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•tian ahd difficulty. On the iath he was attacked at.1?^* Broad river by major Weyms, commanding a corps of infantry and dragoons. In this action the British were defeated, and the major taken prisoner, having had his. thigh broken. Though he had deliberately hung Mi*. Cusack in Cheraw district, and had in his poGke-t a memorandum of several houses burned by his command, yet he received every Indulgence from his conquerors.. Gen. Sumpter was afterward attacked oh the loth by 2e. lieut. coL Tarleton. Sumpter being apprized of Tarle- ton's approach, possessed himself of a strong post on ^ Black Stocks hill, close to Tyger fiver. Tarteton with^ out Waitiag for the rest of his detachment, directed A precipitate attack with 170 dragoons and 80 men of the 63d regiment, to that part of the hill which was nearly perpendicular, with a small rivulet, brush wood, arid £ railed fence in front A considerable division of Sump- j ter's force had been thrown into a large log barn, from which the men fired with security) as the apertures be-i tweert the logs served them for loop holes". British valor was conspicuous upon this occasion; but no valor could surmount the obstacles and disadvantages that here stood in its way. The 63d was roughly handled; the commanding officer, two others, with one third of their privates fell. Tarseton observing their situation* charged with his cavalry: unable to dislodge the enemy , either from the log barn or the height on his left, he was obliged to sall back. Lieut. Skinner, attached to the cavalry, covered the retreat of the 63d. In this man-. ner did the whole party continue to retire (till they formed a junction with their insantry, who were advancing to sustain them) leaving Sumpter in quiet possession

»780.0s the field. The general occupied the hill for several hours; but having received a bad wound, and knowing that the British would be reinforced the next morning, he thought it hazardous to wait. He accordingly retired, and taking his wounded men with him, crossed the Tyger. His loss was very small. The wounded of" the British detachment were left to his mercy. The strictest humanity was exercised toward them, and they were supplied with every comfort in his power *.

General Gates moved his head quarters to Charlotte; gen, Smallwoad with the militia, encamped below at Providence on the way to Camden; and the light troops under Morgan (raised by congress the 13th of October to the rank of a brigadier general, upon the repeated recommendation of Gates) were further advanced on that route. Gates ordered huts to be built in regular encampment, apprehending that the winter would be too severe a season for military operations in that latitude, Such was thp situation of the southern army BeC% when gen. Greene arrived at Charlotte the ad of DeT ** cember; and delivered to Gates the first official information of his removal from the command—in so unceremonious a manner was he treated! The army was j surrendered into Greene's hands agreeable to the orders of congress, in the following terms, the next day—r « Head Quarters, Charlotte, 3d Dec 1780. Parole Springfield—Counter-fign Greene. The honorable major general Greene, who arrived yesterday afternoon in Charlotte, being appointed by his excellency general Washington, with the approbation of the honorable

* See lieutenant Mackenzie's Strictures on, Heut, col, Tarkton's

Bfftory, j>. 71—.77, , . ........ „ .


Congress, to the command of the southern army, alj 1780* orders will for the future issue from him, and all reports are to be made to him." .

ic General Gates returns his sincere and grateful thanks to the southern army for their perseverance, fortitude, and patient endurance of all the hardships and sufferings they have undergone while under his command. He anxiously hopes their misfortunes will cease therewith; and that victory and the glorious advantages attending it, may be the suture portion of the southern army."

Gen. Greene, on the 4th of December, dignified his 4. general orders with this graceful expression—" General Greene returns his thanks to the honorable major general Gates for the polite manner in which he has introduced him to his command in the orders of yesterday, and for his good wishes for the success of the southern army." The manly resignation of Gates on the one part, and the delicate disinterestedness of Greene on the other, prevented the embarrassments naturally to be apprehended on such an occasion. The latter approved and perpetuated the standing orders of the former, and treated him with that candid respect which testified his remembrance of the past services of that officer.

A few hours after Greene took the command of the army, a report was made to Gates of a foraging by the light troops under Morgan toward Camden. After collecting what the enemy had spared for further occasions in the vicinity of Clermont, that post was reconnoitred by the cavalry only. Lieut. col. Washington saw that it was fortified by a blockhouse impenetrable to small arms, and encompassed by an abbatis. Its vicipjty to Camdenj from whence it might be speedily succoured,

i^Soi cburcd, rendered a siege ineligible. Recourse was had / to stratagem. He advanced his cavalry in such a direction as to show his front without discovering his rear j and dismounting some of his men, planted the triihk, of a pine tree upon some of its branches so pointedly like a field piece, that it actually intimidated the garrison. A corporal of dragoons was ordered to ride tip, i and summon the commanding officer, lieut. col. Rujge-lfcy, to surrender. The lucky moment was seized on, and the order obeyed with confidence. The garriibn ef upward of one hundred officers and soldiers, surrendered at discretion without a shot, and the works were demolished. This savorable incident, in the juncture ef affairs then existing, through the little superstition to which every man is subject, was viewed by the army as an omen of success under the new commander.

It was on the 5th of October, that congress resolved that the commander in chief order a court of inquiry to be held on the conduct of gen. Gates—though unaccused of any military crime. This resolve was grounded on a former resolve, that whoever lost a post should be subject to a court of inquiry. Had that resolve been, that every commanding officer who does cot beat the enemy, shall be recalled and subjected to a court of inquiry, whether or no any crime be \M to his charge, Gates might have submitted to his sate with as much patience, as officers who surrender a fort or lose a ship. But he had reason to complain, that congress, by their special resolve os the 5th, doomed him tb temporary disesteem and loss of confidence. Gen. Washington was ordered to appoint another officer to the command of the southern army. On the 6fli iie re-;

ceived a line From a South Carolina delegate, acquaint- il&t* ing him, that he was authorized by the delegates' of the three southern states to communicate to his excellency their wish that gen. Greene might be the person. H% was fixed upon 5 not from the influence of tfoteir wifli; but from the opinion the commander in 'chief enter-* tained of him, as being the most suited to the service; When reported to congress he was approved of by them on the 30th. Greene, before he set out, expressed hrt , disapprobation of their passing censure upon Gates- by removing him, as what tended to take away an officers character; which injury could not be repaired, even by an acquittal after examination. He added in the conversation with a brother general—" I stiould be very well satisfied t serve under Gates." He duh/ Weighed all the circumstances attending Gates's situation, and formed an opinion very different from that which occasioned his recall; and as he travelled on to Hillfborough, generously represented the same and the reafohs for it, to those persons he fell into company with, who were blindly led away, by having only considered events. Greene found the country through which he pasted, so fully disaffected to the American interests and in favor ef the British, that he was not without apprehension for his personal safety, ere he could'join the army. Here we take our leave of him for the present, and proceed to mention some of the proceedings and acts of congress.

You have met with various charges against Dr. Shippen-*-p. 70. When congress had the last year expressed their satisfaction with Dr. Morgan's conduct, the last charged the former with mar-practices and misconduct


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