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1780. next summer a starving man would scarcely eat the bees they were about to put up, after the salt had extracted the little fat and juices that were in it. The general saw about a hundred, and his information extended to about 800 more of the same kind in the neighbourhood. He directed the commissary to select the best for salting, and to let the other be eaten, as it would be a waste of salt, barrels and time, to put the fame up. Many other instances of a similar imposition to what has been related might be given *.

The generous exertions of the American daughters of liberty in Philadelphia and the neighbourhood, to befriend the continental soldiers, are a perfect contrast to it. Mention was made of them in my last letter, p. 376. Their donations purchased a sufficient quantity of cloth, and their hands made the same into two thousand one hundred and seven shirts, which were delivered to the person appointed to receive them by gen. Washington. Pennsylvania furnished the whole quantity, except seventy-seven, which were the produce of the Jerseys. The daughters of this last state made a further present of three hundred and eighty pair of stockings f.

The board of loyal refugees at New York have for many months back possessed something like a fleet of small privateers and cruisers; by the aid of which they have committed various depredations, and great excesses in different places, from peculiar personal animosity; and thereby have irritated their adversaries to retaliate in like manner. Thus the feelings of humanity have been suspended on both sides; scenes of waste and havock

* The general'* letter of Dee. 26, 1780. + The general's


have followed; and a predatory war been carried on, 1780, tending neither to subjugation nor reconciliation, but the reverse. While these have been the operations upoa the maritime coasts of the continent, the back settlements and inland frontiers have been ravaged by the inimical Indians, their tory associates, and a number of British regulars. The New York state suffered the most, by parties under major Carleton, Sir John Johnson, and capt. Brandt. In the beginning of August, they burnt more than 50 houses and 47 barns, the principal part of Caoijohary, a fine settlement about 56 miles from Albany. They destroyed 27 houses at Schoharie; and? at Norman's Creek 2Q. In October their irruptions were renewed. Stone Arabia and Canaghsioraga were attacked, and Schoharie afresh; and a great extent of country about the Mohawk river was laid waste, A number of the settlers were killed and more made prisoners. Sir John Johnson was obliged to fight them repeatedly i but was careful, Indian like, not to stay long enough in any one place, to admit of his enemy's collecting a sufficient force to bring on a decisive action. My next will most probably contain an account of de- r 1 predations in another quarter, as gen. Arnold sailed from 1 Sandy Hook on the 21st of December, with a body of troops under his command on an expedition. . October the 5th, the Massachusetts general court adjourned. The last act they passed was—" An act to incorporate an academy in the town of Andover, by the name of Pbillips's academy." No business requiring another meeting, they ceased of course. The Wednesday three weeks, the 25th of that month, was the day appointed for the general election agreeable to the new con.. Vol. III. K k , stitution,

178o'stitution. It was ushered in by the ringing of bells, firing of cannon, and other demonstrations of the public rejoicing. When the two houses were formed, a committee was appointed to examine the returns of the several towns for a governor, though it was before known on whom the choice had sallen. They 'reported that 'his excellency John Hancock esq; was elected governor by a great majority of votes. A committee of both houses waited upon him to inform him of it, and request his attendance at the council chamber. After he had gone through all the formalities required to qualify him for his office, the secretary, from the balcony of the state-house, declared, to the attending crowds in the street, his excellency John Hancock esq; governor of the Massachusetts commonwealth, which was repeated by the sheriff of the county of Suffolk. A grand feu de joie was given by the militia companies. Thirteen cannon were fired by the artillery, and three vollies by the independent company. The cannon at the Castle and Fort Hill, and on board the shipping in the harbour were fired upon the occasion. The governor, senate and house of representatives, then attended divine fav vice, agreeable to ancient established custom, at the Old I Brick Meeting-house. The Rev. Dr. Samuel Cooper | delivered a suitable and acceptable discourse from the fol; lowing words in the 30th of Jeremiah—u And their congregation shall be established; and their nobles shall be of themselves -, and their governor shall proceed out of the midst of them.'' When service was finished, they proceeded to Faneuil-hall, amidst a great concourse of people, where an elegant entertainment was provided, and a large number of respectable gentlemen of all or<? tiers

ders assembled. In the course of the convivial meet- *78o* jng, thirteen toasts were drank, each being accompanied with the firing of a cannon. No gentleman being elected lieut. governor by the majority of the people, the senate and house on the 30th, made choice of James Bowdoin efq; who declined the honor partly on account of his not being chosen by the votes of the freemen, but chiefly because of his continued ill state of health. The pext person fixed upon was the president of the pouncil, Thomas Cushing esq; who accepted.

On the 18th of December died at Newport, his ex- Dec. cellency Charles Louis De Ternay, knight of St. John **' of Jerusalem, late governor of the islands of France and Bourbon, and chief commander of the French squadron in the American seas, His remains were the next day interred in Trinity -yard of said town, attended

with military hono

J2ifD Of The Third Volume.


Page 64, line 22, read himself. P. 7$, 1. 28, read have. P. 167, 1.2, read and endeavoured. P. 227, 1. 26, read October. P. 295* 1.11, read the British admirals. P. 306, k 11, read distance from.

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