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T HIS State is foruared between 31° and 35 north latitude and 5 and 16° wett longitude: iis length is fix hundred miles, and its breadth owo hundred ard fifty. It is bounded on the call, by the Atlantic ocean ; on the fouth, by East and il'eft Florida ; on the weft; by the river Missiopi; and on the north ard north-eall, by South-Carolina, and the lands ceded to the United States by North Carolina or the Tenefee government.
li is divided into iwo dillricis, viz. Upper and Lower, which are ribdia vided into twenty-four counties, viz. Camden, Glynn, Liberty, Chatham, Bryan, M’Intosh, Effingham, Seriven. Burke, diontgomery. W'ajnington, Huncock, Greene, Frarklın, Ogle: horpe, Elbert. Vilkes, Linkoln, Warter, Fefferson, Jackfon. Bullock, Colunbia, ard Richmond. This ftate contains about 120,000 inhabitants of whom about 40,000 are slaves.
A UGUSTA was will la:ely the scat of government in this State. It is reward un the south-west bank of Savannah viver, which is here about five hundred yards wide, about one bundred and forty-four miles from the fez, and one hundred and twenty-seven north-west of Savannah. The town which in 1982 contained but three or four houses, in 1787 contained two hundred ; it is on a fine large plair, at the foot of the firit falls in the river, which in a dry season are four or five feet in height; and as it enjoys the best foil, and the advantage of a central situation between the upper and low. er counties, is riling fait into importance. In the vicinity of this town is a remarkable la: ge bank of order theils.
Savanna), a port of eniry and the former capital of Georgia, Aands on a bigh fandy bluff, on the south side of ihe river of the same name, and levenepen miles from its mouth. The town is regularly built in the form of a parallelagram, and, including its suburbs. contained, in 1787, (wo hundred and i wenty-seven dwelling houses, ore Epifcopal church, a Prefbyuriax church, a Synagogue, and a coure-house. The number of its inhabitants, excluine of the backs, amounted at that time to about eight hundred and thiriy, feventy of whom were Jews. More than two thirds of this town were consumed by fire in 1796.
In Savannah, and within a circumíerence of about ten miles from it, there were, in the summer of 1,87, about two thoutand three hundred inhab:jans. Of thcle one hundred and ninety-two were above fitiy years of age, and ali in good health. The ages of a lady and her fix children, then living in the town, amounted to three hundred and cighiy-five years. This computarion, which was actually made, serves to shew that Savannah is not really fo unhealthy as has been cominonly reprelenied. Vi is 130 miles S. W. of Augufi, and 925 from Philadelphia. N. lat. 3-. W. long. 81, 23.
Sunbury is a sea port town, beautifully licuated on the main between Mede way and Newport rivers, about hítcen miles south of Great Ogeekee river; it is favoured with a safe, capacious, and very convenient hair, detended from the furs of the leas by the north and fouth points of St. Helena, and South Catherine's illards, betweet which is ine bar and enstance into the sound. Several smalı islaods intervenc, and partly birudi a a.stant view of the ocean ; and, interlocking wiih each other, rerder the peff ge olit to sea winding, but not difficult. Ii is a very pleasant, hralıhy town, and is the refort of the planters from the adjacent piaces of Medway and Nii fort, during the fickly months. It was burnt by the Britith in the lare wai, but has since been rebuilt. An academy was estab hird here in 1788, which, under an able inflructor, has proved a very useful iubiquitou. Iris 40 unes S. of Savonnah.
Brunfwick, in Glyn county, latitude 31° 10', is flluared at the mouth of Turtle river, at which place this river empies itself into Si. Simon's found. Brunswick has a safe and capacious harbour ; and the bar, at the entrance into it, has water dcep enough for the largest vell is that I wiin. The town is regularly laid out, but not yer built. From iis advantageous fillarion, and from ile crulity of the back country, it proinins to be h reafier one of the first trading towns in Georgia. 60 miles S. W. of Savannuh.
Frederica, on the island of S.. Simon, is nearly in latude 31° 15'; it is one of the oldest towns in Georgia, and was founded by General Oskihornc. The fortress was regular and beau'iful, construcicd chieily with brick, but is now in ruins. The town contains but lew houses, which fland on an emia nence, if considered with regard to the marshes before it, upon a branch of Alatamaha river, which waihes the well side of his arecabe illani, and forms a bay before the town, afturdug a lafe and secure barbour for ve Isis of the largest burthens, which may lie d'ong he whuf.
