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And, in its little globe's extent, Does, in its pure and circling thoughts Frames, as it can, its native element.

express How it the purple flower does slight, The greater heaven in a heaven less. Scarce touching where it lies;

In how coy a figure wound,
But gazing back upon the skies,

Every way it turns away,
Shines with a mournful light,

So the world excluding round,
Like its own tear,

Yet receiving in the day, Because so long divided from the sphere. Dark beneath, but bright above, Restless it rolls, and unsecure,

Here disdaining, there in love.
Trembling, lest it grow impure;

How loose and easy hence to go; Till the warm sun pities its pain,

How girt and ready to ascend; And to the skies exhales it back again. Moving but on a point below, So the soul, that drop, that ray,

It all about does upward bend. Of the clear fountain of eternal day, Such did the manna's sacred dew distil, Could it within the human flower be seen, White and entire although congealed Remembering still its former height,

and chill; Shuns the sweet leaves and blossoms Congealed on earth; but does, dissolvgreen,

ing, run And, recollecting its own light,

Into the glories of the almighty sun.


1631-1700. [Born in 1631, at Aldwincle All Saints, in the valley of the Nen in Northamptonshire, of Puritan parentage ; and educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge. He appears to have become a Londoner about the middle of the year 1657. At the Restoration he changed into an ardent royalist, and towards the close of 1663 married the daughter of a royalist nobleman, the Earl of Berkshire. In 1670 he was appointed Historiographer-Royal and PoetLaureate. After having hitherto been conspicuous as a dramatist and a panegyrical poet, he in 1681, by the publication of the First Part of Absalom and Achitophel, sprang into fame as a writer of satirical verse. In December, 1683, he was appointed Collector of Customs in the port of London. His offices were renewed to him on the accession of King James II., but his pension of £100 was not renewed till rather more than a year later. About the same time Dryden became a Roman Catholic; and in April, 1687, he published The Hind and the Panther. Deprived of both offices and pension by the Revolution of 1688, he again for a time wrote for the stage, but after a few years finally abandoned dramatic composition for translation. Some of his greatest lyrics likewise belong to his later years. He died at his house in Gerard Street, Soho, May 1, 1700, and was buried with great pomp in Westminster Abbey.]


In spreading branches more sublimely ANNIE KILLIGREW.1


Rich with immortal green above the Thou youngest virgin-daughter of the

rest: skies,

Whether, adopted to some neighboring Made in the last promotion of the blest;

star, Whose palms, new pluck'd from paradise, Thou rollist above us, in thy wandering 1 Anne Killigrew, maid of honor to the Duchess

race, of York, died of the small-pox in 1685, in the Or, in procession fix'd and regular, twenty-fifth year of her age. She was of a liter- Mov'st with the heaven's majestic ary family, and herself a poetess as well as a painter. Dryden's Ode was prefixed to a pos

pace; thumous edition of her poems.

Or, call’d to more superior bliss,


Thou tread'st, with seraphim, the vast What can we say t' excuse our second abyss :

fall? Whatever happy region is thy place, Let this thy vestal, heaven, atone for all : Cease thy celestial song a little space; Her Arethusian stream remains unsoil'd, Thou wilt have time enough for hymns Unmix'd with foreign filth, and unde

divine, Since heaven's eternal year is thine. Her wit was more than man, her innoHear then a mortal muse thy praise re

cence a child. hearse,

Art she had none, yet wanted none; In no ignoble verse :

For nature did that want supply: But such as thy own voice did practise

So rich in treasures of her own, here,

She might our boasted stores defy: When thy first fruits of poesy were given, Such noble vigor did her verse adorn, To make thyself a welcome inmate there; That it seem'd borrow'd, where 'twas While yet a young probationer,

only born. And candidate of heaven.

Her morals too were in her bosom bred,

By great examples daily fed.
If by traduction came thy mind,

Our wonder is the less to find
A soulso charming from a stock so good;

Ev'n love (for love sometimes her muse
Thy father was transfused into thy blood : exprest)
So wert thou born into a tuneful strain,

Was but a lambent flame which play'd

about her breast: An early, rich, and inexhausted vein. But if thy pre-existing soul

Light as vapors of a morning dream, Was form’d, at first, with myriads

So cold herself, while she such warmth more,

exprest, It did through all the mighty poets roll,

'Twas Cupid bathing in Diana's stream. Who Greek or Latin laurels wore, And was that Sappho last, which once When in mid-air the golden trump shall it was before.

sound If so, then cease thy flight, О heaven- To raise the nations under ground; born mind!

