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The descendants of
Ishmael and Esau.
B. C. 1676.
A. M. 2851. 24 f i Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah, 40 The sons of Shobal ; 8 Alian, A. M. 2328. B. C. 1853. 25 Eber, Peleg, Reuy
and Manahath, and Ebal, °Shephi, 26 Serug, Nahor, Terah,
and Onam. And the sons of Zibeon ; Aiah, 27 Abram : the same is Abraham.
and Anah. 29 The sons of Abraham; m Isaac, and Ish- 41 The sons of Anah; Dishon. And the mael.
sons of Dishon; 10 Amram, and Eshban, and 29 1 These are their generations. The first-Ithran, and Cheran. born of Ishmael, Nebaioth; then Kedar, and 42 The sons of Ezer; Bilhan, and Zavan, Adbeel, and Mibsam,
and 11 Jakan. The sons of Dishan ; Uz, and 30 Mishma, and Dumah, Massa, 5 Hadad, Aran. and Tema,
43 Now these are the kings that reigned 31 Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These in the land of Edom before any king reigned are the sons of Ishmael.
over the children of Israel ; Bela the son of 32 7 Now P the sons of Keturah, Abraham's Beor: and the name of his city was Dinhaconcubine: she bare Zimran, and Jokshan, bah. and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and 44 And when Bela was dead, Jobab the son Shuah. And the sons of Jokshan; Sheba, | of Zerah of Božrah reigned in his stead. and Dedan.
45 And when Jobab was dead, Husham of 33 And the sons of Midian; Ephah, and the land of the Temanites reigned in his stead. Epher, and Henoch, and Abida, and Eldaah.
46 And when Husham was dead, Hadad the All these are the sons of Keturah.
son of Bedad, which smote Midian in the field 34 9 And Abrahami begat Isaac. "The sons of Moab, reigned in his stead : and the name of Isaac; Esau, and Israel.
of his city was Avith: 35 The sons of Esau ; Eliphaz, Reuel, 47 And when Hadad was dead, Samlah of and Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah.
Mazrekah reigned in his stead. 36 The sons of Eliphaz; Teman, and Omar, 48 y And when Samlah was dead, Shaul of Zephi, and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and Rehoboth by the river reigned in his stead. Amalek.
49 And when Shaul was dead, Baal-hanan 37 The sons of Reuel ; Nahath, Zerah, the son of Achbor reigned in his stead. Shammah, and Mizzah.
50 And when Baal-hanan was dead, 12 Hadad 38 And the sons of Seir ; Lotan, and Sho- reigned in his stead : and the name of his city bal, and Zibeon, and Anah, and Dishon, and was 13 Pai; and his wife's name was MehetaEzer, and Dishan.
bel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of 39 And the sons of Lotan; Hori, and ? Ho-|| Mezahab. . mam: and Timna was Lotan's sister.
51 | Hadad died also. And the ? dukes of
i Gen. xi. 10; Luke ii. 31, &c.- k Gen. xi. 15.
? Or, Heman, Gen. xxxvi. 22. -8 Or, Alvan, Gen. xxxvi. 23. mni. 5. Gen. xxi. 2, 3.- Gen. xvi. 11, 15. - Gen. | Or, Shepho, Gen. xxxvi. 23. _. Gen. xxxvi. 25. - 1o Or, II. 13-16. Or, Hadar, Gen. xxv. 15. Gen. xxv. 1, 2. || Hemdan, Genesis xxxvi. 26.- i Or, Achan, Gen. xxxvi. 27 4 Gen. xxi. 2. — Gen. XXV. 25. Gen. xxxvi. 9.- . Or, l * Gen. xxxvi. 31, &c.--y Gen. xxvi. 37.- _13 Or, Hadar, Gen Zepho, Gen. xxxvi. 11.-Gen. xxxvi. 20.
Xxxvi. 39.- 13 Or, Pau, Gen. xxxvi. 30.- -2 Gen. xxxvi. 40.
