Education for Social Citizenship: Perceptions of Teachers in the USA, Australia, England, Russia and China

Capa
Hong Kong University Press, 1 de mar. de 2005 - 304 páginas
Citizenship education calls for the education of knowledge, skills and values that help the young to become informed and responsible citizens. Various cross-national studies have been carried out since the 1990s and most of these projects focus on the policy-making processes, students and the curriculum. There has been little coverage on teachers - obviously one of the key figures in citizenship education. This volume, emerging from a cross-national study of teachers’ perception of good citizenship, aims to fill this significant gap. The chapters here ask two fundamental questions: What do teachers see as important in citizenship education? How do these perceptions facilitate or hinder the preparation of good citizens? While providing rich and useful data on the latest developments of citizenship education in various contexts, this book also offers an all-round review of concepts and arguments on the subject, as well as insightful comparative analyses of the findings emerged from the case studies. One encouraging conclusion drawn from these studies is that teachers across nations share similar goals and objectives that seem to have transcended cultural and political boundaries. This book will appeal to all those who are interested in citizenship education, and will specifically be of interest to policymakers, curriculum developers, education scholars and researchers, social workers, and teachers.

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Conteúdo

Background and Methodology
3
From Personal Rights to Social Responsibility
19
Teachers Perceptions of Citizenship in the United States
55
Teachers Perceptions of Citizenship in Australia
93
Teachers Perceptions of Citizenship in Russia
175
Teachers Perceptions
249
References
263
Index
283
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Página 30 - Fascism has now no meaning except in so far as it signifies 'something not desirable'. The words democracy, socialism, freedom, patriotic, realistic, justice have each of them several different meanings which cannot be reconciled with one another. In the case of a word like democracy, not only is there no agreed definition, but the attempt to make one is resisted from all sides. It is almost universally felt that when we call a country democratic we are praising it: consequently the defenders of...
Página 33 - If a nation expects to be ignorant and free, in a state of civilization, it expects what never was and never will be.
Página 104 - To meet the requirements respecting discipline, the managers and teachers will be expected to satisfy the inspector that all reasonable care is taken, in the ordinary management of the school, to bring up the children in habits of punctuality, of good manners and language, of cleanliness and neatness, and also to impress upon the children the importance of cheerful obedience to duty, of consideration and respect for others, and of honour and truthfulness in word and act.
Página 30 - In the case of a word like democracy, not only is there no agreed definition, but the attempt to make one is resisted from all sides. It is almost universally felt that when we call a country democratic we are praising it: consequently the defenders of every kind of regime claim that it is a democracy, and fear that they might have to stop using the word if it were tied down to any one meaning. Words of this kind are often used in a consciously dishonest way. That is, the person who uses them has...
Página 78 - By the year 2000, every adult American will be literate and will possess the knowledge and skills necessary to compete in a global economy and exercise the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.
Página 78 - By the year 2000, American students will leave grades four, eight, and twelve having demonstrated competency in challenging subject matter including English, mathematics, science, history, and geography; and every school in America will ensure that all students learn to use their minds well, so they may be prepared for responsible citizenship, further learning, and productive employment in our modern economy.
Página 189 - In conformity with the interests of the working people, and in order to develop the organizational initiative and political activity of the masses of the people...
Página 93 - Some declared it positively sinful to believe in the existence of lands situated where the upholders of the contrary theory believed that there probably was a habitable continent. There was no historical testimony, as the greatest figure in the early church, St. Augustine of Hippo declared, For giving credit to that fabulous hypothesis of men who walk a part of the earth opposite of our own, whose feet are in a position contrary to ours, and where the sun rises when it sets with us.
Página 132 - Individuals are citizens when they practise civic virtue and good citizenship, enjoy but do not exploit their civil and political rights, contribute to and receive social and economic benefits, do not allow any sense of national identity to justify discrimination or stereotyping of others, experience senses of non-exclusive multiple citizenship, and by their example, teach citizenship to others.
Página 138 - Citizenship requires a ... direct sense of community membership based on loyalty to a civilisation which is a common possession. It is a loyalty of free men endowed with rights and protected by a common law.

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