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The number and offices of


the singers and musicians,

B. C. 1015.

B. C. 1015.

A. M. 2999. and Nethaniah, and Asarelah, the that were instructed in the songs of A. M. 2989.

sons of Asaph under the hands of the LORD, even all that were cunning, Asaph, which prophesied according to the order was two hundred fourscore and eight. of the king.

8 And they cast lots, ward against ward, 3 Of Jeduthun: the sons of Jeduthun; Ge- as well the small as the great, the teacher as daliah, and 3 Zeri, and Jeshaiah, Hashabiah, the scholar. and Mattithiah, six, under the hands of their 9 Now the first lot came forth for Asaph to father Jeduthun, who prophesied with a harp, || Joseph: the second to Gedaliah, who, with his to give thanks and to praise the LORD.

brethren and sons, were twelve : 4 Of Heman: the sons of Heman; Bukkiah, 10 The third to Zaccur, he, , his sons, and his Mattaniah, 5 Uzziel, «Shebuel, and Jerimoth, brethren, were twelve: Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, and 11 The fourth to Izri, he, his sons, and his Romamti-ezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, || brethren, were twelve: and Mahazioth:

12 The fifth to Nethaniah, he, his sons, and 5 All these were the sons of Heman the king's his brethren, were twelve: seer in the ? words of God, to lift up

the horn. 13 The sixth to Bukkiah, he, his sons, and And God gave to Heman fourteen sons and his brethren, were twelve: three daughters.

14 The seventh to Jesharelah, he, his sons, 6 All these were under the hands of their and his brethren, were twelve: father for song in the house of the LORD, 15 The eighth to Jeshaiah, he, his sons, and with cymbals, psalteries, and harps, for the his brethren, were twelve: service of the house of God, baccording 8 to 16 The ninth to Mattaniah, he, his sons, and the king's order to Asaph, Jeduthun, and his brethren, were twelve: Heman.

17 The tenth to Shimei, he, his sons, and his 7 So the number of them, with their brethrenbrethren, were twelve:

1 Otherwise called Jesharelah, Verse 14. - Heb. by the Or, Azareel, Verse 18. Or, Shubael, Verse 20.-? Or, lords of the king, Verse 6. — -3 Or, Izri, Verse 11.

4 With

matters.- _6 Verse 2. -8 Hebrew, by the hands of the king. Shimei, mentioned Verse 17.

c 2 Chron. xxiii. 13.

and struggle. We must take pains with our hearts seer, because the king took special delight in him; to bring and keep them to this work, and to engage or because he frequently attended the king in his all that is within us in it. It is probable, Heman, palace, executing his sacred office there, while the Asaph, and Jeduthun were bred up under Samuel, | rest were employed in the tabernacle. In the words and had their education in the schools of the pro- l of GodTo sing such divine songs as were inphets, of which he was the founder and president. spired by God to the prophets or holy men of God. Then they were pupils, now they come to be mas- | To lift up the horn–To praise God with the sound ters. Those that would be eminent must begin early of a trumpet, or some other musical instrument made and take time to prepare themselves. This good of horn, which, being a martial kind of music, might work, of singing God's praises, Samuel revived and be most grateful to David's martial spirit: though he set on foot, but lived not to see it brought to the per- was also skilled in other instruments of music which fection in which it appears here. Solomon perfects | he used in the house of God. what David began. So David perfects what Samuel Verse 7. All that were cunning-Who were so began. Let each in their day do what they can for skilful that they were able to teach others; and, toGod and his church, though they cannot carry it so gether with their scholars, made up the four thoufar as they would ; when they are gone, God can sand mentioned chap. xxiii. 5. out of stones raise up others, who shall build upon Verse 8. Ward against wardA course of Letheir foundation, and bring forth the top-stone. vites answerable to one of the priests, upon whom

Verses 2, 3. Under the hands of Asaph-Under the Levites were to wait in their holy ministrations, his oversight and direction. According to the orderchap. xxiii. 28. As well the teacher as the scholar of the king-In such manner and order as David -Without any respect to their different ages or appointed. The sons of Jeduthun, six-Jeduthun, abilities. their father, being included in that number; or Shi- Verse 9. To JosephFor the family of Asaph, of mei, mentioned verse 17.

