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• PENTONVILLE.

497 round in a red roquelaire, which with his antique appearance must have excited veneration.

In Islington is a neat Independent meeting, o. which the Rev. John Yockney is pastor; and also two chapels, the one under the care of the Rev. Mr. Lewis, the other under that of the Rev. Mr. Jones, both of modern erection. A charity-school was established in 1710, where fifty children of both sexes are clothed and educated. There is also a similar institution for the children of protestant dissenters. Islington indeed can now boast of Parochial Schools for the youth of both sexes, to which is paid particular attention.

In that part of Islington lying within the parish of Clerkenwell, are alms-houses, founded in 1610, by Mrs. Alice Owen. The foundation of this institution is said to have arisen from a pious resolution made in her youth, excited by a providential escape; the high crown of her hat it was the fashion to wear such hats in the reign of Charles the First), having been pierced by an arrow from the bow of an archer exercising in Islington fields !

The adjoining village of PENTONVILLE, which is also in the parish of Clerkenwell, is of recent origin; the mansion of the late Dr. De Valangin was almost the first erected on the spot; edifices were, in the course of the last thirty years, raised around it, so that (as an intelligent friend remarked) he might be termed the Romulus of the place. The houses being of modern date, are neat in their appearance; and from its raised si

498

CANONBURY HOUSE.
tuation, the inhabitants enjoy a prospect of town
and country.

Copenhagen House, with its tea-gardens, is beheld
from many parts of Pentonville. Its position on
an eminence imparts a beautiful view of the western
parts of the metropolis, and a large portion of the
surrounding country. It resembles a Panorama ;
for on every side, turn which way you will, objects
present themselves well calculated to interest the
attention. It is a favourite spot in the summer
season with the industrious citizen—who is seen
here strolling about with increased spirits and
animation.

The principal object of antiquity, at Islington, is Canonbury House, once made use of as a country residence by the Priors of Bartholomew. It is supposed to have been rebuilt by William Bolton, who was prior from 1509 to 1532. His device, a Bolt and Tun, was lately to be seen on the park wall. The only part of the old mansion remaining, is a lodging-house, with a large brick tower. It is thought to have been erected since the Reformation, for the sake of the prospect it affords of the country. It has been the temporary residence of persons eminent in the literary world. Ephraim Chambers, the well-known author of the Encyclopedia (which the Rev. Dr. A. Rees is now editing, for the second time, with singular ability and reputation), died here in 1740. The late celebrated Dr. Watson, Bishop of Landaff, tells us in his Life, just published, that his father had Mr. Chambers for his pupil at a Grammar school, near

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CANONBURY-PLÁCE.

499 Kendal, Westmorland. Dr. Oliver Goldsmith, and the late J. Newbery, author of many pleasing books for children, had also lodgings here:

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See on the distant slope majestic shows
Old CANONBURY's Tower, an ancient pile
To various fates assign'd, and where, by turns,
Meanness and grandeur have alternate reign'd !
Thither in later days hath genius fled
From yonder city to respire and die.
There the sweet bard of Auburn sat and tun'd
The plaintive moanings of his village dirge.
And thence his lonely lamp thro' the still night
Athwart the distant space oft stream'd afar
Pleas’d in this antiquate, this silent tower,
A wanderer long, now anchor'd and at home
Thro’ distant realms, to track the traveller's way
There learned Chambers treasur'd lore for Men,
And Newbury there his A, B, C's for Babes : FOX,

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Canonbury-place consists of a few genteel houses ; and the gardens belonging to some of them stretch themselves down to the New River. Here the weeping willow hangs over the winding streamwhose circumvolutions near this spot resemble Hogarth's famous line of beauty-thus adding a grace to the surrounding scenery.

At the upper extremity of ISLINGTON are two elegant rows of houses, known by the names of Highbury-place and Highbury-terrace, from which last may be enjoyed an extensive prospect of the adjacent country. Hither when I was first settled in London have I walked many a fine summer's morning to breakfast with my late excellent friend the Rev. Hugh Worthington, who resided here near

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500

HORNSEY WOOD.. thirty years. He died July, 1813—and revered be his memory! :

On the 10th of June, 1381, in Wat Tyler's rebellion, “ the commons of Essex went to the manor of Highbury, two miles north of London, belonging to the prior of St. John of Jerusalem, which they wholly consumed with fire.” The site of Highbury manor-house still goes by the name of Jack Straw's Castle. Near this spot there is an elegant villa, with an observatory, containing appropriate instruments, where used to reside the late Alexander Aubert, Esq. F. R. S. a gentleman distinguished for his attachment to philosophical pursuits, and for the accuracy of his astronomical observations. A little further is an excellent tavern, with a bowling-green, known by the appellation of Highbury-barn, where the citizens assemble to dine in the summer season for the purposes of promoting that divine charity, which has given rise to a far greater number of institutions in the British metropolis, than can be found in any other city throughout the civilized globe. ..

From Highbury-barn we have a view of Hornsey Wood and Tavern, a spot much frequented by the inhabitants of the Metropolis. Its situation is high, and therefore presents a sweeping view of the country, embracing the greatest part of London, with its spires, and other indications of architectural dignity! Hackney, Tottenham, and other villages, with the meanderings of the New River, enrich and embellish the landscape. Adjoining the mansion, is a pleasant piece of water,

NEW RIVER,

501 terminated by a small wood, which produces a very picturesque effect. Anglers may here find sport, and the citizen will experience all the pleasures of recreation.

Holloway commences at the extremity of Islington, and leads to the foot of Highgate Hill. Here is a neat dissenting place of worship, under the care of the Rev. Mr. Bowden; but the most conspicuous object is the Chapel of Ease, recently erected at an immense expense, so as to create general dissatisfaction.

: I shall close my account of Islington with noticing the New River, which here closes-its peregrinations from Ware, in Hertfordshire, after winding along for thirty-nine miles and three quarters! It was begun by Sir Hugh Middleton, an honest and spirited Welshman, in the reign of James the First; he, however, ruined himself by the project, though it is now the most profitable and most useful concern in the vicinity of London. On the 29th of September, 1613, the water was let into the New River Head, Islington, in the following manner :-“ A troop of labourers to the number of sixty and upwards, all in green caps alike, bearing in their hands the symbols of their several employments in so great a business, marching with drums before them, twice or thrice round the cistern, orderly present themselves before the mount, and after their departure the speech, being forty-eight lines in verse, ended thus:

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