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He destroys the

CHAPTER X.

worshippers of Bual.

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4. 1.3120. had destroyed him, according to the subtlety, to the intent that he might A. M. 3120.

saying of the Lord, 'which he spake destroy the worshippers of Baal. to Elijah.

20 And Jehu said, 10 Proclaim a solemn as18 | And Jehu gathered all the people toge sembly for Baal. And they proclaimed it. ther, and said unto them, " Ahab served Baal 21 And Jehu sent through all Israel: and all a little ; but Jehu shall serve him much. the worshippers of Baal came, so that there was

19 Now therefore call unto me all the "pro- not a man left that came not. And they came phets of Baal, all his servants, and all his into the house of Baal; and the house of priests; let none be wanting: for I have a

full from one end to another. great sacrifice to do to Baal: whosoever shall be 22 And he said unto him that was over the wanting, he shall not live. But Jehu did it in ry, Bring forth vestments for all the wor

Baal was

11

11 Kings xxi. 21. - 1 Kings xvi. 31, 32.- 1 Kings xxii. 6.

10 Heb. sanctify.

• 1 Kings xvi. 32.—_11 Or, so full, that they stood mouth to

mouth,

his kindred and relations, though more remote from nigh the king's palace, and intended for the use of hin. This he did, no doubt, under pretence of zeal for the king, queen, and whole court, and for great and God, and to fulfil the prophecy of Elijah; but there | high solemnities, and therefore was the chief buildis too much reason to apprehend, from several of ing of the sort in the kingdom. Moreover, as by his actions, and, indeed, his general conduct, that in the house or temple of God, at Jerusalem, we are this, as well as in several of the other slaughters frequently to understand, not only the principal which he made, his chief motive was to secure the building, all the other buildings or courts belongkingdom to himself and his posterity.

ing to it, in which the worshippers stood when they Verse 18. Jehu gathered all the people together, worshipped, so it might be here; and in that case By their representatives, their elders, or rulers, as there would be space sufficient for all the worshipwas usual, to whom he imparts his mind, and who, pers of Baal that can reasonably be thought to have being generally corrupt, and mere time-servers, and been at that time in Israel. such as had no sense of religion, made no opposition Verses 20, 21. Jehu said, Proclaim, &c.—Heto his resolution, but seemed to comply with it. brew, sanctify. Prepare yourselves and all things Ahab served Baal a little, but Jehu shall serve him | necessary for this solemn day, and sacrifice, and much-As if he had said, My quarrel is only with feast, which I intend to keep. There was not a Ahab's family, and not with Baal, which my actions man left that came not-It may seem strange, after shall show: which words, being manisestly false, | what Jehu had done in destroying the family of and spoken with a design to deceive, cannot be ex- | Ahab, that the worshippers of Baal could be induced cused from sin; this being an immoveable principle, to assemble together. But it should be observed, that we must not do the least evil, that the greatest that as Jehu was a person of known indifference in good may come. Though it was lawfu), and even matters of religion, who in this respect had always commendable, to slay the worshippers of Baal, God's conformed to the humours of the court, and in the law having enjoined that idolaters should be put to reign of King Ahab had been a strenuous worshipdeath, yet it was by no means lawful to use trea- || per of Baal; the people could not tell, when they chery, and to deceive them to their destruction, on read his proclamation for a great feast to Baal, but the faith of false pretences. These were actions no that he had returned, in good earnest, to the religion way suitable or agreeable to the God of truth, and which he once embraced, and only deserted for a such as ought never to have been practised by any | while, in complacency to others. But whether they that desired to please him.

