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The psalmist blesses God


for his goodness to him.

A. M. 2962. 16 - Come and hear, all ye that fear the LORD will not hear me : A. M. 2962. B. C. 1012.

B. C. 1042. God, and I will declare what he hath 19 But verily God hath heard done for my soul.

me; he hath attended to the voice of my 17 I cried unto him with my mouth, and he prayer. was extolled with my tongue.

20 Blessed be God, which hath not turned 18 If I regard iniquity in my heart, away my prayer, nor his mercy from me.

• Psa. xxxiv. 11.- Job xxvii. 9; Prov. xv. 29 ; xxviii. 9; Isa. i. 15; John ix. 31; James iv. 3.—

u Psalm cxvi. 1, 2.

not present myself before thee with empty praises, ourselves, so with these we ought to be most debut acknowledge thy benefits with burnt-offerings, sirous to affect others. I cried unto him with my and faithfully discharge whatever vows I have made. mouth-With a loud voice and great fervency; and When I was in trouble-Which I was not more for- || he was extolled with my tongue-I soon had occaward to make when I was in distress than I will || sion to extol him for hearing and answering my be to perform with all solemnity now that thou | petitions. hast graciously delivered me out of it. I will offer Verse 18. If I regard iniquity in my heart, &c. burnt-sacrifices of fatlings—I will not bring thee al-God's hearing and granting my petitions hath niggardly present; but offer sacrifices of all sorts, and brought along with it a testimony of my sincerity the best and choicest in every kind. It is very || in serving him, far more valuable than my kingdom; common and very commendable, when we are under for, if I had been guilty of known iniquity, or had the pressure of any affliction, or in the pursuit of entertained in my heart a desire or intention to comany mercy, to make vows, and solemnly to name mit it, the Lord, who hates iniquity, would have them before the Lord, in order that we may bind denied my request. What the psalmist here obourselves more closely to our duty; but we must serves merits our deep attention. From this, and take care that the vows which we made when we many other passages in the Old Testament, we learn were in trouble be not forgotten when the trouble that the religion of the Holy Scriptures has always is over, but carefully performed ; otherwise we con- been the same in substance, and that in the time tract fresh guilt, and bring upon ourselves fresh | when various sacrifices and divers ceremonies were chastisement, from him whose fire is in Zion, and enjoined, the truly pious were persuaded that sinhis furnace in Jerusalem, and who will not fail to cerity of heart and purity of intention, with a conchastise with severity such instances of unfaithful scientious care to abstain from all known sin, were ness in his people.

things absolutely necessary in order to their pleasing Verses 16, 17. Come and hear, all ye thut fear God, and being acceptable in his sight: and that GodWhether Israelites, or Gentiles proselyted to without these, thousands of sacrifices and burntthem; come and hearken unto me (for it will afford offerings, and the most scrupulous observance of outyou both instruction and encouragement, and will ward ceremonies, were of no signification before engage you to trust in God more than ever) while I him who searches the heart, and requires truth in relate what things God hath done for me, and what the inward parts. indubitable proofs he hath given me that he regards Verses 19, 20. But verily God hath heard methose that fear him; and I will declare what he hath And thereby hath borne his testimony to my integrity done for my soul—Not in pride and vain glory, that for my own comfort, and the vindication of my I may be thought more a favourite of heaven than character against all my false accusers. Blessed be other people; but for the honour of God, to which God, who hath not turned away my prayer-Or, I owe this as a just debt, and for the edification of rejected, or removed it from his sight and audience; others. Thus we should be ready, on all proper but hath graciously received and granted it, which I occasions, to tell one another of the great and good ascribe to his infinite goodness, and not to the merit things which God has done for us, and especially of my own righteousness; nor his mercy from mewhat he has done for our souls, the spiritual bless- | To which, and not to any worthiness of my own, I ings with which he hath blessed us in heavenly | owe my acceptance with him, and the answer of things; as we ought to be most affected with these || my prayers.

PSALM LXVII. This Psalm contains a prayer for God's ancient church, and also for the Gentile world, whose conversion the psalmist

foretels. We have a prayer for Israel, 1. For the conversion of the Gentiles, 2–5. A prospect of glorious times,

6, 7.



