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Ali Pacha, in a room containing a marble basin and brother of that dangerous charge « borrowing:a a poet fountain, etc., etc., etc.

had better borrow any thing (excepting money than

the thoughts of another, they are always sure to be reNote 7. Stanza lxxxvii.

claimed; but it is very hard, having been the lender, to The gate so splendid was in all its features.

be denounced as the debtor, as is the case of Absley Features of a gate-a ministerial metaphor; «the versus Smollett. fenture upon which this question hinges.»—See the As there is « honour amongst thieves,» let there be « Fudge Family,» or bear Castlercagh.

some amongst poets, and give each liis due,-node can

afford to give it more than Mr Campbell himself, who, Note 8. Stanza cvi.

with a high reputation for originality, and a fame which Though on more thorough-bred or fairer fingers.

cannot be shaken, is the only poet of the times except There is perhaps nothing more distinctive of birth Rogers) who can be reproached (and in him it is indeed than the hand: it is almost the only sign of blood which a reproach) with having written too little. aristocracy can generate.



Stanza cxlvii.
Save Solyman, the glory of their line.


may not be unworthy of remark, that Bacon, in his essay on « Empire,» hints that Solyman was the last

Stanza lxxv. of his line; on what authority, I know not. These are

A wood obscure, like that where Dante found, his words : « The destruction of Mustapha was so fatal

Nel mezzo del Cammin' di nostra vita to Solyman's line, as the succession of the Turks from

Mi ritrovai per una Selva oscura, etc, etc. etc. Solyman, until this day, is suspected to be untrue, and of strange blood; for that Solymus the Second was thought to be supposititious.» But Bacon, in his hislorical authorities, is often inaccurate. I could give half

CANTO VII. a dozen instances from his apophthegms only.

Being in the humour of criticism, I shall proceed, after having ventured upon the slips of Bacon, to touch

Stanza li. on one or two as trilling in the edition of the Britisha

Was teaching his recruits to use the bayonet. Poets, by the justly-celebrated Campbell. - But I do this Fact: Souvaroff did this in person. in good will, and trust it will be so taken. ---If any thing could add to my opinion of the talents and true feeling of that gentleman, it would be his classical, honest, aud triumphant defence of Pope, against the vulgar cant of

CANTO VIII. the day, and its existing Grub-street. The inadvertencies to which I allude are,

Note 1, Stanza viii. Firstly, in speaking of Anstey, whom he accuses of haviog taken «his leading characters from Smollett.»

All sounds it pierceth, Allah! Allah! Un!, Ansley's Bath Guide was published in 1766. Smollett's « Allah! Hu!» is properly the war-cry of the MassulHumphry Clinker (the only work of Smolle!t's frɔm mans, and they aswell long on the last syllable, which which Tabitha, etc., etc. could have been taken) was gives it a very wild and peculiar effect. written during Smollett's last residence at Leghorn, in

Note 2. Stanza ix. 1770.—« Argal,» if there has been any borrowing,

• Carnage (so Wordsworth tells you) is God's daughter. Anstey must be the creditor, and not the debtor. I refer Mr Campbell to his own data in his lives of Smol

But thy most dreaded instrument

In working out a pure intent, lett and Anstey.

Is man array'd for mutual slaughter; Secondly, Mr Campbell says, in the life of Cowper

Yea, Carnage is shy daughter! (note to page 358, vol. 7), that « he knows not to whoin

WORD WORTH's Thanksgiving Ode. Cowper alludes in these lines :

To wit, the Deity's. This is perhaps as pretty a pediNor be who, for the bane of thousands born,

gree for murder as ever was found out by Garter king Built God a church, and laugb d bis word to scorn. at-arms.- What would have been said had any freeThe Calvinist meant Voltaire, and the church of Fer- spoken people discovered such a lineage? ney, with its inscription, « Deo erexit Voltaire.»

Note 3. Stanza xviii. Thirdly, in the life of Burns, Mr C. quotes Shak

Was printed Grove, although bis name was Grose. speare thus,

A fact; see the Waterloo Gazettes. I recollect remarlTo gild refined gold, to paint the rose,

ing at the time to a friend :-« There is fame! a mani Or udd fresh perfume to the violet.

killed, bis name is Grose, and they print il Groves I This version by no means improves the original, which

was at college with the deceased, who was a very amiable is as follows:

and clever man, and his society in great request for lito Toçild refined gold, to paint the lily,

wit, gaiety, and chansons à boire.» To throw a perjuine on the violet, etc.