Verse 24. Shem, Arphažad, &c.—Having given Verse 36. And Timna--There is another Timna, a brief and general account of the original of the the concubine of Eliphaz, Gen. xxxvi. 12; but this world, and the people in it, he now returns to a more was one of his sons, though called by the same large and particular account of the genealogy of name; there being some names common both Shem, from whom the Jews were descended. to men and women in the Hebrew and in other
Verse 28. The sons of Abraham-All nations but | languages. the seed of Abraham are already shaken off from Verse 38. The sons of Seir—This Seir was not this genealogy. Not that we conclude, no particular Esau, nor of his posterity, but the ancient lord of persons of any other nation but this found favour this country, from whom it had its name, (see Gen. with God; multitudes will be brought to heaven out xxxvi. 20,) whose genealogy is here set down, that of every nation, and we may hope there were many, || it might be understood from whom Eliphaz's concuvery many people in the world, whose names were | bine and the mother of Amalek sprung; and bein the book of life, though they did not spring from cause of that affinity which was contracted between the loins of Abraham.
his and Esau's posterity. Those who were not united
and incorporated with them, were destroyed by these and all theirs had their day: many of them them, Deut. ii. 12.
made a mighty noise in the world, until their day Verse 54. These are the dukes of Edom-Let us, came to fall
, and their place knew them no more. in reading these genealogies, think of the multitudes | The paths of death are trodden paths. How soon that have gone through the world, have successively | are we to tread them! acted their parts in it, and retired into darkness. All
CHAPTER II. The sons of Jacob, 1, 2. Of Judah, to Jesse, 3–12. Of Jesse, 13-17. Of Caleb, the son of Hezron, 18-20. Of Hezron,
21–24. Of Jerahmeel down to Elishama, 25-41. Another branch of Caleb's posterity, 42–49. The sons of Caleb, the
son of Hur, 50-55. B: M: 2952. THESE are the sons of Israel ; || 5 The sons of 'Pharez; Hezron, A. M. 2252.
B. C. 1752. * Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Ju- and Hamul. dah, Issachar, and Zebulun,
6 And the sons of Zerah; 2 Zimri, and 2 Dan, Joseph, and Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, | Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and · Dara : and Asher.
five of them in all. 3 The sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and 7 And the sons of Carmi; * Achar, the Shelah : which three were born unto him of troubler of Israel, who transgressed in the thing the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And accursed. * Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in the 8 And the sons of Ethan; Azariah. sight of the LORD; and he slew him.
9 The sons also of Hezron, that were born 4 And . Tamar his daughter-in-law bare him unto him; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and ChePharez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were || lubai. five.
10 And Ram begat Amminadab; and Am
Or, Jacob. Gen. xxix. 32; xxxv. 18, 22; xlvi. 8, &c. o Gen. xxxviii. 3 ; xlvi. 12; Num. xxvi. 19. c Gen. xxxviii. 2. od Genesis xxxviii. 7. Le Gen. xxxviii. 29; Matt. i. 3. 'Gen. xlvi. 12; Ruth iv. 18.
? Or, Zabdi, Josh. vii. 1.- -51 Kings iv. 31. - Or, Darda.
Chap. iv. 1. * Or, Achan. i Josh. vi. 18; vii. 1.- Or, Aram, Matt. i. 3.- Or, Caleb, Verses 18, 42.- k Ruth iv. 19; Matt. i. 4.
NOTES ON CHAPTER II.
grandfather. These are named, because they were Verse 3. The sons of Judah—He puts Judah first, the glory of their father's house. When the Holy because the best part of the right of the firstborn, | Ghost would magnify the wisdom of Solomon, he namely, the dominion, was conferred on him, Gen. saith, he was wiser than these four men. That four xlix. 8; in consequence of which, his tribe obtained brothers should be so eminent, was a rare thing. a pre-eminence among, and a kind of superiority Verse 7. T'he sons of Carmi— This man is here over the rest, even before the time of David. And | mentioned, because he was the son of Zimri, who from David's time, it is without doubt, that till the was also called Žabdi, Josh. vii. 18. Achar, the Babylonish captivity a kingly power continued in troubler of Israel-He who in Josh. vii. is called this tribe; Zerubbabel, also, who was their leader, || Achan, is here, by a small variation, elegantly and when they returned to their own land, was of the significantly called Achar, which means troubler : same tribe. The chief reason, however, why the because he had brought Israel into great danger and genealogy of Judah is set down first, is because the distress, by the sin he committed. Messiah was to descend from him.