deluded themselves into this persuasion or not, they Verse 19. Call unto me all the prophets of Baal, knew by experience that Jehu was a man of a fierce and all his serrants–Either, 1st, All his ministers, | and bloody temper, who would not fail to put his of whom it seems there were several sorts, of which threats in execution; and, therefore, reading in the two are here distinctly mentioned, his prophets and same proclamation, Whosoever shall be wanting, he priests; and the rest, of the inferior sort, may be shall not live, (verse 19,) they found themselves recomprehended under the general title of servants, duced to this sad dilemma, either to go or die. because they were to attend upon the others in their | Hence they thought it the wisest method to run the ministrations. Or, 2d, All his worshippers, as the hazard, and throw themselves upon his mercy; havword here rendered servants is translated in the ing this, at least, to plead for themselves, that they close of this verse. If it be inquired how all these were not disobedient to his commands. See Poole could be contained in one house of Baal, it may be and Dodd. answered, that the number of the worshippers of Verse 22. He said, Bring forth vestments-SaBaal had been greatly diminished by the ministry | cred garments, such as were used by the priests, and of Elijah and Elisha, and the rest of the prophets; others of God's ministers in his service; whence and by Joram's neglect and disuse of that worship: | idolaters borrowed the custom of using such garBesides, this house or temple of Baal was probably ments in the worship of their false gods. For all very large and capacious, being in the royal city, || the worshippers of Baal--It can hardly be sup

Jehu burns the

II. KINGS.

images of Baal.

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A. M. 3120. shippers of Baal. And he brought in, and slay them; let none come A. M. 3120. them forth vestments.

forth. And they smote them with 23 And Jehu went, and Jehonadab the son of 12 the edge of the sword; and the guard and Rechab, into the house of Baal, and said unto the captains cast them out, and went to the the worshippers of Baal, Search, and look that city of the house of Baal. there be here with you none of the servants of 26 And they brought forth the 13 images ? out the LORD, but the worshippers of Baal only. of the house of Baal, and burned them.

24 And when they went in to offer sacrifices 27 And they brake down the image of Baal, and burnt-offerings, Jehu appointed fourscore and brake down the house of Baal, "and made men without, and said, If any of the men whom it a draught-house unto this day. I have brought into your hands escape, he that 28 Thus Jehu destroyed Baal out of Israel. letteth him

go,

p his life shall be for the life of 29 Howbeit, from the sins of Jeroboam the him.

son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, Jehu de25 And it came to pass, as soon as he had parted not from after them, to wit, the golden made an end of offering the burnt-offering, that calves that were in Beth-el, and that were in Jehu said to the guard and to the captains, Go Dan.

PI Kings xx. 39.

-13 Hebrew,

19 Hebrew, the mouth.

stalues.

9 1 Kings xiv. 23.—Ezra vi. 11 ; Daniel ii. 5; iii. 29.

s1 Kings xii. 28.

posed, that absolutely all the people that worshipped had many such buildings, in some of which the Baal, and were now assembled, are included here, | priests of Baal, or of the groves, (whereof there were and had vestments brought them; because the peo- | numbers belonging to the king's court, 1 Kings xviii. ple in general wore no distinct garments in their 19,) peradventure might dwell; and others of them worship, whether of Jehovah or Baal, but the priests might be for divers uses, belonging to the house and and other ministers only.

service of Baal: and to these buildings the guard Verse 23. And Jehonadab-Whom the Baalites, might hastily go to surprise and put to death these possibly, did not know, and therefore suspected no- inferior ministers of Baal, who were there emploything inimical to their worship: or, if any of the ed in services belonging to that house, or that somore sagacious began to suspect any thing, it was lemnity. now too late to amend their error. Look that there Verses 26, 27. The images of the house of Baal be here with you none of the servants of the Lord- 11 -A collection of different images. The image of Intimating that their presence would offend Baal, || BaalThe chief image, which they worshipped and pollute his worship. Jehu's real intention, how- || more than the rest. And brake down the house of ever, was, that none but the worshippers of Baal Baal-As, no doubt, they did the rest of the houses should be slain, and therefore he caused this search of Baal in Israel. And made it a draught-houseto be made, lest any other Israelite, out of curiosity, | A sink or common shore; that the remembrance of or from any other motive, should have entered the it might be blotted out or made infamous. Thus temple.

