe principals, or rulers, the same purpose Bishop Lowth, in his tenth Lec-over, or of, many countries—That is, the Roman ture: “The dew of thy progeny is more abundant emperors themselves, who shall then rule over the than the dew which proceeds from the womb of greatest part of the world, or all those princes who the morning."

oppose him. The reader will easily discern that Verse 4. The Lord hath sworn-He did not the psalmist here describes the exercise of Christ's swear in constituting the Aaronical priesthood, Heb. || regal power and supreme dominion; his conquest vii. 21, but did here, that it might appear to all man- over sin and sinners, and over all the opposition of kind that this priesthood was made irrevocable, the powers of darkness, in metaphorical expreswhich that of Aaron was not. Thou art a priest- sions, taken from earthly conquests; and that this, As well as a king. Those offices, which were di- and the like passages, are not to be understood vided before between two families, are both united literally and grossly, but figuratively and spiritually, and invested in thee, both being absolutely necessary according to the nature of Christ's kingdom. for the establishment of thy kingdom, which is of a Verse 7. He shall drink of the brook in the waynature totally different from the kingdoms of this That is, says Houbigant, the brook Cedron, I suppose; world, being spiritual and heavenly, and therefore David pointing out the passion of our Lord, by a requires such a king as is also a minister of holy continuance of the metaphor wherewith he began. things. For ever— Not to be interrupted or trans- | Jesus was exalted because of his sufferings; therelated to another person, as the priesthood of Aaron fore did he lift up his head, Heb. xii. 2. This is the was upon the death of the priest, but to be con- more general interpretation of the verse. It er. tinued to thee for ever. After the order of Mel-presses, says Poole, “the humiliation and passion chisedek-Or, after the manner, &c.; that is, so as of the Messiah, to prevent a great mistake which he was a priest and also a king, and both without | might arise in men's minds concerning him, from any successor and without end, in the sense intend the great successes and victories here ascribed to ed, Heb. vii. 3.

him, which might induce them to think that he Verse 5. The Lord at thy right handThis, it should be exempted from all sufferings, and be seems, is to be understood of the Messiah, instated crowned ith constant and perpetual triumphs. To in his regal power at the right hand of his Father; confute this notion, he signifies here that the Mesand not of the Father himself, as his helper and de- siah should have a large portion of afflictions while fender, as the phrase is used Psa. xvi. 8, and in some he was in the way or course of his life, before he Other places. Thus, this is an apostrophe to God should come to his end or rest, and to the honour the Father concerning his Son. This sense of the of sitting at his Father's right hand.” Thus St. clause agrees best with the following verses; for it Paul, who may be considered as giving a comment is evident that it is the same person who strikes on these words, observes, that being found in through kings, and judges among the heathen, and fashion as a man, he humbled himself

, and befills the places, &c. Shall strike through kings- came obedient unto death, wherefore God also hath That is, shall break in pieces the greatest powers | highly exalted him, &c., Phil. ii. 8, 9. Waters in upon earth, who shall provoke his displeasure, by Scripture very frequently signify sufferings; and to an obstinate opposition to his authority, and the drink of them signifies to feel or bear these sufferestablishment of his gospel. In the day of his ings. There are some, however, who give the wrath-In the day of battle, when he shall contend verse a different meaning, and suppose that by with them, and pour forth the floods of his wrath | drinking of the brook in the way, is meant the sucupon them.

cour and supply of almighty grace: or, the influVerse 6. He shall judge among the heathen- | ences of the Holy Spirit, frequently represented Shall demonstrate himself to all the heathen world | under the emblem of water, as Isa. xii. 3, and lv. 1; The psalmist praises

PSALM CXI.

God for his works.

John vii. 38, 39. Thus Mr. Hervey: "If it be asked, in the heavenly Zion, is all power in heaven and how the Redeemer shall be enabled to execute the earth; to be employed for the protection of his subvarious and important offices foretold in the former | jects, and the destruction of his enemies, verse 2. part of this Psalm, the prophet replies, He shall || The laws of his kingdom are the laws of the gosdrink of the brook in the way. He shall not be | pel; which were to be published from Jerusalem: left barely to his human nature, which must una- | they who freely offered themselves to publish his voidably sink, but through the whole administration || laws, and gather subjects into his kingdom, were the of his mediatorial kingdom, and his incarnate state, | apostles, and first preachers of his word; who, in a shall be supported with omnipotent succours. He | few years, being invested with power from on high, shall drink of the brook of almighty power: he spread his gospel over the world, and gathered into shall be continually supported by the influence of his kingdom multitudes of subjects out of every nathe Holy Spirit, and therefore shall he lift up his tion under heaven, verse 3. At the same time that head. By these means shall he be rendered equal Jesus was seated on his throne as King, he was made to his prodigious task, superior to all opposition, High-Priest in the heavenly sanctuary, to intercede successful in whatever he undertakes, and greatly for his people, and be their advocate with the Fatriumphant over all his enemies." —Hervey's Med., | ther, verse 4. The sceptre was given him as well vol. i. p. 129.