Verses 9, 10. And Ram-Who is mentioned in Verse 6. And Dara–If these be the same who the genealogy of our Saviour, (Matt. i. 3, 4,) and are mentioned as the sons of Mahol, (1 Kings iv. 31,) called Aram. Nashon, prince of the children of either the same man had two names, Zerah and Ma-Judah-Namely, when, being come out of Egypt, hol, as was usual among the Hebrews, or one of they pitched under their several standards, Numthese was their immediate father, and the other their || bers ii. 3.
Posterity of Judah.
Genealogy of Caleb.
B. C. 1471.
A. M. 2533. minadab begat Nahshon, 'prince of 23.And he took Geshur, and Aram, A. M. 2533. B. C. 1471. the children of Judah;
with the towns of Jair, from them, 11 And Nabshon begat "Salma, and Salma with Kenath and the towns thereof, even threebegat Boaz,
score cities. All these belonged to the sons of 12 And Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat | Machir the father of Gilead. Jesse.
24 And after that Hezron was dead in CalebB. C. 1090. 13 ( "And Jesse begat his firstbornepbratah, then Abiah, Hezron's wife, bare him
Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Ashur the father of Tekoa. *Shimma the third,
25 | And the sons of Jerahmeel the firstborn 14 Nethaneel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, of Hezron were, Ram the firstborn, and Bunah, 15 Ozem the sixth, David the seventh : and Orem, and Ozem, and Ahijah. 16 Whose sisters were Zeruiah, and Abigail. | 26 Jerahmeel had also another wife, whose * And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, name was Atarah; she was the mother of and Asahel, three.
Onam. 17 And • Abigail bare Amasa : and the father 27 And the sons of Ram, the firstborn of of Amasa was 9 Jether the Ishmaelite.
Jerahmeel, were, Maaz, and Jamin, and Eker. B. C. 1471.
18 ! And Caleb the son of Hezron 28 And the sons of Onam were, Shammai,
begat children of Azubah his wife, and Jada. And the sons of Shammai; Nadab, and of Jerioth: her sons are these ; Jesher, and and Abishur. Shobab, and Ardon.
29 And the name of the wife of Abishur 19 And when Azubah was dead, Caleb took was Abihail; and she bare him Ahban, and unto him Ephrath, which bare him Hur. Molid.
20 And Hur begat Uri, and Uri begat. Be- 30 And the sons of Nadab; Seled, and Apzaleel
paim: but Seled died without children. 21 [ And afterward Hezron went in to the 31 And the sons of Appaim; Ishi. And the daughter of Machir the father of Gilead, whom sons of Ishi; Sheshan. And the children of he 10 married when he was threescore years old ; | Sheshan; Ahlai. and she bare him Segub.
32 And the sons of Jada the brother of Sham22 And Segub begat Jair, who had three and mai; Jether, and Jonathan: and Jether died twenty cities in the land of Gilead.
I Num. i. 7; ü. 3.-_? Or, Salmon, Ruth iv. 21; Matt. i. 4. * 2 Sam. xvi. 6. - Or, Shammah, 1 Sam. xvi. 9.—n 2 Sam. ii. 18-2 Sam. xvii. 25. - 2 Sam. xvii. 25, Ithra an Israelite.
p Ver. 50.- Exod. xxxi. 2.- Num. xxvii. 1.-io Heb. took.
. - Numbers xxxii. 41; Deut. iii. 14; Joshua xiii. 30. Chap, iv. 5. cu Verses 34, 35.