Here that clause, he, his sons, Verse 5. The king's seer-Or prophet. Either and his brethren were twelve, is to be understood as he was a prophet as well as a singer; or he is thus it is expressed in all the following verses, otherwise called because he prophesied, or praised God, in the they do not make up that number of two hundred sense designed verse l. And he is called the king's il and eighty-eight, mentioned verse 7.

which Joseph was.

The divisions


of the porters.

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18 The eleventh to Azareel, he, his || 25 The eighteenth to Hanani, he, his A. M. 2989 .

sons, and his brethren, were twelve: sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 19 The twelfth to Hashabiah, he, his sons,

26 The nineteenth to Mallothi, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

and his brethren, were twelve: 20 The thirteenth to Shubael, he, his sons, 27 The twentieth to Eliathah, he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

and his brethren, were twelve: 21 The fourteenth to Mattithiah, he, his sons, 28 The one and twentieth to Hothir, he, his and his brethren, were twelve:

sons, and his brethren were twelve: 22 The fifteenth to Jeremoth, he, his sons, and 29 The two and twentieth to Giddalti, he, his his brethren, were twelve:

sons, and his brethren, were twelve: 23 The sixteenth to Hananiah, he, his sons, 30 The three and twentieth to Mahazioth, he, and his brethren, were twelve:

his sons, and his brethren, were twelve : 24 The seventeenth to Joshbekashah, he, his 31 The four and twentieth to Romamti-ezer

, sons, and his brethren, were twelve:

he, his sons, and his brethren, were twelve.

CHAPTER XXVI. The Levites that were appointed to be porters, 1–19. Those that were appointed to be treasurers and store-keepers, 20–28.

Those that were officers and judges in the country, 29–32. B: 2:29. CONCERNING the divisions of || for they were mighty men of valour. 4. M. 2999.

the porters: Of the Korhites was 7 The sons of Shemaiah; Othni, Meshelemiah the son of Kore, of the sons of and Rephael, and Obed, Elzabad, whose brethren 2 Asaph.

were strong men, Elihu, and Semachiah. 2 And the sons of Meshelemiah were, Zech- 8 All these of the sons of Obed-edom : they ariah the firstborn, Jediael the second, Zebadiah and their sons and their brethren, able men for the third, Jathniel the fourth,

strength for the service, were threescore and two 3 Elam the fifth, Jehohanan the sixth, Eli- of Obed-edom. oenai the seventh.

9 And Meshelemiah had sons and brethren, 4 Moreover the sons of Obed-edom were, She-strong men, eighteen. inaiah the firstborn, Jehozabad the second, Joah 10 Also a Hosah of the children of Merari the third, and Sacar the fourth, and Nethaneel had sons; Simri the chief; (for though he was the fifth,

not the firstborn, yet his father made him the 5 Ammiel the sixth, Issachar the seventh, chief;) Peulthai the eighth: for God blessed him. 11 Hilkiah the second, Tebaliah the third,

6 Also unto Shemaiah his son were sons born, Zechariah the fourth : all the sons and brethren that ruled throughout the house of their father : /of Hosah were thirteen.

* Or, Shelemaiah, Ver. 14.- Or, Ebaiasaph, Chap. vi. 37 ; ix.


-3 That is, Obed-edom, Chap. xiii. 14.-a Chap. xvi. 38.


quired twenty men to open and shut it. They were Verse 5. For God blessed himWith a numerous also to keep the guard, to keep out all unclean or posterity, and other blessings, for his respect and forbidden persons, to prevent or suppress any tuaffection to the ark. The increase and building up mults or disorders which might happen in the temof families are owing to the divine blessing. And a ple or in its courts, to keep the treasures of the great blessing it is to have many children when temple, (verses 20, 22, 24, 26,) to be officers and they are like these, eminent in the service of judges over Israel, (verse 29,) and to manage every God.

matter pertaining to God and the affairs of the Verse 6. They were mighty men of valour—This king, verse 32. clause is divers times mentioned, because their office Verse 10. His father made him the chief-Not in required both strength and courage: for they were inheriting the estate, (this was forbidden by the law,) to shut the doors of the temple, one whereof was so but in this service, for which he was better qualified great and weighty that in the second temple it re- than his elder brother.

The Levites that had the


charge of the treasurce.

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B. C. 1015.