When in the valley of Jehoshaphat, Thou hast no dross to purge from thy The judging God shall close the book of rich ore :

fate; Nor can thy soul a fairer mansion find, And there the last assizes keep, Than was the beauteous frame she

For those who wake, and those who left behind :

sleep; Return to fill or mend the choir of thy When rattling bones together fly, celestial kind.

From the four corners of the sky;

When sinews on the skeletons are spread, O gracious God! how far have we Those clothed with flesh, and life inspires Profaned thy heavenly gift of poesy?

the dead; Made prostitute and profligate the muse, The sacred poets first shall hear the Debased to each obscene and impious sound, use,

And foremost from the tomb shall Whose harmony was first ordain'd above bound, For tongues of angels, and for hymns of For they are cover'd with the lightest love?

ground; O wretched we! why were we hurried And straight, with inborn vigor, on the down

wing, This lubrique and adulterate age? Like mounting larks, to the new morning


shalt go,


There thou, sweet saint, before the choir Usurp'd a patriot's all-atoning name;

So easy still it proves, in factious times, As harbinger of heaven, the way to show, With public zeal to cancel private crimes. The way which thou so well hast learned How safe is treason, and how sacred ill, below.

Where none can sin against the people's

will ! Where crowds can wink, and no offence

be known, THE CHARACTER OF THE EARL Since in another's guilt they find their OF SHAFTESBURY DELINE


Yet fame deserved no enemy can grudge;

The statesman we abhor, but praise the [From Absalom and Achitopel, Part I.; 1681.]

judge. Of these the false Achitophel was first; In Israel's courts ne'er sat an Abbethdin A name to all succeeding ages curst: With more discerning eyes or hands For close designs and crooked counsels more clean, fit,

Unbribed, unsought, the wretched to reSagacious, bold, and turbulent of wit:

dress; Restless, unfix'd in principles and place; Swift of despatch and easy of access. In power unpleased, impatient of dis- Oh! had he been content to serve the

grace; A fiery soul, which, working out its way, With virtues only proper to give the Fretted the pigmy body to decay,

gown; And o'er-inform’d the tenement of clay: Or had the rankness of the soil been A daring pilot in extremity;

freed Pleased with the danger, when the waves From cockle, that oppress'd the noble went high

seed; He sought the storms; but, for a calm David for him his tuneful harp had unfit,

strung, Would steer too nigh the sands to boast And heaven had wanted one immortal his wit.

song Great wits are sure to madness near But wild Ambition loves to slide, not allied,

stand; And thin partitions do their bounds And Fortune's ice prefers to Virtue's divide;

land. Else why should he, with wealth and Achitophel, grown weary to possess honors blest,

A lawful fame, and lazy happiness, Refuse his age the needful hours of rest? Disdain’d the golden fruit to gather Punish a body which he could not please; free, Bankrupt of life, yet prodigal of ease? And lent the crowd his arm to shake

the tree. In friendship false, implacable in hate, Now, manifest of crimes contrived long Resolved to ruin or to rule the state.

siace, To compass this the triple bond he broke, He stood at bold defiance with his The pillars of the public safety shook, prince; And fitted Israel with a foreign yoke;

Held up the buckler of the people's cause Then, seized with fear, yet still affecting Against the crown, and skulk'd behind fame,

the laws. 1 The triple bond is the Triple Alliance of 2 This and the following lines, referring to 1667, undone by the alliance concluded with Shaftesbury's conduct as Lord Chancellor, were France in 1670, when Shaftesbury was a member inserted in the second edition. The Abbethdin of the Cabal.

was the Jewish Chief Justice.

VILLIERS, DUKE OF BUCKING- We hold, and say we prove from ScripHAM, DELINEATED AS ZIMRI.

ture plain,

That Christ is God; the bold Socinian [From Absalom and Achitophel, Part I.]

From the same Scripture urges he's but A MAN so various that he seem'd to be MAN. Not one but all mankind's epitome; Now what appeal can end the important Stiff in opinions, always in the wrong,

suit ? Was everything by starts, and nothing Both parts talk loudly, but the rule is long;

mute. But, in the course of one revolving moon, Shall I speak plain, and in a nation Was chemist, fiddler, statesman, and free buffoon.

