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1. On commencing the following Papers, I thought—that my Applications would be taken into consideration shortly after their delivery,—and that, whatever should be the Resolutions of the Authority applied to, agitation of the subjects necessarily would, ere long, produce the desired good to our Fellow Creatures. But,-unable to learn what has been or what will be done on the occasion,--the lamentable condition of Prisoners continues, -and Human Sacrifices being made as heretofore,-I have determined on publishing these Papers, hoping that thereby the accomplishment of my desire will, in some degree at least, be accelerated. .
2. The belief that the Divine command—“ whoso " sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed,” (GENISIS, ch. 9. v. 6.), continues in force; appears to be so general, that-but for the continued existence of most gross Corruptions which ages ago were palmed upon Mankind as being parts of Christianity,--and the equally long, and yet longer, continued most gross and absurd superstitions, the existence of such belief might be deemed unaccountable.-Respecting the said gross Corruptions, their causes and effects, I may hereafter say a few words ; but at present I will barely observe on some objections which have been urged, or have been brought to my notice, since the following Applications were written.
3. First: A Gentleman of the Legal Profession, who at first insisted, that Revelation authorised Capital Punishments, after reading the annexed Texts of Scripture (No. 1.), admitted that Revelation makes “it incumbent on Governments, if possible, to reclaim “ Murderers and other heinous Offenders; but the Public “good requires that eventually they should be put to