The psalmist prays for the


conversion of the Gentiles.

To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm or for thou shalt judge the people A. M. 2962. Song.

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righteously, and a govern the nations 6. M: 2062. GOD be merciful unto us, and bless upon earth. Selah.

us; and * cause his face to shine 5 Let the people praise thee, O God; let all 1 upon us. Selah.

the people praise thee. 2 That bthy way may be known upon earth, 6 ' Then shall the earth yield her increase; o thy saving health among all nations.

and God, even our

own God, shall bless 3 Let the people praise thee, O God; let all us. the people praise thee.

7 God shall bless us, and s all the ends of the 4 O let the nations be glad and sing for joy : | earth shall fear him.

a Num. vi. 25; Psa. iv. 6; xxxi. 16; lxxx. 3,7, 19; cxix. 135. d Psa. lxvi. 4.

.-e Psa. xcvi. 10,13 ; xcviii. 9.- - Heb. lead. · Heb. with us. - Acts xviii. 25. — Luke ii. 30, 31; Tit. l ' Leviticus xxvi. 4; Psa. lxxxv. 12; Ezek. xxxiv. 27. Psa. ii. 11.

xxii. 27.


in rescuing them from the idolatries and superstiVerses 1, 2. God be merciful to us—Thy people tions, the errors and vices of their fathers, and in Israel. And cause his face to shine upon us-As bringing them to the knowledge of thyself, the true thou hast hid thy face, or withdrawn the tokens of God, and of eternal life. For thou shalt judge the thy favour from us, so do thou now manifest them people-Shalt rule them, as it is explained in the to us.

That thy way may be known upon earth-next clause; righteously-Which is the great comThe way wherein thou requirest men to walk, the mendation of any government, and the greatest arway of thy precepts, the way of truth, or the true gument and encouragement to the Gentiles to put religion; that by the peculiar and distinguishing themselves under the government of God; and the tokens of thy favour to us, the heathen world may rather, because they had found by experience the be convinced of the truth and importance of our misery of living under the unrighteous and tyrannireligion, may be induced to renounce their idols and cal government of Satan, and of their idolatrous and their vices, to believe in thee the only living and true heathen rulers. And govern the nationsHebrew, God, and embrace thy worship and service, expecting Onin, tanchem, shalt lead them, namely, gently, no good but from thee. Thy saving health-Hebrew, as a shepherd doth his sheep, or a general his soltnyw', thy salvation, termed, God's way, in the diers, and not rule them with rigour, as other lords preceding clause, and both expressions, taken to have done. “Thou shalt hereafter govern them by gether, signify the way of salvation, which the righteous and good laws, who were before under the psalmist desires may be known among all nations. I government of the prince of this world, and had noThis the ancient and godly Jews expected would thing to guide them but some few laws and tendenbe the case at the coming of the Messiah, who is cies of nature, or some precepts of an old tradition, called God's salvation, and also the way, the truth, which are now almost obliterated.” and the life, Luke ii. 30; John xiv. 6. And so the Verses 6, 7. Then shall the earth yield her insense of the passage is, Deal thus graciously with crease-When the inhabitants of the earth shall be thy people Israel, that the Gentile world may at last converted to the worship and service of the true be allured to unite themselves to them, to become God, he will take away his curse from the earth, and proselytes to their religion, and receive their cause it to yield them abundance of all sorts of fruits. Messiah for their King and Saviour, when he shall Under which one blessing all other blessings, both be manifested, saying, We will go with you, for temporal and spiritual, are comprehended. And we have heard that God is with you, Zechariah God, even our own God—Who is Israel's God, in a viii. 23.

peculiar manner, by that covenant which he hath Verses 3–5. Let all the people praise thee-omade with us; shall bless usConfer still further hasten that time when the Gentiles shall forsake and greater blessings upon us at the coming of the their dumb idols, and serve and praise thee, the liv- Messiah, when all the ends of the earth shall fear ing God, as they have abundant cause to do. O let him-Shall remember and turn unto the Lord, and the nations be glad-For thy great mercy to them "worship before him, Psalm xxii. 27.

