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Register of those who returned

NEHEMIAH.

from the Baoylonish captivity.

A. M. 3559.
B. C. 445.

2 That I gave my brother Hanani, || Baanah. The number, I say, of the A. M. 3568.

B. C. 436. and Hananiah, the ruler bof the pa- | men of the people of Israel was this; lace, charge over Jerusalem : for he was a faith- 8 The children of Parosh, two thousand a ful man, and feared God above many, hundred seventy and two.

3 And. I said unto them, Let not the gates 9 The children of Shephatiah, three hundred of Jerusalem be opened until the sun be hot; seventy and two. and while they stand by, let them shut the 10 The children of Arah, six hundred fifty doors, and bar them : and appoint watches of and two. the inhabitants of Jerusalem, every one in his 11 The children of Pahath-moab, of the chilwatch, and every one to be over against his dren of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand and eight house.

hundred and eighteen. 4 Now the city was ' large and great: but the 12 The children of Elam, a thousand two people were few therein, and the houses were hundred fifty and four. not builded.

13 The children of Zattu, eight hundred forty B. C. 536. 5 4 And my God put into my heart and five.

to gather together the nobles, and the 14 The children of Zaccai, seven hundred and rulers, and the people, that they might be reck- | threescore. oned by genealogy. And I found a register of 15 The children of Binnui, six hundred forty the genealogy of them which came up at the and eight. first, and found written therein,

16 The children of Bebai, six hundred twenty 6 . These are the children of the province, and eight. that went up out of the captivity, of those that 17 The children of Azgad, two thousand three had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnez- hundred twenty and two. zar the king of Babylon had carried away, and 18 The children of Adoni kam, six hundred came again to Jerusalem and to Judah, everythreescore and seven. one unto his city.

19 The children of Bigvai, two thousand three7 Who came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Ne-score and seven. hemiah, 2 Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mor- 20 The children of Adin, six hundred fifty and decai, Bilshan, Mispereth, Bigvai, Nehum,five.

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Chap. ii. 8.- Exod. xxviii. 21.

-1 Heb. broad in spaces.

d Ezra ji. 1, &c. Or, Seraiah, Ezra ii. 2.

- Or, Bani.

Hananiah, the ruler of the palace--Of Nehemiah's prudence, fixing on such as were most fit for, and court, justly called a palace, because he lived in would be most faithful in their employments. great splendour, like a viceroy, though it was Verse 3. Let not the gates be opened until the sun wholly at his own cost. Charge over Jerusalem- be hot—Till it be clear and broad day; when the To preserve its peace and safety, and to take par- people will be ready in case of an assault. While ticular care of shutting the gates of the city. For they stand by-The watches appointed to that end. he was a faithful man- -Namely, Hananiah, last | Nehemiah was now about to return to the court, and mentioned: for it was needless to say any thing in left the charge of the city to these in his absence. commendation of Hanani, who had shown his piety | Every one to be over against his house–That is

, and zeal for God and his country in taking a tedious every one in his turn keeping watch with others, in journey from Jerusalem to Shushan, to inform Ne- | that watching-place which is next to his house. hemiah of the sad state of Jerusalem, and to implore Verse 4. The houses were not builded–That is, his helping hand to relieve it, chap. i. And feared not all, nor completely built; but only some slight God above many-More than most men did, or buildings of boards or stones were erected, for the above the common pitch of piety. This is added as present use of the generality of the people. the ground and reason, both why he was faithful, Verse 5. And my God put into my heart, &c.and why Nehemiah put such confidence in him, be- Whatever good motion is put into our minds, we cause he knew that the fear of God would keep him | must acknowledge it to come from God; and even from yielding to those temptations to perfidiousness what is done by human prudence is to be ascribed which he was likely to meet with when Nehemiah to the direction of divine providence. To gather towas departed, and against which a man destitute of gether the nobles and the rulers of the peopleNot God's fear had no sufficient defence. Thus Nehe- only for the particular end here mentioned, but for miah chose magistrates and officers, not out of any divers other weighty purposes and matters, of which partial and carnal respects to his own kindred, or the following chapters treat. That they might be acquaintance, or favourites, but from true piety and I reckoned by genealogy-In order that it might apRegister of those who returned

CHAPTER VII.

from the Babylonish captivity.

