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merce and taxes, and every industrious man can find1779* it." The letter proceeds to show, that the people not only collectively by their representatives, but individually, have pledged their faith for the redemption of their bills, and that they possess a political capacity of doing -it. Then comes a question, " Whether there is any reason to apprehend a wanton violation of the public! faith?" Congress fay upon it>—" It is with great regret and reluctance, that we can prevail upon ourselves to take the least notice of a question, which involves in it a doubt so injurious to the honor and dignity of America. We should pay an ill compliment to the understanding and honor of every true American, were we to adduce many arguments to show the baseness or bad policy of violating our national faith, or omitting to pursue the measures necessary to preserve it. A bankrupt saithless republic would be a novelty in the political world, and appear, among reputable nations, like a common prostitute among chaste and respectable matrons. We are convinced, that the efforts and arts of our enemies will not be wanting to draw us into this humiliating and contemptible situation. Impelled by malice, and the suggestions of chagrin and disappointment, at not being able to bend our necks to their yoke, they will endeavour to force or seduce us to commit this unpardonable fin, in order to subject us to the punishment due to it, and that we may thenceforth be a reproach and a by-word among the nations. Apprized of these consequences, knowing the value of national character, and impressed with a due fense of the immutable laws of justice and honor, it is impossible that America should think without horror of such an exe

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-i^g.crable deed. Determine to finish the contest as you began it, honestly and gloriously. Let it never be saidi that America had no sooner become independent than she became insolvent; er that her insant glories and growing same were obscured and tarnished by broken contracts and violated saith, in the very hour when all the nations of the earth were admiring, and almost adoring the splendor of her rising." This letter and the resolve preceding it, were probably occasioned by the prevailing subjects of conversation in Philadelphia, and * the movements of the leading people. A town meeting was called, and a special committee appointed to draw up a memorial, which was signed by the president and council in their private characters, the speaker and several members of assembly, the general committee of the city, and a. respectable number of citizens* It was presented to congress, on or near the day, when they addressed . their constituents, and was meant to stop the further emissions of continental bills. The memorialists say—" Neither can we help expressing our apprehensions, that the ease with which money was thus procured, has induced a remissnefs of inquiries into the reality of its application t all which we hope will, in fu, ture, be remedied by a systematical plan of eeconomy, . and a regular information of expences." Sept. Congress " resolved, That in consideration of the l7' .distinguished merit of lieut. col. Talbot (see p. 201) a commission of captain in the navy of the United States 24. be given him." They " resolved; That a medal of , gold, emblematical of the attack of the fort and works at Powle's-hook, be struck and presented to major Lee. Four days after, upon Mr. Jay's signifying to them bis

acceptance acceptance of the office to which he had been appointed 1779. on the 26th, and thereupon resigning the chair, they elected Samuel Huntington esq. president. Such was the deficiency of flour in Virginia, that congress re- °^* solved, that the governor should be informed of its being their opinion, that the convention troops should be supplied with meal made of Indian corn. But he was re- quested to inform the commanding officer of those troops, that if the commander in chief of the British forces will order stippliesof flour to be sent to Virginia, passports would be ordered for the purpose when applied for. The chevalier de la Luzerne had his audience of I congress, delivered a letter from his most christian ma- Nov. jesty, was announced to the house, and upon that rose, 1?* and addressed the congress in a speech, to which the president returned an answer,

Let us change the scene.

While count d'Estaing lay with his fleet at Cape Francois, after the conquest of Grenada, he received letters from gav. Rutledge, gen. Lincoln, the French consul at Charlestown and others, urging him to visit the American coast, and proposing an attack upon Savannah. The general engaged to join him witfi 1000 men certain; and promised, that every exertion would be made to augment the number. The application coinciding with the king's instructions, to act in concert with the forces of the United States, whenever an occasion presented itself, he sailed for the American continent within a few days after it was received. When through the windward passage, he dispatched two ships of the line and three frigates to Charlestown to announce his coming. On the 1st of September, he arrived with Sept* : • - Y 3 a fleer,

1779.a fleet of 20 sail of the sine, two of fifty guns, and eleven frigates. The appearance of the French fleet on the coasts of South Carolina and Georgia was so unexpected by the British, that the Experiment man of war, of 50 guns, Sir James Wallace commander, and three frigates were captured. No sooner was it known at Charlestown that the count was on the coast, than Lincoln marched with all expedition for Savannah with the troops under his command: orders were also given for the South Carolina and Georgia militia to rendezvous immediately near the same place. The British were equally diligent in preparing for their defence. Lieut. col. Cruger, who had a small command at Sunbury, and lieut. col. Maitland, who was in force at Beaufort, were ordered to Savannah. As the French frigates approached the bar, the Fowey and Rose, of 20 guns each, the Keppel and Germain armed vessels, retired toward the town. The battery on Tybee was destroyed, 'To prevent the French frigates getting too near, the Rose and Savannah armed ships, with four transports, were funk, in the channel, A boom was laid across it, and several small vessels were also funk above the town. The seamen were appointed to different batteries. The marines were incorporated with the grenadiers of the 16th regiment; and great numbers were employed, both by day and night, in strengthening and extending the lines of defence. Count d'Estaing made repeated declarations, that he could not remain more than ten or fifteen days on shore: nevertheless, the sall of Savannah was considered as insallibly certain. Every aid was given from Charlestown, by sending small vessels to assist the French in their landing; but as the large ships of the fleet I could could not come near the shore, it was not effected till 1779*

the 12th. Gen. Lincoln's troops were not far distant; but sepu before they could join the French, the count summoned 1^* gen. Prevost to surrender to the arms of the king of France Lincoln remonstrated to d'Estaing on his summoning (; Prevost to surrender to the arms of France only, while the Americans were acting in conjunction with him; the matter was soon settled, and the mode of all future negotiations amicably adjusted. Prevost returned a polite letter to the count, but declined surrendering on a general summons, without any specific terms; and menitioned, that if such were proposed, as he could with, honor accept, he would then give his answer. The count in a second letter observed to him, that it wa» the part of the besieged to propose such terms as they might desire. Prevost upon that proposed a suspension of hostilities for 24 hours, as a just time absolutely necessary for deliberation and the discussion of various interests. The count's third letter, granting the said truce, was written toward evening. Thus time was gained for the arrival of the whole detachment from Beaufort^ An enterprise was undertaken to prevent its joining the royal army in Savannah, which proved unsuccessful, from the pilots not undertaking to conduct to a proper station the frigates destined to intercept the communication. Maitland availed himself of this circumstance, and by his exertions joined Prevost with about 400 men before the count's second letter was received: at. night and by noon the next day, all the remainder fit for duty arrived. The safe arrival of this detachment determined the garrison to rifle an assault. The French and Americans were hereby reduced to the necessity of

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