From Linguistic Areas to Areal Linguistics
From linguistic areas to areal linguistics explores language description and typology in terms of areal background, presenting case studies in areal linguistics. Some concern well-established linguistic areas such as the Balkan, other regions such as East Nusantara (Indonesia) and the Guapore-Mamore (Amazon) regions have never before been studied in an areal perspective, and yet other areas are involved in current debates. The insight has gained ground that languages owe many of their characteristics to the languages they are in contact with over time. Yet the nature of these areal influences remains a matter of debate. Furthermore, areas are often hard to define. Hence the title: a shift from linguistic areas as concrete and circumscribed objects to a new way of doing linguistics: areally. New findings include the observation that there may be many more language areas than previously recognized. The book is primarily directed at linguists working in descriptive, comparative, historical and typological linguistics. Since it covers linguistic areas from four continents, it will have a wide appeal.
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Albanian alienable American appear areal Armenian Austronesian languages Avar Azeri Balkan Bird's Head borrowing Cantonese Caucasian languages Caucasus century clause clitics common constructions convergence cultural Daghestan dialects direct discussion distinction East Nusantara Eastern element Enfield evidence evidentiality example expressed fact final forms genetic Georgian grammar Greek groups historical influence islands Kartvelian lexical linguistic area Macedonian majority marker marking meaning modal morphological ndaej negative nominal North northern notes nouns object occurs origin Ossetic Papuan languages Persian person populations position possessive possessor possible post-verbal potential present reading reference region relationship respect result S/he sentences shared similar South speak speakers specific spoken Sprachbund spread structure Studies substrate suggests Svan Tabasaran Table Timor traits Turkish typically typological University verb Vietnamese West Western Zhuang