Images and Symbols: Studies in Religious Symbolism

Capa
Princeton University Press, 25 de jun de 1991 - 189 páginas

Mircea Eliade--one of the most renowned expositors of the psychology of religion, mythology, and magic--shows that myth and symbol constitute a mode of thought that not only came before that of discursive and logical reasoning, but is still an essential function of human consciousness. He describes and analyzes some of the most powerful and ubiquitous symbols that have ruled the mythological thinking of East and West in many times and at many levels of cultural development.

 

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Conteúdo

SYMBOLISM OF THE CENTRE
27
History of Archetypes
33
The Images of the World
37
Symbolism of the Centre
41
Symbolism of Ascension
47
Construction of a Centre
51
INDIAN SYMBOLISM OF TIME AND ETERNITY
57
Indian Myths of Time
60
Thracians Germans Caucasians
103
Iran
105
Ethnographic Parallels
107
The Magic of Knots
110
Magic and Religion
112
The Symbolism of LimitSituations
115
Symbolism and History
119
OBSERVATIONS ON THE SYMBOLISM OF SHELLS
125

The Doctrine of the Yugas
62
Cosmic Time and History
67
The Terror of Time
71
Indian Symbolism of the Abolition of Time
73
The Broken Egg
77
The Philosophy of Time in Buddhism
79
Images and Paradoxes
82
Techniques of the Escape from Time
85
THE GOD WHO BINDS AND THE SYMBOLISM OF KNOTS
92
The Symbolism of Varuna
95
Bindings Gods in Ancient India
99
The Symbolism of Fecundity
128
The Ritual Functions of Shells
133
The Part played by Shells in Funerary Beliefs
135
The Pearl in Magic and Medicine
144
The Myth of the Pearl
148
SYMBOLISM AND HISTORY
151
Archetypal Images and Christians Symbolism
160
Symbols and Cultures
172
Remarks upon Method
175
INDEX
179
Direitos autorais

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Página 15 - Images by their very structure are multivalent. If the mind makes use of images to grasp the ultimate reality of things, it is just because reality manifests itself in contradictory ways and therefore cannot be expressed in concepts.
Página 12 - The symbol reveals certain aspects of reality — the deepest aspects — which defy any other means of knowledge. Images, symbols and myths are not irresponsible creations of the psyche; they respond to a need and fulfill a function, that of bringing to light the most hidden modalities of being.

Sobre o autor (1991)

Born in Bucharest, Rumania, Mircea Eliade studied at the University of Bucharest and, from 1928 to 1932, at the University of Calcutta with Surendranath Dasgupta. After taking his doctorate in 1933 with a dissertation on yoga, he taught at the University of Bucharest and, after the war, at the Sorbonne in Paris. From 1957, Eliade was a professor of the history of religions at the University of Chicago. He was at the same time a writer of fiction, known and appreciated especially in Western Europe, where several of his novels and volumes of short stories appeared in French, German, Spanish, and Portuguese. Two Tales of the Occult "to relate some yogic techniques, and particularly yogic folklore, to a series of events narrated in the genre of a mystery story." Both Nights of Serampore and The Secret of Dr. Honigberger evoke the mythical geography and time of India. Mythology, fantasy, and autobiography are skillfully combined in Eliade's tales.

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