for the destruction of his enemies, as the protection Upon the whole, we have in this Psalm as clear a of his subjects. When, therefore, the potentates of prophecy of the Messiah, and of the offices which the earth opposed his gospel, and persecuted its he should sustain, as perhaps we can find, in so few publishers, he destroyed them with the breath of words, in any part of the Old Testament, and a pro- || his mouth; first, by pouring out his wrath on Judea, phecy absolutely incapable of any other application in the excision of its inhabitants, and the subversion Now this prophecy was completely fulfilled in of its state; and afterward, by executing his venJesus of Nazareth, when he rose from the dead, geance on the persecuting powers of the heathen ascended into heaven, and sat down on the right world, as they rose up to oppose the advancement hand of his Father; from thenceforth expect- of his kingdom, verses 5, 6; Rev. xix. 11-21. When ing till his enemies should be made his footstool ; Jesus set out on his warfare against the enemies of that is, “till Satan, the prince of this world, should our salvation, he drank deep of the cup of sorrow be confined to the bottomless pit; till all the perse- and suffering; but, in reward for bis humiliation, he cuting powers of it should be destroyed, and till is highly exalted to the throne of equal glory, at the death and the grave should be no more, verse 1. The right hand of God, that all should honour the Son, kingdom, to which he was advanced, is a spiritual | even as they honour the Father:" see Green, on kingdom: the sceptre, with which he was presented ll the Prayer of Habakkuk.

PSALM CXI. This Psalm, which Bishop Patrick supposes to be a kind of epitome of the 105th and 106th Psalms, is composed alphabetically,

each sentence beginning with a different letter of the Hebrew alphabet in order. It and several of the following Psalms secm to have been written for the service of the church in their solemn feasts. The psalmist here praises God for his

works, 1-9. Recommends the fear of God, 10. 8. 2. 2002. PRAÍSEye the Lord. •I will heart, in the assembly of the upright, A. M. 2962. B. C. 1042.

B. C. 1042. praise the LORD with my whole and in the congregation.

1 Heb. Hallelujah.

a Psa. xxxv. 18; lxxxix. 5; cvii. 32 ; cix. 30; cxlix. 1.

NOTES ON PSALM CXI.

magnificent. They are like himself; there is noVerses 1, 2. I will praise the Lord with my whole thing in them that is mean or trifling. They are the heart-I will make my acknowledgments to him, | products of infinite wisdom and power, which we and give him thanks for the displays which he hath || must acknowledge upon the first view of them, bemade of his wisdom, power, and goodness in his fore we come to inquire into them more particularly. wonderful works, and that not only with my lips, They astonish and strike us with awe the moment and with some slight affections of my mind, but with we behold them. Every one of them, whether in all my heart and soul: in the assembly, &c.—He-| the natural or spiritual system, is marvellous. “Nobrew, 7105, besod, in the secret, or private society, as thing cometh from the hands of the Divine Artist but Bishop Patrick interprets it, of the upright-Or what is excellent and perfect in its kind, adapted righteous; “of those good men with whom I am with infinite skill to its proper place, and fitted for more particularly acquainted,” and in the congrega- its intended use." Sought out of all them that take tion—The public congregation of the people of Is- pleasure therein-Of all who take delight in observrael. The works of the Lord are great-Very' ing and considering them: such highly value and

The psalmist recommende

PSALM CXI.

the fear of God.

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ever.

2 The works of the LORD are works, that he may give them the A. M. 2962

great, o sought out of all them that heritage of the heathen. have pleasure therein.

7 The works of his hands are & verity and 3 His work is a honourable and glori- || judgment; ball his commandments are sure. ous: and his righteousness endureth for 8 i They 3 stand fast for ever and ever, and

are * done in truth and uprightness. 4 He hath made his wonderful works to be 9 'He sent redemption unto his people : he remembered: the LORD is gracious and full hath commanded his covenant for ever: - holy of compassion.

and reverend is his name. 5 He hath given ? meat' unto them that 10

10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning fear him: he will ever be mindful of his cove- of wisdom : * a good understanding have all nant.

they 5 that do his commandments : his praise 6 He hath showed his people the power of his endureth for ever.