B. C. 536.

A. M. 3468. 21 The children of Ater of Heze- 42 The children of Harim, a thou- A. M. 3468. B. C. 536. kiah, ninety and eight.

sand and seventeen. 22 The children of Hashum, three hundred 43. 1 The Levites: the children of Jeshua, twenty and eight.

of Kadmiel, and of the children of Hodevah, 23 The children of Bezai, three hundred twenty seventy and four. and four.

44 The singers: the children of Asaph, a hun24 The children of Hariph, a hundred and dred forty and eight. twelve.

45 The porters: the children of Shallum, 25 The children of Gibeon, ninety and five. the children of Ater, the children of Talmon, 26 The men of Beth-lehem and Netophah, a the children of Akkub, the children of Hatita, hundred fourscore and eight.

the children of Shobai, a hundred thirty and 27 The men of Anathoth, a hundred twenty eight. and eight.

46 The Nethinims: the children of Ziha, 28 The men of 6 Beth-azmaveth, forty and two. the children of Hashupha, the children of Tab29 The men of ’Kirjath-jearim, Chephirah, baoth, and Beeroth, seven hundred forty and three. 47 The children of Keros, the children of Sia,

30 The men of Ramah and Gaba, six hundred the children of Padon, twenty and one.

48 The children of Lebana, the children of 31 The men of Michmas, a hundred and Hagaba, the children of 10 Shalmai, twenty and two.

49 The children of Hanan, the children of 32 The men of Beth-el and Ai, a hundred Giddel, the children of Gahar, twenty and three.

50 The children of Reaiah, the children of 33 The men of the other Nebo, fifty and two. Rezin, the children of Nekoda, 34 The children of the other Elam, a thou- 51 The children of Gazzam, the children of sand two hundred fifty and four.

Uzza, the children of Phaseah, 35 The children of Harim, three hundred and 52 The children of Besai, the children of twenty.

Meunim, the children of 11 Nephishesim, 36 The children of Jericho, three hundred forty | 53 The children of Bakbuk, the children of and five.

Hakupha, the children of Harhur, 37 The children of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, 54 The children of 12 Bazlith, the children of seven hundred twenty and one.

Mehida, the children of Harsha, 38 The children of Senaah, three thousand 55 The children of Barkos, the children of nine hundred and thirty.

Sisera, the children of Tamah, 39 The priests: the children of Jedaiah, 56 The children of Neziah, the children of of the house of Jeshua, nine hundred seventy Hatipha. and three.

57 T The children of Solomon's servants : the 40 The children of & Immer, a thousand fifty children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the and two.

children of 13 Perida, 41 The children of h Pashur, a thousand two 58 The children of Jaala, the children of Darhundred forty and seven.

kon, the children of Giddel,

* Or, Jora. -5 Or, Gibbar.—6 Or, Azmaveth. - Or, Kir- il Chron. xxiv. 8.- - Or, Hodaviah, Ezra ii. 40, or, Judah, jatharim. Le Verse 12.-Chron. xxiv. 7. 51 Chron. Ezra iii. 9.- 9 Or, Siaha. 10 Or, Shamlai. Or, NeXXIV, 14. h 1 Chron. ix. 12; xxiv. 9.

phusim.- 1? Or, Bazluth. _18 Or, Perudah.

pear to what family each person belonged, and where | return, there were still many families of priests, Letheir ancient habitations lay, which, for a great num- | vites, and people, who could not make out their claim ber of them, were in the city, the peopling of which to their tribes. It is therefore likely that some of was now his design. I found a register of them them were afterward enabled to do it, and were then which came up at the firstTo wit, with Zerubba- inserted in this new register, together with those bel, as it follows, verse 7. But this following cata- | who came up with Nehemiah. Several of the old logue differs in some particulars from that in Ezra, families, which came up on the first edict, might be, chap. ii., of which see the notes there. The author by this time, extinct, and these are the probable of the Unirersal History observes, that though the causes of the difference we find in the genealogies genealogies had been once rectified, soon after the || of the books of Ezra and Nehemiah.

The people of Israel

NEHEMIAH.

dwell in their cities.

A. M. 3468.
B. C. 536.

B. C. 536.

59 The children of Shephatiah, the 67 Besides their man-servants and A. M. 3468.

children of Hattil, the children of Po- their maid-servants, of whom there chereth of Zebaim, the children of 14 Amon. were seven thousand three hundred thirty and

60 All the Nethinims, and the children of seven ; and they had two hundred forty and Solomon's servants, were three hundred ninety five singing-men and singing-women. and two.