Note 4. Stanza xxiii. A great poet quoting another should be correct; he

As any other notion, and not national. should also be accurate when he accuses a Parnassian See Major Vallency and Sir Lawrence Parsons.

King John.

Note 5. Stanza xxv.

Note 6. Stanza lxii. 'T is pity that such meanings should pave bell..

Your fortune: was in a fair way to swell The Portuguese proverb says, that « Hell is paved with

A man, as Giles says. good intentions. »

« His fortune swells him, it is rank, he's married.»—

Sir Giles Overreach ; MASSINGER.--See A New Way to
Note 6. Stanza xxxiii.

Pay Old Debts.
By thy humane discovery, Friar Bacon !
Gunpowder is said to have been discovered by this

Note 7. Stanza xlvii.
Which scarcely rose much higher than grass blades.
They were but two feet high above thc level.

Note 1. Stanza xiii.
Note 8. Stanza xcvii.

Would scarcely join again the « reformadoes..
That you and I will win St George's collar.

« Reformers,» or rather « Reformed.» The Baron The Russian military order.

Bradwardine, in Waverley, is authority for the word.

Stanza cxxxiii.

Note 2. Stanza xv.
Eternal! such names mingled !) - Ismail 's ours ! -

The endless soot bestows a tint far deeper

Than can be hid by altering his shirt.
In the original Russian--

Query, Suit?—Printer's Devil.
Slara bozu! slava vam:
Krepost Vzala, y ia tam.

Note 3. Stanza xviji.
A kind of couplet; for he was a poet.

Balgounie's Brig's black wall. The brig of Don, near the « auld toun» of Aberdeen, with its one arch and its black dcep salmon stream below,

is in my memory as yesterday. I still remember, thouch CANTO IX.

perhaps I may misquote, the awful proverb which made me pause to cross it, and yet lean over it with a childish delight, being an only son, at least by the mother's side.

The saying, as recollected by me, was this—but I have Note 1. Stanza i.

never heard or seen it since I was nine years of age;Humanity would rise, and thunder - Nay!

Brig of Balgounie, black's Query, Ney?-PRINTER'S DEVIL.

Wi'a wife's ae son and a mear's de foal,

Doun ye shall fa'!
Note 2. Stanza vi.
And send the sentinel before your gate

Note 4. Stanza xxxiv.
A slice or two from your luxurious meals.

Oh, for a forty-parson power to chaunt «l at this time got a post, being for fatigue, with four

Tby praise, Hypocrisy ! others.—We were sent to break biscuit, and make a

A metaphor taken from the « forty-horse power» of mess for Lord Wellington's hounds. I was very liungry, a steam-engine. That mad wag, the Reverend S. S., sitand thought it a good job at the time, as we got our own ting by a brother-clergyman at dinner, observed afterfill while we broke the biscuit,-a thing I had not got wards that his dull neighbour had a «twelve-parson for some days. When thus engaged, the Prodigal Son


of conversation. was never once out of my mind; and I sighed, as I fed the dogs, over my humble situation and my ruined

Note 5. Stanza xxxvi. hopes.»Journal of a Soldier of the 71st Regt. during

To strip the Saxons of their hydes, like tanners. the war in Spain.

« Hyde.»—I believe a hyde of land to be a legitimate Note 3. Stanza xxxiii.

word, and as such subject to tlie tax of a quibble. Because he could no more digest his dinner.

Note 6. Stanza xlix. He was killed in a conspiracy, after his temper had

Was given to her favourite, and now bore his. been exasperated, by his extreme costivity, to a degree The Empress went to the Crimea, accompanied by of insanity.

the Emperor Joseph, in the year-1 forget which. Note 4. Stanza xlvii.

Note 7. Stanza lviii.
And had just buried the fair-faced Lanskoi.

Which gave her dukes the graceless name of - Biron..
He was the « grande passion» of the grande Cathe-

In the empress Anne's time, Biron her favourite asrine.-See her Lives, under the head of « Lanskoi.» sumed the name and arms of the « Byrons» of France,

which families are yet extant with that of England. Note 5. Stanza xlix.

There are still the daughters of Courland of that name; Bid Ireland's Londonderry's Marquess sbow

one of them I remember seeing in England in the blessed His parts of speech.

year of the Allies—the Duchess of S.--to whom the This was written long before the suicide of that English Duchess of S--- presented me as a nameperson.


your wa'


Note 8. Stauza Ixii.

praising the « drapery» of an « untochered» but a pretty Eleven thousand maidenheads of bone,

virginities » (like Mrs Anne Page) of the then day, which The greatest number flesh bath ever known.

has now been some years yesterday :—she assured me St Ursula and lier eleven thousand virgios were still that the thing was common in London; aod as her ona extant in 1816, and may be so yet as much as ever. thousands, and blooming looks, and rich simplicity of


Stanza lxxxi.

array, put any suspicion in ber own case out of the Wbo butcher'd balf the earth, and bullied t' other.

question, I confess I gave some credit to the allegation. India. America.