was the worship of Baal quite destroyed, at least for Verses 24, 25. When they went in to offer sacri- the present, out of Israel, though it had once prefices—When some went to the altar to offer in the vailed so far, that there were but seven thousand, of name of the rest. Jehu appointed fourscore men all the thousands of Israel, that had not bowed the without-Far more being, doubtless, in readiness to knee to Baal. Thus will Jehovah, sooner or later, assist them in case of any opposition. As he had made triumph over all the gods of the heathen. an end of offering—That is, as the chief priest of Verse 29. Jehu departed not from themHe was Baal had made an end. So far Jehu suffered them | partial in his reformation, and did not put away all to proceed, either because till then they were not the evil, because his heart was not right with God. all come into the house; or because, being taken in He departed from the sins of Ahab, but not from the the very act of gross idolatry, their punishment sins of Jeroboam: discarded Baal, but adhered to the would appear to be more just and reasonable. Jehu calves. The worship of Baal was indeed the greater said to the guard and the captains— To the fourscore evil, and more heinous in the sight of God, but the men and their officers. The guard, f-c., cast them worship of the calves was a great evil; and true reout-Cast their carcasses out of the house. And went ligion not only implies conversion from gross sin, to the city of the house of BaalTo some buildings but from all sin, and not only from false gods, but belonging to that house; which may be here called from false modes of worshipping the true God. The the city, because they were very numerous and ca- worship of Baal, being upheld by the house of Ahab, pacious. For as there were divers chambers and also contributed to uphold that house, the numerous rooms built without the temple, belonging to it, for ministers of that idolatry being, of course, engaged the use of the priests and Levites; so it may proba- to support the family which supported them, and bly be conceived that this famous temple of Baal with which they must stand or fall; hence Jehu

Jehu dies after reigning

CHAPTER XI.

twenty and two years.

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A M. 3120. 30 And the Lord said unto Jehu, 33 From Jordan 16 eastward, all the 4. M. 3120. B. C. 884

Because thou hast done well in exe- land of Gilead, the Gadites, and the cuting that which is right in mine eyes, and | Reubenites, and the Manassites, from Aroer, hast done unto the house of Ahab according which is by the river Arnon, 17 even » Gilead to all that was in my heart, thy children of and Bashan. the fourth generation shall sit on the throne | 34 | Now the rest of the acts of Jehu, and of Israel.

all that he did, and all his might, are they not 31 But Jehu 14 took no heed to walk in the written in the book of the Chronicles of the law of the LORD God of Israel with all his kings of Israel ? heart: for he departed not from the sins of 35 And Jehu slept with his fathers : and they Jeroboam, which made Israel to sin.

buried him in Samaria. And Jehoahaz his B. C. 860.

32 4 In those days the Lord began | son reigned in his stead.

15 to cut Israel short: and Hazael 36 And 18 the time that Jehu reigned over Issmote them in all the coasts of Israel ;

rael in Samaria was twenty and eight years.

Verse 35; Chap. xiii. 1, 10; xiv. 23; xv. 8, 12.-14 Heb. observed not. _u 1 Kings xiv. 16. _16 Hebrew, to cut off the ends.

Chapter viii. 12. 16 Hebrew, toward the rising of the sun. 17 Or, even to Gilead and Bashan. y Amos i. 3.

18 Heb. the days were.

could easily part with that worship, and labour to about a hundred and twenty years: for no services destroy it; but the worship of the calves was a poli-| done for God shall go unrewarded. tic idolatry, begun and kept up for reasons of state, Verse 31. But Jehu took no care to walk in the to prevent the return of the ten tribes to the house law of the Lord God of Israel-He abolished the of David, and therefore Jehu clave to it. But true worship of Baal, but did not keep up the worship of religion is not only a conversion from those sins | God, nor walk in his law. He showed great zeal which are hostile to our secular interests, but from and care for the rooting out of a false religion; but those that appear to be friendly to them; in forsaking in the true religion he showed no care, took no heed: which is the great trial, whether we can deny our-| was not solicitous to please God and do his duty. selves for God, and trust in him.