B. C. 1015.

12 Among these were the divisions 18 At Parbar westward, four at the A. M. 2989.

of the porters, even among the chief causeway, and two at Parbar. men, having wards one against another, to 19 These are the divisions of the porters minister in the house of the LORD.

among the sons of Kore, and among the sons 13 And they cast lots, 4 as well the small as of Merari. the great, according to the house of their fa- 20 1 And of the Levites, Ahijah was over thers, for every gate.

the treasures of the house of God, and over the 14 And the lot eastward fell to "Shelemiah. treasures of the dedicated things. Then for Zechariah his son, a wise counsellor, 21 As concerning the sons of Laadan; the they cast lots; and his lot came out northward. sons of the Gershonite Laadan, chief fathers,

15 To Obed-edom southward; and to his sons even of Laadan the Gershonite, were 9 Jehieli. the house of 6 Asuppim.

22 The sons of Jehieli; Zetham, and Joel 16 To Shuppim and Hosah the lot came forth his brother, which were over the treasures of the westward, with the gate Shallecheth, by the house of the LORD. causeway of the going up, ward against ward. 23 Of the Amramites, and the Izharites, the

17 Eastward were six Levites, northward four Hebronites, and the Uzzielites : a day, southward four a day, and toward Asup- | 24 And • Shebuel the son of Gershom, the pim, two and two.

son of Moses, was ruler of the treasures.

Or, as well for the small as for the great. 5 Called Meshe. Leigh, Verse 1.- - Hebrew, gatherings.-a 1 Kings x. 5; 2 Caron. ix. 4.

6 Chapter xxviii. 12; Malachi iii. 10.- - Heb. holy things. * Or, Libni, Chap. vi. 17.- Or, Jehiel, Chap. xxiii. 8; xxix. 8. c Chap. xxii. 16.

Verse 12. Wards—Hebrew, having wards an- Obed-edom, (verse 15,) one at the south gate, and swerably to their brethren the other Levites, who the other at Asuppim, where possibly the sacred were divided into twenty-four courses, as the priests treasures, mentioned verse 20, &c., were laid up, and also, and the porters were.

therefore a particular guard was necessary. See on Verse 13. They cast lots, as well the small as the

verse 15. great—Determining the times and places of their Verse 18. At Parbar westward—Or, As concernservice, not by age or dignity, but merely by lot. || ing Parbar, which was another gate, or some buildAccording to the house of their fathersA several || ing on the western quarter of the temple. Four at lot being allowed for each several house. For every | the causeway-Which led to Parbar. And two at gate-That it might be known to whom the care of Parbar-At the gate or house itself; by which it each gate was more especially committed.

may seem that this was a place of some importVerses 14, 15. Zechariah his son, a wise counsel- || ance, either the vessels of the temple, or some lor– Which is noted as an excellent and useful ac- part of the treasures of God's house, being kept complislıment for his office, in which there was there. need of wisdom as well as courage, as may appear Verse 20. The treasures of the house of God, and by the description of their work, verse 20, &c. See the treasures of the dedicated things—These seem to the note on verse 6. The house of AsuppimOr, | be two different kinds of treasures, the former conof gatherings; probably so named from the assembly | taining the sacred vessels and other treasures, which of the elders, who met there to consult about the by God's command were appropriated to the mainaffairs of the temple.

tenance of the house; the latter only those things Verse 16. With the gate Shallecheth-A gate of which had been freely given or dedicated to God. the court, so called, as some think, because the ashes Verse 23. Of the Amramites-Or, Concerning the and filth of the temple were cast out on that side, || Amramites, &c. The meaning is, the persons folwhich was the most convenient for that purpose, lowing were of these, or the most of these families. because that was a private quarter, the great ways Only here is none of the family of the Uzzielites; to the temple lying on the other sides. By the either because that family was now extinct, whence Causeway of going up-By which causey they it is that we read no more of them in the Scripture, went up toward the temple. Ward against ward- but only in this place, and Num. iii. 27, or because As one gate was over against another, the west there was none of them fit to be employed and against the east, and the north against the south, so trusted in these matters. one ward was over against another.

Verse 24. Shebuel, the son of Moses—That is, deVerse 17. Eastward were siz Levites—For that, scended from Moses; was ruler of the treasuresbeing the chief gate of the temple, required a better the chief over all the treasures mentioned before or guard. Toward Asuppim—That is, the house of afterward, as his very title shows, which is peculiarly Asuppim, as it is called verse 15, where also it is given to him, and to none of the rest. This is the said to be on the south side; on which there seems sole honour that we read of hitherto conferred upon to have been a double guard, both belonging to Il any of the posterity of Moses.

Those that were officers and


judges in the country.