Washington, the chief towo in the county of Hills, is situated in beside 33° 22', about fifty miles north-weit of Augula; i: had, in 1983, a courehouse, gaoi, thirty-four dwelling houses, and an academiy, whose funds amounted to about eight hundred pounds llerling, and the number of ludoors to between fixty and leventy. smile a d a bai distant froin the town is a medical spring, which is said to be a sovereign for the scurvy and every ocher disorder ariling from the disorder in the boed.
The town of Louisville, present seat of government in il.is Saie, has been laid out on the banks of Ozelcin river, ab uut leventy ones fu mjis mouth. 1: contains about 60 dwellings, a ilue-house and a cuilcge. Jo miles S. £. of Augufta and 110 from Suvunnah.
IN fome parts of this state, ar particular seasons of the year, the climate cannot be cheemed falut rious, Tiite low corairy rear the ice wanip, bilious complaints, and fevers of varions kinds, are pretty univeriai during the months of Juiy, Augult and Sepiember, which for this realon, are called the fickly months.
The disorders peculiar to this climate originale parily from the badness of the water, which in the low country, excipi in and abovi Saviannak and fulle other places, where good (prings are found, is generally bouchith, ad party from the noxious putrd v pours which are exbiled tria ile il yell Wadiants in the rige swamos, Beatles, the long cunume.ce ni warna walat gebeurten ces a general relaxation of the nervous system, and as a great proportion of the inhabitants have no necessary labour to call them to exercise, a large Thare of indolence is the natural consequence; and indolence, especially amongst a luxurious people, is ever the parent of disease. The immense quantities of spirituons liquors which are used to correêt the brackishness of the water, form a species of intemperance, which too often proves ruinous to the conititurion. Parents of infirm, fickly habits, often, in more senses than one, have children of their own likeness. A contiderable part of the diseases of the present inhabitants may, therefore, be considered as hereditaty
Before the fickly feaion commences, many of the rich planiers remove with their families to the sea islands, or fome elevated healthy situation, where they reside three or four months for the benefit of the fresh air. In the wide ter and spring, pleurifies, peripneumonies, and other inflamatory disorders, occasioned by sudden and violent colds, are generally common and frequently fatal. Consumptions, epilepsies, cancers, palsies and appoplexies, are not is cominon among the inhabitanis of the fouthern as northern climates.
The winters in Georgia are very mild and pleasant. Snow is feldon or never seen. Vegetation is not frequently prevented by severe frofis. Carde fubist well through the winter, without any other food ihan what they obtain in the woods and Savannahs and are fauter in that than in any other. Ia tha hilly country, which begins in fifiy, and in some places one hundred miles from the sea, the air is pure and falubrious, and the water plenty and good. From June to September, the mercury in Fahrenheit's thermometer coinmonly fluctuates from 76° to 90° ; in winter, from 40° to 60%. The most prevailing winds are fouth-well and east; in winter north-west. The eart wind is warmest in winter, and coolest in summer. The south wind, in the summer and fall particularly, is damp, sultry, unelastic, and of course, unhealthy.
In the south-east parts of this State, which lie within a few degrees of the torrid zone, the atinosphere is kept in motion by impressions from the trade winds. This serves to purify the air, and render it fit for respiration ; lo that it is found to have a very dangerous effect on persons of consuinplive habits.
Face of the Country.
I HE eastern part of the state, between the mountains and the ocean, and the rivers Savannah and St. Mary's, a tract of country, more than one hundred and twenty miles from north to South, and forty or fifty from eaft to welt, is entirely level, without a hill or fone. At the distance of about forty or fifty miles from the sea-board, or salt-marsh, the lands begin to be more or less uneven. The ridges gradually rise one above another into hills, and the hills successively increasing in height, till they finally terminate in mnountains. That vast chain of mountains which cominences with the Katt's Kill, near Hudson river in the state of New York, known by the names of the Allegany and Appalachian mountains, terminate in this state, about sixiy miles fouth of its northern boundary. From the foot of this mountain spreads a wide-extended plain, of the richest fuit, and in a latitude and climate well adapted to the cultivation of unit of the Eat-India, productions,
The rivers in this itace are numerous, and some of them of the utmost im. portance.
Savannah river divides this state from South-Carolina : its course is near ly from north-weit to south-eall. It is formed principally of iwu branches