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be erected into a college ; whereupon Mr. Whitefield applied to the crown for a charter, but, in e legilence of fo.ne dispute, ihe affur of a charter was given up, and Mr. Whitefield made bis alignment of the orphan house, in, tuft, to the late Countess of Huntingdon.* · Soon after his death, a charter was granted to his inftitution in Georgian and ibe Rev. Mr. Piercy was appointed president of the college, bui, unfortanaely, on the 30:h of May. 1775, the orphan house caught fire, and was entirely confum:d, except the two wings, which are fill remaining.
During the lare war Georgia was over.run by the Britih troops, and many of the inhabitants were obliged to flee into che neighbouring states for fafeiy. The suff-rings and lossus of its citizens were, therefore, as great, in proportion to their nuinbers and wealth, as any of obe states. Since the peace the progress of the population of this itate has been rapid: its growih in improvement and population has, however, been checked by the hoitile irride tions of the Greek Indians, which have been frequent, and very distresling to ide frontier inhabitants.
Having ihus briefly sketched the history of the settlement of the faies compreheuded in this division, we now proceed to a more particular description af them.
| C H A P. XVII. STATE OF MARYLAND.
Situation, Extent, Boundaries, &c.
1 HIS fate is ficuated between 379 56 and 39° 44' North Lario • tude, and oo and 4° 30' W. Long. from Philadelphia, iis length is about 134 miles, and its breadth 110, bounded on the Norih by Pennsylvania : o the East by Delaware state, and on the South-easta id Sowh by the Atlantic ocean ; and a line drawn from the ocean over the peninsula (dividing i from Accomack county in Virginia) to the mouth of the Potomack river; thenge up the Potomack to its source; thence by a North line oll it interfeets the Southern boundary of Pennsylvania, in Lai. 39° 43' 18"; so thac it bas Virginia on the South-west and welt; it con ains about 140.0 1quare miles, of which from one fixth to one fourıh is water.
It is divided into nineteen counties, viz. Hartford, Baltimore, Ann Arundel, Frederick, Allegany, Wahington, Montgomery, Prince George, Calvert, Charles, St. Marys, Cecil, Kent, Queen Ann, Carolina, Talbot, Somerses, Dorchester, and Worcester, the whole containing near 400,000 inhabitants, of which number upwards of 100,000 are laves,
A NNAPOLIS (city) is the capital of this Aare, ficuated at the mouth of Severn river on a healthy fpot, chirty miles south of Baltimore,
* Mr. Whitefield died at Newburyport, in New-England, September 30, 1:70, in the Afty-fixth year of his age, and was buried under the Preibyterian church in ebase place. Vol. IV.
N. Lat. ey 25'. The houses, about 260 in number, are generally large and clega'ii, indicative of great wealth; the number of inhabitants does not caceed 2000. It is shiriv miles S. ot Baltimore, and one hundred and thir. ty-live S. W. of Philadelphia,
Bullmore is the largest and most opulent city in Maryland, and has had the mult rapid growih of aniv on the continent. luis situated in the county of Baliiin se, and on the N. W. branch ifike Patatiro river, exterding frum Harris's creek on the S. E. to Ridgel y's cove on the wellern or main bidh. It lies in lac, 32° 21' and is unded into the old and new town by Jone's Falls*, over which are fou. wode.. bridges well conflructed and
Jone's Falls is a valuable fream which takes its rise in a lime fone foil, about ten or twelve miles from the city, and palling through a fine but hilly countv empies it felt into the balon or harbour.
bi 0 Jones fills are ten mills, built within about two miles and an half of the city; tlie first is owned and occupied by Meftrs. Smuth and Jeffop and can grindiriity thousand bushels of wheat in a year; the second owned by Howard ane leby and rccupied by Ogleby and Winchester, can grind twenty thousand but is a vear. The thid is owned by Pennington and Togart and occupied by Jalan Sturop: This is an elegant building about one hundred feet in length and botwein fifty and Exty in Lieadth, three stories high, the lower story of stone and the others of brick, has six pair of six feet dones, runs four water wheels, and is la costructed that any tour pair of ftones out of the six can be running while the other two pair are deiling ; this mill las frequently manufactured one hundred and twenty barrels of flour in a day, and can on a modeiale calculation grind one hundied thousand bushels of grain in a year. The fourth is owned by Thomas and Job Rutier, this in Il is built on an old and simple plan and of no great account, can grind fifteen thou!and bushels a year. The fifth is owned and occupied by M'Cullock and Birkhead, this is a large and elegant house, has three pair of stones, one of lix fret and two of five, runs two water wheels, and constructed so as to tua two pair of stones, while the other is dreling, can grind fifty-five thousand bushels a year. The sixth, is owned and occupied by Thoinas and Samuel Hollingsworth; this mill is a fiuc stone building though no: large, has two pair of five feet ftones, runs two water wheels and can grind forty-five thousand bushels a year. The seventh is owned by Elisha Tyron, and occupied by Tyron and Norris, this is a large clegant three story stone building, has two pair of six feet lones, runs two water whcels, ayıd can, on a moderate calculation, grind seventy thousand bushels in a year, this mill has once ground eighty thousand bushels of wheat in eleven months, owing to the persevering exertions of the owner, though this is not to be expected every year The eighth is owned by Benjamin Ellicott and occupied by Benjamin and James Ellicott, this is a neat and handsome building, four stories high, two of lone and two of frame, 'the mechanical workmanship is scarcely exceeded by any other of the kind. The inside wo:ks are very ingenious and convenientiy coutu&cd; runs two water wheels with two pair of stones, one of which is six feet fix inches over, and the other five, and can grind fifty thousand bushels a year. The ninck is owned by James Ellicott and occupied by Joseph Scott, this is a large two flory ftone building, runs two water wheels with two pair of lones, one of fix feet the other four feet fix inches, she is a powerful mill though not so convenient as most of the otheis : she can grind fifty thousand bushels a year. The tenth is owned by Elitha Ty on and occupied by William Norris aud Co. this is a hand some three ftory building, the firit of stone and the other two of brick, runs two water wheels with three pair of six feet stenes, and so conttructed as to keep two pair always running, while one pair is drelling, this mill is a-arly planned in her running works, and well calculated to dispatch business, can grind at least eighty thousand busheis a year.