With all his heartHis heart, his whole heart, was Verse 30. The Lord said unto Jehu-By some not engaged in, nor influenced by religion; nor was prophet. Because thou hast done well, &c.—That he truly zealous for the glory of God, and the adis, in part. The extirpating of idolaters and idolatry | vancement of true and genuine piety in himself and was a thing so far right in God's eyes, idolatry being others. It is evident his own religion was very suan iniquity which he visits as surely and severely as perficial, and yet God made use of him as an instruany other, and which is a source of a variety of other ment of effecting some reformation in Israel. It is abominations. Thy children of the fourth genera- a pity that those who do good to others, are not altion shall sit on the throne-Which they did, name- | ways good themselves. ly, Jehoahaz, Joash, Jeroboam, and Zachariah. This Verse 32. In those days-In the time of Jehu's life was more than took place in any of the other royal and reign, verse 34. The Lord began to cut Israel families of that kingdom of the house of Ahab, || short-Either to diminish the number of the people indeed, there were four kings, but the last two, | by cutting them off, or to straiten their borders. Hanamely, Ahaziah and Joram, were brothers, so that zael smote them in all the coasts of Israel-In their its reign reached only to the third generation, and borders, or the outermost part of their land, beyond that whole family continued but about forty-five Jordan, as it is explained verse 33; and at this time, years in all: whereas Jehu's house continued in probably, he executed the cruelties predicted by power for four generations after himself, and in all || Elisha, chap. viii. 12.

CHAPTER XI. Athaliak destroys all the seed royal, except Joash, who is saved by Jehosheba, and hid six years in the house of God, 1-3.

In the seventh year he is made king by Jehoiada and the captains, 4-12. Athaliah is slain, 13–16. Jehoiada restores the worship of God, and the people break down the images of Baal, 17-21. 2

167

Joash escapes the

II. KINGS.

destruction of Athaliah.

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AND

ND when a Athaliah 6 the mother | the Lord six years. And Athaliah A. M. 3126.

of Ahaziah saw that her son was did reign over the land. dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed 4 1 And • the seventh

year
Jehoia-

B. C. 878. royal.

da sent and fetched the rulers over 2 But 2 Jehosheba, the daughter of King Jo-hundreds, with the captains and the guard, and ram, sister of Ahaziah, took 3 Joash the son of brought them to him into the house of the Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's LORD, and made a covenant with them, and sons which were slain; and they hid him, even took an oath of them in the house of the LORD, him and his nurse, in the bed-chamber, from and showed them the king's son. Athaliah, so that he was not slain.

5 And he commanded them, saying, This is 3 And he was with her hid in the house of the thing that ye shall do: A third part

of you

a 2 Chron. xxii. 10.— Chapter viii. 26.-Heb. seed of the

kingdom.

* 2 Chron. xxii. 11, Jehoshabeath. -Or, Jehoash.

xxiii. I, &c.

2 Chron.

NOTES ON CHAPTER XI.