If necessary, authorities might be cited, in which case I could quote both « drapery» and the wearers.

Let us
hope, however, that it is now obsolete.

Note 5. Stanza lx.
'T is strange the mind, that very fiery particle,

Should let itself be souffd out by an article.
Note 1. Stanza xix.

« Divinæ particulam auræ.»
Who on a lark, with black-eyed Sal (his blowing).

So prime, so swell, so natty, and so knowing?
The advance of science and of language has rendered

it unnecessary to translate the above yood and truc
English, spoken in its original purity by the select
mobility and their patrons. The following is a stanza

Note 1. Stanza xix. of a song which was very popular, at least in my early Gives, with Greek truth, the good old Greek tbe lie. days :

See MITFORD'S Greece. «Græcia Perax. His great On the high toby-spice flash the muzzle,

pleasure consists in praising tyrants, abusing Plutarch, In spite of each gallows old scout;

spelling oddly, and writing quaiutiy; and, what is strange you at the spelken cho'ı hastle, You'll be hobbled in making a Clout.

after all, his is the best modern history of Greece in any

language, and he is perhaps the best of all modern luisThen your blowing will wax gallows haughty, When she bears of your scaly mistake,

torians whatsoever. Having named his sias, it is but She'll surely turn snitch for the forty,

fair to state his virtues-learning, labour, research, That ber Jack may be regular weight.

wrath, and partiality. I call the latter virtues ia a

writer, because they make him write in earnest. If there be any gem'man so ignorant as to require a traduction, I refer bim to my old friend and corporeal

Note 2. Stauza xxxvii. pastor and master, Jolio Jackson, Esq., l'rofessor of

A hazy widower turo'd of forty's sure. pugilism ; who, I trust, still retains the strength and

This line may puzzle the commentators more than the symmetry of his model of a form, together with his

present generation. good humour, and athletic as well as mental accomplishments.

Note 3. Stanza lxxiii.

Like Russians rushing from hot baths to spows.
Note 2. Stanza xxix.

The Russians, as is well known, run out from thcir St James's Palace and St James's . Hells.. «llells, gaming-houses.

hot baths to plunge into the Neva : a pleasant practical

What their number may now be in this life, I know not. Before I was of age

antithesis, which it seems does them no harm. I knew them pretty accurately, both “golin and

Note 4. Stanza lxxxii. « silver.» I was once nearly called out by an acquaint- The world to gaze upon those northern lights. ance, because when he asked me where I thought that

For a description and print of this inhabitant of the his soul would be found hereafter, I answered, « In polar region and native country of the aurora borealis, Silver Hell.»

sce Parry's Voyage in search of a North-West Fas Note 3. Stanza xliii.

And therefore even I wont anent

Note 5. Stanza lxxxvi.
This subject quote.

As Philip's son proposed to do with Athos.
« Anent» was a Scotch phrase, meaning «concerning,»
-« with regard to.» It has been made English by the

A sculptor projected to liew Mount Athos into a statue Scotch Novels; and, as the Frenchman said —« If it be of Alexander, with a city in one hand, and, I believe, a

river in his pocket, with various other similar devices not, ought to be Englishı.»

But Alexander's gone, and Athos remains, I trust, ere Note 4. Stauza xlix.

long, to look over a nation of freemen. The milliners who furnish - drapery misses.» « Drapery inisses»— This term is probably any thing

CANTO XIII, now but a mystery. It was however almost so to me when I first returned from the East in 1811-1812. It means a pretty, a bigh-born, a fasliionable young


Note 1. Stanza vii. male, well instructed by her frieods, and furnished by her millioer with a wardrobe upon credit, to be repaid,

Right honestly, he liked an honest bater. when married, by the husband. The riddle was first «Sir, I like a good hater.»-See the Life of Dr Joha. read to me by a young and pretty heiress, on my son, elc.

Note 2. Stanza xxvi.

hedge, « to look before he leaped :»—a pause in his Also there bin another pious reason.