68 Their horses, seven hundred thirty and six; 61 k And these were they which went up also their mules, two hundred forty and five: from Tel-melah, Tel-haresha, Cherub, 15 Addon, 69 Their camels, four hundred thirty and and Immer: but they could not show their fa-five: six thousand seven hundred and twenty ther's house, nor their 16 seed, whether they were asses. of Israel.

70 | And 18 some of the chief of the fatherg 62 The children of Delaiah, the children of gave unto the work. The Tirshatha gave Tobiah, the children of Nekoda, six hundred to the treasure a thousand drachms of gold, forty and two.

fifty basins, five hundred and thirty priests' 63 | And of the priests: the children of Ha-| garments. baiah, the children of Koz, the children of Bar- 71 And some of the chief of the fathers gave zillai, which took one of the daughters of Bar- to the treasure of the work mtwenty thousand zillai the Gileadite to wife, and was called after drachms of gold, and two thousand and two their name.

hundred pounds of silver. 64 These sought their register among those 72 And that which the rest of the people gave that were reckoned by genealogy, but it was not was twenty thousand drachms of gold, and two found: therefore were they, as polluted, put from thousand pounds of silver, and threescore and the priesthood.

seven priests' garments. 65 And 17 the Tirshatha said unto them, that 73 So the priests, and the Levites, and the they should not eat of the most holy things, | porters, and the singers, and some of the peo till there stood up a priest with Urim and ple, and the Nethinims, and all Israel, dwelt Thummim.

in their cities; " and when the seventh month 66 9 The whole congregation together was forty || came, the children of Israel were in their and two thousand three hundred and threescore. I cities.

14 Or, Ami. k Ezra ii. 59. 15 Or, Addan.

_16 Or, pedigree. - 11 Or, the governor, Chap. viii. 9.

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Verse 70. The Tirshatha—The governor, name-dwelt in their cities-When all the business before ly, Nehemiah. So it is no wonder that the number mentioned was finished, the people were sent back, of the moneys, and other things here contributed, by Nehemiah's direction, to the several cities to differ from that of Ezra, chap. ii., because this was which they belonged; where they remained till the another collection: that was made in Zerubbabel's seventh month came, which was five days after the time, this in Ezra's.

wall was finished, that being on the twenty-fifth day Verse 73. So the priests and the Levites, fc., || of the sixth month, chap. vi. 15.

CHAPTER VIII. The solemn reading and expounding of the law, 1-8. The joy of the people, 9–12. The keeping of the feast of tabet.

nacles, 13-18. A. M. 3559.

AN

ND all •the people gathered them- || the street that was b before the water- A. M. 3559. B. C. 445.

B. C. 445. selves together as one man into gate; and they spake unto Ezra the

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NOTES ON CHAPTER VIII.

Ezra the scribe-This Ezra, without all doubt, is the Verse 1. Into the street that was before the water- same person who came from Babylon in the seventh gate-Probably, in that space which was afterward year of Artaxerxes. It is thought he had been at called the court of the Gentiles. They spake unto Babylon since his first coming into Judah, and was

Ezra and the Levites read and

CHAPTER VIII.

expound the law to the people.

B. C. 415.

B. C. 445.

i stood up :

A. M. 3559. <scribe to bring the book of the law || hand, Pedaiah, and Mishael, and A. M. 3559.

of Moses, which the Lord had com- Malchiah, and Hashum, and Hashbamanded to Israel.

dana, Zechariah, and Meshullam. 2 And Ezra the priest brought the law be- 5 And Ezra opened the book in the sight of fore the congregation both of men and women, all the people; (for he was above all the peoand all that could hear with understanding, ple ;) and when he opened it, all the people upon the first day of the seventh month. 3 And he read therein before the street that 6 And Ezra blessed the LORD, the great God. was before the water-gate a from the morning And all the people & answered, Amen, Amen, until mid-day, before the men and the women, with lifting up their hands: and they i bowed and those that could understand; and the ears their heads, and worshipped the LORD with of all the people were attentive unto the book their faces to the ground. of the law.