Verses 13–15. Eliab—Called also Elihu chap. // whether the word Gilead is here the name of a man, Xirii. 18, unless that was another son of Jesse, as or of the country so called: if it be the latter, the some think, not mentioned elsewhere; which would expression means, the prince of Gilead, as the word make the number to be eight, according to 1 Sam. | father often signifies: if the former, the Gilead inxvi. 10; xvii. 12. Or that Elihu, although there tended must have been a person of noted valour, called the brother of David, might perhaps only be probably the great champion in those parts. his kinsman, according to the usual language of Verse 23. All these belonged to the sons of Machir Scripture. David the seventh-David was certainly —Partly to his own sons, and partly to his son-inthe youngest son of Jesse, 1 Sam. xvi. 11. And if
, | law Jair, who by reason of that dear affection which as seems probable, one of them died soon after the was between them, and his forsaking his own tribe time when they were said to be eight, he would of and kindred to fight for them, and to dwell with course be reckoned as the seventh.
them, is here reckoned as his own son. Verses 17, 18. Jether the Ishmaelite-By birth or Verse 24. The father of Tekoa—A known place, habitation, but by profession an Israelite, 2 Sam. of which he is termed the father, because he was xvii. 25. And her sons—The sons of Azubah, who either the progenitor of the people who inhabited it, is by way of distinction called his wife, when Jerioth or their prince and ruler, or the builder of the city. probably was only his concubine, and, it may seem, Verse 31. The sons of Appaim, Ishi—The plural barren: therefore, upon Azubah’s death he married number is often used, when one son or daughter another wife, verse 19. And those other sons of only is spoken of, for in that one, all the posterity this Caleb, mentioned verse 42, are his sons by are comprehended. Ahlai—It is plain from verses some other wife distinct from all these.
34 and 35, that this Ahlai was not a son, but a Verse 21. The father of Gilead—It is doubtful || daughter.
The genealogy of
Caleb, the son of Hur.
B. C. 1471.
A. M. 2533. 33 And the sons of Jonathan; Pe- || ran, and Moza, and Gazez: and A. M. 2533.
leth, and Zaza. These were the Haran begat Gazez. sons of Jerahmeel.
47 And the sons of Jahdai; Regem, and 34 Now Sheshan had no sons, but daughters. Jotham, and Geshan, and Pelet, and Ephah, And Sheshan had a servant, an Egyptian, and Shaaph. whose name was Jarha.
48 Maachah, Caleb's concubine, bare Sheber, 35 And Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha and Tirhanah. his servant to wife; and she bare him Attai. 49 She bare also Shaaph the father of Mad
36 And Attai begat Nathan, and Nathan mannah, Sheva the father of Machbenah, and begat - Zabad,
the father of Gibea : and the daughter of Caleb 37 And Zabad begat Ephlal, and Ephlal begat | was y Achsah. Obed,
50 T These were the sons of Caleb the son of 38 And Obed begat Jehu, and Jehu begat | Hur, the firstborn of " Ephratah; Shobal the Azariah,
father of Kirjath-jearim, 39 And Azariah begat Helez, and Helez begat 51 Salma the father of Beth-lehem, Hareph Eleasah,
the father of Beth-gader. 40 And Eleasah begat Sisamai, and Sisamai 52 And Shobal the father of Kirjath-jearim begat Shallum,
had sons; 12 Haroeh, and 13 half of the Mana 41 And Shallum begat Jekamiah, and Jeka-hethites. miah begat Elishama.
53 And the families of Kirjath-jearim ; the 42 ? Now the sons of Caleb the brother of Ithrites, and the Puhites, and the Shumathites, Jerahmeel were, Mesha his firstborn, which was and the Mishraites: of them came the Zareaththe father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah | ites, and the Eshtaulites. the father of Hebron.