« vaulting ambition,» which in the field doth occasion

some delay and execration in those who may be imme. With every thing that pretty bin,

diately behind the equestrian scepiic. « Sir, if you don't My lady sweet arise.-SHAURLAR.

chuse to take the leap, let men--was a phrase which Note 3. Stanza xlv.

Generally sent the aspirant on again; and to good purThey and their bills, • Arcadians boub, are left.

pose : for though the horse and rider» might fall, they « Arcades ambo.»

made a gap, through which, and over him and his steed,

the field might follow.
Note 4. Stanza lxxi.

Note 2. Stanza xlviii.
Or wilder group of savage Salvatore's.
Salvator Rosa.

Go to the coffee-house, and take another.

In Swift's or UORACE Walpole's Letters I think it is Note 5. Stanza lxxii.

mentioned that somebody regretting the loss of a friend, His bell-mouth'd goblet makes me feel quite Danish. was answered by a universal Pylades : « When I lose If I err not, « Your Dane» is one of lago's Catalogue one, I go to the Saint James's Coffee-house, and take of Nations « exquisite in their drinking.»

another. »

I recollect having beard an anecdote of the same kind. *Note 6, Stanza Ixxviii.

Sir W. D. was a great gamester. Coming in one day to Even Nimrod's self might leave the plains of Dura.

the club of which he was a member, he was observed to In Assyria.

look melancholy. « What is the matter, Sir William ?»

cried Hare, of facetious memory. « Ah !» replied Sir W. Note 7. Stanza xcvi.

« I have just lost poor Lady D.»

« Lost! What at• That Scriptures out of church are blasphemies.»

Quinze or Hazard?» was the consolatory rejoinder of « Mrs Adams answered Mc Adams, that it was blasinc querist. phemous to talk of Scriplure out of church. This dogma was broached to her husband-the best Chris

Note 3. Stanza lix. tian in any book. See Joseph Andrews, in the latter

And I refer you to wise Oxenstiern. chapters.

The famous Chancellor Oxenstiern said to his son, on Note 8. Stanza cvi.

the latter expressing liis surprise upon the great effects

arising from petty causes in the presumed mystery of The quaint, old, cruel corcomb, in his gullet Should have a hook, and a small trout to pull it.

politics : « You see by this, my son, with how little wis

dom the kingdoms of the world are governed.» It would have taught him humanity at least. This sentimental savage, whom it is a mode to quote (amongst the novelists) to slow their sympathy for icuocent sports and old songs, teaches how to sew up frogs, and break

CANTO XV. their legs by way of experiment, in addition to the art of angling, the cruellest, the coldest, and the stupidest of pretended sports. They may talk about the beauties

Note 1. Stanza xviii. of nature, but the angler merely thinks of his dish of

And thou, diviner still, fish; he has no leisure to take his eyes from off the

Whose lot it is by man to be mistaken. streams, and a single bite is worth to him more than all

As it is necessary in these times to avoid ambiguity, the scenery around. Besides, some fislı bite best on a 1 say, that I mean, by « diviner still,» Christ. If ever rainy day. The whale, the shark, and the tunny fishery God was Man-or Man God-he was both.

I never arhave somewhat of noble and perilous in them; even net

raigned his creed, but the use-or abuse-made of it. fishing, trawiing, etc., are more humane and useful—but Mr Canning one day quoted Christianity to sanction angling!-No aogler can be a good man.

Negro Slavery, and Mr Wilberforce had little to say in «One of the best men I ever knew-as humane , de- reply. And was Christ crucified, that black men miglit licate-minded, generous, and excellent a creature as any be scourged? If so, he had better been born a Mulatto, in the world—was an angler : true, he angled with

to give both colours an equal chance of freedom; or at painted tlies, and would have been incapable of the

least salvation. extravagances of I. Walton.» The above addition was made by a friend in reading

Note 2. Stanza xxxy. over the MS. -« Audi alteram partem»-I leave it to

When Rapp the Harmonist embargoed marriage counterbalance my own observation.

In his harmonious settlement.
This extraordinary and flourishing German colony in
America does not entirely exclude matrimony, as the

« Shakers» do; but lays such restrictions upon it as preCANTO XIV.

vent more than a certain quantum of births withio a certain number of years; which births (as Mr Hulme observes) generally arrive « in a little flock like those of

a farmer's lambs, all within the same month perhaps.» Note ). Stanza xxxiii.