There is another stream of water a little to the westward of Baltimore, called Gwyns Falls, on which are four mills that receive their supplies of wheat fione Baltimore inarket : The first is owned by the Widow Carrol, this is a stone build. ing pretty much after the old plan, though a good mill, can grind forty-five
irongly built. Baltimore has lately been incorporated, and is governed by a mayor and common council. The rapid progress Baltimore has made in com inerce, far exceeds any of her Gifter cities ; so that it is now in rank, the third in the United States, both in its exports and imporis. About nine years ago its inhabitans did not amount to fourieen thousand, in 1787 the number of boules did not exceed three thousand one hundred; the number na may fairly be calculated at nearly have thousand in the city and Fell's Point, and the inhabitants about iwenty-five thousand. The bason which is formed by federal hill and the city is so shallow, as only to have from eight to ten feet depth of full water in it at common rides, thips of buren cannot therefore come fariher towards the city than Fells Point, which makes it the principal place for shipping, and of course a place of extensive trade. On Federal Hiilis errected a fignal tower with flag Ralfs selected for the purpose of hojiling li :nals when any vessels are in the hav, fo chat by the ships hoilling their merchants signals they being repeated on the signal tower, the owner thorgh at the distance of lifieen or twenty miles can know his vesel is below. About two miles beyond the signal tower, to the southward is a fori lately put in excel ledi repairs.
thousand buheis a year. The second is owned and occupied by the Mellre. Eliicons, this is the molt compicat and elegart nill perhaps in America; it is eighi y fect long and forty teet wide, five so ies high, three of stone and two of brics, mans four pair of seven fert Itines, has three water wheels and so constructed that all the wheels will gear into each other, so that cach of the three wheels will do thuir p. 0portion toward turning the fourth pair of fones ; can grind one hundred thouland bushels a year : the running works of this mill are plain and simple considering its kze and forin, and discovers gieat mechanical ingenuity both in their plarining and execution : the four pair of stones, the boalting works, elevéters, falls, screens, and other machinery for cleansing the wheat, &c move with such jestic esse ard ricgance, so little noise and clattering and takes up so little room that I believe she is in this as well as alinost every othei refpe&t unequ lled by any in America, perhaps not exceeded by any in the world; These men purchairdinice seats, each having about twenty feet fall; they began at the head of their fast and brought the race to the lower end, where it is about fixty feet above the hea of the treani, on which place the above mill stands; they propose building two more mills, the second to receive the water from the tail of the litt, and the third at the tail of the fecond, to that the water for one will be fufficient for all three. When their three mills are compleated, they will be abie to grind three hundred thousand bushcls of grain in a year. To a curious mind not accustomed to the like, a right and full view of these mills all unning at once would be worth a journey of a counderable diftince. The third is owned and occupied by Thomas and Samuel Hollingfworth, and can grind forty thousand buihela a year. The fourth is owned and occupied by Owings and Stewart, a good stone building, can grind fifty thousand bushc's a year,
Thele mila liave adopted Evens's machinery but his plan has been greatly im. proved by Meftrs. Ellicot's, Tyfon, Scott, Allen and others, so that the business of the mills can be done with very little manual labour, so that they if welllupplied, can grind feven hundred and fifty thousandbushels of wheat in a year.
Thele milis have gre'tly contributed to the wealth, prosperity, rapid growth, and increanng trade of Baltimore, and will doubtless continue to be a great support and encouragement to the agricultural interest of the state, as well as the commercial in. terest of the city; they give employ to about two hundred and fifty perfon:, in occupations, such as Clcks, Millers, Waggoners, Coopers &c. ,
The quantity of four iuspected in Baltimore from the first of July 1997, to the thirtieth of June 1798, was 266,949 barrels and 18,-78 halt barvels; and rom the Arft of July 1798 to the thirtieth of June 1799 was 237,997 barrels, and 16,079 half