54 The sons of Salma; Beth-lehem, and the 43 And the sons of Hebron ; Korah, and Tap- Netophathites, 14 Ataroth, the house of Joab, and puah, and Rekem, and Shema.
half of the Manahethites, the Zorites. 44 And Shema begat Raham, the father of 55 And the families of the scribes which dwelt Jorkoam: and Rekem begat Shammai. at Jabez; the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and
45 And the son of Shammai was Maon : and Suchathites. These are the 2 Kenites that Maon was the father of Beth-zur.
came of Hemath, the father of the house of 46 And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bare Ha- | . Rechab.
* Chap. xi. 41. y Josh. xv. 17. i Or, Ephrath, Verse 19. 19 Or, Reaiah, Chapter iv. 2.-13 Or, half of the Menuchites,
-14 Or, Asarites, or, crowns of the house
a Jer. xxxv. 2.
Verse 34. But daughters-We read of no more Zarah and Eshtaul were two cities in the tribe of than one daughter that he had: but the writer speaks Judah, which were built by two persons of Kirjathin the plural number, as before, verse 31. An jearim of this name, who inhabited these places, Egyptian, whose name was Jarha–To whom, as and left two great families, who were from them being a proselyte the Jewish religion, and a faith- called Zareathites and Eshtaulites. ful servant, his master Sheshan first gave his free- Verse 54. The sons of Salma; Beth-lehem—That dom, and then his daughter in marriage.
is, the inhabitants of Beth-lehem: and so of Ataroth, Verse 45. The father of Beth-zur-A place in and the house of Joab, or, as it should rather be renJudah, (Josh. xv. 58,) of which this Maon was the dered, Beth-joab, for the writer is not speaking of a founder. The same is the meaning of the word sa- family, but of a place. The people of those towns, ther in several of the following verses. Madman- and the Manahethites, and the Zorites, were all the nah, Machbenah, Gibea, &c., being the names not of descendants of this Salma, the son of Caleb. So persons, but of places.
that, it appears, he had a very numerous posterity. Verse 53. The families of Kirjath-jearim; the Verse 55. The families of the scribes-Either Ithrites, &c.—The inhabitants of Kirjath-jearim | civil, who were public notaries, that wrote and signed were divided into several families, as Kimchi inter- legal instruments; or ecclesiastical. And these were prets it, and these here mentioned were the heads either Levites or Simeonites, or rather Kenites, and of families, denominated from Ithra or Jether, and are here mentioned not as if they were of the tribe Puhah, &c. As from Jimni came the family of the of Judah, but because they dwelt among them, and Jimnites, and from Beriah the Beriites, in Num. probably were allied to them by marriages, and so in xxvi. 44. Of them came the Zarealhites, &c.- || a manner incorporated with them.
The sons of David,
Solomon, and Rehoboam.'
CHAPTER III. The sons of David, 1-9. His successors in the throne, 10–16. The remains of his family in and after the captivity, 17-24. A M. 2951.
7 A. M. 2951 B. C. 1053.
B. C. 1053. which were born unto him in Japhia, Hebron; the firstborn · Amnon, of Ahinoam the 8 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the nine. Carmelitess :
9 These were all the sons of David, besides 2 The third, Absalom the son of Maachah the the sons of the concubines, and i Tamar their daughter of Talmai king of Geshur: the fourth, sister. Adonijah the son of Haggith:
10 And Solomon's son was Reboboam, 3 The fifth, Shephatiah of Abital : the sixth, Abia his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son, Ithream by Eglah his wife.
11 Joram his son, & Ahaziah his son, Joash 4 These six were born unto him in Hebron ; || his son, and there he reigned seven years and six 12 Amaziah his son, Azariah his
Jotham months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty his son, and three years.
13 Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Manasseh 5 And these were born unto him in Jerusa- | his son, lem; 2 Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and 14 Amon his son, Josiah his son. Solomon, four, of 'Bath-shua the daughter of 15 And the sons of Josiah were, the firstborn * Ammiel :
10 Johanan, the second " Jehoiakim, the third 6 Ibhar also, and 5 Elishama, and Eliphelet, 12 Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum.