Job xxxviii. ; xxxix. ; xl.; xli.; Psa. xcii. 5; cxxxix. 14; 3 Heb. are established. - Psa. xix. 9; Rev. xv. 3.- Matt. Rev. xv. 3. - Psa. cxliii. 5.- _d Psa. cxlv. 4, 5, 10. - Psa. | i. 21; Luke i. 68.—m Luke i. 49.- Deut. iv. 6; Job xxvii. lxxxvi.5; cui. 8.

Matt. vi. 26, 33.— Rev. 28; Prov. i. 7; ix. 10; Eccles. xii. 13.- Or, good success, xv. 3.- Lb Psa. xix. 7. - Isa. xl. 8; Matt. v. 18.

Prov. ill. 4. „5 Heb. that do them.

-2 Heb. prey.

regard these works: they frequently call them to of his works-His mighty power in his works, and mind, meditate upon, and give themselves up to the especially, as it here follows, in giving them the contemplation of them. And happy are they who heritage of the heathen, the land of Canaan, which do this with humility and diligence, with faith and had been possessed and inherited by the heathen. devotion. “To them shall the gate of true science Verses 7–9. The works of his hands-All that he open; they shall understand the mysteries of crea- | doth, either on the behalf of his people, or against his tion, providence, and redemption; and they who or their enemies; are verity and judgment-Are thus seek shall find the treasures of eternal wisdom." || exactly agreeable to his word or promises, and to -Horne.

the rules of eternal justice. All his commandments Verses 3, 4. His work-Either all his works, or 1-His laws given to the Israelites, especially the that eminent branch of them, his providence toward moral law, considered with its sanctions, the promhis people, as is expressed afterward; is honourable ises made to the observers of it, and the threatenings and gloriousBecoming the Divine Majesty, and denounced against transgressors; are sure-Constant bringing glory to him from all that observe and con- and unchangeable, as being grounded upon the imsider it. And his righteousness-His justice or mutable rules of justice and equity. They stand faithfulness in performing his word; endureth for fast, Hebrew, D3190, semuchim, they are estabever-Hath always been, and will still be, evident to lished upon a sure foundation; and are done-Conhis people in all generations, and in all conditions, stituted or ordered; in truth and uprightness_With even when he afflicts them, and seems to deal most a sincere regard to the good and happiness of manseverely, and to break his promise with them. He kind, and without the least shadow of partiality or hath made his wonderful works to be remembered— || iniquity, and they will then appear in perfect glory Either, 1st, By those memorials which he hath left of and beauty, when all the arts and labours of man them in his word; or, rather, 2d, By their own shall cease to exist. He sent redemption unto his wonderful nature, and their lasting effects, and the people—That deliverance out of Egypt, which was a benefits flowing from them, which are such as can-type and pledge of that greater and higher redempnot easily be forgotten. The Lord is full of com- tion, which is by the Messiah. He hath commanded passionToward his people, as appears from his l-Appointed, or firmly established, by his power and works and conduct toward us, in sparing, pardoning, authority; his covenant for erer-Through all sucrestoring, and preserving us, when we deserved to be cessive generations of his people, to the end of the utterly destroyed.

world; for the covenant is the same for substance in Verses 5, 6. He hath given meat-All necessary all ages, and differed only in circumstances. Holy provisions for their being and well-being; unto them and reverend is his name-Terrible to his enemies, that fear himTo the Israelites, the only people in venerable in his people's eyes, and holy in all his the world that feared and worshipped the true God dealings with all men. according to his will, and especially to those among Verse 10. The fear of the LordThat is, piety, them that truly feared him, and, for their sakes, to or true religion, which consists in the fear, or worthe body of that nation, as well in the wilderness as ship and service of God; is the beginning of wisdum in their following straits and miseries. He will ever - Is the only foundation of, and introduction to, all be-Or, he hath ever been, mindful of his covenant- true wisdom: or, is the chief part, the first and prinWhich he made with Abraham, and with his seed cipal point of wisdom. A good understanding hate for ever; whereby he engaged to be their God, and all they that do his commandments—That consciento provide all necessaries for them. He hath showed- tiously walk according to them; for the practice of Not only by his words, but by his actions; the power | them, as Bishop Patrick observes, "gives men a The blessedness of the

PSALM CXII.

man that fears God.

better understanding of what is good for them, than rendered, the praise of it, that is, of the wisdom and any politic maxims can insuse into them.” His good understanding of those that fear the Lord, enpraise endureth for ever-Let the Lord be for ever | dureth, or standeth fast, as 173y, signifies, for ever: praised, who hath given us these good and whole this will procure them such a substantial happiness some laws, and thereby shown us the way to eternal as they can never be deprived of, either in this world honour and happiness. But the Hebrew may be or the next.