7 Also Jeshua, and Bani, and Sherebiah, Ja4 And Ezra the scribe stood upon a 3 pulpit min, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodijah, Maaseiah, of wood, which they had made for the purpose ; Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, and and beside him stood Mattithiah, and Shema, | the Levites, * caused the people to understand and Anaiah, and Urijah, and Hilkiah, and the law: and the people stood in their place. Maaseiah, on his right hand; and on his left 8 So they read in the book in the law of God

«Ezra vii. 6. _ Deut. xxxi. 11. 1 Heb. that understood in hearing.– Lev. xxii. 24. —Heb. from the light.- 3 Heb. tower of wood.

1 Judg. 11. 20.--81 Cor. xiv. 16.-- _h Lam. iii. 41; 1 Tim. ii. 8. i Exod. iv. 31; xii. 27; 2 Chron. xx. 18. 11; Deut. xxxiii. 10; 2 Chron. xvii. 7, 9; Mal. ii. 7.

* Lev. x.

- Heb. eyes.

now returned; beholding, doubtless, with great joy, stood up-Either in reverence to God's word, or that the wall of Jerusalem built, as before he had seen they might hear his words more distinctly. And the temple finished. To bring the book of the law | Ezra blessed the Lord, the great God-He blessed of Moses—They called to mind that place, (Deut. him as the great God, superior to all other powers xxxi. 10, 11,) where God requires the law to be read whatsoever; and gave honour to him by praising publicly every seventh year, in the feast of taber- his perfections, and praying for his favour. And all nacles, which was appointed to be kept about the the people answered, Amen! Amen!—In token of middle of this month. This office, no doubt, Ezra their concurrence with him, both in the praises and was ready to perform; but such was the forward prayers. With lifting up their hands--In token zeal of the people at this time, that they prevented that their desire was toward God, and all their exhim by their pious entreaties, requesting that he pectation from him. And they bowed their heads, would read the law before that feast began.

In token of their reverence for him, and subjection Verse 2. Upon the first day of the seventh month | to him. Thus must we adore and address ourselves - This was the feast of trumpets, which is called a to God, when we are going to read or hear his word, sabbath, and on which they were to have a holy || as those that see him in his word very great and convocation, Lev. xxiii. 24. And it was on this day very good. the altar was set up, after their return from captivi- Verse 7. The Levites caused the people to underty; in remembrance of which they had probably stand the law-As well the words, which, being kept it ever since, with more than ordinary solemnity. Hebrew, needed to be translated into the Chaldee or

Verse 3. He read therein, from the morning until Syriac language, now the common language of that mid-day-In the Hebrew, the words are, from the people; who, together with their religion, had also, light, that is, from the break of day, or the sun-rising, | in a great part, lost their language; as also the meanuntil noon. Then, it is likely, they went to take ing of them: they expounded the mind and will of some refreshment, it being a festival, and a day of God in what they read, and applied it to the people's great rejoicing.

present condition. The people stood in their place Verse 4. Ezra stood upon a pulpit of wood-To-That is, in their several places and stations, into raise him higher than the people; that he might be which the company seems to have been distributed better seen and heard by them all; whence, in the for convenience of hearing; it not being likely that Hebrew, it is called a tower of wood: but it was not so vast a congregation could distinctly hear one like our pulpits, made to contain only one or two man's voice. Or, by their stations ; that is, by the persons, but large and long, that many might stand several stations of the Levites, and persons last in it at once, as appears from so many as fourteen, | named, who seem to have had several scaffolds, by here mentioned, standing in it. And beside him stood || comparing this with chap. ix. 4, upon which they Mattithiah, &c.—These stood with him, partly to stood, as Ezra, and those mentioned verse 4, did upon declare their consent and concurrence with what he their pulpit. gid and did; and partly that they, or some of them, Verse 8. So they read in the book of the law-To might bear a part in the work.

wit, Ezra and his companions, successively. And Verses 5 6. When he opened it, all the people || gave the sense—The meaning of the Hebrew words, Joy of the people

NEHEMIAH.

at hearing the lau.

B. C. 445.

B. C. 445.

.