hosheba and her husband Jehoiada. And his nurse, Verse 1. And destroyed all the seed royal-All of || in the bed-chamber—Which, according to the next the royal family that had not been cut off by Jehu verse, was in the house of the Lord: so that it was and others, except one, mentioned verse 2. To this one of those chambers adjoining to the temple, that wickedness she was impelled by many motives: 1st, || were for the uses of the priests and Leviles only, By rage to see Ahab's family destroyed, which made which made it more proper sor this purpose. Now her resolve that the family of David should share the was the promise made to David bound up in one life, same fate. 2d, By ambition and desire of rule, to | and yet it did not fail. Thus to the son of David make way for which many persons have destroyed | will God, according to his promise, secure a spiritual their nearest relations. 3d, By her zeal for idolatry || seed; which, though sometimes reduced to a small and the worship of Baal, which she intended to es- | number, brought very low, and seemingly lost, yet tablish, and to which she knew the house of David will be preserved to the end of time. It was a spewere implacable enemies. 4th, By a regard to her || cial providence, that Joram, though a king, a wicked own defence, that, by getting into the throne, which king, married his daughter to Jehoiada, a priest, a she could not do without destroying the royal family, holy priest: this some might think a disparagement she might secure herself from Jehu's fury, who, she to the royal family, but it saved the royal family from understood, was resolved utterly to destroy all the ruin; for Jehoiada's interest in the temple gave her branches of Ahab's house, of which she was one. an opportunity to preserve the child, and her interest Possibly those whom she slew were Jehoram's chil- in the royal family gave him an opportunity of setdren by another wife. This was the fruit of Je- || ting him on the throne. See what blessings they lay hoshaphat's marrying his son to a daughter of that up in store for their families, who marry their chilidolatrous house of Ahab: and this dreadful judg- || dren to those that are wise and good. ment God permitted to come upon him and his, to Verse 3. He was hid with her six years-Proshow how much he abhors all such affinities. “The bably Athaliah thought they were dead; or, if she consideration of the fate,” says Dr. Dodd, “which suspected this child was preserved, she supposed an attended these royal families, is sufficient to make infant could do her no great harm; and that she one thankful to God for having been born of meaner could so well establish herself in the possession of parentage. The whole offspring of Jeroboam, Baa- || the kingdom within a few years, that she need not sha, and Ahab, was cut off for their idolatry; and fear any such weak competitor. And Athaliah did the kings of Judah, having contracted an affinity | reign over the land—Which she had the better with the house of Ahab, and being by them seduced opportunity of doing, because she was not only the into the same crime, were so destroyed, by three late king's wife, but also, probably, made queensuccessive massacres, that there was but one left: regent upon Joram's going to Ramoth-gilead. for first Jehoram slew all his brethren, then Jehu all Verse 4. With the captains and the guardThe his brother's children, and now Athaliah destroys all chief commanders of the soldiery, and those that had the rest that her executioners can meet with." been the former king's guard; for it is not likely

Verse 2. But JehoshebaCalled Jehoshabeath, || that he would dare to call the guard of the present 2 Chron. xxii. 11; the daughter of King Joram, 1 queen: and it is probable that the former could not Namely, by another wife, and not by this Athaliah: | well brook the dominion of a woman, and that wofor Athaliah would not have suffered her daughter to man a foreigner. And brought them into the house be married to the high-priest of the true God, nor of the Lord—Into the courts of that house; for into would he, in all likelihood, have married the daugh- the house itself, strictly speaking, none but the ter of such an idolatrous woman. Stole him from priests or Levites might enter. And showed them among the king's sons, &c.—Either took him from the king's son-He discovered to them the true among the slain, he happening not to be quite de- || heir of the crown, and they entered into a covenant spatched; or else secretly conveyed him away, before to restore him, which they confirmed with an oath. the execution was done. And they hid him-Je- Verses 5, 6. A third part of youOf the Levites,

Joash is made king by

CHAPTER XI.

Jehoiada and the captains.

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A M. 3126. that enter in don the sabbath shall || with them that should go out on the A. M. 3126. B. C. 875.

even be keepers of the watch of the sabbath, and came to Jehoiada the king's house;

priest. 6 And a third part shall be at the gate of Sur; 10 And to the captains over hundreds did the and a third part at the gate behind the guard : priest give King David's spears and shields, that so shall ye keep the watch of the house, that were in the temple of the LORD. it be not broken down.