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25 And his brethren by Eliezer ; || sons were for the outward business A. M. 2989.

B. C. 1015 Rehabiah his son, and Jeshaiah his over Israel, for officers and judges. son, and Joram his son, and Zichri his son, 30 And of the Hebronites, Hashabiah and his and d Shelomith his son.

brethren, men of valour, a thousand and seven 26 Which Shelomith and his brethren were hundred, were officers among them of Israel over all the treasures of the dedicated things, on this side Jordan westward in all the business which David the king, and the chief fathers, the of the Lord, and in the service of the king. captains over thousands and hundreds, and the 31 Among the Hebronites was 8 Jerijah the captains of the host, had dedicated.

chief, even among the Hebronites according to 27 11 Out of the spoils won in battles did the generations of his fathers. In the fortieth they dedicate to maintain the house of the year of the reign of David they were sought for, LORD.

and there were found among them mighty men 28 And all that Samuele the seer, and Saul of valour bat Jazer of Gilead. the son of Kish, and Abner the son of Ner, 32 And his brethren, men of valour, were two and Joab the son of Zeruiah, had dedicated; thousand and seven hundred chief fathers, and whosoever had dedicated any thing, it whom King David made rulers over the Reuwas under the hand of Shelomith, and of his benites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Mabrethren.

nasseh, for every matter pertaining to God, and 29 [ Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his 13 affairs i of the king.

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d Chapter xxiii. 18.- 1 Hebrew, Out of the battles and spoils.

el Sam, ix. 9. - Chap. xxiii. 4.

12 Heb. over the charge.—5 Chap. xxiii. 19.— Josh. xxi. 19.
13 Heb. thing.

2 Chron. xix. 11.

Verse 27. To maintain the house of the Lord, building the temple, or toward the sacrifices and Hebrew, To strengthen it: either to make that other holy ministrations, should be gathered and building strong and substantial by these and other received, and faithfully sent up to Jerusalem; and to charges; or, rather, to repair it when it should be see the execution of all the laws of God among the built; for which they might the rather take peculiar people. In the service of the king, &c.— They served care, because it was likely that every one would the king in the execution of his decrees, by which contribute to the building of the temple, and there the several rights of the king and people were estabcould be no want for that use: but few would pro- lished. And as the king was the principal person vide for the repairs of it, when by the injury of men intrusted with the execution of God's laws, so these or time it should receive any damage.

Levites chiefly were his eyes, by which he saw Verse 28. Whosoever had dedicated any thing, it his people's transgressions, and his hands, by which was under the hand of Shelomith, &c.—Who is he inflicted due censures upon them for their misparticularly named here, and verse 26, because carriages. they were chiefly committed to his trust, he being, Verse 31. In the fortieth year of the reign of Dait seems, a person of eminent wisdom and faithfulness. vidHis last year, in which he made all the orders

Verse 29. Chenaniah, fc., were for the outward of families and officers recorded in these chapters. business—That is, the business without the city of We should be so much the more diligent in doing Jerusalem; which neither belonged to the singers good, as we see the day approaching. If we live nor the porters, whose business was within the city. not to enjoy the fruit of our labours, let us not grudge For officers and judges-To be assessors with the it to them that come after us. ordinary judges in the several cities and towns, to Verse 32. Two thousand and seven hundred chief determine questions and controversies which might | fathers—Which is a very great number to be emarise among them. And the reason why the Le-ployed about two tribes and a half, when all the rest vites were intrusted with these matters was, because of the tribes had only one thousand seven hunthe common law of Israel, by which they had and dred, (verse 30,) besides those under Chenaniah, of held all their rights, was no other than the law of whom see on verse 29. But the reason hereof is God, whereof the priests and Levites, being the plain, because the tribes without Jordan, being more established interpreters, must needs be the most remote from the king's court, and from the place of proper judges of things depending thereon. public and solemn worship, needed more than ordi

Verse 30. In all business of the LordIn all things nary help to instruct and keep them in the practice which concerned the house or worship of God; to of true religion, and the worship of God, and obeditake care that such moneys as were given toward ence to their king. 288


Of the twelve captains


in their monthly courses.