PSALM CXII. This Psalm is composed after the same manner as the former, and seems, says Bishop Patrick, to have been intended " for

a short commentary upon the last verse of it, showing how well and wisely they consult for their own good and happiness who observe God's commandments, especially those that respect charity or doing good to others.We have the character

and blessedness of the rightcous, 1-9. The misery of the wicked, 10. 6. M: 2062. PRAISE 'ye the LORD. a Blessed || and his righteousness endureth for A. M. 2962.

is the man that feareth the LORD, | ever. thut delighteth greatly in his command- 4 • Unto the upright there ariseth light in the ments.

darkness : he is gracious, and full of com2 · His seed shall be mighty upon earth : the passion, and righteous. generation of the upright shall be blessed. 5 fA good man showeth favour, and lendeth: 3 - Wealth and riches shall be in his house: he will guide his affairs & with discretion.

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1 Hel). Hallelujah. - Psa. cxxviii. 1.-- -b Psa. cxix. 16, 35, vi. 33.-- Job xi. 17; Psa. xcvii. 11.- I Psalm xxxvii. 26; 47, 70, 143. - Psa. xxv. 13; xxxvii. 26; cii. 28.

d Matt.

Luke vi. 35. - Eph. v. 15; Col. iv. 5.- - Heb. judgment.

NOTES ON PSALM CXII.

successful toward our present worldly interests, as a Verse 1. Blessed is the man that feareth the Lord | strict piety and constant adherence to the ways of - With the disposition of a dutisul child toward a God.” Wealth and riches shall be in his housekind and gracious father, not with that of a refractory | Possessed by him while he lives, and continued in slave toward a tyrannical and severe master, that his family after his death, if God sees this will be for reverences and fears to offend him. As the fear of his and their present and eternal good: for godliGod is man's only wisdom, Psa. cxi. 10, so it is his | ness hath the promise of the life that now is, as well only way to true happiness. That delightelh greatly | as of that which is to come. “The true wealth, in his commandmentsWho makes it his chief care, however, of Christians, is of another kind; their business, and delight, to meditate on, understand, and riches are such as neither moth can corrupt nor obey God's commandments. It is here intimated, thief steal. Grace and glory are in the house of that zeal and fervency in God's service are essential Christ, and everlasting righteousness is the portion to true piety.

of his children.” Verses 2, 3. His seed shall be mighty upon the earth Verses 4, 5. Unto the upright there ariseth light — The divine blessing shall rest upon his posterity ; ; in darkness—Although he may be subject to many and they shall fare the better, and be more powerful of the troubles and calamities of life, as others are, and prosperous, for the sincere piety and virtue of yet they will be far from making him unhappy, for their godly progenitors. “Religion,” says Henry, God will give him all the needful support and com" has been the raising of many a family, if not so as to fort in the midst of them, sanctifying them to him, advance it high, yet so as to found it firm. When and causing them, in many ways, to work together good men themselves are happy in heaven, their for his good, and in due time will grant him a happy seed, perhaps, are considerable on earth, and will issue out of them; whereas the wicked sink themselves own it is by virtue of a blessing descend- | under their burdens, and their present miseries usher ing from their forefathers." The generation of the in their eternal destruction. He is gracious, &c.upright shall be blessed—If they tread in the steps The good or upright man, of whom he speaks, both of their upright parents, and other pious ancestors, in the foregoing and following words: he exercises they shall be more blessed for their relation to them; meekness, sweetness, and gentleness to those that for so is the covenant, I will be a God to thee, and to provoke him ; forgives offences, pities the instruthy seed. They shall be blessed with outward pros- | ments of his trouble, and shows mercy to persons in perity as far as will be good for them, for, as Dr. | want and misery; while he acts justly and rightHammond observes, as long as God hath the dis- | eously toward all, and will not be prevailed upon, posing of the good things of this world, it is unrea- by any temptation, to do any thing dishonest, cruel, sonable to imagine that any subtleties or projects of or unkind. A good man showeth favour, and lend ours, which have impiety in them, and thereby for-eth-Gives freely to some, and kindly lends to others, seit all title to God's benedictions, should be near so as need, and the difference of men's conditions, may

The blessedness of the

PSALM CXIII.

man that fears God.

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6 Surely h he shall not be moved for 9 P He hath dispersed, he hath given A. M. 2962.

ever: i the righteous shall be in ever- to the poor ; « his righteousness enlasting remembrance.

dureth for ever ; ' his horn shall be exalted with 7 He shall not be afraid of evil tidings : his honour. heart is fixed, m trusting in the LORD.