2 2 Sam. ii. 2.- Joshua xv. 56. — Or, Chileab, 2 Sam. ül. 2.-62 Sam. iii. 5,—d 2 Sam. ii. 11,- 2 Sam. y. 5. 1 2 Sam. v. 14; Chap. xiv. 4. Or, Shammua, 2 Sam. v. 14. & 2 Sam. vii. 24. Or, Bath-sheba, 2 Sam. xi. 3. Elemm, 2 Sam. xi. 3.- Or, Elishua, 2 Sam. v. 15.Beebiada, Chap. xiv. 7.
_4 Or, - Or,
b 2 Samuel v. 14, 16.-i 2 Samuel xiii. 1, k 1 Kings xi. 43; xv. 6. - -> Or, Abijam, 1 Kings xv. 1. - Or, Azariah, 2 Chronicles xxii. 6, or, Jehoahaz, 2 Chron. xxi. 17.- Or, Uzziah, 2 Kings xv. 30. — Or, Jehoahaz, 2 Kings xxiii. 30. 11 Or, Eliakim, 2 Kings xxiii. 34. _12 Or, Maltaniah, 2 Kings xxiv. 17.
NOTES ON CHAPTER III.
only seven mentioned 2 Sam. v. 16, those two, Verse 1. Daniel—This son is called Chileab, || who died early, being there omitted. (2 Sam. iii. 3,) but whether he had two names, or Verse 15. The firstborn Johanan—This Johathere be an error in one of these passages, is not nan is thought by many to be the same with Jehopossible to determine. The other alterations in ahaz, who succeeded Josiah in the throne. But it names, which are found in the following verses, may seems more probable, as he is not mentioned in the be corrected by the parallel passages in Samuel. As book of Kings nor elsewhere in the Scriptures, that the genealogy of Judah was given first, because the he died before his father. The fourth Shallumdominion was vested in that tribe, and the Messiah Of whom, at least under that name, there is no menwas to descend from it; so, for similar reasons, the tion in the history of the reign of Josiah's sons in genealogy of David is particularly recorded, 2 Kings: but in Jer. xxii. 11 there is mention of
Verse 3. By Eglah his wife—Eglah is generally || Shallum the son of Josiah, king of Judah, who thought by the Jews to be Michal, Saul's daughter; || reigned instead of Josiah his father ; whom most who, some think, is peculiarly called his wife, be-conceive to be the same, who is otherwise called cause she was his only legal wife, according to the Jehoahaz, 2 Kings xxiii. And this seems most prodivine institution: all the rest he took according to bable, Ist, From that phrase, He reigned instead of the custom then reigning. See on 2 Sam. iii. 5. Josiah, which implies that he immediately succeed
Verse 5. Of Bath-shua, the daughter of Ammieled his father, otherwise he would have been said to - In 2 Sam. xi. 3, she is called Bath-sheba, as she is have reigned instead of his brother, as Zedekiah is through the whole Scripture, and her father Eliam. said to have reigned instead of Jehoiachin, 2 Kings Solomon was the eldest of these four sons; but is | xxiv. 17. 2d, From the order of that discourse of mentioned last, because the discourse was to return Jeremiah, which was directed to Zedekiah, and his to his genealogy, verse 10.
servants, and people, and whom he admonisheth by Verse 8. Elishama and Eliphelet—These two the examples of the kings his predecessors, and of Dames are mentioned before, verse 6. It is supposed the sentence of God concerning each of them, and that the two children so called had died in their in- | that in the order in which they reigned; of Shallum, fancy; and therefore David preserved their memory verse 11, &c.; of Jehoiakim, verse 18, &c.; of Jeby giving their names unto two others, who werechoniah or Coniah, verse 28. 3d, From the nature born afterward, and lived longer. Nine-Besides of that prophecy, Jer. xxii. 11, 12, delivered conthe four born of Bath-sheba, verse 5. There are li cerning Shallum, which perfectly agrees to Jehoa