A. M. 3559. distinctly, and gave the sense, and || Hold your peace, for the day is holy; A. M. 3559.

caused them to understand the read-neither be ye grieved. ing

12 And all the people went their way to eat, 9 'And Nehemiah, which is 5 the Tirshatha, | and to drink, and to send portions, and to and Ezra the priest the scribe, m and the Levites make great mirth, because they had 'underthat taught the people, said unto all the people, stood the words that were declared unto "This day is holy unto the LORD your God; them. • mour not, nor weep. For all the people 13 . And on the second day were gathered wept, when they heard the words of the law. together the chief of the fathers of all the

10 Then he said unto them, Go your way, people, the priests, and the Levites, unto Ezra eat the fat, and drink the sweet, Pand send the scribe, even to understand the words of portions unto them for whom nothing is pre- the law. pared : for this day is holy unto our LORD: 14 And they found written in the law which neither be ye sorry; for the joy of the Lord is the LORD had commanded by Moses, that the your strength.

children of Israel should dwell in booths in the 11 So the Levites stilled all the people, saying, feast of the seventh month :

2

1 Ezra ii. 63 ; Chapter vii. 65; x. 1. _5 Or, the governor. m 2 Chron. xxxv. 3; Verse 8.- Lev. xxiii. 24; Num. xxix. 1. . Deut. xvi. 14; Eccles. iii. 4.

p Esth. ix. 19, 22; Rev. xi. 10.- 4 Verse 10.- - Verses 7, 8. 6 Or, that they might instruct in the words of the law.

-? Heb. by the hand of. Lev. xxiii. 34, 42; Deut. xvi. 13.

which they expounded in the common language- ways your duty, but now especially,) will give you And caused them to understand the reading-Or that strength, both of body and mind, which you that which they read, namely, the Holy Scriptures; greatly need, that you may perform all the duties rethe action being put for the object, as hearing for the quired of you, and oppose the designs of your enething heard, and fearing for the thing feared. So mies against you. But dejection of mind, and exthey gave them both a translation of the Hebrew cessive grief, if you indulge it, will both offend God words, into the Chaldee or Syriac, and an exposition and damp your spirits, and will even weaken your of the things contained in them, and of the duty in- very bodies, and make you unfit for God's service, cumbent upon the people by virtue thereof; to de- and an easy prey to your enemies. clare which things was a great part of the priest's Verses 11, 12. So the Levites stilled the people, work, Mal. ii. 7.

Whose passions, being once raised, could not very Verse 9. This day is holy unto the Lord your soon be composed. Saying, Hold your peace, for God—Namely, as a day of feasting and thanksgiving the day is holy-Cease from weeping and mournful to God, and rejoicing in his mercies; for otherwise cries, and turn your lamentations into thanksgivings. even days of fasting were holy to God in general, And the people went their way to eat, &c.— Their though not in the sense here meant. Mourn not, weeping was stilled, and they complied with the nor weep-Be not sorry, verse 10. Hold your peace: directions that were given them. Because they neither be ye grieved, verse 11. Every thing is beau- understood the words that were declared to themtiful in its season. As we must not be merry, when Because they now knew God's will, and their own God calls to mourning ; so we must not afflict our duty, which they were resolved to practise. This selves, and be swallowed up in sorrow, when God gave them ground of hope and trust in God's mercy, gives us occasion to rejoice. Even sorrow for sin and consequently of just and great joy.

in God, and cheerfulness in his service. For all the the chief of the fathers, the priests, &c.—Thus manipeople wept when they heard the words of the lawfesting both humility and serious godliness, in that Out of a deep sense of their great guilt, and extreme they chose rather to confess their ignorance, in ordanger by reason of it.

der that they might be instructed, than vainly to Verse 10. Eat the fat, and drink the sweet-Feast pretend to more knowledge than they had, and were before the Lord, as the duty of the day requires you more careful to learn and practise their duty than to to do. Send portions, &c.—For the relief of your preserve their reputation with the people. To unpoor brethren, who otherwise must mourn while you derstand the words of the law—That they might obrejoice. Concerning this duty and practice, see tain a more perfect knowledge of some things, which Deut. xvi. 11, 14; Esth. ix. 10. For this day is holy | they had heard, and partly knew before, and so -Being the first new moon in the year, and the might instruct the people in them. feast of trumpets, (Lev. xxiii. 24,) and the begin- Verses 14, 15. And they found written in the laro ning of this joyful month, in which so many days of Upon Ezra's information, and through their disthanksgiving are to be observed. For the joy of the course with him; that the children of Israel should Lord is your strength—That is, rejoicing in God, in dwell in booths-As a memorial of their dwelling in the manner prescribed in his word, or serving him tents in the wilderness, a representation of the taberwith cheerfulness and thankfulness, (which is al- || nacle state of God's people in this world, and a type

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