B. C. 1015.

CHAPTER XXVII. The captains for every month of the year, 1-15. The princes of the several tribes, 16–24. The officers of the court, 25–34. B. X. 2013. NOW the children of Israel after 5 The third captain of the host for A. M. 2989.

their number, to wit, the chief | the third month was Benaiah the son fathers and captains of thousands and hundreds of Jehoiada, a 2 chief priest : and in his course and their officers that served the king in any were twenty and four thousand. matter of the courses, which came in and went 6 This is that Benaiah, who was b mighty out month by month throughout all the months | among the thirty, and above thirty: and in of the year, of every course were twenty and his course was Ammizabad his son. four thousand.

7 The fourth captain for the fourth month 2 Over the first course for the first month was • Asahel the brother of Joab, and Zeba

Jashobeam the son of Zabdiel: and in his diah his son after him: and in his course were course were twenty and four thousand.

twenty and four thousand. 3 Of the children of Perez was the chief of 8 The fifth captain for the fifth month was all the captains of the host for the first month. Shamhuth the Izrahite: and in his course were

4 And over the course of the second month twenty and four thousand. was 'Dodai an Ahohite, and of his course was 9 The sixth captain for the sixth month was Mikloth also the ruler: in his course likewise 4 Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite: and in were twenty and four thousand.

his course were twenty and four thousand.


? Sam. Xiiii. 8; Chap. xi. 11.- -1 Or, Dodo, 2 Sam. xxiii. 9.

* Or, principal officer, 1 Kings iv. 5.

2 Sam. xxiii. 20, 22; Chap. xi. 22, &c.—2 Sam. xxiii. 24;

Chap, xi, 26.- -d Chap, xi. 28.


of the host Whose several names here follow. The Verse 1. Now the children of Israel, &c.—After meaning is, he was chief in dignity and precedency, the settlement of sacred affairs, we have here an but not in power and authority; for these captains account of the manner in which the army, or militia, | were equal in power, and Joab was their general

. as we may call it, was disposed. It was distributed Verse 4. And Mikloth also was the ruler-Either, into twelve legions, each consisting of twenty-four 1st, The captain of this course aster the death of this thousand men, who were commanded by one of the Dodai, as Zebadiah was after Asahel, verse 7. Or, chief of the fathers; under whom there were cap- 2d, His lieutenant, or deputy, in case of his necestains of thousands, such as we now call colonels; sary absence. Or, rather, 3d, One of the officers of and then under them captains of hundreds. Each his course; who seems here to be particularly named, of these legions attended one month, for the security as a person then of great note and eminence. of the king and kingdom ; at the end of which they Verses 5, 6. Jehoiada, a chief priest-Or rather, were dismissed, and another legion, with their gene- || a chief prince, as the Hebrew word 1077, cohen, often ral, succeeded: so that their course came but once signifies. For it is certain neither Benaiah nor his in a year, and that only for one month, which was father was high-priest or second priest. In his no considerable burden to them. That served the course was Ammizabad his son- 2-Who seems to king in any matter of the courses-In all the busi- || have been his father's lieutenant, because his father ness in which the king had occasion for these per- was captain of the king's guard, (2 Sam. xviii. 18,) sons. Which came in and went out, &c.—Who, and therefore needed a deputy in the one or other being armed and mustered, were to wait upon the place. king, at Jerusalem, or other places, as the king Verse 7. Asahel the brother of Joab-As Asahel should see fit. By this order near three hundred was killed before all Israel had acknowledged David thousand of his people were instructed and exer. as king, it is likely that this course was called the cised in the use of their arms, and fitted for the course of Asahel, in honour to his memory, it being desence of their king and kingdom when it should commanded by his son. Poole, however, thinks be needsul, and in the mean time sufficient provision that the foundation of this project was laid while was made against any sudden tumults or irruptions David was in Hebron, and that then his forces were of enemies. And this monthly course was con- divided into twenty-four courses, under twenty-four trived that the burden of it might be easy, and chief commanders, whereof Asahel was one, only equally distributed among the people.

that the number of his forces was then much less Verses 2, 3. Orer the first course was Jashobeam than that which is here mentioned: but, he adds, -01 whom see 2 Sam. xxiii. 8; 1 Chron. xi. 11. Of when David was fully settled in his whole kingdom, the children of Perez-Or, of Pharez, of the pos- the design was perfected, and his soldiers were interity of Judah, Gen. xlvi. 12. This seems to be in-'creased to this number, Zebadiah his son after tended of Jashobeam, and to be mentioned as a rea- him—That is, after his death, of which see 2 Sam. son why he was the chief. Chief of all the captains, ii. 23. And in his course were twenty-four thousand Vol. II. ( 19 )



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