PSALM LXVIII. This Psalm is generally thought to have been composed by David, to be sung, with some others, on that festive and joyful

occasion, the removal of the ark from the house of Obed-edom to the tent pitched for it in Zion. Accordingly the first words of it are the same that Moses appointed to be used on such occasions, Num. X. 35; and the following verses are supposed to pursue the same subject, and the several parts of it to be suited to the several divisions of the march, while the whole of it is well adapted to so sacred and joyful a solemnity, as will appear by a careful perusal and examination of it. But because David knew that both himself and the ark were types of Christ, and that the church of Israel was a type of The psalmist praises God for


his greatness and goodness.

the catholic church, consisting of Jews and Gentiles, and that the legal administrations were types of those of the gospel; he, therefore, by the Spirit of prophecy, looked through the types to the great mysteries of Christ's resurrection and ascension, to the special privileges of the Christian Church, and the conversion of the Gentiles ; and he intermites passages which immediately belong to these things; although the words be so ordered, that they carry a manifest allusion to the present actions, and may be applied to them, in a secondary sense. He first prays against God's enemies, and for his people, 1-3. Then praises God for his greatness and goodness, 4_6. For his wonderful works, 7–14. For his special presence in his church, 15–17. The ascension of Christ, and the salvation of his people, 18–20. His victories over his enemies, and favours to his church, 21-28. The accession of the Gentiles to the church, 29–31. An awful acknowledg

ment of the glory and grace of God, 32-35. To the chief Musician, A Psalm or Song of David. || rejoice before God: yea, let them ? ex- A. M. 2962.

B. C. 1042. A. M: 2962. LET .God arise, let his enemies ceedingly rejoice.

be scattered: let them also that 4 Sing unto God, sing praises to bis name: hate him flee before him.

fextol him that rideth upon the heavens ' by 2 • As smoke is driven away, so drive them | his name JAH, and rejoice before him. away: as wax melteth before the fire, so let 5 h A father of the fatherless, and a judge the wicked perish at the presence of God. of the widows, is God in his holy habita3 But d let the righteous be glad ; let them tion.


a Num. x. 35; Isa. xxxiii. 3.
—Heb. from his face.-

_b Isa.

* Hebrew, rejoice with gladness. - Psa. lxvi. 4.- Deut. ix. 18; Hos. xiii. 3.- - Psa. xcvii. 5; Micah i. 4.- d Psalm | xxxiii. 26; Verse 33. - Exod. vi. 3. -b Psalm x. 14, 18 ; . Xxxii. 11; lviii. 10; lxiv. 10.

cxlvi. 9.

mighty angels, in flaming fire. But let the rightVerses 1-3. Let God arise, &c.-As God was in eous be glad, &c.-For God's gracious appearance a peculiar manner present in the ark, and as his pre- || in their behalf, and for his settled presence with sence was the great security of the Israelitish na-them. tion from the dangers of the wilderness, and the Verse 4. Sing unto God, &c.-"The prophet power of their enemies, Moses addressed his prayer here exhorts the people of God to magnify with to him in these words whenever the ark was taken Psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs, the eternal up for their several marches: see Num. X. 35. And and incommunicable name of Him who was, and is, in these same words the singers began, when, at the and is to come; who, deriving being from none, command of David, the Levites first took up the ark gives it to all, and who, as Redeemer of his people, on their shoulders to carry it from the house of Obed- | is exalted above the heavens, and all the powers edom to Zion. There is, indeed, this little differ- | therein, above the gods of the nations; is acknowence between the passage in Numbers and this of ledged and glorified by saints and angels; feared the Psalm, that the first word of the former in the and trembled at by ungodly men and evil spirits.”— Hebrew is in the imperative mood, 7917, kumah, Horne. Extol him, &c.—Hebrew, cast up, or preLet God arise, whereas here the word is in the fu- | pare the way, for him that rideth through the deserts, ture tense, and is literally rendered, God shall, oror, that did ride in the desert, namely, manifested will, arise. And, in like manner, all the clauses of his presence between the cherubim upon the mercythis and the next two verses are expressed in the seat of the ark, when it was carried through the same tense, as if they were a prediction of what was wilderness; or marched along with it in the cloudy to come; his enemies shall be scatteredthose that pillar. Or, that now rideth, as in the desert, that is, hate him shall flee, &c.—God's enemies, it must be whose ark, with which he is present, is now carried observed, are also the enemies of his people, and they from place to place, as it was in the desert. This are therefore said to hate him, because they hate construction is most agreeable to the common usage them, and because they hate his laws and govern- of the original words here employed, 190, sollu, renment, and his holy image and nature; the carnal | dered extol, properly meaning, to cast up, or prepare mind which is in them, being enmity against him, a way; and niaw, gnaraboth, translated heavens, and not subject to his law, neither, indeed, can it be generally signifying the deserts, or plain fields. By subject thereto. As smoke is driven away—Which, his name Jah-Whereby he is known and distinthough it rises from the earth in black and tremen- | guished from all false gods, Jah being, no doubt, an dous clouds, is soon scattered and dispersed by the abbreviation of the name Jehovah, which the heathen wind; 80 drive them away-Or, so they shall be pronounced Jao. And rejoice before himBefore driven away, shall be dispersed by a force which, the ark, with which he is present. Thus David is notwithstanding their threatening aspect, they are said to have danced before the Lord on this occasion. utterly unable to resist. And as wax melteth be- Verses 5, 6. A father of the fatherless-He now fore the fire-Which, though to appearance it be of proceeds to mention some of the reasons for which a firm. and solid consistence, yet, when brought to God is to be praised. Of these this is one, that he is the fire, is soon dissolved, and makes no resistance; the patron of such as are injured and oppressed, and 80 le, the wicked perish, &c.—And so they shall per- have not power to help themselves; is God in his ish when the Lord is revealed from heaven, with his | holy habitation-In his tabernacle, or rather, in


