Conceptual Revolutions

Capa
Princeton University Press, 5 de jun de 2018 - 285 páginas

In this path-breaking work, Paul Thagard draws on the history and philosophy of science, cognitive psychology, and the field of artificial intelligence to develop a theory of conceptual change capable of accounting for all major scientific revolutions. The history of science contains dramatic episodes of revolutionary change in which whole systems of concepts have been replaced by new systems. Thagard provides a new and comprehensive perspective on the transformation of scientific conceptual systems.


Thagard examines the Copernican and the Darwinian revolutions and the emergence of Newton's mechanics, Lavoisier's oxygen theory, Einstein's theory of relativity, quantum theory, and the geological theory of plate tectonics. He discusses the psychological mechanisms by which new concepts and links between them are formed, and advances a computational theory of explanatory coherence to show how new theories can be judged to be superior to previous ones.

 

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Conteúdo

Chapter 1 The Problem of Revolutionary Conceptual Change
3
Chapter 2 Concepts and Conceptual Systems
13
Chapter 3 Conceptual Change
34
Chapter 4 Explanatory Coherence
62
Chapter 5 Theory Dynamics Rationality and Explanation
103
Chapter 6 The Darwinian Revolution
131
Chapter 7 The Geological Revolution
157
Chapter 8 Revolutions in Physics
191
Chapter 9 Revolutions in Psychology?
225
Chapter 10 Conceptual Change in Scientists and Children
246
References
265
Index
279
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Sobre o autor (2018)

Paul Thagard is Professor of Philosophy and Adjunct Professor of Psychology and Computer Science at the University of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada.

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