10 - The wicked shall see it, and be grieved; 8 His heart is established, he shall not be he shall gnash with his teeth, and · melt afraid, until he see his desire upon his enemies. away: * the desire of the wicked shall perish.

h Psa. xv. 5. m Psa. lxiv. 10. P2 Cor. ix. 9.

Li Prov. x. 7. - Prov. i. 33.- - Psa. lvii. 7. _Prov. ii. 33. Psalm lix. 10; cxviii. 7.

9 Deut. xxiv. 13; Verse 3.xiii. 28. _ Psa. Xxxvii. 12.28; xi. 7.

- Psalm lxxv. 10.—Luke Psa. lviii. 7, 8.-Prof. I.

require. He will guide his affairs-Will maintain - That is, either, Ist, His charity is not a transient and manage his property, or domestic affairs, with or occasional act; it is his constant course, of which discretion--Hebrew, with judgment, so as it is meet he is not weary, but perseveres in it to the end of and fit, and God requires that they should be his life. Or, 2d, What he gives is not lost, as coretmanaged; not getting his estate unjustly, nor casting ous or ungodly men judge of what is given to the it away prodigally, nor withholding it uncharitably poor, but, indeed, is the only part of his estate which from such as need it.

will abide with him unto all eternity. His horn shall Ver. 6-8. He shall not be moved for ever

r-Though | be exalted, &c.—Though he may now be reproached he may, for a season, be afflicted, yet he shall not be by the wicked, yet his innocence shall be cleared, utterly and eternally destroyed, as wicked men shall and his name and honour gloriously exalted, espebe. The righteous—Hebrew, p'73, the righteous cially when Jesus shall say to him and others of his man; shall be in everlasting remembrance, saints, at the great day, I was hungry, and ye gare Though, while he lives, he may be exposed to the me meat, &c. “Then, when the thrones of the censures, slanders, and contradictions of sinners; mighty shall be cast down, and the sceptres of tyyet, after his death, his memory shall be precious | rants broken in pieces, shall he lift up his head and and honourable, both with God and men, his very | be exalted, to partake of the glory of his Redeemer, enemies not excepted. He shall not be afraid of the author of his faith, and the pattern of his chaeviltidings-At the report of approaching calamities | rity, who gave himself for us, and is now seated and the judgments of God, at which the wicked are at the right hand of the majesty in the heavens." so dismayed and affrighted. His heart is fixed, Horne. . trusting in the Lord-Casting all his care upon Verse 10. The wicked shall be griered-At the feGod, and securely relying upon his providence and licity of the righteous, partly from envy at the happromise. His heart is established, &c.—This con- | piness of others, and partly from their peculiar fidence is the prop and support of his soul; until he hatred of godly men. It will vex them to see the see his desire, &c.— Till he look upon his oppressors, | innocence of such cleared, and their low state reas Dr. Hammond renders it: that is, till he see them | garded; to behold those, whom they hated and deall subdued, and made his footstool : till he come to spised, and whose ruin they sought and hoped to heaven, where he shall see Satan and all his spirit- | witness, now made the favourites of heaven, and adual enemies put under his feet, as Israel saw the vanced to have dominion over them. This will Egyptians dead on the sea-shore. It will complete make them gnash with their teeth, and melt away the satisfaction and comfort of the saints, when they -“The sight of Christ in glory with his saints," says shall look back upon their conflicts, pressures, and Dr. Horne, “ will, in an inexpressible manner, tortroubles, and be able to say, with St. Paul, when he ment the crucifiers of the one, and the persecutors had recounted the persecutions he had endured, of the others; as it will show them the hopes and Out of them all the Lord hath delivered me. wishes of their adversaries all granted to the full,

Verse 9. He hath dispersedHis goods, freely | and all their own desires and designs for ever at an and liberally. He hath given to the poor-To such end; it will excite an envy which must prey upon as he knew to be really in want, and especially to itself, produce a grief which can admit of no comfort, the poor members of Christ. His righteousness— give birth to a worm which can never die, and blow His liberality, or the reward of it; endureth for ever || up those fires which nothing can quench.

PSALM CXIII. This and the five following Psalms the Jews termed, 337, hallel, or, the great hallel, from 774-7530, hallelujah, the first

word of this Psalm. They were used at the feasts of the new moons, and on other festival solemnities, and especially on the paschal night, when they were sung, or rather recited, or chanted, at their tables, after they had eaten the paschal lamb. To this custom, as the evangelists have informed us, (Matt. xxvi. 30 ; Mark xiv. 26,) our Lord and his apostles conformed

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