The psalmist praises God


for his wonderful works.

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6 i God setteth the solitary 3 in fami- || ped at the presence of God: even Sinai 4. M. 2962.

lies : { he bringeth out those which itself was moved at the presence of are bound with chains : but the rebellious dwell God, the God of Israel. in a dry land.

9 • Thou, O God, didst 4 send a plentiful 7 O God, mwhen thou wentest forth before rain, whereby thou didst 5 confirm thine inhethy people, when thou didst march through the ritance, when it was weary. wilderness; Selah :

10 Thy congregation hath dwelt therein: Pthou, 8 - The earth shook, the heavens also drop- O God, hast prepared of thy goodness for the poor.

il Sam. ii. 5; Psa. cxiii. 9.- 3 Heb. in a house. k Psa. cvii. 10, 14; cxlvi. 7; Acts xii. 6.—Psalm cvii. 34, 40. m Exod. xiii. 21; Judg. iv. 14; Hab. ini. 13.

n Exod. xix. 16, 18; Judg. v. 4; Isa. Ixiv. 1, 3.- Deut. xi. 11, 12; Ezek. xxxiv. 26. * Heb, shake out. -5 Heb. confirm it. -- Deut. xxvi. 5, 9; Psa. lxxiv. 19.

heaven. Though he is in a peculiar manner present Verse 9. Thou, O God, didst send a plentiful rain, and dwells there, yet the eyes of his fatherly provi- || &c.—Hebrew, 737, Dvi, geshem nedaboth, a rain dence and care run to and fro through the earth, to of spontaneousness, or liberality. The Seventy observe and help his people when they are in dis- || render it, Bpoxnv EKPOLOV, a spontaneous, voluntary, tress. God setteth the solitary-Hebrew, D'in', or free rain. As we do not read of any showers of jechidim, such as are left single and alone, and are rain that fell during the continuance of the Israelites destitute of help; in families-Hebrew, he causeth in the wilderness, except that before mentioned on them to sit down in houses : he blesseth them with Sinai, the people being supplied with water, partly partners in life, and a posterity, and with the safe from wells which they found, and partly by miracle and comfortable enjoyment of the social blessings from rocks, Dr. Chandler thinks the plentiful rain attending it. He bringeth out those which were here mentioned “relates to the manna and the bound, &c.—He setteth captives and prisoners at | quails, which were rained down on them from healiberty, as he did the Israelites. But the rebellious ven.” Thus God promised, I will rain bread from

