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givemented by the forement of a number of Jews, who had been driven out of Cayenne s d'he Brais, whose descendanis, with other Jews, compose ar prefect one nají risine wtite inhabitants of the colony, and are allowed great privileges. In 1667 i was taken by the Dutch, and the Erglyn having got poft von about the same time of the then Duich colony of New York, each pariy retained is corqueit; the English planiers most of thein relired to ] inaica, leaving their laves behind them, whose language is full Englifn, but 1o corrupied as not to be understood at first by an Englishman.
. CHA . XXX.
A !I A ZOVI A.
1 O the 1. of Brail is a co in'rv of very great extent, but rery lie:le lour, wbich bears the name of Amazonia. It may be said to extend frum 4° 1.10 170 S. and hem 50° to 70° W. longitude, from Greenzich. Many fabulous ilmes have been relaxed of this country being inba. fied by a race of warlike women, no were govered by a queen, iimilar 10 he ancdene flories of fuch a nauon inbabiving a dillrict of counti v on the borders of the Black fic. It has been allereed that this female conmunity enureiy exclude men from their society, and that succetlive generators are cbiased by ot' ional commerce with neighbouring nations, and he female chridren procured by such embraces are bred up by the mothers, but that the maies are fent to their ia hers. The Spaniards when they fict invaded be country, received thrle romantic fictious froin fom“ Indians, who represented i hele beresines as exreme'y expert, brave, and formidab'e in war, and having sharpleixes me with fome women on the confines of Amazonia, who qvere remarkab y intrepid and daring, as well as skilful in the use of weapons of war, the relation was transmited unvil i: became received as a fact; huwever, its falsehood is now apparent, for M. de Condamine, who travelled irto these paris, inade the fullest researches into this relation, and obiained the oluit larissactory proofs that it had no foundation in cruth,
Ρ Α Τ Α G Ο Ν Ι Α.
T ATAGONIA is situated between 55° and 54' south latitude its lengib is eieven hundred miles, and its breadın three hundred and brıy: it is bounded north hy Chili and Paragua; cast by the Atlantic Ocean; louch by the traits of Magellan; west by the Pacific ocean.
The climate is fuid co be much colder in this country than in the north under the fame paral els of latitude, which is imputed to the Andes, which pass through it, being covered with eterval snow: it is almost impoñible to say what the foil would produce, as it is not at all culvivated by the nalives. The northern parts are covered with word, among which is an inexhaustible fund of large timber; but towards the fouih, it is said, there is not a single tree large enough to be of uic to mechanics. There are, however, good paftursi,
which feed incredible numbers of horned cattle and horses first carried there by the Spaniards, and now increased in an amazing degree,
Tuis innabised by a variety of Indian tribes, among which are the Pala. gons, from whom she country takes its name, the Pampas and the Coffores : they all live upon fish and game, and what the earth produces spontaneously : their huts are iha:ched, and, not withilanding the rigour of the clinate, they wear no other cloths than a mapıle inade of feal ikin, or the ikio of fome bealt, ad that they throw off when they are in action: they are exceedingly hardy, brave and active, making use of their arms, which are bows and arrows headed with fines, with amazing dexterity.
Magellan, who fill discovered the straits which bear his name, and after him Comın dure Byron, have reported, that there exists, in these regions, a face of gian!s; but o:hers, w'zo have failed this way contradict the report. Upon the while we may cunciude, that chis story is, perhaps, like that of the female republic of Amizons.
The Spaniards once built a fort upon the Straits, and left a garrison in it to prevent any o'ber Europran nation palling that way into the Pacific ocean; but milt of the inen perih'd by hunger, whence the place obtained the name of port Famine, and lince ihai fa:al event, no nacion has attempted to plant colonies in Patagonia. As to the religion or government of these savages, we have no certain into milion : fome have reported, that these people believe in invisible powers, both good and evil: and ibat they pay a tribute of gratitude to the one, and deprecate the wrath and vengeance of the other.
Terra del Fuego Is the fouthernmost part of South America, and is separated from the continent by the trail of Mage!lan. The point of land on ihe southernmoft exir-mily is called Cape Horn. Theie islands extend the Magellanic coast from E. io W. ab 18 tror hundred miles, and were thought contiguous to the conuinent, will Magellan discovered and failed through the Itraits that part them from it. The firaits are about 100 l apues in length from the Cape of the Virgins at the eaflern entrance to Cape Defire at the western end. The breadib is various, ic being in fum. narrows but a lesgile wide, and in more open paris five and leven leagues over. There are many safe harbours runring into the continent, wiere Ships may safely ride at fingle anchor in any wrailer. On the S. E. bide of the islands which form chis strait is Staten. Illand, in about 55° S, lai, and between it and Terra del Fuego runs Strait le viaire, which is about 7 or 8 leagues in length. The pallage into the Sou'h Sea or Parinc 0ean, is now generally performed through Strait le Maire, and then doubling Cape Horn.
Terra del Fuego is in gonerat very mountainous and rough. The inhabi. tanis, to whom Mr. De Bougainville, a very judicious traveller, gives the name of Pecherais, live milerable. Deprived of what renders life convenient, they fff-r the expreme roughness of ihe most dreadful climate in the world. Tnele savages are short, ugly, meagre and carry an insupportable stench abo'y! with chem. They are almost oaked, having no other dress than wretch. ed leal-íkins to wrap themselves in, their women are bidious and little regard ed by the meo. They sublift principally on fhell fish.
I HE vast country of America is divided into two parts, North and South, the narrow ifhmus of Darien serving as a link to connect them together ; between the Florida shore on the northern peninsula, and the gulf of Maracabo on the southern, lie a multitude of islands, which are called the West-Indies, from the name of India, originally alligned to chem by Columbus ; though, in consequence of the opinions of some geographers of the fifteenth century, they are frequently known by the appellarion of Antilia or Antilles : this term is, however, more often applied to the wiudward or Care ribbean ifands.
Subordinate to this comprehensive and simple arrangement, necessity or convenience has introduced more local distinctions ; that portion of the Atlantic which is separated from the main ocean to the north and eat by the illands though known by the general appellation of the Mexican gulf, is itself properly divided into three diftinct parts; the gulf of Mexico, the bay of Hon. duras, and the Carribbean sea, so called from that class of lands which bound this part of the ocean on the east. Of this class, a group nearly adjoining to the castern side of St. John de Porto Rico is likewise called the Virgin isles. The name of Bahuma islands is likewise given, or applied by the English, to a cluster of small islands, rocks and reefs of fand, which Aretch in a north-weiterly direction for the space of nearly three hundred leagues from the northern coast of Hifpaniola to the Bahama Arait opposite the Florida fhore.
Such of the above islands as are worth cultivation now belong to Greeting Britain, Spain, France, Holland and Denmark
The British claim, Jamaica,
Montserrat, Sc. Chriftopher's,
Anguilla, Grenada, and the Grenadines,
• The Bahama ilande, Si. Vincent,
The Spaniards claim. Cuba,
Trinidad, Part of St. Domingo, or Hif
The French claim. Part of St. Domingo,
St. Bartholomew, Deseada Martinico,
Tobage, St. Lueia;