Abbildungen der Seite

1780. capitulation were signed the next day by B. Lincoln, H. j2. Clinton, and M. Arbuthnot. It was stipulated, that the continental troops and sailors should remain prisoners of war until exchanged; and be supplied with good and wholesome provisions, in such quantity as is served out to the British troops. The militia were to return home as prisoners on parole; which, as long as they observed, was to secure them from being molested, in their property by the British troops. The officers of the army and navy were to keep their swords, pistols and baggage, which was not to be searched, and were to retain their servants: but their horses were not to go out of town, but might be disposed of by a person left for the purpose, The garrison, at an hour appointed, was to march out of the town to the ground between the works of the place and the canal, where they were to deposit their arms. The drums were not to beat a British march, nor the colours to be uncased. All civil officers and citizens, who had borne arms during the siege, were to be prisoners on parole, and with respect; to their property in the city, were to have the same terms as the militia; and all other persons in the town, not described in any article, were notwithstanding to be prisoners on parole. It was left to future discussion whether or no, a twelvemonth's time should be allowed so all such as do not choose to continue under the British government, to dispose of their effects, real and per-** sonal, in the state, without any molestation whatever, or to remove such part thereof as they choose, as wel' as themselves and samilies; and whether, during that time, they or any of them should have it in their option ta reside occasionally in town or country. Tue French


[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

consul, the subjects of France and Spain, with theirU780, houses, papers, and other moveable property, were to: be protected and untouched; but they were to consider j themselves as prisoners on parole.

The return of the prisoners transmitted to Great Britain is swelled to upward of 5000, by comprehending every adult freeman of the town, between 2 and 3000 sailors taken from the shipping and put into the batteries, and those militia of both Carolinas that were in garrison. But the proper garrison did not amount to quite 2500 at the time of surrender. The real number of privates in the continental army was 1977, of whom 500 were in the hospitals. The captive, officers were j greatly out of proportion to them; and consisted of 1 major general, 6 brigadiers, 9 colonels, 14 lieut. colonels, 15 majors, 84 captains and capt. lieutenants, 84 lieutenants, 32 second lieutenants and ensigns. The | commanders of the militia from the country were mostly I of the first rank, and in honor repaired to the defence of the town, though they could not bring with them' privates equal to their respective commands. The continental regiments were completely officered, while the adequate number of privates was greatly deficient. The supernumerary regular officers were retained in the garrison, from an apprehension that their being ordered out would have dispirited the army, and from an expectation in the early parts of the siege, that their services would be wanted to command the large reinforcemnnts! of militia that had been promised. During the 30 days' siege, qnly 20 American soldiers deserted. The militia and sailors stationed in the batteries suffered little. Of the continentals who manned the lines, 89 were killed and

1780.138 "wounded; and of the Charlestown militia artillery stationed there, 3 were killed and 8 wounded. About 20 inhabitants were killed in their houses by random shot. Upward of 30 houses were burnt, and others greatly damaged. The total loss of the royal forces is stated at 76 killed and 189 wounded. A prodigious artillery was taken, considerably more than 400 pieces, including every fort, and those in the forts and ships *.

The capital having surrendered, the next object with the British was to secure the general submission of the inhabitants. To this end they posted garrisons in different parts of the country, and marched a large body of troops over the Santee toward that extremity of the state, which borders on the most populous settlements of North Carolina. This caused an immediate retreat of some American parties who had advanced into the upper parts of South Carolina, with the expectation of relieving Charlestown. Among the corps which had come forward with that view, there was one consisting of about 300 continentals, the rear of the Virginia line, commanded by col. Buford. Tarleton, with about 700 horse and soot, was sent in quest of this party. Having mounted his insantry, he marched 105 miles in 54 hours, came up with them at the Waxhaws, and demanded their surrender on terms similar to those granted to the continentals at Charlestown. While the flags, were passing and repassing on this business, Tarleton kept his men in motion, and when the truce was ended, had

* General Lincoln's letters and papers, and other MSS. beside Dr. Ramsay's History and different publications, have been consulted in drawing up the above account of the operations respecting Charlestown.


« ZurückWeiter »