These Harmonists (so called from the name of their setAnd never craned, and made bat few • faux pas.»

tlement) are represented as a remarkably flourishing, Craning.—« To cranen is, or was, an expression used pious, and quiet people. See the various recent writers to denote a gentleman's stretching out his neck over a

on America,


Note 3. Stanza xxxviii.

somewhat surfeited with a similar display from foreiga Nor can vass wbat . 80 eminent a bandmeant.

parts, did rather indecorously break through the ap Jacob Tonson, according to Mr Pope, was accustomed plauses of an intelligent audience-intelligent, I mean, to call his writers uable pens»-« persons of honour,» as to music,- for the words, besides being in recondite and especially « eminent hands.» Vide Correspond languages (it was some years before the peace, ere all ence, etc., etc.

the world had travelled, and while I was a collegian

were sorely disguised by the performers;—this mayoress, Note 4. Stanza lxvi.

I say, broke out with, « Rot your Italianos! for my While great Lucullus' robe triomphale muffles

pari, I loves a simple ballat 'n Rossini will go a good (There's fame) - young partridge billets, deck'd with traffles. A dish « à la Lucullus.» Thuis hero, who conquered day. Who would imagine that he was to be the suc

way to bring, most people to the same opinion, some the East, has left his more extended celebrity to the

cessor of Mozart! However, I state this with difbdeoce, transplantation of cherries (which he first brought into Europe) and the nomenclature of some very good dishes; and of much of Rossini's: but we may say, as the con

as a liege and loyal admirer of Italian music in general, -and I am not sure that (barring indigestion) be bas noisseur did of painting, in the Vicar of Wakefield, not done more service to mankind by bis cookery than by his conquests. A cherry-tree may weigh against a had taken more pains.»

« that the picture would be better painted if the painter bloody laurel; besides, he has contrived to earn cele. brity from both.

Note 4. Stanza lix.
Note 5. Staoza Ixviii.

For Gothic daring shown in English money.
Bat even sans • conftares, - it no less true is,
There's pretty picking in those - petits paits.

« Ausu Romano, ære Veneton is the inscription (and «Petits puits d'amour garnis de confitures,» a classical well inscribed in this instance) on the sea walls between and well-known dish for part of the flank of a second the Adriatic and Venice. The walls were a republican

work of the Venetians; the inscription, I believe, im

perial, and inscribed by Napoleop.
Note 6. Stanza lxxxvi.
For that with me's a sine qua..

Note 5. Stanza lx.
Subauditur « Non,» omitted for the sake of euphony.

« Untying: squires to fight against the churches.
Note 7. Stanza xcvi.

Though ye untie the winds and bid them fight
In short upon that subject I've some qualms vory

Against the churches.-Macbeth.
Like those of the philosopher of Malmsbury.
Hobbes; who, doubling of his own soul, paid that

Note 6, Stanza xcvii.
compliment to the souls of other people as to decline
their visits, of which he had some apprehension.

They err-i is merely what is call'd mobility. In French « mobilité.» I am not sure that mobility is English; but it is expressive of a quality which rather

belongs to other climates, though it is sometimes seen CANTO XVI.

to a great extent in our own. It may be defined as an excessive susceptibility of immediate impressions—at

the same time without losing the past; and is, though Note 1. Stanza x.

sometimes apparently useful to the possessor, a most If from a shell-fish or from cochineal.

painful and uphappy attribute. The composition of the old Tyrian purple, whether from a shell-fish, or from cochineal, or from kermes,

Note 7. Stanza cii. in still an article of dispute ; aud even its colour-some

Draperied ber form with curious felicity. say purple, others scarlet : I say nothing.

«Curiosa felicitas.»--PetroNIUS ARBITER.
Note 2. Stanza xliii.
For a spoild carpet - but the « Altic Beer

Note 8. Stanza cxiv.
Was much consoled by his own repartee.

A poise like to wet Engers drawn on glass.
I think that it was a carpet on which Diogenes trod,
withı-« Thus I trample on the pride of Plato !»-«With

See the account of the ghost of the uncle of Prince greater pride,» as the other replied. But as carpets

Charles of Saxony raised by Schroepfer— Karl-Kari are meant to be trodden upon, my memory probably

as—walt wolt mich ?» misgives me, and it might be a robe, or tapestry, or a table-cloth, or some other expensive and uncynical piece

Note 9. Stanza cxx. of furniture.

How odd, a single hobgoblin's non-entity

Should cause more fear than a whole bost's identity!
Note 3. Stanza xlv.

Shadow's to-night
With Ta mi chamases, from Portingale,

Have strack more terror to the soul of Ri hard
To sooibe our ears, lest Italy should fail.

Than can the substance of ten thousand soldiers, etc. etc. I remember that the mayoress of a provincial town,


See Richard III.

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