Assume an honest layman's liberty?

I think, according to my little skill, Blest madman! who could every hour To my own mother Church submitting employ

still, With something new to wish or to enjoy. That many have been saved, and many Railing and praising were his usual may, themes,

Who never heard this question brought And both, to show his judgment, in ex

in play. tremes.

The unlettered Christian, who believes So over-violent or over-civil,

in gross, That every man with him was god or

Plods on to Heaven and ne'er is at a devil.

loss; In squandering wealth was his peculiar For the strait gate would be made straitart,

er yet, Nothing went unrewarded but desert;

Were none admitted there but men of Beggar'd by fools whom still he found

wit. too late;

The few by Nature formed, with learnHe had his jest, and they had his estate.

ing fraught, He laugh'd himself from court, then had

Born to instruct, as others to be taught, relief,

Must study well the sacred page; and see By forming parties, but could ne'er be Which doctrine, this or that, does best chief;

agree For, spite of him, the weight of business With the whole tenor of the work divine, fell

And plainliest points to Heaven's reOn Absalom and wise Achitophel.

vealed design; Which exposition flows from genuine


And which is forced by wit and elo TRADITION.

quence. (From Religio Laici; November, 1682.]

Not that tradition's parts are useless

here, Must all tradition then be set aside? When general, old, disinteressed, and This to affirm were ignorance or pride. clear : Are there not many points, some need- That ancient Fathers thus expound the ful sure

page To saving faith, that Scripture leaves Gives truth the reverend majesty of age, obscure,

Confirms its force by biding every test, Which every sect will wrest a several For best authorities, next rules, are best; way?

And still the nearer to the spring we go, For what one sect interprets, all sects More limpid, more unsoiled, the waters may.


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may be,

Thus, first traditions were a proof alone, Still, when the Lion looked, his knees Could we be certain such they were, so

he bent, known:

And paid at church a courtier's comBut since some flaws in long descent pliment.

The bristled baptist Boar, impure as he, They make not truth but probability. But whitened with the foam of sanctity, Even Arius and Pelagius durst provoke With fat pollutions filled the sacred place To what the centuries preceding spoke. And mountains levelled in his furious Such difference is there in an oft-told tale, race; But truth by its own sinews will prevail. So first rebellion founded was in grace. Tradition written, therefore, more com- But, since the mighty ravage which he mends

made Authority than what from voice descends: In German forests? had his guilt betrayed, And this, as perfect as its kind can be, With broken tusks and with a borrowed Rolls down to us the sacred history:

name, Which, from the Universal Church re- He shunned the vengeance and conceived,

cealed the shame, Is tried, and after for its self believed. So lurked in sects unseen. With greater

guile False Reynard fed on consecrated spoil;

The graceless beast by Athanasius first THE SECTS.

Was chased from Nice, then by Socinus PRIVATE JUDGMENT.


His impious race their blasphemy re[From The Hind and the Panther, Part I.; newed, April, 1687.]

And Nature's King through Nature's PANTING and pensive now she ranged optics viewed; alone,

Reversed they viewed him lessened to. And wandered in the kingdoms once her own.

Nor in an infant could a God descry. The common hunt, though from their New swarming sects to this obliquely rage restrained

tend, By sovereign power, her company dis- Hence they began, and here they all dained,

will end. Grinned as they passed, and with a What weight of ancient witness can glaring eye

prevail, Gave gloomy signs of secret enmity. If private reason hold the public scale ? 'Tis true she bounded by and tripped so But, gracious God, how well dost Thou light,

provide They had not time to take a steady sight; For erring judgments an unerring guide ! For truth has such a face and such a Thy throne of darkness is the abyss of mien

light, As to be loved needs only to be seen. A blaze of glory that forbids the sight.

The bloody Bear an independent beast, O teach me to believe Thee thus conUnlicked to form, in groans her hate ex- cealed, pressed.

And search no farther than Thyself reAmong the timorous kind the quaking vealed; Hare

But her alone for my director take, Professed neutrality, but would not swear. Whom Thou hast promised never to Next her the buffoon Ape, as atheists use,

forsake! Mimicked all sects and had his own to

The allusion is more especially to the Ana choose;

baptist doings at Münster.

their eye,

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