– Those that rebel against God, as the Egyptians heaven for you, Exod. xvi. 4; and the psalmist obdid; dwell in a dry landAre deprived of all true serves, Psalm lxviii. 23, 24, 27, He opened the doors comfort, and plagued with manifold calamities. of heaven, and rained down manna upon them to This part of the Psalm, from verse 1 to verse 6, in-eat, and gave them of the corn of hearen. He rained clusive, Dr. Chandler supposes to have been sungflesh also upon them as dust, and feathered fowls just as the Levites took up the ark on their shoul- as the sand of the sea. “This," he thinks, “may ders: and certainly it was a proper exordium to this truly be called a kind of spontaneous shower; as great solemnity: containing "a solemn acknow- both the manna and the quails offered themselves to ledgment of God, a devout prayer for the dispersion their hands without any pains or labour in the peoof his enemies, and an exhortation to his people to ple to procure them. By this shower, says the sarejoice before him, and to celebrate his praises, who cred writer, thou didst confirm thine inheritance, guided their forefathers in the desert; when he re-(see Deut. xxxii.9 ;) that is, didst recruit and refresh deemed them from Egyptian bondage, avenged them thy people; for they greatly needed it, as they were of their enemies, enlarged them into families, en- weary; that is, tired, and almost worn out with riched them with the spoils of Egypt, and condemned hunger, the hardships of which they bore with great their oppressors to poverty, disgrace, and misery." impatience and murmuring.” There is, however,

Verses 7, 8. O God, when thou wentest forth be-one great objection to this interpretation of the pasfore thy people-In the cloudy pillar, as their cap- sage. It does not seem to comport with the next tain, leading them out of Egypt; the earth shook verse, which speaks of the congregation of Israel as Or, trembled, that is, either the inhabitants of those dwelling in the inheritance refreshed by this rain, parts of the earth, according to Exod. xv. 14; or the which inheritance was certainly the land of Canaan. earth itself, through an earthquake, as a token of In this they had dwelt for many ages when David God's dreadful presence, as seems to be intimated, wrote this Psalm, and though they had sometimes Psalm cxiv. 5-7. The heavens also dropped-Dis- been chastised with drought, yet they had often solved into showers, as the consequence of those witnessed the descent of abundant rains upon their mighty thunders and lightnings, which also bespoke country, which were the more necessary and dehis presence, and of the thick cloud that covered the sirable, because it was hilly and of a dry soil, and mount. Even Sinai itself, &c.---Shook, or dropped, not watered, like Egypt, by the overflowings of a for either verb may be supplied from the former | great river. See Deut. xi. 10, 11. clause, there being no verb in the Hebrew text of Verse 10. Thy congregationThy people Israel, this clause. Sinai was even melted, or dissolved who are all united in one body, under thee their with fear. It is a poetical representation of the ter- head and governor. It is true, the word 17'n, chajah, ribleness of God's appearance. Dr. Chandler sup- here rendered congregation, primarily signifies life, poses that this part of the Psalm, from verse 7 to the living creature, or animal, and is often put for 14th, was sung just as the procession began, and the beast, and wild beast; but, as the best lexicoLevites moved along with the ark, placed by its graphers observe, it also frequently means cælus, or staves on their shoulders,

caterva, company or troop of men, as in verse 30 The psalmist praises God


for his wonderful works.

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11 The Lord gave the word: great || she that tarried at home divided the A. M. 2962.

was the company of those that pub-spoil. lished it.

13 Though ye have lien among the pots, 12 · Kings of armies ? did flee apace : and yet shall ye be as the wings of a dove covered

• Heb. army - Num. xxxi. 8, 9, 54; Josh. x. 16; xii. 8.

? Heb. did flee, did flee.

- Psa. Ixxxi. 6.

- Psa. cv. 37.

of this chapter, and 2 Sam. xxiii. 13, compared with || Verse 11. The Lord gave the word— The matter 1 Chron. xi. 15, and Psa. lxxiv. 19. But, retaining of the word, or discourse here following. He put the proper signification of the word, the clause may this triumphal song into the mouths of his people; be rendered, as it is by the LXX., ta fwa on, thy living | he gave them those successes and victories which creatures, or thy flock, that is, thy people, the sheep are here celebrated. Or he gave the matter or thing of thy pasture, hath dwelt therein, 173 100", jashebu which was published. Having celebrated the goodbah, have dwelt in it, namely, in the inheritance ness of God, which fed them in, and led them through, mentioned in the preceding verse, to which the pre- | the wilderness, conducted them into Canaan, waposition, with the feminine affix, 773, in it, can only | tered and refreshed the land with plentiful showers, properly refer. God often compares himself to a and rendered it fruitful, he now proceeds to speak shepherd, and his people to sheep; and he is parti- | of the great victories which God had given them cularly said to have led his people like a flock, by over their enemies, and of the great deliverances he the hand of Moses and Aaron, Psa. lxxvii