11 And the guard stood, every man with his 7 And two parts of all you that go forth onweapons in his hand, round about the king, the sabbath, even they shall keep the watch from the right corner of the temple to the left of the house of the LORD about the king. corner of the temple, along by the altar and

8 And ye shall compass the king round about, the temple. every man with his weapons in his hand : and 12 And he brought forth the king's son, and he that cometh within the ranges, let him be put the crown upon him, and gave him the slain. And be ye with the king as he goeth testimony; and they made him king, and out and as he cometh in.

anointed him; and they clapped their hands, 9 . And the captains over the hundreds did and said, God 'save the king. according to all things that Jehoiada the priest 13 & And when Athaliah heard the noise commanded : and they took every man his of the guard and of the people, she came to the men that were to come in on the sabbath, || people into the temple of the LORD.

* i Chron. ix. 25. * Or, from breaking up. - -* Or, companies. || ? Heb. shoulder. - Heb. let the king live.-Samuel x. 24.

Heb. hands.
-e 2 Chron. xxiii. 8.

82 Chron. xxiii. 12, &c.

who were distributed into twenty-four courses, to defensive weapons, both for themselves and for all minister in turns, each course consisting of about a their soldiers; for they had all come into the temple thousand men for a week. That enter in, &c.—unarmed, to prevent suspicion. These are called Thai come into the temple to attend your ministry. | David's, either because they were such as he had Shall be keepers of the king's house-Of that part | taken from his enemies, and had dedicated to God, which led to the king's palace, which Athaliah now and laid up in the temple as monuments of God's possessed. A third part shall be at the gate of Sur goodness to him; or because he had made a sacred - The chief gate of the temple, called the high gate, armory in the temple, whence arms might be taken 2 Kings xv. 35; the foundation gate, 2 Chron. xxiii. upon extraordinary occasions, for the defence of the 5; the east gate, Jer. xix. 2; the middle gate, Jer. || temple or city of God. I. 3; and the gate of entrance, Ezek. xl. 15. A Verse 11. T'he guard stood from the right to third part at the gate behind the guard-Either, the left corner of the temple-From the south-east ls, The king's guard: or, 2d, The guard of the to the north-east side. Along by the altar-of temple; this gate was in the south side. So shall burnt-offerings, which was by the great eastern gate He keep, &c.-So you shall guard all the gates or of the temple. The meaning is, they defended the eatrances into the temple, that neither Athaliah nor temple on all sides. aay of her soldiers may break in.

Verse 12. And put the crown upon himHaving Verses 7, 8. Two parts that go forth on the sab- || produced Joash, he put the crown on his head, burk-Who, having finished their course, should have which, it is likely, was kept in the sanctuary. And gone home, but were detained, 2 Chron. xxiii. 8. gave him the testimonyThe book of the law, Stall keep-While the rest guard the entrances into which he put into the king's hand to remind him of the temple, these shall have a special care of the his duty at his entrance upon his kingdom, which Ling's person. Ye shall compass the king, &c.- was to read and write out that holy book, (Deut. When you have set your watches and guards, all | xvii. 18,) and to govern himself and his kingdom by the rest of you shall draw near to the king, to pre- || it; the law of God being frequently and most proserve his royal person from all assaults and dangers. perly called a testimony, because it is a witness of He that cometh within the ranges-Or fences, the God's will, and man's duty. They made him king, walis wherewith the courts of the temple were envi-|| and anointed him~As was wont to be done in poned; or your ranks. If any of Athaliah's guard | doubtful cases, when there was any competition or strali attempt to break in upon you, or come within question about the crown, as now there was. your bounds. As he goeth out, and as he cometh in Verse 13. She came to the peopleTo inquire into - Whether the king shall go out of the temple to the cause of this great noise; being hitherto kept in a-sauk and subdue his enemies, or retire hither to deep ignorance, because the affair was managed Cend himself, do you always accompany him. with so much secrecy, and in the temple; and be

Verse 10. To the captains did the priest give cause the people universally hated her, and wished Fin? Darile spears and shields-Offensive and | her downfall. Into the temple of the Lord–That is,

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