. 20, had wrought out for them. Great was the company namely, in the wilderness; and consequently he of those that published itThe deliverances wrought may be here said to have brought his sheep into, and out by God for his people were so glorious and wonto have made them dwell in, Canaan, as in a green derful, that all sorts of persons, women as well as and good pasture; see Psalm xxiii., where God speaks men, that heard of them, broke forth into songs of of his people under this very metaphor. This inter- || praise to God for them. Indeed the Hebrew word pretation, evidently adopted by our translators, seems | Divann, hambasseroth, here rendered, that pubmuch more easy and natural, and more agreeable to lished it, is in the feminine gender, and therefore the Hebrew text, than that of Dr. Chandler and some refers chiefly to the women, who with songs and others, who would render the word above men- music celebrated the victories of the Israelites over tioned, (which we translate thy flock, or thy congre- | their enemies, according to the custom of those times, gation,) thy food, or the support of thy life; and Exod. xv. 20; 1 Sam. xviii. 6. So also in this prowho thus interpret the clause: thy food, or, as to thy | cession, besides the singers and players on other infood, the food which thou, O God, gavest them, they struments, we have the damsels playing with timdwelt in the midst of it: which is surely a very un- || brels. The clause here, literally translated, is, Large natural and forced exposition. Thou hast prepared was the number of women who published the glad of thy goodness, &c.—Dr. Chandler, in consistency || tidings; which glad tidings are those contained in with his above-mentioned interpretation of the pre- the next two verses. ceding clause, understands this of the provision made Verse 12. Kings of armies—The kings of the Mimiraculously by God for his people in the wilder- | dianites, of Canaan, and other nations, which came nerness: but, according to our translation, it speaks || forth against the Israelites with numerous and powof the provision made for them in Canaan ; the good erful armies; did flee apace—Hebrew, 3177' 3177, land which God prepared for his people, by expel- | jiddodun, jiddodun, fled away, fied away, the reduling the old inhabitants, sending frequently refresh- plication of this word denoting their hasty flight ing and fertilizing rains upon it, making it fruitful by and utter dispersion. They fled with their routed his special blessing, and furnishing it with all sorts forces, and were pursued, overtaken, and destroyed of provisions: and all this of his goodness, that is, by | by the victorious Israelites. She that tarried at his free, unmerited, and singular goodness: and that home divided the spoil—The spoil was so much that both as to the cause and measure of this preparation. there was enough, not only for the proper use of God did it; not for their righteousness, as he often those that took it, but also to be divided to their told them, but of his mere mercy; and he increased wives and children when they came home. After the fruits of the earth very wonderfully, that they the conquest of the Midianites, God ordered the prey might be sufficient for the supply of such a numer-| which was taken from them to be divided between ous people, which, without his extraordinary bless-them who went out on that expedition, and the rest ing, would not have been the case, as appears by the of the people who continued in their tents, Num. state of that land at this day, which is well known xxxi. 27; and therefore this was part of the damsels' to be very barren. For the poor-Thy people of song, that the women, who had charge of the houseIsrael, whom he calls poor, partly to repress that hold affairs, were enriched by an equal division of pride and arrogance to which they were exceedingly | the enemies' spoils, in which their husbands and prone, and to remind them of their entire depend- | fathers had their share; and perhaps it is the victory ance on God for all they had or hoped for; and partly over the Midianites which is here referred to. because they really were poor when God under- Verse 13. Though ye have lien among the potstook the conduct of them into Canaan, and such | The word Dinov, shepattaim, here rendered pols, they would have been still if God had not provided" signifies ketlles, pots, or furnaces, for various uses, for them in a singular manner.

fixed in stone or brick, placed in double rows, and

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